|Publication number||US1926027 A|
|Publication date||Sep 12, 1933|
|Filing date||Sep 9, 1929|
|Priority date||Sep 9, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1926027 A, US 1926027A, US-A-1926027, US1926027 A, US1926027A|
|Inventors||Biggs William P|
|Original Assignee||Biggs William P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (126), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 12, 1933., w. P. Bises BREATHING APPARATUs- Filed Sept. 9, 1929 WILL/AM` F. B/GGS, INI/EN TOR.
BY A TTORNEYS.
Patented Sept. 12, 1933 PATENT OFFICE.
1,926,027 BREATHING APPARATUS William P. Biggs, Washington, D. C.
Application september 9, 192e Serial No. 391,349
(Granted under the Act ol March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) l the construction' of a breathing apparatus that is easily disassembled and that when assembled precludes the entrance toethe breathing organs of the wearer of any undesirable fumes.
A further object of my invention is to provide a breathing apparatus that has the air evenly distributed throughout, thereby preventing dead areas.
With the above and other objects in view the invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be described more fully hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification in which like reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which:
Figure 1 is a view partly in section showing the assembly of my invention and its application tothe face of a wearer;
Figure 2 is a sectional view of the intake and exhaust\ connection;
Figure 3 is a sectional view on line 6-6 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a central sectional view of the mask of my improved device.
Referring more particularly to Figure 1 of the drawing, 1 indicates a face piece to which a hose is attached by a tubular connection 3 provided with a relief port 4. The free end of 40 the hose 2 is fitted with a coupling or connector 5 adapted to be hooked up with a source of air supply or air filter and the face piece has the straps 6 fastened thereto to 4provide a suitable head harness for securing the apparatus to the face of the wearer.
The face piece 1 is preferably a moulded rubber mask that fits over the nose, mouth and well up in under the chin of the user. The nose portion 7 extends up on and completely covers the nose, but it is formfitting and graduallyr falls away from in under the eyes to4 the cheeks then fills out to the jaws. In order to insure -snugness and a gas-.tight seal, the edges of the mask bearing against the face start as feather edges at the top of the nose portion 'land gradually roll outwardly as at 8 until they reach the center of the cheeks at Which point the rolled portions 8 begin to decrease until straight edges are reached under the chin. Thus, although the apparatus fits snugly against the face and comes 6o well up on the nose, it does not interfere with the wearing of goggles when the nature of the work performed requires the same.
The tubular connection 3 and the exhaust port 4 that is an integral part of connection 3 65 have a channel 9 cut into the outer circumference adjacent the upper end so that when a portion of the face piece 1 is'stretched over the upper end of the connection 3 and port 4 it is held firmly in place by an inwardly projecting ridge 10 inserted into the channel 9. Secured to the end of the connection 3 on the insideV of the mask is an inverted U shaped deflector 11 thatdiverts any positive air supply from the nostrils, thereby not only eliminating .the chances of catching a cold and averting the possibility of a dead area in the mask but also allowing any excess pressure of the air supply to pass out through the relief port 4.
The lower end of the connection 3 has a 3.0 valve 27 for preventing exhaust respiration from mingling with the air supply. This valve consists of a piece of 'mica or other suitable material 13 placed on an inwardly extended boss 15v on the lower edge of the connection 3 and 8 held against upward displacement by cross bars 14. The -hose 2 is fastened to the connection by wires 12.
Secured to the lower end of the relief port 4 is a suitable automatic vent valve 16. Valve 16 is 9 made up of two sheets of rubber 17 and 18 vulcanized together at the edges and slit at the sides as at 30 so that the same automatically opens when pressure bears against it from the inside. A supporting frame 32 holds the valve 16 in position.
Although I have shown the exhaust port 4 as an integral part of the connection 3, I desire it to be understood that the valve 16 can be placed 'on any suitable part of the mask without interfering with the operation of my apparatus.
The coupling 5 is made up'of a tubular unit 19 having its upper end inserted and secured in the hose `2 and a tubular unit 20 adapted to 5 be connected with a source of air supply or air filter. Unit 19 has shoulder 21 and a sleeve 22 extending therefrom that fits snugly into unit 20. A shoulder 23 is provided on the unit 20 and with shoulder 21 of unit 19 holds a washer 24 o on sleeve 22 firmly in place thus forming an airtight joint. Thetwo units 19 and 20 may be held together by means of a bail 25 secured to unit 19 passing in under and partially around shoulder 23 of unit 20.
` In the practical use of my device, unit 20 is attached to a supply of air or air lter and then coupled to unit 19 by means of bail 25.
The mask is their secured to the operator by the.
.the space between the mask and face ofthe This flow of air is evenly distributedA wearer. by the deflector 11 and in case of excess pressure the said deilector 11 diverts the air to the relief port 4 thus providing the operator with the ordinarily respirable atmosphere. The valve 27 and defiector 11 prevent exhaust respiration passing into the source ofrair supply but allow the same to pass through port 4 and out vent valve 16.
It will be understood that the above description and accompanying drawing comprehend only the general and preferred embodiment of my invention and that various changes in the details of construction, proportion and arrangement of parts may be made within the scope of the appended claims and without sacricing any of the advantages of my invention.
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any yroyalty thereon.
1. A breathing apparatus comprising a face.
piece having a form fitting nose portion, a chin section adapted to it well in under the chin of a wearer, cushion portions starting as feather edges at said nose portion and gradually rolling outwardly from the face until they reach the center of the cheek portion at which point said edges gradually decrease to the straight edge of said chin section, and an air intake and exhaust unit having a U shaped deflector for evenly distributing air in said face piece and adapted to direct air under excessive pressures to the exhaust portion of said unit.
2. A breathing apparatus comprising a mask made up entirely of ilexible material of variable thickness having form-litting portions, said portions due to the variable thickness fitting completely over the nose but dropping away from the eyes and around the lower portion of the cheek bones, then tting up in under the chin of a wearer to form a complete seal, a member having an intake and an exhaust port for conveying air to and from said mask, and a de- `iiector to direct air downward and away from the face of the wearer secured to said intake and extending over said exhaust port whereby air under excessive pressure is directly by-passed through the exhaust port.
3. A breathing apparatus, a mask consisting of flexible material of varying thickness throughout its entirety having form tting portions to make an air-tight seal against the face of a wearer, an air intake and exhaust member for conveying air to and from said mask, and an inverted U-shaped tube secured to the intake and extending over the exhaust for directing the air downward and away from the face of the wearer whereby air under excessive pressure passes directly through the exhaust.
WILLIAM P. BIGGS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2416411 *||Apr 10, 1942||Feb 25, 1947||Mine Safety Appliances Co||Facepiece|
|US2830584 *||Dec 9, 1953||Apr 15, 1958||Dragerwerk Fa||Respirator|
|US2954027 *||Aug 26, 1958||Sep 27, 1960||Marasco Paul B||Face mask|
|US5400781 *||Jul 20, 1994||Mar 28, 1995||Davenport; Richard A.||CO2 gas sampling mask having a bevelled sampling tube extending into the mask|
|US5438981 *||Sep 30, 1993||Aug 8, 1995||Respironics, Inc.||Automatic safety valve and diffuser for nasal and/or oral gas delivery mask|
|US5474060 *||Aug 23, 1993||Dec 12, 1995||Evans; David||Face mask with gas sampling port|
|US5647355 *||May 30, 1995||Jul 15, 1997||Respironics, Inc.||Automatic safety valve for respiratory equipment which is counter-balanced and self-adjusting|
|US6006748 *||Oct 16, 1997||Dec 28, 1999||Resmed Limited||Vent valve apparatus|
|US6029660 *||Dec 12, 1997||Feb 29, 2000||Resmed Limited||Substance delivery apparatus|
|US6044844 *||Dec 2, 1997||Apr 4, 2000||Resmed Limited||Mask and harness assembly|
|US6112746 *||Jan 31, 1997||Sep 5, 2000||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US6119693 *||Jan 16, 1998||Sep 19, 2000||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6123071 *||Sep 26, 1996||Sep 26, 2000||Resmed Limited||Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP|
|US6123082 *||Oct 3, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||Resmed Limited||Device for preventing or reducing the passage of air through the mouth|
|US6357441||Jul 16, 1997||Mar 19, 2002||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US6463931||Jun 30, 2000||Oct 15, 2002||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6494207||Dec 2, 1997||Dec 17, 2002||Resmed Limited||Harness assembly for a nasal mask|
|US6513526||May 21, 1999||Feb 4, 2003||Resmed Limited||Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US6557556||May 13, 2002||May 6, 2003||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6561190||Feb 10, 1998||May 13, 2003||Resmed Limited||Mask and a vent assembly therefor|
|US6561191||Dec 1, 1999||May 13, 2003||Resmed Limited||Mask and a vent assembly therefor|
|US6581602||Feb 8, 2002||Jun 24, 2003||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US6634358||May 8, 2000||Oct 21, 2003||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask cushion assembly|
|US6691708||Aug 29, 2002||Feb 17, 2004||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6701927||Jun 11, 2002||Mar 9, 2004||Resmed Limited||Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US6860269||Oct 4, 2002||Mar 1, 2005||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6871649||Dec 6, 2001||Mar 29, 2005||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask cushion assembly|
|US6889692||Feb 13, 2003||May 10, 2005||Resmed Limited||Vent valve assembly|
|US6973929||Dec 17, 2002||Dec 13, 2005||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US6997188||Sep 15, 2003||Feb 14, 2006||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7000614||Mar 14, 2002||Feb 21, 2006||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US7007696||May 16, 2002||Mar 7, 2006||Tiara Medical Systems, Inc.||Mask cushion and method of using same|
|US7036508||Apr 30, 2002||May 2, 2006||Resmed Limited||Harness assembly for a nasal mask|
|US7059325||Mar 31, 2005||Jun 13, 2006||Resmed Limited||Vent assembly|
|US7069933||Nov 12, 2003||Jul 4, 2006||Resmed Limited||Breathing mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US7100610||Oct 16, 2001||Sep 5, 2006||Map Medizintechnologie Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US7178527||Feb 11, 2002||Feb 20, 2007||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US7207335||Feb 12, 2003||Apr 24, 2007||Resmed Limited||Mask and vent assembly therefor|
|US7234466||Nov 4, 2003||Jun 26, 2007||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7243651||Sep 7, 2004||Jul 17, 2007||Resmed Limited||Cushion and mask therefor|
|US7290546||Mar 22, 2003||Nov 6, 2007||Invacare Corporation||Nasal mask|
|US7320323||Oct 22, 2002||Jan 22, 2008||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask device and application device and frontal support device thereof|
|US7406965||May 5, 2004||Aug 5, 2008||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7472704||Mar 2, 2005||Jan 6, 2009||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7503327||Apr 9, 2004||Mar 17, 2009||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US7610916||Aug 28, 2006||Nov 3, 2009||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7621274||Jun 23, 2003||Nov 24, 2009||Invacare Corporation||Nasal mask|
|US7654263||Feb 2, 2010||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US7665465 *||Feb 23, 2010||Ric Investments, Llc||Headgear assembly for a respiratory support system|
|US7726309 *||Jun 4, 2007||Jun 1, 2010||Ric Investments, Llc||Flexible connector|
|US7762259||Dec 17, 2007||Jul 27, 2010||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US7775209||Jul 25, 2006||Aug 17, 2010||Map Medizintechnologie Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US7845354||Nov 19, 2002||Dec 7, 2010||Resmed Limited||Mask and vent assembly therefor|
|US7882837||Feb 8, 2011||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7926487||Apr 19, 2011||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask having gas washout vent and gas washout vent assembly for a respiratory mask|
|US7942149||Jan 5, 2009||May 17, 2011||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US7942150||May 17, 2011||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US7950392||Jul 13, 2007||May 31, 2011||Resmed Limited||Cushion and mask therefor|
|US7967014||Jun 28, 2011||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Application device for breathing mask arrangement|
|US7992559||Aug 9, 2011||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US8028698||Sep 17, 2007||Oct 4, 2011||Invacare Corporation||Breathing mask|
|US8056561||Nov 15, 2011||Resmed Limited||Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US8122886||Dec 27, 2006||Feb 28, 2012||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask assembly with vent|
|US8186348||May 29, 2012||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US8210180||Jun 30, 2010||Jul 3, 2012||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US8353294||Mar 21, 2011||Jan 15, 2013||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask assembly|
|US8371301||Feb 12, 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US8402972||Aug 27, 2009||Mar 26, 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US8479738||May 20, 2011||Jul 9, 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US8485192||Jun 29, 2012||Jul 16, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8505535||Dec 23, 2009||Aug 13, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8517023||Jan 29, 2008||Aug 27, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US8522783||May 16, 2011||Sep 3, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion and mask therefor|
|US8522784||Jan 23, 2013||Sep 3, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8522785||Aug 5, 2003||Sep 3, 2013||Resmed Limited||Inextensible headgear and CPAP or ventilator mask assembly with the same|
|US8528558||Mar 15, 2011||Sep 10, 2013||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask having washout vent and gas washout vent assembly for a respiratory mask|
|US8528561||Jan 18, 2013||Sep 10, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8550081||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550082||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550083||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8550084||Feb 27, 2009||Oct 8, 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8555885||Nov 29, 2012||Oct 15, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8567404||Nov 14, 2012||Oct 29, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573213||Nov 14, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573214||Nov 28, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8573215||Nov 29, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8578935||Nov 29, 2012||Nov 12, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8613280||Nov 14, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8613281||Nov 29, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8616211||Nov 29, 2012||Dec 31, 2013||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US8636006||Jan 3, 2007||Jan 28, 2014||Resmed Limited||Mask|
|US8646450||Mar 29, 2011||Feb 11, 2014||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US8746250||Jan 28, 2013||Jun 10, 2014||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh|
|US8757162||Nov 2, 2010||Jun 24, 2014||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8794239||Jun 19, 2012||Aug 5, 2014||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US8813748||Nov 10, 2011||Aug 26, 2014||Resmed Limited||Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor|
|US8826910||Feb 11, 2013||Sep 9, 2014||Resmed Limited||Mask and vent assembly therefor|
|US8833371||Nov 11, 2010||Sep 16, 2014||Resmed Limited||Mask and vent assembly therefor|
|US8869797||Apr 18, 2008||Oct 28, 2014||Resmed Limited||Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface|
|US8875710||May 17, 2011||Nov 4, 2014||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Application device for a breathing mask arrangement|
|US8944061||Mar 15, 2013||Feb 3, 2015||Resmed Limited||Cushion to frame assembly mechanism|
|US8960196||May 29, 2013||Feb 24, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US8997739||Apr 17, 2006||Apr 7, 2015||Resmed Limited||Vent valve apparatus|
|US9027556||Jan 23, 2013||May 12, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9072853||Nov 15, 2010||Jul 7, 2015||Resmed Limited||Forehead pad for respiratory mask|
|US9119931||Jul 31, 2014||Sep 1, 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9144656||Jun 21, 2013||Sep 29, 2015||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US9220861||Dec 29, 2010||Dec 29, 2015||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US9248251||Jul 1, 2014||Feb 2, 2016||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US9259549||Mar 1, 2013||Feb 16, 2016||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US9295800||Dec 20, 2013||Mar 29, 2016||Resmed Limited||Cushion for patient interface|
|US9375545||Dec 7, 2012||Jun 28, 2016||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask assembly|
|US9381316||Jan 30, 2009||Jul 5, 2016||Resmed Limited||Interchangeable mask assembly|
|US20030221691 *||Oct 16, 2001||Dec 4, 2003||Achim Biener|
|US20040182398 *||Jun 23, 2003||Sep 23, 2004||Tom Sprinkle||Nasal mask|
|US20050022820 *||May 5, 2004||Feb 3, 2005||Kwok Philip R.||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US20050211252 *||May 13, 2005||Sep 29, 2005||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US20060213521 *||Mar 25, 2005||Sep 28, 2006||Ric Investments, Llc.||Headgear assembly for a respiratory support system|
|US20070267021 *||Mar 1, 2006||Nov 22, 2007||Resmed Limited||Harness assembly for a nasal mask|
|USD423096||Aug 25, 1997||Apr 18, 2000||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask cushion|
|USD428987||Aug 25, 1997||Aug 1, 2000||Resmed Limited||Nasal mask shell|
|USD435650||Aug 25, 1997||Dec 26, 2000||Resmed Limited||Combined nasal mask shell and cushion|
|USD498529||Jan 14, 2003||Nov 16, 2004||Resmed Limited||Portion of a cushion for use with a mask assembly in the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)|
|CN101460211B||Jun 5, 2007||Jan 30, 2013||Ric投资有限责任公司||柔性连接器|
|DE902715C *||Feb 27, 1949||Jan 25, 1954||Draegerwerk Heinr U Bernh||Atemschutzmaske mit Frischluftzufuehrung|
|WO2007143655A2 *||Jun 5, 2007||Dec 13, 2007||Ric Investments, Llc.||Flexible connector|
|U.S. Classification||128/205.25, 128/206.24|