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Publication numberUS1925817 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 5, 1933
Filing dateFeb 19, 1931
Priority dateFeb 19, 1931
Publication numberUS 1925817 A, US 1925817A, US-A-1925817, US1925817 A, US1925817A
InventorsFrancis J Plym
Original AssigneeKawneer Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window construction
US 1925817 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

sept. 5, 1932.. F. q. PLYM 1,925,817

WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 19, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet, l

Sept. 5, 1933.

F. J. PLYM 1,925,317

WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 19, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet, 2

'Patented sept. 5.1933- @25,9317

1,925,817 WINDOW `CONSTRUCTION Francis J. Plym, Niles, Mich., assignor to The Kawneer Company, Niles, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application February 19, 1931. Serial No. 516,851

17 Claims. (Cl. 18S- 69) The present invention relates to window conthereof .with the window' frame during this structions and more in particular to window movement. constructions adapted to be fabricated and as- Other objects, features,A capabilities and adsembled at the factory and later 'erected and vantages are comprehended by the invention as 5 inserted in the masonry or the like -of a buildwill later appear and as are inherently possessed 60 ing, as a unit. thereby.

Among the objects ofthe present invention Referring to the drawings: are to provide a novel Window construction hav- Figure 1 isa front view in elevation of a 4wining a'frame to which one or more sashes are dow construction made in accordance with the 10. hingedly connected, whereby the same may be present invention.

swung inwardly 'for Ventilating the building and Figure 2 is a side view in elevation of the to provide means whereby the panes of glass in window construction shown in Figure 1 of the th window sashes may be easily cleaned r drawings and showing in dotted lines the posiwashed from the inside of the building. tion of the Window sashes when in an open posi- 70 i5 The invention further comprehends the idea tion.

'' i y t rwth certain Amens. of nieren` 4 5 "e to con ac 1 po ings, anj illustrative embodiment selected to dis- ,l''ofhaving onel'or a plurality of sash members; each Spanning between the j-ambs 3 and 4 dividing of providing a novel window construction having Figure 3 is an enlarged broken vertical cross e hingedly connected sash members adapted to sectional view taken in a plane represented by be moved inwardly, vmeans being provided for the line 3 3 of Figure 1 of the drawings diseffecting a weather tight construction when the closing the same in position in a window opensashes are in their closed position in the frame ing of a building and showing in dotted lines 75 of the window construction. the position of the window sashes when opened. Another object of the invention is to provide Figure 4 is a broken horizontal cross sectional a novel `hinge construction for connecting the view taken in a plane represented by the line sashes to the `window frame which includes 4 4 of Figure 1 of the drawings. i means for guiding the sashes during the swing- Figure 5 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical ing movement thereof, whereby the sashes cancross sectional View of the present window connot become disengaged from-the window frame struction disclosing in detail the top` rail member during this swinging movement. of the frame and rail of the Window sash hing- In. an'illustrative embodiment of the present edly connected, taken in a plane represented by invention such guide means is yshown as compristhe line 5 5 of Figure 1. 'ing one or more bracket members adapted to Figure-6 is f' a front view in elevation of ancontact with certain portions of the rail of the other windowconstruction embodying the *pres-A sash during the'swinging thereof, such member l ent novel invention. or members Apreventing disengagement of the Figure 7 is a side view inelevation of the hinge elements ofthe frame and sash during window construction shown `in Figure 6 of the 9 the swinging of the latter. drawings and disclosing in dotted lines the posi In theillustrative. embodiment selected to l-4 tion f the sash members thereof when opened. lustx'ate. the invention guide means are provided Figure 8 is an enlarged broken vertical cross for certain other of thev sashes and comprises sectional view taken in a plane represented by 95.

one or more bracket members adapted to conthe line 8 8 of Figure 6` of the drawings distaet with the hinge element of the sash, the closing the-seme in a window opening of a build'- gide means furtherincluding a projecting. pob. ing or thel like and showing in dotted linesv the tion'of the frame rail or mullion which is adapt- PS t1n 0f the Sash. members When yOpened- Referring now more, in detailr to the draw- 100 ofthe sash toxprovide aguiding surface therey for during swinging movement of the sash. 3105 th@ presenitsinovel vudow fconsmlwflmn is I i Y own as compr ng a 'wn ow rame aving :The present invention further contemplates an.. upper rail 2, Side jamb members. 3 'and 4 the idea .of providing" a window construction. and a bottom rail or Siumember 5 .amuuion 6 Of, which" is I lingedly comwd With' the Window the window frame into an upper and lower openfr me, @n d s adapted 'b9 SWFIISV inwardly. ing in which 'is provided a window sash '7 and a guide-means being-further provided for each ,window er ventilator sash s, respectively. This sash-for properly guiding the same during the window frame is adapted to be inserted'into a Hof 55 swinging movement to.`prevent disengagement window opening provided in the masonry' of a building, or the like, the same being shown as having a lintel orl top member 9, jamb members 10 and 11, and a sill 12. The lintel 9 and side jamb members 10 and 1l are provided with recessed portions 13, 14 and 15, respectively, into which the top rail 2 and side jamb members 3 l and 4 of the window frame project,'respectively,

shown as being provided with upstanding flangesl 17 and 18 adapted to protrude or extend into the recess 13 of the lintel member 9, mortar or the like 19 holding the same in place therein.

This rail member is further formed to provide a channel shaped groove 20 having a bottom or lower wall 21 provided with a bead or the like 22 adapted to form a hinge element engaging with a hinge element 23 extending or projecting from the pane seating section 24 of the window sash 7., A strip or sheet of spring steel 24a is secured as by means lof screws 23a, or the like and is adapted to overlap the hinge element 23 so asto keep the sash 7 in place and to prevent entrance of dirt and dust into the hinge construction. This top rail member 2 is further provided with a downwardly extending flange 25 adapted to provide a shoulder against which abuts the extending flange 26 of the pane seating section 24 of the window sash 7 when the same is in closed position.

The side jamb members 3 and 4 of the frame 1 are of like construction and are quite similar to the top rail member 2. The same are provided with projecting flanges 27 and 28 adapted to project into the recess portions 14 and 15 and held in place by the mortar or plaster 29. These jamb members are further provided with a channel shap'ed groove 30 adapted to receive the projecting flange portions 31 of thevpane seating section 24 of the sash member 7. A weather-strip 32 is provided in these grooves against which the Ilanges 31 of the window sash abut in order to provide a weather-tight construction. 'Extending flange portions 33 proseating in the bottom of la channel 38 providedl in the mullion 6 of the frame 1.

This lower rail member 35 is further provided with a downwardly extending portion `39 adapted to abut against the flange 40 of thev mullion 6,'

when the window sash 7 is in itsclosed position so as to provide a weather-tight construction. Drainage openings 41 spaced at intervals along the mullion are provided to drain any water which may enterA between the same and the 'rail member 35. Extending between the jambmembers 3 and 4 of the frame -1 is a projecting member 42'adapted to `divert water' and to prevent its entrance between the sash member 7 and mullion 6.

It will be readily seenthat the engagement of the hinge element 23 with the hinge element 21 of the upper rail 2 of the frame provides means whereby the sash member 7 may be easily swung or moved inwardly relative to the frame. A retaining bracket member 43 secured by any suitable means, such as the screws or stove bolts 44, to the rail member 2 v is provided and adapted to Contact with the extending portion 26 in order to guide the sash member during its movement and to prevent disengagement of the hinge elements 23 and 21.

When the sash member 7 is in its closed posi-` tion, the same is locked by means of a handle 45 mounted in the rail member 35 and having a lateral projecting portion or latch 46 adapted to engage with the mullion 6 when turned, thus locking the sash in closed position.

The sill or lower rai15 of the window frame 1 is provided with flanges 47 and 48 projecting downwardly or over the upstanding projection of the sill 12, the 'same being embedded in the mortar 49 for holding the lower portion of the frame in place'. This rail member is further provided with a projecting flange portion 50 adapted to limit the opening movement of the sash member 8 and further to provide a condensate gutter for directing moisture or the like in an outward direction and through the openings 51 spaced along the outer flange 52 of the rail member. Thel pane seating section 53 of the sash member 8 is of a construction similar to the pane seating section 24 of the sash 7 and is provided with a flange 54 resting upon the rail 5 and a downwardly extending flange 55 adapted to t over and be guided by an arcuate shaped flange 56 extending from the portion 52 of the rail member. A bracket member 57, secured as by means of the screws, bolts or the like 58 to the rail member, are provided and are adapted to 'project over the flange 54 of the pane seating section 53. This bracket member 57, together with the projecting flange portion 56 provides means whereby the sash member 8 is guided when moved into or out of its open position, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 3 of the drawings. The side jamb members of the pane seating section 53 are of similar construction to the jamb members of the pane seating section 24 and are provided with flanges adapted to engage weather strips, such as 32, prpvided in the channel shaped grooves 30 of thejamb members of the frame. A

The upper rail 59 of the pane 4seating section 53 is of similar construction to the lower rail 35 of the pane seating section 24 and is provided wwith a flange 60 adapted vto contact a weather strip 61 in a channel shaped groove 62 of the mullion 6, the flange 63 being further provided to contact and abut the lower flange 64 of the mullion 6. The sash member 8 is locked in its closed position by means of the handle 45 mounted in the rail member 59 which is provided with the laterally projecting latch portion 46 engaging the mullion 6.

` The pane of glass 65 is adapted to seat in the l hinge element' 23a meager? vention is shown. in connection with a frame l similar to the frame 1 and having a top rail 2, side jamb members 3a and 4, a lower rail or sill member 5a, and upper and lower mullions '70 and 6a spanning between the jamb members 3 and 4a dividing the window frame into an upper,

lower and intermediate opening in which are provided sash members '71, 7u and 8a, respectively.

'Ihe jamb members 3m 'and 4a of the frame member la are similar to the jamb members 3 and d of the frame 1 and are overlapped and engaged by flanges on the jamb members of the sashes 71, 'la and 8a similar to that'hereinbefore disclosed. The lower sash member 8a is oi asimilar construction to the sash member 8 and is in hinged engagement in a similar manner4 with the rail 5H, as heretofore disclosed. lIhe mullion 6e is of similar construction to the mullion 6 and is engaged by both the sash members 7a and 8a as hereinbefore disclosed.

The mullion '70, however, is of a somewhat diiferent construction and comprises a lower portion 72 and an upper portion '13 secured together as by bolts 74, or the like. This lower portion Z2 is 4provided with an outstanding hingeelement 75 adapted to engage with the of the sash member 7a. A strip or sheet of spring steel 23b corresponding to the strip 23a of the previously described embodiment is secured by means of screws 24? or the like to the portion orv lip 'l5EL and overlaps the rail of the sash member 'la for the purposes hereinbefore disclosed. A bracket member 43a is secured to the lower portion 'l2 of this mullion and is adapted to guide the sash member 7 when the same is swung into an open position as shown in dotted lines of Figure 8 of the drawings, and to prevent disengagement of Vthe hinge elements "I5 and 23a.

The sash member '7l is of a construction similar to the sash member 8a and is hingedly supported by the upper member 73 of the 'mullion 70. This mullion is provided with an upwardly and' inwardly extending portion '75v ladapted to limit the opening movement of the sash member 'l1 and further to provide a condensate gutter for directing flow of moisture and the like toward the openings 76 provided along this upper member. Suitable openings or drain means may be provided in the base portions of the sashes and frame to direct the flow of the condensate outwardly toward thev openings 76.-

A bracket ,member 57a is secured to this upper "portion of the mullion and engages with the lower 'flange 54a, while the flange 55a is adapted to contact with the projecting' iiange 56 of the upper portion of the mullion for guiding the shaft member 7l when swung 4into and out of its position, as shown in dotted lines of Figure 8 of the drawings.

The upper'rail 2a is of a similar-construction to the upper rail 2 of the previous` disclosed ernbodiment and is provided with a weather strip '77 fitting in the channel ,shaped groove 20, 'this vstrip being engaged by the flange 60a of the 4window s'ashjl to provide aweather tight construction. `The flange `59a of the window sash, when the same is in its closed position, is adapted to abut against the downwardly extending ilange 25a of the top rail member 2lto lfurther provide. a weather-tight construction.

A laterally extending latch member 46H ofthe .handle 45a is adapted to engage, when the sash the present window construction parts,

member '71 is in a closed position, with a bracket or catch '78 secured to the upper rail 2a by a screw, `bolt or the like '79, in order to hold the same in this position. Each of the panes of lglass in the sash'es is retained in position by meansof retaining strips or members 68a and flanges 68b of thepane seating sections, in' a manner as hereinbefore disclosed.

From the above disclosure, it will be seen that may be easily and readily assembled and placed within a win*- dow opening of a building as a unit. It will be further seen that, the hinged sash' members are guided during movement of the same relative to the frame, so that the hinge elements thereof will not become disengaged from thehinge element of vthe Aframe during such movement. y

While I have herein described, and upon the drawings shown illustrative embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto, but may comprehend4 other constructions arrangements of details and features without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus disclosed the invention, I claim:

1. In a window. construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, a closure member, engaging hinge elements on said frame and member whereby said member may be swung inwardly of said frame, and means .for l maintaining said hinge engagement during the swinging movement of said member. y

2. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, a window sash hinged to said frame whereby said sash may 1 be swung inwardly of said frame, and guiding means in the frame adapted to cooperate with said sash for guiding said sash during said swinging movement and to prevent its ready disengagement from said frame. l

3. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, a window sash hngedly connected to said framewhereby said sash may be. swung inwardly of said frame, and means secured to said frame for guiding said-sash during said swinging movement and to prevent disengagement of the'hinge connection and the ready removal of the sash from said frame.

4. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, said frame being provided with a hingeelement, a window sash in said frame and having a hinge element adapted to engage the hinge element of said frame, and means in the` frame for maintaining said elements in engagement.

5. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted'in a window opening, said frame being provided with a hinge element, a'window sash in said frame and having a hinge element engaging the hinge element of said frame, and guiding means inthe frame adapted to cooper-'- ate with said sash for preventing disengagement of said hinge elements when said sash is swung in said frame. A l l l 6. In a window construction, a frame adapted .to be inserted in a window opening, said frame being provided with a hinge element, a window sash in said frame and having a hinge element engaging the hinge element of said frame, and 1 a guide member secured to said frame for guiding said sash and to prevent disengagement oi! said hinge elements when said sash is swung in said frame.

' -7. In a window construction, airframe adapted 1 to be inserted in a window opening, said frame having an upper rail and a sill, closure members hingedly engaging said rail and sill, and means for guiding said members and to prevent disengagement of the hinge connections thereof with said frame when moved relative thereto.

8. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, said frame having an upper rail and a sill, closure members hingedly engaging said rail and sill, and guide members secured in said rail and sill for guiding said members and to prevent disengagement thereof with said frame.

9. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted `in a window opening and provided with a Y top rail, a sill and mullion, closure members hingedly engaging said rail and sill and adapted to overlap portions of said mullion to provide a weather-tight construction, and vmeans for guilding said closure members to prevent their disengagement from said frame when the same are swung into an open position.

10. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted into a window opening and provided with a top rail, a sill and mullion, closure members hingedly engaging to overlap portions of said mullion to provide a weathertight construction, guide members secured to said raill and sill for guiding said closure members and for preventing disengagement thereof from said frame when swung into an open 'position.

11i In a window construction, a frame adaptedto be inserted into a window opening and provided with a top rail, a sill and mullion, closure members hingedly engaging -said rail and sill and adapted to overlap portions of Ysaid mullion to provide a Weather-tight construction, guide means for preventing disengagement of one of said closure members with said railwhen swung into` an open position, and guide means for preventing disengagement'of the other of said members from said sill when swunginto an open position, said guide means including an extending portion adapted further to prevent seepage of water to the interior through the space between said member and frame.

12. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening and provided with a top rail, a sill and mullion, closure members hingedly engaging said rail and sill and adapted to overlap portions of said mullion to provide a weather-tight construction, a guide member secured to said lrail adapted to contact with one of said closure members to prevent disengagement thereof with vsaid rail when swung into an open position, and guide means for preventing disengagement of the other 4of v said closure members with said sill when swung into an open position, said means including a guide member secured to said sill and a sill exrecaer? tending portion adapted to contact said member and further prevent entrance of water between said frame and member.

13. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening and pro- 8 videdwith mullions forming an upper, lower and intermediate opening, closure members in said openings, hinge means for said members to permit swinging of the same in said frame, and means` for guiding said members and-to prevent 8 disengagement thereof with said frame when swung into an open position. Y

14. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening and provided with an upper and lower mullion forming 9| an upper, lower and intermediate opening, closure members in said openings, said upper and intermediate members hingedly engaging said upper mullion, said lower member hingedly engaging the sill of said frame, and guide means 9i secured to said upper mullion and sill for guiding and preventing disengagement of said memvbers when swung into anopen position,

15. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening and provided with an upper and lower mullion forming an upper, lower and intermediate opening, closure members in said openings, said upper and intermediate members hingedly engaging said upper mullion, guide means for said upper and intermediate members to prevent their disengagement when swung into an open position,

said means for said upper member including an extending portion of Said mullion for further providing a weather-tight joint between said member and mullion, and guide means -for said lower member.

16. In a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening and provided with an upper, lower and intermediate opening, closure members in said openings, said upper and intermediate members hingedly engaging said upper mullion, said lower member hingedly engaging the sill of said-frame, guide. means on said upper mullion and sill for guiding said members and preventing disengagement -thereof with said frame when moved into an open position, said means including a portion extending from said mullion and sill for said upper and lower members, respectively, to further 125,

provide a weather-tight joint therebetween and said frame.

17. In'a window construction, a frame adapted to be inserted in a window opening, a closure member hingedly engaging a rail of said frame, and a guide member secured-in said rail and.

.adapted to contact with a rail of said closure member for guiding said member and .preventing disengagement thereof with said frame when said member is swung into an open position.

- FRANCIS J. PLYM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2516075 *Feb 26, 1945Jul 18, 1950Reynaud Samuel CAwning type window structure with operating and locking mechanisms therefor
US2551590 *Jun 5, 1946May 8, 1951Charles I GirschowitchWindow structure
US2554880 *Sep 10, 1945May 29, 1951Detroit Steel Products CoWindow construction
US2556407 *Nov 4, 1947Jun 12, 1951Reuben A WilkeMetal ventilator or window structure
US2622672 *Dec 5, 1945Dec 23, 1952Gate City Sash And Door CompanAwning type window
US2696280 *Sep 30, 1949Dec 7, 1954Joseph B BourneWindow frame assembly
US2797778 *Jun 1, 1954Jul 2, 1957Wagner Carl JWindow construction
US2905982 *Jan 14, 1957Sep 29, 1959Julius J OhlisSash structure
US3035316 *Oct 20, 1959May 22, 1962Reynolds Metals CoElongated casement window
US3212140 *Dec 31, 1963Oct 19, 1965Whizzer Ind IncWindow construction
US4290233 *Aug 28, 1979Sep 22, 1981Kawneer Company, Inc.Safety door entrance
US4307579 *Jan 5, 1979Dec 29, 1981Carrier CorporationDischarge door stiffener for an air conditioning unit
US5394649 *Dec 9, 1991Mar 7, 1995V. Kann Rasmussen Industri A/SWindow with a frame of extruded profile members
US5822923 *Dec 31, 1996Oct 20, 1998Caradon Doors & Windows GroupDoor with swinging side light panel
US20110308161 *Jun 22, 2011Dec 22, 2011Cox Architects Pty LtdFire shutter
WO1993011332A1 *Dec 2, 1992Jun 10, 1993Rasmussen Kann Ind AsA window with a frame of extruded profile members
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/383, 49/366
International ClassificationE06B3/38, E06B1/36, E06B3/32, E06B1/04, E06B3/34
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/38, E06B1/366
European ClassificationE06B3/38, E06B1/36T