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Publication numberUS1916513 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 4, 1933
Filing dateJul 30, 1931
Priority dateJul 30, 1931
Publication numberUS 1916513 A, US 1916513A, US-A-1916513, US1916513 A, US1916513A
InventorsJones Tilman M
Original AssigneeJones Tilman M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing device
US 1916513 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. M. JONES DISPENSING DEVICE July 4, 1933.

Filed July so, 1951 grave/Mot 1m 11. Jones.

Patented July 4, 1933 UNITED STA TILMAN M. J ONES, OF HUNTINGTON PARK, CALIFORNIA DISPENSING DEVICE Application filed July 30,

This invention relates to dispensing devices for bulk commodities such as liquid soap.

N One of the featuresof the invention is a 9 dispensing device in which the discharge tube and control valve are located at an acute outward angle whereby to provide a free flow for the liquid downwardly and for the replacement air upwardly.

Another feature of the device is the pro vision of a structure in which the externally exposed portions of the control valve assembly may be easily and quickly removed for cleansing without the liquid being permitted to flow out.

A further feature of the invention is the provision of a control plunger in the discharge tube, having a minimum contactwith the tube so that the resistance to movement is slight and so that the gummy soap sub-= stance or hard soap materials which precipitate from liquid soap will not interfere with the proper operation of the plunger.

It is a further object of the invention to provide in a soap dispenser of this character a self-cleaning valve ball mounted in such amanner that it will rotate in response to the lifting thereof from a valve seat, and which 1 valve ball is so placed relative to the lifting means that the force of the liftingmeans is applied eccentrically to the ball so that rotation and self-cleaning of the ball is there by further assured.

Further features of the invention will appear in the course of the following specification and claims. An illustrative form of presenting the invention is set forth in the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through the dispensing device and its op.- erating I parts Figure 2 is a corresponding view, in another position of operation, the reservoir having been removed;

45 Figure 3 is a perspective view of the opinclined downwardly and forwardly at an 1931. Serial No. 554,117.

which receives the reservoir R for the material to be dispensed, such as liquid soap. A packing gasket 13 may be interposed in the usual way. The bottom wall 14 closes the ring 12 and has a downwardly inclined conical wall leading to a central aperture providing a valve seat 15 for a ball check valve 16. This aperture terminates in an internally threaded connection 17 having its axis angle which preferably is about 15. The discharge tube comprises a reduced portion 18 having threaded engagement with the connection 17, a conical flare 19, a shoulder 20 and an expanded portion 21 providing a chamber. The expanded portion 21 has screw-threads at its front end for the recep tion of an internally threaded ring 22 havingan-inwardly directed flange 23 with the flared outwardly directed wall 24. v

The plunger comprises an externally projecting operating knob 25, a stem 26, a body 1 27 having conical ends or valve closure portions 28, 29, and the three radially extending fingers 30 having an external diameter slightly less than the internal diameter of the expanded portion 21, and an inner stem 31 having radially extending fingers 32 with an external diameter slightly less than that of the discharge tube portion 18. The radially extending fingers or guide members 30 form a guide means for the lower end of the lunger at a point within the outlet valve seat 241 of the chamber formed within the lower or front tubular wall 21, and the radial fingers 32 engage the upper or inner tube portions 18 to provide a guide means for the upper or inner portions of the plunger. The fingers 30 and 32 being relatively narrow, and having very small engagement with'the walls 18 and 21, are not prevented from movement by the presence of viscous fluids in the chambers formed within the parts 21 and 18; therefore, means are provided for guiding the plunger so that it may operate for long periods of time without sticking as the result of precipitation of heavier soap materials in the dispensing valve structure.

' In operation, the device at rest is in the po sition shown in Figure 1 in which the coni- III cal portion 28 of the body fits against the innor wall or valve seat of the flare 24. The discharge tube is therefore sealed at both ends, and the liquid is held against escape. The helical-spiral spring 40 is supported at one end against the internal wall of the shoulder 20 and at the other end rests against the radially projecting fingers 30 of the body 27 When the plunger knob is pushed upward along the line of the axis of the dis charge tube, it is guided by the fingers and 32. The upper end of the inner stem 31 eccentrically engages the ball 16 and forces the latter from its seat (Figure 2). If this be the first operation after the reservoir R has been filled and replaced, liquid now flows downward into the connection 17 and the reduced portion 18 of the discharge tube, but is retained by the engagement of the conical portion 29 of the plunger body 27 with the flared wall 19, and the charge is thus measured off. When the knob 25 is released, the plunger is returned angularly downward by the spring so that the portion 28 is again seated against the fiare 24. The separation of portion 29 from flare 19 permits the liquid in the connection 17 and in the reduced portion 18 to flow downward into the chamber within the expanded portion 21, and liquid enters the same in a quantity determined by the capacity of the discharge passages in portions 17 and 18 until the check valve 16 regains its position. The ball 16 is so mounted that when it is raised from the closed position, shown in Fig. 1, to the open position,- shown in Fig. 2, it may roll to one side, and the pin 31 is so positioned relative to the ball 16 that the ball 16 is eccentrically engaged,

with the result that there is a positive rotation of the ball 16 each time it is raised. The purpose of mounting the ball so that it may rotate and so that it will be further positively rotated, is to keep the ball relatively clean. Heavy, gummy, or hard soap material precipitates from the reservoir R and settles on the upper portion of the ball 16 around the edges thereof and on the upper face of the wall 14. Rotation of the ball prevents the building up of a heavy layer of such material on the ball and its effectiveness as a valve closure means is thereby preserved.

A new upward movement of the knob 25 will now return the parts to the position shown in Figure 2 and the liquid contained within the chamber of the expanding portion 21 will flow out through the aperture in the flared wall 24 and into the hand which has just operated the knob 25. A new quantity is simultaneously measured into the reduced portion 18 and the connection 17.

This operation can be continued so long as the reservoir R contains liquid. While in the position shown in Figure 2, air can flow freely upward out of the reduced portion 18 and 7 the connection 17 in the reservoir, and by reason of the inclination of the discharge tube, the air and the liquid are separated in their lines of flow and there is a rapid refilling of the discharge tube. Likewise, the air entering through the upper part of the aperture in the flared wall 24 does not conflict with the outward flow of liquid through the lower portion of this aperture. A similar segregation of air and liquid occurs during the refilling of the chamber in the expanded portion 21 (Figure 1). I V

By unscrewing the ring 22, the ring and its walls 23 and 24 may be withdrawn, and the plunger with its stem and body is freed for removal from the discharge tube along with the spring 40. The aperture in the flared portion 24 is greater than the diameter of the knob 25, and hence these parts may be read ily separated for cleansing. WVhilethe plungor is removed, the ball check 16 remains seated on the wall 15 and prevents flow from the reservoir R. The parts'may be easily replaced by inserting the spring and the plunger and then threading the ring 22' back into position. V A

It is obvious that the invention is not limited to the form of construction'shown but that it may be modified in mechanical ways in the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim:

' 1. A dispensing device for. use with a reservoir having'an aperture in its bottom including a ball in said reservoir of greater density than the dispensed material to close said aperture, a'discharge tube extending downward from said aperture and having an'outlet at itsbottom, a spring and a plunger movable axially in. said tube; said plunger including an operator portion extending through said outlet, a stem portion normally positioned eccentrically beneath said ball and movable to displace said ball from said opening with arotary motion thereof, a: valve portion for closing said outlet when said plunger is in normal lowermost position, and a second valve portion for closing said tube between the aperture and the outlet when said plunger is moved upwardly, said spring being located in said tube and reacting between said plunger and tube to hold said plunger normally in its lowermost position.

2. A dispensing device foruse witha reservoir having an aperture in its bottom, in cluding a ball for normally closing said aperture, said ball being adapted to roll to one side as it is raised from said aperture, a dis charge tube extending downward from said reservoir and communicating through said aperture with the interior of said reservoir, said discharge tube including an expanded portion providing a chamber and a shoulder at the upper end of the chamber, a plunger movable axially in said discharge tube and including upper and lower valve members, said discharge tube providing cooperating valve seats for selective closure by said plunger in its end positions' of movement, there the chamber and being provided with an outlet and a second valve seat at the lower end of said chamber, a plunger includingpluralities of radially extending fingers for guidingly engaging the interior wall of said chamber and the wall of said tube, said plunger includ{ ing a manually operable stem, projecting through said outlet, there being a discharge space around said stem, and a stem for displacing said ball from its seat and also including valve members for engaging said valve seats, and means for movin said plunger outwardly in said discharge tube.

a. A dispensing device of the character described, including: an outlet member having an upper chamber and a lower chamber with an outlet opening at the lower end thereof, there being upper and lower valve seats at the respective upper and lower ends of said lower chamber; a body in said lower chamber having an upper valve closure member adapted to engage said upper valve seat and a lower valve closure member adapted to close said lower valve seat; an upper stem extending from said body into said upper i? chamber, there being projections on said stem for guiding the same longitudinally of said outlet member; an actuating stem extending outwardly from said body through said outlet opening; projections on said body for guiding the same longitudinally with respect said outlet member; and a spring for normally moving said body in downward direction to resiliently maintain engagement of said lower valve closure member with said lower valve seat.

5. A dispensing device of the character described, including: an outlet member having an opening adapted to receive liquid from a reservoir, said outlet member having an upper chamber and a lower chamber with an there being radially extending fingers on said stem'for guiding the same longitudinally of i said outlet member; an actuating stem extending outwardly from said body through said outlet-opening radially extending fingers on said body for guiding the same longitudinally with respect to said out-let member; a spring for normally moving said body in downward direction 'to resiliently maintain engagement of said lower valve closure member with said lower valve seat; and a ball adapted to seat downwardly in the mouth of said upper opening I of said outlet member and to be engaged and raised by the upper end of said upper stem. 1

6. A dispensing device'for use with a reservoir having an aperture in its bottom, includmg: a ball in said reservoir of greater density than the dispensed material to close said aperture, said ball being adapted to move laterally when it is moved upwardly from said aperture, a discharge tube extending downward from said aperture and having an outlet at its bottom, a spring, and a plunger movable axially in said tube, said plunger including an operator portion extending through said outlet,v a stem portion normally positioned beneath said ball and movable to displace said ball from said opening with a rotary motion thereof, fingers on said plunger and said stem portion for centralizing the same relative'to said discharge tube, a valve portion for closing said outlet when said plunger is in normal lowermost position, and a second valve portion for closing said tube between the aperture and the outlet when said plunger is moved upwardly, said spring being located'in said tube and reacting between said plungerand tube to hold said plunger normally in its lowermost position.

7. A dispensing device for use with a reservoir having an aperture in its bottom, includ ing: a'check ball for normally'closin'g said aperture, a discharge tube extending downwardly from said bottom and communicating through said aperture with the reservoir, a

thereon positioned on a line of movement eccentric to said ball whereby to eccentrically engage and displace said ball from said'apen ture when the plunger is in its upper position, a manually operable externally projecting member connected to said plunger for actuating thesame, and a spring for normally urging said plunger into position for closmg said valve seat.

8. A dispensing device for use with a reservoir having an aperture in its bottom, including a ball for normally closing said aperture,

a discharge tube extending downwardly and I communicating through said aperture with the reservoir, said tube including a wall port1on providing a chamber havmg valve seats plunger is in its lower position and a stem displacing the ball from said aperture and causing it to roll to one side when said plunger is in its upper position, and means for returning the plunger to its lower position. 7 V

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.-

TILMAN M. JONES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2541369 *Nov 12, 1947Feb 13, 1951Kofford Reed SWater dispenser for poultry
US2614531 *Nov 29, 1947Oct 21, 1952Broiler Equipment CompanyPoultry drinking valve
US2821856 *Dec 15, 1953Feb 4, 1958Levedahl William JRapid gas-sampling valve
US2939424 *Apr 9, 1957Jun 7, 1960Frederiksen Robert ODemand delivery watering device for domestic house animals
US3133524 *Apr 16, 1962May 19, 1964Shenandoah Equipment CompanyAutomatic stock watering fountain
US3192900 *Nov 13, 1962Jul 6, 1965Sta Rite Products IncAutomatic release mechanism for milking apparatus
US3228377 *Aug 14, 1963Jan 11, 1966Vincent GrassanoAutomatic watering system for animals
US4181987 *Oct 5, 1978Jan 8, 1980Kesselman Joseph JOn-off snap action water and heat saving valve attachment for sink spout
US4290152 *Oct 2, 1979Sep 22, 1981Kesselman Sr Joseph JOn-off snap action water and energy saving valve attachment for sink spout
US4476812 *Jul 23, 1982Oct 16, 1984H. W. Hart Mfg. Co.Watering cup
US4637345 *Aug 27, 1984Jan 20, 1987Ziggity Systems, Inc.Watering system for fowl and small animals
US4890578 *Sep 25, 1987Jan 2, 1990Monoflo International, Inc.Poultry nipple drinker
US5408954 *Aug 18, 1993Apr 25, 1995Yanbin; RenDrinker for chicken
US6302498 *Sep 3, 1999Oct 16, 2001Denso CorporationPressure-adjusting reservoir for ABS and vehicle brake device using the same
US6901881Sep 29, 2003Jun 7, 2005The Gsi Group, Inc.Two-stage drinker for a poultry watering system
US8087640Mar 31, 2010Jan 3, 2012Luis BassolsFlow valve for example for faucets
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/446, 251/211, 251/321, 222/501, 119/72.5
International ClassificationA47K5/00, A47K5/12
Cooperative ClassificationA47K5/1214
European ClassificationA47K5/12D2