|Publication number||US1917930 A|
|Publication date||Jul 11, 1933|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1930|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 1930|
|Publication number||US 1917930 A, US 1917930A, US-A-1917930, US1917930 A, US1917930A|
|Inventors||Fischer Albert C|
|Original Assignee||Carey Philip Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 11, 1933. A. c. FISCHER CONSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL Filed Jan. 16, 1930 7I, I 0 c l/ I.
wemaiismer Patented July 11, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT: OFFICE ALBERT O. FISCHER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIG'NOR T PHILIP CAREY IJIANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORA'IIQN'OF OHIO i CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL Application filed January 16,1930. Serial K01 121355.
This invention relates to roofing elements and roof covering, vices or means associated with some element of the roof covering for use in facilitating the accurate and speedy, as well as economical, laying of the shingle elements. V
Heretofore, it has been the practice in laying shingles to chalk mark horizontal lines on a roof to facilitate the laying'of shingles in a straight even row. This was done by applying chalk to a string that was drawn tight from one side of the roof to the other and held thereby two men or fastened at its opposite end and then allowing the cord to strike against'the roofing or surface upon which the shingles were to be applied so as to give a horizontal line. After this the string was removed and the shingles laid. No means, whatever, was provided for spacing the; shingles and this spacing'had to be estimated by the men' applying the shingles. This all involved time, labor, material and was not always accurate.
The object of my invention is to provide marking means or devices on a foundation layer of waterproofing felt which may advantageously be applied between the roof deck and the roofing elements. The marking means or devices may be pressed, scored, raised or otherwise marked upon the foundation layer, horizontally and vertically, in the form of any desired pattern-chart to serve as a guiding means, whereby workmen, whether highly skilled or of limited experience can instantly and accurately align and space the shingles, slate, tile and the like, that is to be used in making up the weather exposed finishing surface of the roof.
Figure 1 is' a plan viewof a roof section embodying the present invention;
Figure 2 is a view in cross-section of a roofing structure, showing one method of overlapping the roofing elements; Figure 3 illustrates a plain foundation to which the roofing elements may be applied;
. Figure 4 illustrates the face of the foundation strip marked with a pattern-chart;
Figure 5 illustrates the face of thefounda: tion strip marked with another patternchart;
Figure 6 illustrates the foundation sheet marked to indicate places thru which nailing means are to be inserted;
Figure 7 illustrates a foundation sheet and and particularly to de-- roofing element joined in off-set relation so that resultingunits may be'laid in abutting relation to form continuous, unbroken layers;
igure 7 is a modified form of joining the foundation sheet and roofing element 1n ofiset relation Figures8 and 9 illustrate methods of abutting adjacent roofing unitsand nailing them in place;
Figure 10 illustrates a method of abutting adjacent roofing units and adhering themj and I v Figure 11 isa view in cross section of a roofing structure showing the foundation layers overlapped to form a plane unbroken sheeting cover, and shingles superposed on the sheeting cover.
Referring specifically to inventionlis typified'by a roofing structure overlaid with sheathing board f to which are applied an intermediate foundation element a, and weather exposed elements B. The foundation elements and weather exposed elements are nailed in placebynails (Z which are driven through nail holes As illus trated'in Fig. 2, the foundation elements may intervene between adjacentcourses of the weather exposed elements to cushion them,
thereby preventing any tendency forthem to break or grate one upontheiother. "In order to protect against any moisture, which might find its way between'theoverlapping courses, the foundation elements may advantageously extend, as at 0, any desired extent beyond the edge of the weather surfacing elements.
These foundation elements are marked with any suitable devices for facilitating speedy laying of the weather exposed elements, and insuring accurate alignment of them onthe roof. These marks may be in weather exposed elements, the horizontal line I may-be eliminated, leaving merely the vertical line. Ordinarily, weather exposed elements are preferably spaced in order to prevent buckling and also tomake the line of division 6' more pronounced. For this purpose the vertlcal marking may be in the form the drawing, the
(Fig. 5) of narrowly spaced double line'shh.
Near the lower edge of the foundation sheet another horizontal marking J. (Fig. 6) may advantageously be provided to serve as a nailing line, and, on this line at spaced intervals, marks Krmay be advantageously employed to indicate the nailing position of the courses with overlapping or abutting edges, and then covered with rows of surfacmg elements. In Fig. 7, two foundation sheets ac are arranged in offset relation .to provide a slab having. a lap Z adapted to mate with another slab of similar construction which is laid in abutting relation, thereby providing double layer foundation for the surfacing elements.
Fig. 8 discloses still another modification wherein sheets may be laid in courses with overlapping edges, and then covered with rows of weather surfacing elements B fitted to lie flush with the bottom edge of an immediately underlyin course and to. abut the bottom edges of the next succeeding course. Thus positionedthe foundation sheets and Weather surfacing elements are laid by nail ing means, such as staples M, by driving one prong'through'the surfacing elements and the other through the overlapping edges of the foundation sheets.
The surfaces of sheets a in these modifications may be marked the same as described and illustrated in respect to Figs. 4:, 5 and 6.
v The modification disclosed 'in Fig. 7 is especially-suited .as'a starting strip. It differs'fromthat disclosed in Fig. 7 only in the fact that'one edge is rabbeted, leaving the other edge squared by having the edges of both members flush. 'f
Since the surface elements are underlaid with a plane unbroken sheet covering it is unnecessary to overlap the surfacing elements themselves, although these may be also overlapped and nailed with the nailing means concealed thereunder. obtained, as illustrated in Fig. 9, by arranging the foundation sheets so that surfacing elements B will overlap the. nailing margin of a previously laid course.
Fig. 10 shows a series of ofiset slabs, such as illustrated in Fig. 7, laid end to end and overlapping a single layer starting strip. Cement may be advantageously employed at the seams to bond the units into a unitary 7 whole to provide a solid foundation or roof. .60
covering. The surface of this roofing covering may be left plain or marked in decorative design to simulate individual shingles.
This result 'may be 1 in detail may be made without departing from the. spirit of- Iclaim: H
1. In a roof, the combination of a roofdeck, a plane unbroken sheeting-cover of felt orv like material having previously imprinted on its upper surface suitably spaced and intersected guide-lines to form a pattern-chart the invention."
.Whereby thela-ying and securing of shingles,
slate or tile outer-surfacefinishing members is facilitated in 'a speedy and accurate man-. nerto suit the various designs of roof to be effected, and fastening nails driven through the said shingles, slate'or tile'finishing members and the intervening V pattern-chart into said'r'oof-deck, substantially as shown and described. y I
2. In a roof, the combination of a roofdeck, a plane unbroken sheeting cover having previously imprinted on its upper surface suitably s'paced and intersected guidelincs'to form a pattern-chart whereby the laying and securing of shingles, slate or tile outer-surface finishing members is facilitated in a speedy and accurate manner to suit the various designs of roof to be effected, and fastening nails driven through thesaid shingles, slate or tile finishing members and the intervening pattern-chart into said roofdeck, substantially as shown and described.
3. A roofing structure comprising. a plane unbroken sheeting cover having spaced vertical and horizontal guide-lines thereon to form a pattern-chart, overlappingcourses of shingles attached' to said sheeting cover as indicated by the pattern-chart, and fasten ingnails driven through thelshingles to secure same to a deck.
4. A roofing structure comprising a plane unbrokensheeting cover having guide-lines thereon to form a pattern-chart, overlapping courses of shingles attached to said sheeting cover as indicated by the pattern-chart, and fastening nails driven through the shingles to secure same to a deck. '5. A roofing structure comprising a plane unbroken sheeting cover having guide-lines thereon, to' provide pattern-charts whereby shingles may be laid in a selected design, overlapping courses of shinglesattached to said sheeting covering as indicated by the selected design, and fastening nails driven through. 1
Signed at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois,'this 7th day of January 1930.
ALBERT C. FISCHER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2764888 *||Jan 15, 1953||Oct 2, 1956||Roy Olson Clarence Le||Precast sleeper construction|
|US2965531 *||Dec 18, 1957||Dec 20, 1960||Shakertown Corp||Method of making shingle panel|
|US3438170 *||Dec 5, 1966||Apr 15, 1969||White Boyce Robert||Roofing device and method|
|US4107885 *||Jul 8, 1976||Aug 22, 1978||Sir Walter Lindal||Prefabricated roof section|
|U.S. Classification||52/543, 52/748.1|
|International Classification||E04B7/00, E04B7/20|