|Publication number||US1917550 A|
|Publication date||Jul 11, 1933|
|Filing date||Apr 5, 1932|
|Priority date||Apr 5, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1917550 A, US 1917550A, US-A-1917550, US1917550 A, US1917550A|
|Original Assignee||Bertha Saunders|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 11, 1933.
B. SAUNDERS HAIR WAVER Filed April 5, 19:52
llII "1. MWWMWH, j HUMMMIV M f1,
Patented July 1l, 1933 UNITED STATES BERTHA SAUNDEIRS, OF HOLLYWOOD, CALFRNIA HAIR WAVER Application led April 5,1932. Serial No. 303,240.
The present invention has to do with hair Wavers of the permanent Wave type such as disclosed in my co-pending applications for patent, bearing Serial Numbers 541,3544
and 569,651 and filed June 1, 1931 and October19, 1931, respectively.
An object of this invention is to provide a hair Waver of comparatively simple, compact and inexpensive form by means of which a flat, natural wave of lasting anduniform characteristics and of better appearance may be providedin a more efiicacious manner than has heretofore been possible.
Another object of the invention is to provide a hair Waver such as described, wherein the members or portions on which the hair to be treated is Wound are of a new construction and arrangement calculated to facilitate not only an easy winding of the hair thereon but 2G to eiiect a retentionof the hair in such form as to insure the formationof a long lasting Wave of natural appearance.
A further object lof this invention is to provide a hair Waver which willk produce waves of such great extent and ofsuch a nature that when the expected and usual yloss of the curl or wave takes place, on Washing the haii', there will remain a full fiat wave of the desired natural appearance,v
Still another object isto Vprovide a hair Waver such as described, whereinthe members on which the hair to be waved is Wound are of such shape and arrangement l, as to producewaves free from sharp angles o or front or reverse sides, the waives formed thereby being of uniform characteristics and presenting the desired appearance regardless of the position in `which the strands of hair -O lie or hang.
i Yet another object is to provide a Waver of the character described wherein the particular cylindrical ,wave forming members are comprised of complementary halves f which are subject `to ready separation after 0 the hair is Wound thereon, whereby to stretch and hold the hair under tension on the Waver. Another object is to provide a hair Waver wherein parts thereof are subject to relative movement by manipulation of ay novel means which is easily operable after the hair is vWhich wound onthe Waver, whereby to place the khair under tension Without causing any discomfort to the person whose hair is being waved, or distorting' the hair from the desired formation on the Waver, or causing the '55 sharp angles or bends in the finished wave. Y
Another object is to provide a. hair Waverv such as described where provision is made for forming an effective wave at the eXtreme end of the hair strand which is tied on the Waver.
A further object of the invention is to provide ainethod for Waving 'human hair in a series of portions of a vstrand of hair arecoiled and the individual coils sub# jected to a stretching action during heat treatment of the hair.
The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, some of which, with the foregoing, willbe set forth in the follow- 4 ingdescription of the preferred form'of the 70 invention Which is illustrated in the drawing accompanying and forming part of the speci` iication. It is to be. understood, however, that variations in the showing madelbythe said drawing and descripition may be adopted within the scope of the invention as set'forth in the claims. i Fig. 1 is a plan view of the Waver;
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section on'lineQ--Z4f of Fig. 1; *V
Fig. 3 is a Fig. 1; y l
` Fig. 4 is a cross section on line 4'-4 `of Fig. 1; i i
cross section on line 3-3 of Fig. 5 is a view in side elevation showingl 8.5
the parts'in the hair stretching position;
F ig; 6 is a plan view showing the Amanner of applying the hair to the Waver;
Fig. 4' is a diagram illustrating the mode of applying the hair. p g y In carrying out the embodiment of the invention shown in detail in the accompanying drawing, a body portion Acoinprised of hat bars 8 and 9 laid one upon the other, isemployedtosupport sectional and expansible 95' hair receiving posts 10 constituting :Wave forming members in such manner thatQthe sections of the posts will be movedy `apart whereby to stretch the hair thereon, when a means 11 attached to and -serving as a 100 handle for the body portion is manipulated to move one of said bars longitudinally relative to the other.
As here shown, the posts 10 are spaced apart along the plate 8 and are composed of semicylindrical haltes 12 and 13 of which the halves 12 are fixed to the bar 8 by pins 14 and the ha ves 13-'are fixed to the bar by pins 15. The pins extend through slots 16 in the bar S whereby the bar 9 and halves 13 are subject to movement relative to the bar S and halves 12 thereon. It will now be seen that when the halves 12 and 13 are in'substantial engagement with one another the posts 10 are of cylindrical form providing for an easy winding of the hair thereon. However, upon moving the bar 9 the halves 12 and 13-will be spread apart whereby to stretch the hair wound on said posts. This places the-hair under tension and provides for the formation of la better and more lasting wave effect in the hair.
Y ably YThe means 11 for moving the bar `9 as aforesaid comprises an internally yscrew threaded tubular member 17 which is rotatfixed in a collar 1S in turn fixed on one end of the bar 8. y On the corresponding end of bar 9 is a screw which is threadedly engaged in sai lV tubular member 17. On turning the tubular member 17 the bar 9 will be moved longitudinally ofthe bar 8 and, in the present arrangement, clockwisemovement of said member 17 will slide 4bar 9 so as to move the halves 12 and 13 apart, whereas anti-clockwise'movement will draw said halves together. The tubular member 17 is knurled as at 20 on, its outer end to facilitate the manipulation thereof.
At the outer end of the bar 8 is a slotted extension 22 which facilitates tying the Vstrand of hair to the waver. At the other end of this baris a small cylindrical post 23 which provides for winding and securing the end of the strand in such manner as to insure the desired wave formation at the eXtreme end of the strand.
The posts y10 are formed with lcon-cave channels extending circumferentially thereof VYwhich serve to prevent the hair strands from sliding ofl'the ends thereof and also facilitate positioning-of the strands thereon, while the end post 23 is formed with a flange 25Vat its outer end for a like purpose.
The leading end post 10 is formed with a lip V26 which protrudes from its outer end in the direction of the length of the bar 8, which lip serves to retain the initial convolution of the strand wound on this post 10 in place.
As a means for preventing hair from catching rbetween the inner ends of the post sections 13 and the bar 8. the latter is formed with upstanding flanges 27 along its longitudinal edges. 1
Best results have been obtained by tying threaded extension 19 the hair strand close to the head on the eX- tension 22, and then winding the strand around the posts 10 and 23, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7 the hair then being tied to the post 23 in any suitable manner. 1n winding the hair on the posts 10, it is preferably wound in reverse convolutions on adjacent posts 10, as depicted in Fig. 7. With the hair thus wound to make complete loops around each post, the member 17 is turned to expand the posts 10, as aforesaid, and thereby stretch the individual loops of the hair encircling each of said posts. rlhe hair is now held under tension and the usual permanent waving treatment and operations are now carried out, the stretching of the hair and the holding thereof under tension making for a quicker and more effective response of the hair to the treatment, This wavinfr operation embodies theusual steps of subjectingthe stretched hair to a steaming action then releasing the hair and washing it to remove a portion of the resultant curl.
The waver is equipped with any suitable number of thestretching posts 10 as occasion may require, according to the length of hair to be waved.
lt will now be seen that the device hereof will provide for the objects and advantages of the invention in a particularly eilicacious manner.
It is to be noted that the device is characterized by the .embodiment of a pair of relatively slidable bars carrying two piece posts protruding from one side thereof which posts constitute stretching forms of general cylindrical shape` whereby the lhair on being wound around a post in a single convolution and being held at its ends may be placed under tension throughout the length of the convolution so that the formed curl will be free of angles.r
f IV claim:
1. In a hair waver, a pair of parallel bars one of which is movable longitudinally relative to the other, a row of spaced wave forming members arranged along the length of said bars and protruding from one side thereof. each member comprising a pair of sections one of which sections is movable relative to the other and is fixed to the movable bar. and means for moving one of said bars longitudinally relative to the other bar.
2. 1n a hair waver, a body portion comprised of a pair of elongated bars mounted one upon the other for longitudinal movement relative to each other, and one of which is provided with slots, a plurality of cylindrical wave forming members around which 1s wound the hair to be waved, each of said members comprising a section fixed on the slotted bar, and another section fixed to the other bar. fastenings for securing the second named sections being extended through said slots, and means for moving said bars lo11- gitudinally relative to'each other.
3. In a hair Waver, a body portion comprised of a pair of elongated bars vlaid one upon the other, a roW forming members arranged toA project from one of said bars and adapted to have the hair to be waved wound therearound, each of said members comprising a pair of sections one of which is movable towards and away from the other, means for xing certain of said sections to one bar, one of said bars having' slots therein, means slidable in said slots for fixing the other-*sections to the other bar, a tubular internally screw threaded member, means for rotatably iXing said tubularpmember to one end of one oi` said bars, and a screw threaded portion extended from an end of the other bar and having threaded engagement with said tubular member.
4. In a hair Waver, a body portion, a plurality of spaced cylindrical Wave forming members Von said body portion, each member comprising two semi-cylindrical sections one of which is movable relative to the other, means for so moving said movable sections, and laterally extendingffianges on the outer ends of said members and operatively to prevent the hair from slipping off said members.
5. In a hair waver, an elongated body porf tion, a plurality' of spaced wave forming members on said body portion, each member comprising two sections arranged side by side inthe direction of the length of said body portion one of whichis movable relative to the other, means for so moving said movable sections, and upstanding ianges on the longitudinal edges of one of said bars projecting on opposite sides of said members.
In a hair Waver, a pair of parallel slide of cylindrical WaveV bars disposed face to face, means for ei'iecting relative longitudinal movement of said bars, and a post protruding from one of said bars formed of separable semi-cylindrical sections one of which sections is carried on one of said bars and the other of which is car,- ried on the other of said bars, said post being formed with a hair receiving circumferential channel. Y
7. In a hair Waver, a pair of slide bars `disposed face to face, means for effecting relative longitudinal movement of said bars, slots formed in one of said bars, upstanding side lianges on said slotted bar,.a divided hair stretching post protruding from between said langes one member of which is carried on said slotted bar and the other of which is carried on the other bar through said slots.
8. In a hair Waver, an elongated bar, a series of semi-cylindrical*projections carried by and aiiixed vto said bar and protruding from one side thereof, a second elongated bar arranged on one sideV of said l'irst namedl bar in slidable relation thereto, a. series of semicylindrical projections carried by and aliixed to said last named bar protruding parallel with said lirst named projections and coacting therewith to form a series of spaced substantially cylindrical Wave forming mehr bers around which a strand of hair topbe waved may be wound to completely encircle each of said members, means independent of said projections to which a strand of hair may be secured adjacent the ends of said bars,
and means for shifting said bars longitudinally relative to each other to effect spacing of complementary pairs of the projections and to stretch the individual circlets of hair thereon.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6453910 *||Mar 26, 2001||Sep 24, 2002||Lisa Vitina Lloyd||Device for creating wave-styled hairdos|
|US7044140 *||Jun 20, 2002||May 16, 2006||Mauro Catini||Device for obtaining a hair-styling and a permanent|
|US20040134508 *||Jun 20, 2002||Jul 15, 2004||Mauro Catini||Device for obtaining a hair-styling and a permanent|
|International Classification||A45D2/14, A45D2/00|