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Publication numberUS1919552 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 25, 1933
Filing dateJun 26, 1930
Priority dateJun 26, 1930
Publication numberUS 1919552 A, US 1919552A, US-A-1919552, US1919552 A, US1919552A
InventorsHugo S Hasselquist
Original AssigneeSmith Corp A O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Attaching grommets to metal plates
US 1919552 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ATTACHING GROMMETS TO METAL PLATES Filed June 26, 1930 FIG. 6.

9 INVENTOR.

, Mf-W VIII/[m Hugo SHasselz ist A TTORNE Y.

Patented July 25, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HUGO S. HASSELQUIST, OF MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, ASSIGNOR TO A. 0. SMITH COR- PORATION, OF MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK ATTACHING GROMMETS TO METAL PLATES Application filed June 26,

This invention relates to a method of connecting parts such as grommets to metal plates, and in its broader aspects, is'apphcable to securing parts such as bushings, grommets, nuts, lugs, bolts, rivets and the like to plates or similar members in such manner as to rigidly retain the parts withm the plate.

As distinguished from prior methods for securing such parts to plates wherein a stud or projection on the part was inserted into an aperture within the plate and the end of the stud or projection spread or riveted to secure the part to the plate, the present invention provides a method whereby the metal of the plate itself is upset so as to rigidly secure the part to the plate.

In practicing the invention, the stresses set up in the plate while the part is being secured thereto tend to resist the normal stresses tending to loosen the part after the same is in place as will be more fully described hereinafter.

The accompanying drawing illustrates a preferred manner of carrying out the invention in the securing of bosses and nuts to metal plates.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a boss which is constructed for use in carrying out the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a sectional view showing the boss inserted Within a perforation in a plate.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view showing the boss secured to the plate.

Fig. 4 is a similar view showing a modified form of boss.

Fig. 5 is a bottom plan view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is an elevation of a modified form of boss showing the employment of the invention in securing two plates together, the plates being shown in section.

Referring to the drawing, the numeral 1 indicates a special shaped boss having a body portion 2 with a pro'ection 3 extending from one face thereof. The boss may be provided with a central aperture 4. The projection 3 tapers inwardly toward the face of the body portion so that the outer end of the projection has a greater thickness than 1930. Serial No. 463,963.

that portion of the projection adjacent the body portion. The length of the projection is preferably slightly less than the thickness of the plate to which it is to be attached, as is shown in Fig. 2.

It is desirable that either the body portion or the projection be of non-circular contour so as to insure that the boss will not rotate Within the plate when the same is fastened therein. In the illustration of Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the body portion 2 is of non-circular contour while in Figs. 4 and 5, the shank is non-circular.

For some purposes, it is ossible to make both the body and shank of theboss of circular contour, it being found that the gripping of the shank by the metal of the plate is sufficient to prevent relative rotation therebetween. The circular form of boss may also be used when the boss is employed as a rivet, as shown in Fig. 6.

The projection on the boss thus formed is inserted within an aperture 5 in the plate 6 and pressure is applied to the face of the boss sufficient to cause the body portion to become seated in the plate to a depth such that the end of the projection becomes flush with the lower face of the plate, as is shown in Fig. 3. The embedding of the boss within the plate causes the metal adjacent the aperture 5 to be upset and to flow into the recess 7 between the tapered wall of the projection and the side wall of the perforation. This flow of metal rigidly secures the boss to the plate.

It is desirable, when working with comparatively thin stock, to provide some suitable backing to aid the plate to resist the upsetting pressure. After the boss is secured in position, axial pressure upon the boss normally tending to loosen the boss within the plate, will in the present invention tend to further compress the metal and to force the same into more rigid engagement with the walls of the projection and thus more securely clamp the same in position.

Furthermore, the present invention makes it possible to secure a part to a plate which is accessible on one side only inasmuch as the part, and pressure for securing the same,

may be applied on but one face of the plate.

In the modification shown in Fi 4 and 5, the boss is provided with a threa ed aperture 8 for securing bolts or other threaded members to the plate.

As shown in Fig. 6, the invention may be employed for securing two plates 9 and 10 together, the shank of the lug or rivet 11 for securing the plates being tapered as in the other forms of bosses and extending through aligned apertures in the plates, and the metal adjacent the apertures upset to firmly engage the shank of the rivet.

The term boss as employed in this specification is intended to include all such parts previously mentioned, such as nuts, lugs, grommets, rivets, bolts or the like.

I claim:

1. A method of securing a boss to a metal plate which comprises providing a boss having a body portion and an inwardly tapering shank portion extending from one of the faces of said body portion, inserting the shank of said boss into a perforation in a plate having a thickness greater than the length of said shank, and applying pressure to the body portion of said boss to cause the same to become seated in the metal plate to a depth sufficient to displace the metal about the perforation in the plate into engagement with the tapered walls of said shank.

2. A method of securing a boss to a plate which comprises providing a boss having a body portion of non-circular contour and an inwardly tapering shank extending from one face of said body portion, inserting said shank into an aperture provided in the plate, and applying axial pressure to said boss to seat the body portion in said plate and flow the material of the plate adjacent the walls of the perforation into firm engagement with the tapered shank whereby said boss is fastened to said plate and prevented from turning relative thereto.

3. A method of securing parts which com-- prises providing perforations in said parts, arranging the parts in juxtaposition with the perforations aligned, providing a boss having a head and an inwardly tapering axially extending shank, inserting said shank through said aligned apertures, and applying axial pressure to said boss to force the walls of the perforation into firm engagement with the tapering walls of the shank.

4. A method of attaching a boss to a metal plate which comprises, providing a boss having a body portion and an inwardly tapering projection, inserting the projection into an opening formed in the metal plate, and pressing the body portion of the boss into the plate to flow the metal'of the plate adjacent the walls of the opening into firm engagement with the tapered projection of the boss.

5. A boss for mounting in thin metal members to facilitate the connecting of them to other members, comprising a head, a shank formed integral with the head, the shank simulating a conic-frustum, the small diameter being next the head forming an angular groove therewith for receiving the metal of the thin members when flowed in the attaching of the boss, the head and shank be- HUGO S. HASSELQUIST.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2415695 *Oct 20, 1944Feb 11, 1947Cann EdwardAttaching nuts to plates
US2486769 *Dec 31, 1942Nov 1, 1949Rca CorpStaked fastener
US2588372 *May 29, 1945Mar 11, 1952Elastic Stop Nut CorpFastening device
US2749606 *Nov 9, 1951Jun 12, 1956Gen Motors CorpApparatus and method for securing a nut to a sheet member
US2801696 *Feb 3, 1954Aug 6, 1957George BankoPunch and die
US2818021 *Nov 2, 1953Dec 31, 1957Boehm Pressed Steel CompanyCartridge case base
US2859790 *Dec 28, 1956Nov 11, 1958Carrick ProductsWelding nut with pilot portion defined by flanges and having welding prodjections onsaid flanges
US2913820 *Apr 23, 1956Nov 24, 1959Stewart Warner CorpLubrication device and method of making same
US3014609 *Jul 12, 1960Dec 26, 1961Talbot Tool Company LtdInserts for constructions of sheet metal or other sheet materials
US3082042 *Mar 29, 1961Mar 19, 1963Mattatuck Mfg CompanySafety coaster brake
US3127919 *May 6, 1959Apr 7, 1964Penn Engineering & Mfg CorpScrew with cavity head
US3152628 *Jul 17, 1958Oct 13, 1964Multifastener CorpClinch nut
US3185268 *Feb 14, 1963May 25, 1965Bosch Gmbh RobertStructure for fastening articles to thin walls and method for manufacturing such structure
US3213914 *Nov 6, 1961Oct 26, 1965Illinois Tool WorksSelf-piercing nut with attaching groove
US4214358 *Mar 22, 1978Jul 29, 1980Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueMethod of assembly of two metallic parts
US5401087 *Feb 4, 1992Mar 28, 1995Alfred Teves Metallwarenfabrik Gmbh And Co. OhgPressure control valve
US6851904Aug 30, 2002Feb 8, 2005Fabristeel Products, Inc.Self-attaching female fastener and method of installation
US6994500May 16, 2003Feb 7, 2006Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
US7001125Jun 8, 2004Feb 21, 2006Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching female fastener element, sealed fastener and panel assembly and method of forming same
US7112024Mar 25, 2005Sep 26, 2006Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
US7112025Oct 28, 2005Sep 26, 2006Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
US7112142Dec 16, 2002Sep 26, 2006Whitesell International CorporationMethod of cold forming a self-attaching female fastener element
US7258518Jul 26, 2005Aug 21, 2007Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
US7383624Dec 16, 2002Jun 10, 2008Whitesell International CorporationSelf-piercing female fastener, method of forming a sealed female fastener and panel assembly and panel assembly
US7419344Mar 2, 2007Sep 2, 2008Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
US7591623Apr 26, 2007Sep 22, 2009Whitesell International CorporationHeavy metal pierce nut
US7597515Mar 2, 2007Oct 6, 2009Whitesell International CorporationSelf-attaching nut
DE4103365A1 *Feb 5, 1991Aug 13, 1992Teves Metallwaren AlfredDrucksteuerventil
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/520, 16/108, 411/965, 411/967, 411/81
International ClassificationF16B37/06, B21K25/00, F16B19/10
Cooperative ClassificationF16B19/10, Y10S411/965, B21K25/00, F16B37/068, Y10S411/967
European ClassificationF16B37/06B4, B21K25/00, F16B19/10