Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1926027 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 12, 1933
Filing dateSep 9, 1929
Priority dateSep 9, 1929
Publication numberUS 1926027 A, US 1926027A, US-A-1926027, US1926027 A, US1926027A
InventorsBiggs William P
Original AssigneeBiggs William P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Breathing apparatus
US 1926027 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 12, 1933., w. P. Bises BREATHING APPARATUs- Filed Sept. 9, 1929 WILL/AM` F. B/GGS, INI/EN TOR.

BY A TTORNEYS.

Patented Sept. 12, 1933 PATENT OFFICE.

1,926,027 BREATHING APPARATUS William P. Biggs, Washington, D. C.

Application september 9, 192e Serial No. 391,349

3 Claims.

(Granted under the Act ol March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) l the construction' of a breathing apparatus that is easily disassembled and that when assembled precludes the entrance toethe breathing organs of the wearer of any undesirable fumes.

A further object of my invention is to provide a breathing apparatus that has the air evenly distributed throughout, thereby preventing dead areas.

With the above and other objects in view the invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be described more fully hereinafter.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification in which like reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which:

Figure 1 is a view partly in section showing the assembly of my invention and its application tothe face of a wearer;

Figure 2 is a sectional view of the intake and exhaust\ connection;

Figure 3 is a sectional view on line 6-6 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a central sectional view of the mask of my improved device.

Referring more particularly to Figure 1 of the drawing, 1 indicates a face piece to which a hose is attached by a tubular connection 3 provided with a relief port 4. The free end of 40 the hose 2 is fitted with a coupling or connector 5 adapted to be hooked up with a source of air supply or air filter and the face piece has the straps 6 fastened thereto to 4provide a suitable head harness for securing the apparatus to the face of the wearer.

The face piece 1 is preferably a moulded rubber mask that fits over the nose, mouth and well up in under the chin of the user. The nose portion 7 extends up on and completely covers the nose, but it is formfitting and graduallyr falls away from in under the eyes to4 the cheeks then fills out to the jaws. In order to insure -snugness and a gas-.tight seal, the edges of the mask bearing against the face start as feather edges at the top of the nose portion 'land gradually roll outwardly as at 8 until they reach the center of the cheeks at Which point the rolled portions 8 begin to decrease until straight edges are reached under the chin. Thus, although the apparatus fits snugly against the face and comes 6o well up on the nose, it does not interfere with the wearing of goggles when the nature of the work performed requires the same.

The tubular connection 3 and the exhaust port 4 that is an integral part of connection 3 65 have a channel 9 cut into the outer circumference adjacent the upper end so that when a portion of the face piece 1 is'stretched over the upper end of the connection 3 and port 4 it is held firmly in place by an inwardly projecting ridge 10 inserted into the channel 9. Secured to the end of the connection 3 on the insideV of the mask is an inverted U shaped deflector 11 thatdiverts any positive air supply from the nostrils, thereby not only eliminating .the chances of catching a cold and averting the possibility of a dead area in the mask but also allowing any excess pressure of the air supply to pass out through the relief port 4.

The lower end of the connection 3 has a 3.0 valve 27 for preventing exhaust respiration from mingling with the air supply. This valve consists of a piece of 'mica or other suitable material 13 placed on an inwardly extended boss 15v on the lower edge of the connection 3 and 8 held against upward displacement by cross bars 14. The -hose 2 is fastened to the connection by wires 12.

Secured to the lower end of the relief port 4 is a suitable automatic vent valve 16. Valve 16 is 9 made up of two sheets of rubber 17 and 18 vulcanized together at the edges and slit at the sides as at 30 so that the same automatically opens when pressure bears against it from the inside. A supporting frame 32 holds the valve 16 in position.

Although I have shown the exhaust port 4 as an integral part of the connection 3, I desire it to be understood that the valve 16 can be placed 'on any suitable part of the mask without interfering with the operation of my apparatus.

The coupling 5 is made up'of a tubular unit 19 having its upper end inserted and secured in the hose `2 and a tubular unit 20 adapted to 5 be connected with a source of air supply or air filter. Unit 19 has shoulder 21 and a sleeve 22 extending therefrom that fits snugly into unit 20. A shoulder 23 is provided on the unit 20 and with shoulder 21 of unit 19 holds a washer 24 o on sleeve 22 firmly in place thus forming an airtight joint. Thetwo units 19 and 20 may be held together by means of a bail 25 secured to unit 19 passing in under and partially around shoulder 23 of unit 20.

` In the practical use of my device, unit 20 is attached to a supply of air or air lter and then coupled to unit 19 by means of bail 25.

The mask is their secured to the operator by the.

.the space between the mask and face ofthe This flow of air is evenly distributedA wearer. by the deflector 11 and in case of excess pressure the said deilector 11 diverts the air to the relief port 4 thus providing the operator with the ordinarily respirable atmosphere. The valve 27 and defiector 11 prevent exhaust respiration passing into the source ofrair supply but allow the same to pass through port 4 and out vent valve 16.

It will be understood that the above description and accompanying drawing comprehend only the general and preferred embodiment of my invention and that various changes in the details of construction, proportion and arrangement of parts may be made within the scope of the appended claims and without sacricing any of the advantages of my invention.

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any yroyalty thereon.

I claim:

1. A breathing apparatus comprising a face.

eol

piece having a form fitting nose portion, a chin section adapted to it well in under the chin of a wearer, cushion portions starting as feather edges at said nose portion and gradually rolling outwardly from the face until they reach the center of the cheek portion at which point said edges gradually decrease to the straight edge of said chin section, and an air intake and exhaust unit having a U shaped deflector for evenly distributing air in said face piece and adapted to direct air under excessive pressures to the exhaust portion of said unit.

2. A breathing apparatus comprising a mask made up entirely of ilexible material of variable thickness having form-litting portions, said portions due to the variable thickness fitting completely over the nose but dropping away from the eyes and around the lower portion of the cheek bones, then tting up in under the chin of a wearer to form a complete seal, a member having an intake and an exhaust port for conveying air to and from said mask, and a de- `iiector to direct air downward and away from the face of the wearer secured to said intake and extending over said exhaust port whereby air under excessive pressure is directly by-passed through the exhaust port.

3. A breathing apparatus, a mask consisting of flexible material of varying thickness throughout its entirety having form tting portions to make an air-tight seal against the face of a wearer, an air intake and exhaust member for conveying air to and from said mask, and an inverted U-shaped tube secured to the intake and extending over the exhaust for directing the air downward and away from the face of the wearer whereby air under excessive pressure passes directly through the exhaust.

WILLIAM P. BIGGS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2416411 *Apr 10, 1942Feb 25, 1947Mine Safety Appliances CoFacepiece
US2830584 *Dec 9, 1953Apr 15, 1958Dragerwerk FaRespirator
US2954027 *Aug 26, 1958Sep 27, 1960Marasco Paul BFace mask
US5400781 *Jul 20, 1994Mar 28, 1995Davenport; Richard A.CO.sub.2 gas sampling mask having a bevelled sampling tube extending into the mask
US5438981 *Sep 30, 1993Aug 8, 1995Respironics, Inc.Automatic safety valve and diffuser for nasal and/or oral gas delivery mask
US5474060 *Aug 23, 1993Dec 12, 1995Evans; DavidFace mask with gas sampling port
US5647355 *May 30, 1995Jul 15, 1997Respironics, Inc.Automatic safety valve for respiratory equipment which is counter-balanced and self-adjusting
US6006748 *Oct 16, 1997Dec 28, 1999Resmed LimitedVent valve apparatus
US6029660 *Dec 12, 1997Feb 29, 2000Resmed LimitedSubstance delivery apparatus
US6044844 *Dec 2, 1997Apr 4, 2000Resmed LimitedMask and harness assembly
US6112746 *Jan 31, 1997Sep 5, 2000Resmed LimitedNasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6119693 *Jan 16, 1998Sep 19, 2000Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US6123071 *Sep 26, 1996Sep 26, 2000Resmed LimitedFacial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US6123082 *Oct 3, 1997Sep 26, 2000Resmed LimitedDevice for preventing or reducing the passage of air through the mouth
US6357441Jul 16, 1997Mar 19, 2002Resmed LimitedNasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6463931Jun 30, 2000Oct 15, 2002Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US6494207Dec 2, 1997Dec 17, 2002Resmed LimitedHarness assembly for a nasal mask
US6513526May 21, 1999Feb 4, 2003Resmed LimitedFull-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6557556May 13, 2002May 6, 2003Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US6561190Feb 10, 1998May 13, 2003Resmed LimitedMask and a vent assembly therefor
US6561191Dec 1, 1999May 13, 2003Resmed LimitedMask and a vent assembly therefor
US6581602Feb 8, 2002Jun 24, 2003Resmed LimitedNasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6634358May 8, 2000Oct 21, 2003Resmed LimitedNasal mask cushion assembly
US6691708Aug 29, 2002Feb 17, 2004Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US6701927Jun 11, 2002Mar 9, 2004Resmed LimitedFull-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US6860269Oct 4, 2002Mar 1, 2005Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US6871649Dec 6, 2001Mar 29, 2005Resmed LimitedNasal mask cushion assembly
US6889692Feb 13, 2003May 10, 2005Resmed LimitedVent valve assembly
US6973929Dec 17, 2002Dec 13, 2005Resmed LimitedForehead support for a facial mask
US6997188Sep 15, 2003Feb 14, 2006Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7000614Mar 14, 2002Feb 21, 2006Map Medizin-Technologie GmbhBreathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US7007696May 16, 2002Mar 7, 2006Tiara Medical Systems, Inc.Mask cushion and method of using same
US7036508Apr 30, 2002May 2, 2006Resmed LimitedHarness assembly for a nasal mask
US7059325Mar 31, 2005Jun 13, 2006Resmed LimitedVent assembly
US7069933Nov 12, 2003Jul 4, 2006Resmed LimitedBreathing mask and mask cushion therefor
US7100610Oct 16, 2001Sep 5, 2006Map Medizintechnologie GmbhBreathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US7178527Feb 11, 2002Feb 20, 2007Resmed LimitedNasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US7207335Feb 12, 2003Apr 24, 2007Resmed LimitedMask and vent assembly therefor
US7234466Nov 4, 2003Jun 26, 2007Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7243651Sep 7, 2004Jul 17, 2007Resmed LimitedCushion and mask therefor
US7290546Mar 22, 2003Nov 6, 2007Invacare CorporationNasal mask
US7320323Oct 22, 2002Jan 22, 2008Map Medizin-Technologie GmbhBreathing mask device and application device and frontal support device thereof
US7406965May 5, 2004Aug 5, 2008Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7472704Mar 2, 2005Jan 6, 2009Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7503327Apr 9, 2004Mar 17, 2009Resmed LimitedMask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US7610916Aug 28, 2006Nov 3, 2009Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7621274Jun 23, 2003Nov 24, 2009Invacare CorporationNasal mask
US7654263May 13, 2005Feb 2, 2010Map Medizin-Technologie GmbhBreathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US7665465 *Mar 25, 2005Feb 23, 2010Ric Investments, LlcHeadgear assembly for a respiratory support system
US7726309 *Jun 4, 2007Jun 1, 2010Ric Investments, LlcFlexible connector
US7762259Dec 17, 2007Jul 27, 2010Resmed LimitedMask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US7775209Jul 25, 2006Aug 17, 2010Map Medizintechnologie GmbhBreathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US7845354Nov 19, 2002Dec 7, 2010Resmed LimitedMask and vent assembly therefor
US7882837Aug 19, 2005Feb 8, 2011Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US7926487Apr 28, 2006Apr 19, 2011Resmed LimitedRespiratory mask having gas washout vent and gas washout vent assembly for a respiratory mask
US7942149Jan 5, 2009May 17, 2011Resmed LimitedForehead support for a facial mask
US7942150Apr 8, 2005May 17, 2011Resmed LimitedNasal assembly
US7950392Jul 13, 2007May 31, 2011Resmed LimitedCushion and mask therefor
US7967014Apr 25, 2006Jun 28, 2011Map Medizin-Technologie GmbhApplication device for breathing mask arrangement
US7992559Nov 28, 2007Aug 9, 2011Map Medizin-Technologie GmbhBreathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US8028698Sep 17, 2007Oct 4, 2011Invacare CorporationBreathing mask
US8056561May 12, 2006Nov 15, 2011Resmed LimitedFull-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US8122886Dec 27, 2006Feb 28, 2012Resmed LimitedRespiratory mask assembly with vent
US8186348Sep 23, 2009May 29, 2012Resmed LimitedForehead support for facial mask
US8210180Jun 30, 2010Jul 3, 2012Resmed LimitedMask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US8353294Mar 21, 2011Jan 15, 2013Resmed LimitedRespiratory mask assembly
US8371301Jul 9, 2010Feb 12, 2013Resmed R&D Germany GmbhBreathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US8402972Aug 27, 2009Mar 26, 2013Resmed R&D Germany GmbhBreathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US8479738May 20, 2011Jul 9, 2013Resmed R&D Germany GmbhBreathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US8485192Jun 29, 2012Jul 16, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8505535Dec 23, 2009Aug 13, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8517023Jan 29, 2008Aug 27, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522783May 16, 2011Sep 3, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion and mask therefor
US8522784Jan 23, 2013Sep 3, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8522785Aug 5, 2003Sep 3, 2013Resmed LimitedInextensible headgear and CPAP or ventilator mask assembly with the same
US8528558Mar 15, 2011Sep 10, 2013Resmed LimitedRespiratory mask having washout vent and gas washout vent assembly for a respiratory mask
US8528561Jan 18, 2013Sep 10, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8550081Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550082Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550083Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550084Feb 27, 2009Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8555885Nov 29, 2012Oct 15, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8567404Nov 14, 2012Oct 29, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8573213Nov 14, 2012Nov 5, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8573214Nov 28, 2012Nov 5, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8573215Nov 29, 2012Nov 5, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8578935Nov 29, 2012Nov 12, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8613280Nov 14, 2012Dec 24, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8613281Nov 29, 2012Dec 24, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8616211Nov 29, 2012Dec 31, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8636006Jan 3, 2007Jan 28, 2014Resmed LimitedMask
US8646450Mar 29, 2011Feb 11, 2014Resmed LimitedForehead support for a facial mask
US20070267021 *Mar 1, 2006Nov 22, 2007Resmed LimitedHarness assembly for a nasal mask
CN101460211BJun 5, 2007Jan 30, 2013Ric投资有限责任公司柔性连接器
DE902715C *Feb 27, 1949Jan 25, 1954Draegerwerk Heinr & BernhAtemschutzmaske mit Frischluftzufuehrung
WO2007143655A2 *Jun 5, 2007Dec 13, 2007Ric Investments IncFlexible connector
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/205.25, 128/206.24
International ClassificationA62B18/00
Cooperative ClassificationA62B18/00
European ClassificationA62B18/00