US 1924365 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. Z9, 1933. J. J. MARloT'rl 1,924,365
TABERNACLE f Filed Feb. 5, 1932 2 sheetssheet 1 Aug. 29, 1933. J. J. MARIoTTl- TABERNACLE Filed Feb. 5, 1932 2 Sheets--Sheei'l 2 Patented Aug. 29, 1933 UNITED STATES TABEaNAoLE Joseph J. Mariotti, Chicago,` Ill., assignor to Daprato Statuary Company, Chicago, Ill., a
Corporation of Illinois Application Februafy 5, 1.932; serial No.'591`;o47"
l My invention `relates to safes or Vaults and particularly to a type of safe `orA vault which may be used as a tabernacle. y
Vaults of this type are usually comparatively 5 Small in size and are installed in full public View. It is essential therefore that 4they be strongly and heavily constructed without being cumbersome in order 'to prevent unwarranted entry thereinto and yet `permit ready and corr-y venient access `by authorized persons. Itis theA purpose of `my invention to provide a safe particularly suitable asa tabernacle which is strongly constructed, substantially burglar proof and readily accessible with a minimum effort.
In accordance `with this invention I providea vault preferably a double walled vault having a single slidingr doorwhich is movable into open andV closed positions by a lock-mounted inde,-
A`-20 pendently 'of the door and which serves thedual4 purpose of securing the ,door in closed position and constituting -a door actuating medium., Preferably the connections' between the independently supported lock and the door are such that the movement of the lock vis considerably less than the movement of the door. Furthermore, the door and tabernacle are so arranged :with respect to the door opening into the vault that there is no opening at the bottom of thev door through which articles maybe dropped when removing them, from or placing them.v in the vault. lA more complete `understanding of my invention :will be had from the following `description taken in connection with the drawings in which: l
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the door con-V structed in accordance with this invention, Ithe upper-portion being brokenaway to show' the door hanging; the door .being shown in partly closed position; Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectiontaken just above the oor of the vault, the oor being broken away to illustrate a door actuating mechanism in closed' and ylocked position; and- Fig. -3 islafragmentarygperspective of. the vault and ldoor locking and actuating mechanism,pshowing the door in almost full open Sposition. v
In the) illustrated embodiment of thisinvention. I have shown a double walled cylindrical .Vault having a single Yarcuate door which is pivotally mounted' to swing in front ofthe opening intothe vault and close the same. ,The door isretractable `into open position between vthe two f' wallsentirelyclear of the Adoor entry, A lock is mounted below the door opening and connected to the door through suitable -leversV where-` by relatively'les's arcuate movementof the lock will fully open and close the door.
The cylindrical double walled vault is in effect one vault within another, the door supporting and door operating.V mechanism beingsecuredto and supported from the upper `and lower walls of the vault respectively. It will be `manifest as the description proceeds that the door operatingV mechanism may befapplied toother vaults and thatA the shape of the present vault Vis merely 1 one of many thatrnay be employed'.` A, The vault4 chamber is `formed ,by-an inner sheet metalwall 1 surrounded by an cuter wall 2 preferably constructed of sheet steel, the latter f wall being covered by a decorative sheetmetal shell 3 of bronze orsome such metal. The two walls are secured in spacedrelation; at their lower endsto the .arms ofa' Z rMing-fl, the vinner wall being secured toone -arm andthe outer wall tothe other arm thereof. i The *upper lends of the two walls are secured ina similar manner to a similarring `5.ha'1ingan integralplatefor wall 6- ,closing thering andlconstituting thev upper wall 'of' the,vault.. The Z rings,therefore, not only constitutea support for the walls but hold them rigidly in spacedrelation to!y provide a' chamber into which thedoormay slide when in ,85' i second plate "or floor 12 seated upon the upper 'ledge atring-` 5 constitutes ythe floor ofthe vault.
The two walls land 2 andthe shell `3st?? short of acompletercylinder and terminate in spaced pilasters13 and lakwhich dene-thedoor-openf inglor entryfinto the` vault.. A `va ultchamber 1, topplate 6 and -floor 12.,
Inforder toxclose, the door. opening orlentry through the two walls and into the'vault cham-- ber thereis .provided a swinging ,arcuate door- 14 `which is secured at its upper end, .such asby welding, `to va, radial arm 16, which extends is. thus providedenclosed bythe cylindrical wallilop.
through a slot 17 cutfin ring 5 and is pivotedto a stud 18 secured to the Vcenter'of plate..l order to reduce friction ball bearings 19 are provided for rotatively supporting arm 16. The
vthe construction described the arm 21 always remains behind the door opening which need therefore only befprovided with a groove deep enough to allowthe lower door edge to project below oor 12.
Arm 21 is pivoted to the bottomY plate 11 at approximately thecenter thereof upon a pivot pin 24, the arm projecting radially beyond the pin as at 26. Also pivoted upon pin 24 and below arm 21 is an actuating leverv27, one end of which extends outwardly rtorapproximately the peripheral edgeof plate 11, and the inner end of which is provide'dwith an offset portion carrying a fixed pin 28; Pin 28 engages ina slot 29 inone end Aof an intermediate connecting lever 31 pivot'ed at a point adjacent one endnupona pivot 32 secured to a bracket 3 3 rigidly fastened to plate 11. `The opposite end of the lever 31 is `slotted 'at 34 tol 'engage a pin 36rigidly iixed to the free lend of an arm 37'which1in turnv isk rigidly ixed at its otherfend tothe projecting end 26 of arm 21.
From the foregoing description it will be seen y that'rotation of lever 27 will swing lever 31 about itsvpivot 32 which in'turn will swing arm 21 by its connection therewith through arm 27 to move door 14 into open Vor closed position,
Due to the 'placement of the pivotal points vthe arcuate movement vof thel outer end of arm 27 will be'considerably less` than `the arcuate movef ment. of door 14. Furthermore lever 27 being pivotedabout thev sam'efpivot as arml 21, the movement at the end of the lever is parallel with the movement -of the'door ybut the movement of the former is through av considerably smaller arc than that of the door. l e
Secured to' the outer lend of the lever 27 is a lock 38 thec'ylinder of whichv projects vthroiigha slot 39 formed in base'l ring 9. Slot'39r is`v more clearlyv .shown in Fig. 1 and is cut twice the length actually necessary in order that the slot will be symmetrical with the door when the door isv closed; In closed position lockVv 38 willV bein the center of the slot and when the door is openV lock 38 will be at the right limit ofthe slot'. ,e In other words, the actual movement kof theslot is from thecenter of the lock tothe right end, one half the actual length of the slot. Secured 60., to the outer end of lever 27 Aisnan arcuate strip 40 apertured to permit'passage of `the lock cyl.- inder therethrough, which strip serves to close slot 39 regardless of theposition o fy the lock.
Y Lock 38 which may be offany type-and is shown asa'cylinder lock aside from being 'movable bodily with lever 27 is rotatablewithin its support to actuate a plunger 41 which serves to securethe door in ,closed position yas will hereinafter bedescribed. n
`In orderl to secure vthe door inclosed position a bracketV 42 issecured to arm 21', the bracketbe'- ingk provided at its outerA end withl an aperture 43. Another bracket 44 is rigidly fastened to Y platell and also `has an aperture 46 in its free end. The ltwo brackets are of suchlength Yand are so disposed that. apertures 43 and 46 will be Y said. door.
aligned over plunger 41 when the door is closed as shown in Fig. 2. Rotation of lock '38 Vin this position will cause plunger 41 to project upwardly through both apertures 43 and V46 to lock the door in closed position. v
From the above description it can be seen that there has been provided `a substantially burglar proof tabernacle comprising a' vault chamber closed by ka single door. The door is readily and easily operable by bodily movement ofthe lock which is supported independently of vthe door but connectedv thereto in such a manner that a relatively slight arcuate movement of the lock will suiiice to completely open the door. Furthermore the lock is mounted for two'movements, one rotary and one bodily ,byY
which the lock serves rthe dual purpose of securing the door when in closed position and of operating a door when unlocked into open or closed position. Y
It will be understood ofcourse that many changes maye be made in the Ydetails of construction without departing from` the spirit and scope ol' the invention as defined in th claims appended hereto. y
I claim: g Y
1. A tabernacle having a vault chamber with a door opening thereinto, a base beneath said chamber, a swinging door adapted to close said opening, a lock for securing said door in closed position, said lock being mounted independently l of the door and projecting through `said base and connections concealed in said| ybase be-` tween said lock andsaid door whereby bodily movement of said lock will openand close said door, the movementzof said lockl being substantially less` than the movement of the door.
2. A tabernacle having a vault chamber with a door opening thereinto, a base-beneath said vault chamber and supporting the same, a swinging door adapted to close said opening,
a lock for securing said door in closed positionv andjextending through said base atv apoint beneath said opening, said lockfbeing mounted independently of said door, and connections dis-f posed:insaid base between said lock and said doorwhereby bodily movement of said lock will open and close said door, the bodily movement of said. lock .being in'a surface concentric to thev movement of said door.
3. -A tabernaclehaving-a vault rchamber with a door opening thereinto, Y aA swinging door adapted to closesaid opening, a lock for securing said door in closed position, said lock being kmounted independently of said door for movements within its supporting mounting and bodily movement with its mounting, means actuated by movement of said lock within its mounting for locking said door,'andv connections between said lock and said door whereby bodily movement of said lock will open and close said door.
4.-A tabernacle having a vault chamber with a door opening thereinto, av swinging door adapted to close said opening, a`1ock1for securing said door in closed position, said lock being mounted independently of said door -for rotative movements within its supportingmounting andV l for bodilyv movement with its mounting, means actuated by rotation of said'lockfor locking said door when in closed position, and connecs `tions between said lock and said door whereby of said lockvwill open and Yclose ,l
bodily movement l 5. A tabernacle having ia a door opening thereinto, a swinging door movlvault chamber withv able bodily in -an arcuate path adapted to Close said opening, a lock for securing said door in closed position, said lock being mounted independently of said door for movements within its supporting mounting and bodily movement with its mounting, means for locking said door upon movement of said lock within its support,
and connections between said lock and said door whereby bodily movementof said lock will open and close said door, the bodily movement of said lock being in a surface concentric to the movement of said door.
6. A tabernacle having a vault chamber with a door opening thereinto, a door adapted to close said opening, pivoted radial arms for sup-` porting said door for bodily arcuate movement into open and closed positions, a lever pivoted intermediate its ends, connections including pivotedreduction levers from one end of said lever to one of said arms, a lock carried by the other end of said lever whereby arcuate movement of said lock through an arc less than the movement of said door will swing said door into open and closed positions, and means actuated by said lock for securing said door in closed position.
7. A tabernacle comprising an inner side wall enclosing a vault chamber and an outer side wall spaced therefrom and substantially sur-V rounding said inner wall, said side walls having aligned openings leading into said chamber, endV walls closing the said chamber, a pair of rings for securing said Walls together in spaced relation, said ringshaving laterallyspaced arms to which said side walls are secured at their ends, a door for said opening, and means for VWall spaced therefrom and substantially sursupporting said door for swinging movement into the space between said wallswhen in open position.
8. A tabernacle comprising an inner side wall enclosing a vault chamber and an outer side rounding said inner Wall, said side walls having aligned openings leading into said chamber, end walls closing the said chamber, a pair of rings f for securing said walls togetherV in spaced re-l lation, said rings having .laterally spaced arms to which said side walls are secured at their ends, door carriers pivoted to one of said end walls. and extending into the space between said side walls, and a door secured to said doorcarrier for movement therewith, said door being, Inov-` able into the space between said walls ,WhenV in open position.
9. A tabernacle comprising an inner side Wall enclosing a vault chamber and an outer side wall spaced therefrom 'and substantially suri rounding said inner wall, said side walls having aligned openings leading into said chamber, end walls closing the said chamber, a pair of rings v for securing said walls together in` spaced re- 100 lation, said rings having laterally spaced arms to which vsaid side walls are secured at their ends, door carriers pivoted to one of said end walls and extending into the space between said side walls, one of said rings being slotted to permit the passage of said carrier therethrough, and ya door secured to said door carrier Afor movement therewith,. said door being movable into the space between said walls-whenin open position. v
JOSEPH J. MARIO'ITI;