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Publication numberUS1916789 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 4, 1933
Filing dateOct 26, 1932
Priority dateOct 26, 1932
Publication numberUS 1916789 A, US 1916789A, US-A-1916789, US1916789 A, US1916789A
InventorsGeorge Fordham
Original AssigneeGeorge Fordham
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Garment
US 1916789 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. FORDHAM July 4, 1933.

GARMENT Filed Oct. 26, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 TLS 3nvento Geo/'68 Erdfiam, 8g (ig ww (IE Ottorneg July 4, 11933.

G. FORDHAM GARMENT Filed Oct. 26, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Cttorneg- Patentecl July 4, 1933 UNITED @TATES GEORGE FORDI-IAM, F POWELLTON, WEST VIRGINIA GARMENT Application filed October 26, 1932. Serial No. 639,697.

This invention relates to a garment, reinforced at suitable points, with splints, whereby the garment is particularly adapted to hold various members of an injured person rigid.

it may be stated generally that the transportation of a disabled person from the depth of a mine or quarry, up and down ladderways, stair-ways, steep embankments, over rough and mountainous country, etc., has

long been a serious problem, taxing the resourcefulness of those engaged in the work.

It has been suggested that a stretcher, to which the body might be strapped, be utilized for this purpose, but a stretcher in itself fails to provide the desired flexibility of use, or to offer the advantages of a garment such as hereinafter described.

One object of the present invention is to provide a splint structure possessing adequate strength. and durability, while light and inexpensive, and which may be rolled or folded into compact form when not in actual use.

A further important object is to provide a device which will not interfere with the normal use of a stretcher when same is available, and of such a character that an injured person may be handled with the maximum ease and comfort, and to support the injured memhere with minimum discomfort, while at the same time aflording a maximum of protection.

A man injured in a mine is generally subjected to shock and cold, in addition to his actual injury, and it is further contemplated that this garment be designed to protect against both shock, cold and dampness, thus taking the place of blankets, or other coverings.

More specifically it is an object of the present invention to provide a combined splint and garment which is particularly eiiicacious in handling cases of fracture of the pelvis, legs and back.

Still another object contemplates an arrangement whereby access may be had readily to any injured part, for dressing thereof, separately and independently of the other parts of the body, and in-the case of fractures of the pelvic bone, to provide means which Wlll prevent any overlapping or movement of the fractured segments, thus eliminating any chance of perforating the bladder.

To the attainment of the above and other objects which will appear as the description proceeds, reference may be made to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective of the device partially applied;

Fig. 2 is a plan showing the inside of the device;

Fig. 3 is a plan showing the outside thereof;

Fig. 4 is a section on the line 44 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 6 is a section on line 6-6 of Fig. 2.

It will be observed that the garment, when opened for application, comprises a relatively fiat body of sheet material such as canvas, rubber, rubberized fabric or the like, having a jacket portion 10, with leg portions 11 and 12 depending therefrom, and that the inside of the garment, i. e., the side which is to be positioned against the body is quilted substarlitially throughout its area, as indicated at 3. i

The top edge of the jacket portion is cut away at 14 to provide arm holes and at 15 and 16 to provide a neck opening when in use. I Ties 17 are arranged at suitable intervals entirely about the edges of the jacket portion 10 and the leg portions 11 and 12, and across the top edge or shoulder portions for the purpose of securing the garment in position.

Suitable flaps 18 are projected from the quilted section, along the longitudinal edges of the garment, to permit overlapping and to ensure a certain amount of adjustability in the device, effective to accommodate indi viduals of variant size.

To increase the adjustability and adaptability of the garment, the leg portions are permanently attached to the jacket portion over part only of their upper edges, ties 19 being relied upon to complete the attachment thereof to the jacket portion, after the individual leg portions have been secured to the injured party.

Extending longitudinally of the garment are a series of splints or stays 20, :21, 22 and 23, these stays reaching substantially from the top edge of the jacket portion 10 to the bottom edge of the leg portions 11 and 12. An important feature of this invention resides in the fact that the central splints or stays and 21 diverge toward the leg portions, although the splints 22 and 23 are substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis and thus are disposed in converging relation to the splints 20 and 21.

The ties 19, being effective to secure the front of the leg portions to the jacket, in crease the general stifi'ness of the garment, by minimizing any tendency toward bending between the upper and lower parts of the garment.

These splints are made of any material suitable for the purpose, such as wood, leather, whale bone, rawhide or the like.

Additional splints may be provided as desired in the several portions of the garment, for example, the splints 24k and 25 extending along the leg portion and terminating short of the jacket, thus providing increased rigidity about a fractured leg. If desired other additional stays might be placed in the jacket.

From the foregoing it will be seen that a garment is provided which may be laid out flat and an injured party placed thereon, whereupon the garment may be secured in position by tying same together over the shoulders, down the front of the trunk, and about the legs.

This device is particularly effective in cases of a fractured pelvis, the splints or stays 20 and 21 diverging from top to bottom for the purpose of preventing and avoiding any overlapping of broken sections of the pelvic bone, by holding the legs in slightly spread position, thus preventing any tendency toward perforation of the bladder. The manner in which this divergence acts to prevent such overlapping will be obvious, when it is considered that the splints run the full length of the garment and are in effect strapped to the trunk atone end and strapped individually to the legs at their other ends, thus holding apart those bones which might move back and forth against each other under influence of leg movements, or which might overlap, if the legs were strapped together. Furthermore, such divergence facilitates-in dividual leg dressing. The garment is also advantageous in cases of injury tothe back and legs. Because it is quilted and preferably made of a waterproof material, the garment itself forms a warm, waterproof covering, taking the place of a blanket or poncho, as well as providing a splint.

The quilting alsoserves tocare for inequalities of bone protrusion, and as a padding for bruised areas.

lVhile in no sense of the word a stretcher, this invention may be used for many purposes in lieu of a stretcher, and in locations where a stretcher is impracticable, as well as in addition'to a stretcher when same is available.

Although the preferred form comprises a waterproof, quilted structure, it is evident that this garment might be constructed of light, perforated or foraminous material, or even of springlike mesh material, for use in warm locations, and it is not intended that it shall be limited, other than as provided in the appended claims.

lVhen not in use, the garment can be compactly rolled and stored or carried on a mine car withouttaking up any unnecessary room.

lVhat I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is

1. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat flexible body having a jacket portion and leg, portions, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and longitudinal stiffening members extending through the jacket portion into said leg portions for a distance sutlicient to stiffen the respective leg portions.

2. In a garment of the class described, a relatively fiat, flexible body having a jacket portion and leg portions, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and longitudinal stiii'ening members extending throughout the length of the garment in diverging relation to each other as they approach the leg portions.

3. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat flexible body having a jacket portion and leg portions, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and longitudinal: stiffening members extending through the jacket portion into said leg portions, for a distance suificient to stiffen the respective leg portions said stiiiening members diverging toward the leg portionst l. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat body having a jacket portion and leg portions, partially secured thereto, the unattached section of the leg portions forming longitudinally extending flaps free of said jacket portion, means to secure said flap portions to said jacket portion and longitudinal stifiening members extending through the acket portion into-said leg portions, fora distance sufficient to stiffen the respective leg portions.

5. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat body having a jacket portion and'leg'porti'ons partially secured thereto. the unattached sections of the leg portions forming longitudinally extending flaps free of said jacket portion; means to-secure said iiap portions to the jacket portions, and longitudinal stifiening members extending throughout the length of the garment in diverging relation to each other as-they approach the leg'portions.

6. In a garment of the class described, a relatively fiat body having a jacket portion and leg port-ions, partially secured thereto, the unattached sections of the leg portions forming longitudinally extending flaps free of said jacket portion means to secure said iiap portions to the jacket portions, and longitudinal stili'ening members extending through the jacket portion into said leg portions, for a distance suihcient to stiilen the respective leg portions said stitlening members diverging toward the leg portions.

7. In a garment of the class described, a flexible body formed of sheet material and having a trunk portion and depending leg portions attached thereto, said leg portions being independent ot and separate from each other and splints extending substantially the length of the body from the trunk portion into the respective leg portions, said splints diverging toward the leg portions.

8. In a garment ot the class described, a close fitting, flexible body portion, leg portions depending therefrom, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and longitudinal stiiiening members extending throughout the length of the garment in diverging relation to each other.

9. In a garment of the class described, a close fitting, flexible body portion, leg portions depending therefrom, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and longitudinal stiilening members extending throughout the length of the gar-i ment in diverging relation to each other, and additional longitudinally extending stillieningmembers extending throughout the length of ti. portions.

10. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat, flexible body having a jacket portion and leg portions, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and lon itudinal stii l'ening members extending through the acket portion into said err portions, for a distance sufficient to stillen the respective leg portions and additional longitudinally extending stiffening members ex tending throughout the length of the leg portions.

ll. In a garment ot the class described, a relatively liat body having a acket portion and leg portions, partially secured thereto, the unattached section of the leg portions forming longitudinally extending flaps tree of said jacket portion, means to secure said flap portions to said acket portion and longitudinal stiffening members extending througl the jacket portion into said leg portions, for a distance suificient to stitl'en the respective leg portions and additional longitudinally extending stil'l'ening members extending throughout the length of the leg portions.

12. In a garment of the class described, a body formed of sheet material and having a jacket portion and depending leg portions, longitudinally extending stillening members extending in divergent relation to each other from the jacket portion into the respective leg portions, for a distance sulilcient sti'lien the respective leg portions, means to secure said jacket portion in position about a human trunk, and means to secure the leg portions individually in position.

In a garment oi the class described, a body formed of sheet material and having a jacket portion and depending leg portions, partially secured thereto, the unattached sections of the leg portions iorini longitudina ly extending liaps tree of said acket porlion, means to secure said iiap portions to the jacket portions, longitudinally extending stiffening members extending in divergent relation to each other from the a-cket portion into the respective leg portions, for a distance sullicient to stiilen the respective leg portions, means to secure said jacket portion in position about a human trunk, and means to secure the leg portions individually in position.

let. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat body having a jacket portion and portions, longitudinally extending stili'ening members diverging relative to each other from the trunk portion into the respective leg portions, for a distance suiiicient to stitlen the respective leg portions, means to secure said trunk portion in position, means to secure the individual leg portions in position, and means to secure the leg portions to the trunk portions.

15. In a garment of the class described, a body formed of sheet material and having a jacket portion and depending leg portions, longitudinally extending stiffening members extending in divergent relation to each other from the jacket portion into the respective leg portions, for a distance suilicient to stiffen the respective leg portions, means to secure said jacket portion in position about a human trunk, and means to secure the leg portions individually in position, and additional lon gitudinally extending stiffening members located in the leg portions.

16. In a garment of the class described, a relatively flat body formed of Waterproof material and quilted on one side, having a jacket portion and leg portions, and longitudinal stiffening members extending through the jacket portion into said leg portions for a distance suiticient to stiffen the respective leg portions.

17. In a garment of the class described, a body formed of Waterproof sheet material and quilted on one side, and having a trunk portion and depending leg portions attached thereto, and splints extending substantially the length of the body from the jacket into the respective leg portions, said splints diverging toward the leg portions.

18. In a garment of the class described, a

5, relatively fiat flexible body having a jacket portion and leg portions, said leg portions being independent of and separate from each other and divergent, longitudinally extending still'ening members extending through the jacket portion into said leg portions, for a distance suificient to stiffen the respective leg portions and additional stiffening members extending from the jacket portion into the leg portion in convergent relation to said '16 first stifii'ening members.

19. ln a garment of the class described, a body formed of sheet material and having a trunk portion and depending leg portions attached thereto, and splints extending substantially the length of the body from the jacket into the respective leg portions, said splints diverging toward the leg portions,

and vadditional splints extending from the jacket portion into the leg portions in convergent relation to said first stiffening members.

20. In a garment of the class described, a body formed of sheet material and having a jacket portion and depending leg portions, longitudinally extending stiffening members extending in divergent relation to each other from the jacket portion into the respective 25 leg portions, for a distance sufiicient to stiifen the respectiveleg portions, said jacket and leg portions being provided with flaps along their longitudinal edges, means to secure said jacket portion in position about a human trunk, with the flaps thereof in overlapping relation, and means to secure the leg portions individually in position, with their respective flaps in overlapping relation.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature. .85

GEORGE FORDHAM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2651302 *Nov 13, 1951Sep 8, 1953Berry And Levy EntprSurgical splint
US2655916 *Nov 19, 1951Oct 20, 1953Timmins Meinrod JSplint
US2785672 *Jun 1, 1954Mar 19, 1957Napoli Vincent BSurgical splint
US2823668 *Oct 12, 1953Feb 18, 1958Carl P Van CourtInflatable splint
US2834341 *Sep 20, 1955May 13, 1958Orthopedic Frame CompanySplint
US4270527 *Aug 9, 1979Jun 2, 1981Armstrong Industries, Inc.Inflatable trouser for medical use
US4580555 *Mar 19, 1984Apr 8, 1986Stacey CoppessPortable pelvic and leg splint
US4971041 *Oct 17, 1989Nov 20, 1990Millikan Michael ESplint apparatus
US5250048 *Jan 27, 1992Oct 5, 1993Ferdinand GundolfStabilizing element for osteosynthesis of bone fragments, especially for the fixation of bone fractures
US5819747 *Jan 2, 1997Oct 13, 1998Timms; M. RickImmobilization vest
US6503217 *Nov 22, 1999Jan 7, 2003Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital AuthorityPelvic splint and associated method
US6719640 *Jun 16, 2000Apr 13, 2004Balanced Health, Inc.Posture training device and methods for using same
US6793639Nov 21, 2002Sep 21, 2004Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital AuthorityPelvic splint and associated method
US8622944Jul 7, 2012Jan 7, 2014Alexander Jesus VillahermosaModular articulating splint
US8636681 *May 29, 2013Jan 28, 2014Mohamad Saad Farhan Mutairan Al-AzmiSplint for the entire leg
US20040193086 *Apr 15, 2003Sep 30, 2004Cofre Ruth P.Dynamic position adjustment device for extremities of the human body
US20140316315 *Apr 21, 2014Oct 23, 2014Naoto OhiraProtection member and contact tool
EP0013061A1 *Aug 13, 1979Jul 9, 1980Richard Lee KendrickSpinal restraint device
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/5, 602/20, 5/89.1, 602/23
International ClassificationA61F5/04, A61F5/058
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/0585
European ClassificationA61F5/058H2