US 1920898 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 1, 1933. A C. SOULE `1,920,898
SASH HANGER Original Filed Nov. '7, *1928 NVENTORA ARTHUR l C. SOULE Patented Aug. 1, 1933 l tenses i sssn lreinweiss Arthur C. Seule, SanFranciscoCalif.
Appuaam Novem-ber 7, .1928, ssriainmsiigisr `Renewed August '7,.1931
10 Claims. (C1. `16m-N9) Tl-ris'.` invention. relates particularly, to a mounting.' /for supporting` and lcontrollir'ig the opening Aand closing movements `.oi an individual sash or a .plurality of sashesor other analogous Anobjfect of the invention `is to provide a mounting ".for sashes.- that will be superior in point of simplicity, 4inexpensiveness of construe# tion,.positi1veness of operation and iacility and l `convenienoerin .use and general efficiency.
A further object-.ofthe inventionis to 'provide amounting or mountings for. supporting a sash u or .aiplurality of rsashes, orv other analogous inclesures, Withinan enclosing'frame; forcontrolf l5 ling and regulating thev opening and closmg` movements of. the sash'. or sashes andhaving means thereonto regulatefthe friction of th moving parts of the .sash mountings.
Astill further object .of .the invention is to provide in'. combination with a 'win'dowsframe and plurality of sashes,. oimeans interposed betweenthe sashes and frame to maintain the` sashes .in any des'iredfopened` or closed position against Wind pressure'andthe. like.l 2 Other objects andl 'advantages' will appear as this description progresses; n :f n--this specification and the annexed drawing, the invention is illustrated :inthe form considered yte hethe .bestgbut vit isto be understood thatfthe .invention is .nota-limiteur@ such form;
becausev itfmay b 'e "embodied in other fornis'and itfisf also -to .Joe .understood that in and .by the claims follcwing'the description, it is desiredv to cover theinvention in whatsoever format may be embodied. f i
'.Inthe accompanying one sheet vof drawings:`
' `Fig. 1 represents aplan sectionthrough the Window-f frame having a sash mounted therein on. a Asash hanger constructed in. accordance ,40 With my invention. f
F.ig. 2 is` anenlarged-verticalsection in condensedferrn, taken' through-Fig. 1 onk the line 2 2 showing the. sash hanger interposed between \the top' and bottom edges 'of the Window sash and-supportingffraine.` f
Fig.. .3 is anenlarged plan View fof one of the sash .li'angers-4 1 f l'ig.l 4`is anenllarged 'sidev elevation of the hangershownin Fig; 3, in the closed position.
' cFig. 5 is a cross sectionitaken through Fig. 4ion the.llinef5"5. L Fig. 'Gis a crossfsection taken on the'.fline=6-6;
` "Fig' is ia oros-s section taken through Fig.. 4 @mais linen-:7.2
throughA Fig. 4
. Thisinvention relates particularly. to a sash hanger orother equivalent sash operating .structure, that is adapted tohe positioned at corresponding points on either the opposite sides or ends offa sash, for supporting andcontrolling .the movements of the. sashy in all open, closed and reversed positions. I-have illustrated a vertically positioned sash4 equipped with my, sash hangers and adapted to open on a Vertical plane, but it is to be understood that the type of sash hanger shown couldfbe applied equally as wellto a sash that is adapted to, open on a; horizontal plane. Likewise, git is yto be clearly understood, as being Within. the Acontemplated scope of the invention, that Athe sash hanger will operate in a practical andeicient manner on all different types of instal Windows and. transoins, even'y though Athe present drawing shows-the sash hanger'associ-v ated-Withv a wooden structure.
In'detail, the construction,illustratedin the 75 drawing includes a Window traine composed -of a si1l.l, stool 2, and side ,jambs '3, connected across the top by a lintel;` 4,. togetherywiththe usual stops 5, and vthe otherv Weather proof huish, mounted on i the yinterior and exterior ofv the 80 jambs, sill andmlintel.I The Window framakva's described, vis constructedto J receive, in a com?,`
vplet'elv operative'mannerygthe Windowlsash 62 The Windowsash is supported Withinthe Win-a dowframe by complementary sashhangers. se 85 cured, respectively, to .the top and bottom ends of the sash, and-trahie, when the sash is of the easement type or the sash `hangers lare inter,-l posed hetweenthe opposite sides ofthe sash and .Window frame, when the sash is of the awning type The sash hangersl on which the sash :is supported lin 1the windowV frame,v are complementary, and each are secured at corre(- sponding. points onopposite sides of the sash,- wher'eby bothl of the hangers 1wi1l be .operated 95.' simultaneously andinunison. The sash hangers on the opposite sides of thesash oronthe oppo'- site ends offthevsash, areidentical inconstruction and in operation.y .l
For the reason that.V the sash hangers that 100 support the sash .in operative position in the Window `frame are `exact duplieateay-a description of the construction of but a single .hanger will be made and it is to .be understood said descrip,-v tionwill applytotheother hangeitj: 1 i 105 Eachhanger consists of an elongated metal plate 7, having each of the opposite ends `8 and 9=thereof bentto extend belowfthe ,under surface of `the plate y'7.' The opposite sides 1 and 11 of the kplate are bent downwardly to a nointl 110* 2l substantially flush with the bent ends of the plate, whereby all of the bent portions of the plate willengage lthe surface of the window `frame to which the same is to be attached and te position the surface of the plate 7 in spaced relation lto the surface of lthe window frame. The plategis provided with'a plurality of holes therethrough toV provide means for securing said plate through the agency of screws, nails or the like, to the window frame. I Y
The plate is provided with an elongated slot or guideway 12 therein, said slot having an end thereof adjacent the end 9 of the plate, extended toward one side of the plate. The major length of the slot 12 extends parallel with the opposite longer sides ofthe plate, except for the one end of the slot which is directed toward one side of the plate for the purpose to be here-v inafter described. Adjacentthe'end 8 of the plate, I have provided a pairof matching slots 13 and 14,` each of which are curved on the same v radius, and both-of said slots extendacross the width of the plate v'1. An arm or link 15 has one'end thereof arrangedf over thek slots 13 and 14 and a pair of screws 16 and 1'7 onI the end of said arm extend through the slots 13 and 14 into threaded engagement with aresilient plate 18 positioned below the said plate,
sothat by adjusting the screwsl` and 17, it is possible to regulate the frictional resistance of the arm 1 5 and plate 18 relative to the upper and 'lower faces of the plate 7. kWhere it is de sired to move the arm 15`freely, the screwsl v and 17 will beloosenedto provide a minimum resistance between the arm and plate, andfwhere it would be desired to decrease the ease or freeness with which the arm 15 should'movethe screws 16 and llwouldbe adjusted to increase the frictional resistanceof the arm relative to the plate. f
The opposite end of the arm 15 ispivoted at 19 to the under side of a plate 20 to be used for operatively' supporting. a window sash v21 in the opening forrnedbyv the window frame'. vThe arm 15 is pivoted to the plate 20 near one end thereof, while the opposite end of said plate is provided with a shouldered pin or pivot 22 thereon'that is slidably confined inthe slot or` guideway 12,.. y'Iheplate4 20 vis `vsuitahly perforated to provide' screw holes through which screwscanbe passed forlsecuring the sash onto the sash plate, and the endvof the plate 20 is turned upwardly asat 23 to provide' a flanged end through which screws are adapted toy be passed into engagementv with a side or end rail ofthe sash. The height of the flange l23 permits the lower edge of the sash to be 'adjusted relative to the upper surface of the plate 20 in order to locate 'the sash in. a predetermined position in the window frame. Ordinarily the sash is rested onthe sash plate vand screwed thereto, Whereas it is possible to secure the sash in spaced relation to the sash plate by `rst passing screws `throug'glrthe flange vplate 23 to hold Ythe sash 4is opened and reversed Window frame. When the hanger is mounted in the window frame, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, one of the longersides thereof is fitted snugly against the shoulder X, provided on the outside of the sill,- stool, janibs' and lintel. The sash plate of the hanger is attached onto the sash before mounting the guide plate of the hanger imposition on the window frame.A
When the sash 6 is attached on the opposite sash plates of the hangers, mounted on opposite i sides of the window frame, the inner face of the rails and stiles of the sash will lie in faced contact with the shoulder X provided on the sill, jambs and lintel ofthe window frame. When the sash is in' the closed position in the window frame, the slidingfand pivoted end of the sash will 'lie snugly in contact with the shouldered side of the window frame. When it is desired to open the sash, the free end 'thereof is forced outwardly to thereby cause the sliding and pivoted end of the sash .to travel lengthwiser in the guideway 12, and to swing the .supporting arm 15 outwardly gagainstthe tension. of its adjusting screws. of .the swinging or sliding type, to round off a corner of the sash next the shoulder X on the window frame to permit the sash to be opened and reversed. My sash hanger is .so constructed that itis unnecessary to round off theinside corner of the sash-sothat it may be opened and reversed in thewindow frame due to the fact that the guideway for the sliding sash is curved to. direct the sash outwardly away from the It is normally 'the practice on sashes ico shoulder X on the window frame, a suflicient vdistance that the sliding edge of the sash will clear the shoulder on the window frame when it The curvature in the guideway atone end thereof, causes the sash to lit snugly and` tightly into the window frame when it is closed, .whereby wind, rain and the like, are prevented from passing around the out- The curvature on the rguideway which regulates and controls the movement vof the sash, also maintainsthe'sliding end of the sash in spaced relation .to the shouldered portions of the window,r frame so that at .all times the sash is free to be opened, closed, .or .reversed in the window vframewithout danger. of any part of the Sash coming into. contact with the window frame duringgthe opening and closing movementthereof. The yadjusting screws'on the sash plate supporting arm 15, control the entire operation of thehanger,..whereby thesash may be placed in any desired .position without fear that wind pressureor the like will, cause the position of the sash'tobe changed. 4The sash supported on my sash hangers does not require any auxiliary or additional mechanism for holding the sash in a closed or open, or partly open, or reversed position. With my sash hanger, the sash may be substantially reversed in the window opening so as to present the outside surface of the sash to the interior of the room to facilitate washing.
Although have shown and described the plate 7, containing the curved guideway, formed elementsyand made to operate in that manner in contradistinction to the unittype of fixture shown and described.
l plate, and a pairof curved slots arranged in matching relation across 4the width of the plate ,l at theend thereof opposite the guideway;` a sash plate having an end thereof -slidably pivoted in the' guideway; and a carrier arm pivoted at one end to the sash plate and slidably pivoted at its other end to the curved slots in the guide plate.
2. A sash hanger comprising a guide plate having a guideway therein extended lengthwise of the plate, one end of the guideway being extended inwardly toward the edge of the guide plate, and a pair of jcurved slots arranged in matching relation across the width of the plate at the end thereof opposite the guideway; a
sash plate having an'end thereof slidably piv-` oted inthe guideway; a carrier arm pivoted at one end to the sash plate and havingthe oppositeend thereof larranged over the curved slots on .the guide plate; and adjusting ,screws on saidr end of .the carrier arm slidably conned in the curved slots to control the swinging movement of the arm 'and to adjustA the frictional relationship between the arm kandguide plate.
3. AV sash-'hanger comprising a guide plate having ra guideway therein'extended lengthwise ofthe plate, one end .of the guideway beingexf tended inwardly toward the edge of the guide plate, and a pair of curved slots arranged in matching relation across the width of the plate at the end thereof opposite the guideway; a
sash plate having an end thereof slidably pivoted `in the guideway; a .carrier arm pivoted at one 40' end tothe sash plate and having the opposite end thereof arranged over the curved slots on the guide plate; a frictionplate beneath the curved slots in the guide plate; and adjusting screws on the carrier arm slidably conned in the lcurved slots to control the swinging movement of the arms and engageablewith the friction plate to regulate the frictional contact `of the carrier arm and friction plate withk the opposite sides of the guideplate. y
4. A sash hanger comprising a guide plate having a guideway therein,` said plate havingk the sides thereof anged downwardly to position the guideway in spacedrelationto the surface on rso which the hanger is mounted; an arm pivoted at one end to the guide plate; a sash supporting plate pivoted to the freeendof the arm and having an end of said sash plate provided with a pin thereon slidably confined in the guideway.
5. A sash hanger comprising a rguide plate having a guideway therein that lies in parallel alignment with the sash when the sash is in the closed position, said slot having an end thereof extended inwardly, said plate having the sides thereof. 'flanged downwardly tov position the guideway in spaced relation to the surface on which the hanger is mounted; an arm pivoted f at one end to the guide plate; a sash supporting plate pivoted to the free fend of the arm and having Yan end of said sash plate provided with a pivot thereon slidably confined in the guideypivoted at one end to the sash way, the curved end of the guideway guiding the pivoted end of the sash outwardlyto permit the sash to be swung from the `closed into the open position, and vice versa, without said sash striking the window structure supporting the hanger.
6. A sash hanger comprising a guide plate having a guideway thereon, said plate having theA having a guideway therein extended lengthwise of the plate, one end of the guideway being curved inwardly toward the edge of the guidev plate, and a pair of curved slots arranged in matching relation across the width` of the plate i at the end thereof opposite the guideway, saidl plate having the sidesr thereof flanged downtion to the surface on which the hanger yis mounted; a sash plate having an end thereof slidably pivoted in the guideway; a carrier arm pivoted vat one end to the sash plate and having the opposite endl thereof arranged over the 'curved slotson the guide plate; and adjusting screws on said end of the carrier arm slidably confined in the curved slots to control the swinging movement of the arm and to adjust the` frictional relationship between' the larm and guide plate. y n
8. A sash hanger comprising a plate having a guideway therein; an arm pivoted at one end to the guideway; a sash plate pivoted at one end to the free end of the `arm and pivoted at its other end to the guideway, said sash plate hav-y ing the pivoted end thereof flanged upwardlyto provide for holding thesash in spaced relation to theupper surface of the sash plate, to permit the sash to be adjusted into a properly `fitted position in the window frame on which the hanger is mounted.
9. A ksash hanger. comprising a guide plate having a guideway thereinv extended lengthwise ofthe plate, one end of the guideway being curved inwardlytoward one-edge of the guide ably pivoted in the guideway and the other end free to swing across the edge of the plate opposite to that towardwhich the curved guide-v way extends; and a carrier varm pivoted at one end to the sash plate and slidably pivoted at vitsother end to the guide plate at the end thereof opposite the guideway. i
l0. A sash hanger comprising a.v guide plate having a guideway thereon, said guide plate i wardlyto position the guideway in spaced relaplate; a sash plate having an end thereof slid- '125 I l being disposed in its entirety above its supporting surface without countersinking into said sur-.- face; a sash plate having an end thereof slidably pivoted in the guideway; a carrier arm plate and slidably pivoted at its other end to the guide plate; and friction creating means 'on the hanger rto rretard free movement thereof.
ARTHUR C. SOULE.