US 1919908 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1933- M. SCHMIDT ET AL UROLOGICAL TABLE Filed July 12, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet l A TTORNEY.
UROLOGICAL TABLE Filed July 12, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY;
July 25; 1933. M. SCHMIDT ET AL UROLOGICAL TABLE Filed July 12, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 ATTORNEY Patented July 25, 1933 I hairs "s'raras rarer OFFICE MA SCHMIDT AND EMIL NEUBACI-IER, oi eirioiniinri, 033110, ASSIGNORS To THE MAX woo iiin 855011 ooiurAiqY, or CINGINNAGJLQHL n ooiiroiin'rioiv on OHIO UROLOGIGAL TABLE Application filed July 12, 1929. Serial lilo. 377,704.
Our invention relates to urological tables. Theobjects of our invention are to provide a convenient compact and substantial construction and arrangement of parts in 5 which the pivotally mounted platform or top canbe adjusted to, and firmly held at,
any desired angle relative to the base while the patient is in position thereon;to pro- .vide easily operated means to enable the operator to conveniently adjust. the pelvic V seat toqany degree of; angle desired while "the patient-is in positionuponthe table top, While makingan examination of the affected parts, and. thus to enable him to 1 make a more thorough inspection and eX- ainination than otherwise; provide an adjustable back rest which maybe adjustedup or down 'to the required position torelax. the abdominal. inusclesof the patient E during the taking of an X-ray picture; to
provide indicating means so that a record can be madeoi": the position oi the top when 'a given photograph or X-ray picture is taken of the affected portion of the patient so that the top maybe set in exactly. the same position at any. subsequent time to correctly take additional pictures to,ac curately determine the later condition or development of the affected part; to provide means" whereby the longitudinally adjustableanduniversally mounted knee crutches may bereadily adjusted forwardly and backs wardly relative to the pivotally mounted pelvic or cystoscopic seat and be securely r held in such adjusted positions to obtain the requisite and comfortable position ofthe patientat anyuangle to which the table top and pelvicseat may be adjusted; to provide e 'ative position regardless oi the angle to which-the top may be tilted and to provide an auxiliary drain r ceptacle that will main- .tain upright position atall times regardless of the positionwor angle of the able top relative to thebase. it
. Variousother objects and advantages will become apparent as the description proceeds. 1 Our invention consists in the novel construction; combinatiomj location and air a drain 'eceptacle that will maintain its op-J rangeinent oi parts as herein fully set'fort and claimed. I i
In the drawings: H r v Fig. l is a perspective view of a urological table having our novel features embodied therein; j V
Fig. 1a is a view partly in section and partly in elevation showing the rotatably mounted adjustable crutch support holder and its means otattachinent;
angle indicator dialand pointer; Fig. 3 is a horizontal section thereof tak en'onthe line 3 3 of Fig. 2; j
Fig. 4 is an end elevation of Fig. 1 with 'parts'removed parts appearing in vertical section on the line 4 -4 of Fi 5, and parts broken away; j l
5 is aside elevation. of Figure partly broken away, onthe line 55 of Fig. 4:; j
Fig. 6 is a horizontal section taken on the line 6-6 of Fig.4; a i
Fig. 7 is a plan view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is a vertical section taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 7, dotted lines representing an elevated position of the pelvic or cystoscopic seat; and
i Fig. 9 is a horizontal section on the line 9,9of Fig. 8.
In the embodiment OfxOllI invention as 60. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail view of the i illustrated and which shows a preferred construction, we provide a urological table, as
shown in Fig.- 1, which comprises,broadly, base 1, top 2, pelvic seat 3, draindrawer 4.-
auiiiliai'y drain bucket 5,iiat Bucky diaphragm 6 and angle indicator 7. The top 2 is preferably made of bakelite or similar .material and is'pivotally supported by frame 8, said top also supporting said flat Bucky diaphragm. 6. 'lheupper ends of base 1 terminate in lugs 9, which lugs are each provided with a horizontally dis'posedhole 10, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. Threaded studs 11 are passed through holes 10 in lugs 9 and are screwed into threaded holes 12 it will be seen that'the frame 8 is pivotally supported by base 1." Racks 13, pivotally attached at their upper ends to frame 8 enin frame 8,1as clearly shown inFig. 3. Thus 14, which pinions are driven by a set of bevel gears fixed to shaft 15. When hand wheel 16 (fixed to one end of shaft 15) is manually turned in a clockwise direction, the
top 2 is elevated or raised and when said hand wheel 16 is turned or rotated in an anti-clockwise direction, the top 2 is lowered. The angle indicator 7 comprises plate 17 fixed to one of the lugs 9 by screws 18, and pointer finger 19, fixed to the end of one of the studs 11 by screws 20 (see Figs. 2 or 3). Said plate 17 is provided with numerals 21, which indicate the degree of angle to which the top 2 is adjusted, as will be more fully described later.
The pelvic seat 3 is strengthened by curved rib 22 the outer ends of which are provided with lugs 23. Said lugs 23 are adapted to fit within sockets 24 of sup1 )orting arms 25. The arms 25 are pivotally supported upon studs 26 which studs are securely mounted in frame 8 of top 2. Each of the arms 25 includes a gear segment 27 cut integral therewith and adapted to mesh with a worm 28, as clearly shown in Fig. 8. The worms 28 are rotatably mounted in bearings 29 located upon the front ends of frame 8 and are rigidly connected with bevel gears 30, as clearly shown in Figs. 7 or 8.
Bevel gears 30-are in meshing engagement with bevel gears 31, the latter gears being rigidly mounted upon shaft 32 and said shaft 32 being rotatably mounted in the ends 33 of frame 8, as clearly shown in Fig. 8. Hand wheel 34 is mounted upon one end of shaft 32 and, if desired, a similar hand-wheel may be mounted upon the other end of said shaft. The rib 22 (beneath pelvic seat is provided with downwardly projecting arms 35 which rest againstshoulders 36, integrally formed with supporting arm 25 and in this way strengthens said pelvic seat.
Suitably mounted in each arm 25, we pro vide a rotatable adjustable crutch holder 25a. whereby each clutch 25b is adapted to be moved forwardly and backwardly and held in any desired adjustable position relative to the pelvic seat 3 and moved in unison with said'seat upon its pivotal mounting.
The support for drain drawer 4 is in the form of a frame 37 which is hingedly attached to the front endof frame 8, as clearly shown in Fig. 4. A slotted track 38 is fixed to each side of frame 37 by bolts 39, and rollers 10, supported by brackets 11, are rotatably mounted within the slots 42 of slotted track 38. It will, therefore, be readily seen that as the position of top 2'is changedrelative to base 1 (by the turning of hand wheel-16) the drain drawer 4: will maintain an operative non-overflowing position and drain-bucket 5 will maintain a horizontal or upright position regardless of the angle to which said top 2 is moved.
The bottom 40; of drain-drawer i preferably slopes rearwardly and is provided with a spout 4b which directs the flow of liquid from drain drawer 4 to drain bucket 5. The bucket 5 is provided with hook straps 5a, the hook ends of which are pivotally received by cooperating hook straps 40 mounted upon the sides of drain drawer l, as clearly shown in Figs. l and 5, respectively.
To tilt or raise the pelvic seat 3 from the position shown by full lines in Fig. 8 to the position shown by broken lines in the same figure, it is merely necessary to manually rotate hand wheel. 34 in a clockwise direction. To lower the pelvic seat 3 on studs 26, simply rotate hand wheel in an anti-clockwise direction. T o raise or tilt the top 2 simply rotate handwheel 16 in a clockwise direction which, in turn, raises the rack 13 and to low er said table-top 2, simply reverse the direction of hand-wheel 16, or, in other words, turn it in an anti-clockwise direction.
To more fully'describe the purpose of the angle-indicator 7, let us assume that the table top 2 has been elevated so that the pointer finger 19 points to the numeral 40 on plate 17 and with the table top in this position a patient is placed thereon and a photograph or X-ray picture taken. A rec ord of the position of the table top as thus indicated may be made and should it thereafter become necessary to take additional photographs to determine the development of the affected part the table top may be placed in exactly the same position, whereupon a second photograph may be made. When making or taking the pictures the number (to which the pointer finger 19 points) may be marked upon the picture or plate (at that time) and in this way a permanent record is made of the exact position of the table top 2 during the-making of the photograph.
The back rest 2a is pivotally attached at one end to the table top and is adjustably supported by notched arms 2?) adapted to engage studs 20 on the edges of the table top to enable said back rest to be disposed in either horizontal position, or in any elevated position desired, such as that shown in Fig. 1. By elevating the back rest 2a and pelvic seat 3 slightly the abdominal muscles of the patient will be relaxed and thereby better results in the taking of the picture, or in the examination of the patient, will, be obtained.
One of the novel and important features of this invention is the adjustable platform which is adapted to be moved, by suitable gear mecl anism, to any angle desired and held in adjusted position while the patient is in position thereon.
An advantage of this improved urological table is that no matter to what position. the table top 2 is adjusted the drain drawer 4- will always maintain an operative position ough examination of the affected parts of and a'uxiliary drain bucket 5 will always adjustment; This is aniinportant feature asthe pelvic seat'is adjustable toany slight change 1n position, thereby insuring thorthe patient.
The knee crutches having a ball and socket mounting and being adjustableforwardly and backwardly relative'to the pelvic seat provide a comfortable p sition for the legs of the patient and also permit ready adjustment or change in position when desired.
A still further advantage of this inven- 3 tion is the peculiar shape of the base 1. This shape, as clearly shown in Fig. 1., hasproved to be very satisfactory wheiriu use and permits the tabletop 2 to be tilted at every great angle Without the forward end or pelvie seat 3 coming into contact or interfering 'in anyway with the forward part of base 1;. Itwill be understood that certain changes and modifications can be made "without departing from the scope or spirit of theinvention as defined in the claims. 7 What we claim as new and desire to se cure by Letters Patentis: j
1. A urological table having a base and top pivotally mounted thereon in coinbina-= tion with means for determiningthe angle of movement of said top relative to said base comprising plate rigidlymounted with said base and having indicia thereon, and a pointer finger mounted rigidly with said top and movable therewith and adapted to point to any of said indiciafl i 2. In a urological. table, the combination of a base, a top pivotally and adjustably gage said segmental gears, respectively,and
mechanism adapted to operate said worm gears totilt and firmly hold said pelvie seat to any angle desired relative to said top.
4.) A urological'table havmg a base with a top plvotally supported thereby, 1n combination with a pelvic seat removably mounted upon the forward end ofsaid top, a frame pivotally mounted to the forward end of said top and adapted to support said pelvic seat, gear segments on said frame, worms iotatably inounted in said top and in. meshing engagement with said segments and means for rotating said worms whereby said seat is tilted relativeto said top and firmly held in any desired tilted position.
5. A urological table having a base with a top pivotally supported thereby and havrug means for tilting and holding said top to drll'erent angles while the patient is in position thereon, 1n combination w1th' a pelvic seat, a frame pivotally mounted upon 6. In a urological table having a base 9 with a top pivotally supported thereby and having means on said base for tilting said top upon its pivotal support, a drain-drawer, and auxiliary drain bucket pivotally supporaed by said drain-drawer, and means for holding said drain drawer and bucket in substantially horizontal position at all times,
substantially mo We specified.
7. In a urological table having a base vith a top pivotally supported thereby and having means on said base andpivotally connected to'said top for tilting said top upon its pivotal support and holding it in any desired adjusted position, a drain receptacle pivotally attached to said top and slid-- ably connected to said base to maintainsaid drain receptacle in operative non-overflowing position independently of the position of the table-top.
In urological table having abase with a toppivotally supportedthereby and lnrving means for tilting and holding said top to any angle desired, a drain receptacle pivotally attached to said top adjacent and beneath one end thereof, and a curved guide fixed'to saiddrain receptacle and a support on said base adapted to slidably engage said guide whereby said drain receptacle is maintained in operative non-overflowing position regardless of the angle of the top.
9. A urological tab e ofthe class described and l'iaving a pelvic seat, adjustable supports carried byand adapted to move with said pelvic seat, ltnee crutches carried in said supports and adapted to be adjusted forward and backward on said supports relative to said pelvic seat many of 1ts adjustments, for the purposes specified.
forth and fol-the purposes 10. In a urological table having a base, a
tophpi votally supported thereby said top rest pivotally connected thereto and having rest pivoted thereto and an adjustable short pelvic seat with a cut out portion pivotally mounted on one end of said top.
12. A urological table having a top comprising a central section having a back rest and pelvic seat pivoted thereto and means to move and hold said pelvic seat on its pivot to any angle desired relative to said central section.
MAX SCHMIDT. EMIL NEUBAGHER.