Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1928390 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 26, 1933
Filing dateMay 28, 1932
Priority dateMay 28, 1932
Publication numberUS 1928390 A, US 1928390A, US-A-1928390, US1928390 A, US1928390A
InventorsMyers Harry L
Original AssigneeAmerican Floor Surfacing Machi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Planetary type surfacing machine
US 1928390 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 26, 1933. H. L. MYERS PLANETARY TYPE SURFACING MACHINE s Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 28, 1932 Sept. 26, 1933. MYERS PLANETARY TYPE SURFACING MACHINE Filed May 28, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 will H MIN! 1 Sept. 26, 1933. L MYERS 1,928,390

PLANETARY TYPE SURFACING MACHINE Filed May 28, 1932 I5 Sheets-Sheet 3 43 Inventor fl ryi @6219 gmm f1 tlorncy Patented Sept. 26, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE American Floor Surfacing Machine Toledo, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Company,

'Application May 28, 1932. Serial No. 614,181

Claims. (01. 51-177) This invention relates to an improved fioor surfacing machine of the rotary disc planetary type especially constructed for grinding, rubbing and polishing various kinds of composition floors,

5 such as for example, terrazzo, mosaic, marble and the like. 7

It is a matter of common knowledge to those familiar with the fioor surfacingtrade and industry that in order to uniformly grind'and surface composition floors and to at the same time minimize work and labor and save time, machines of the aforesaidtype though comparatively small and relatively light in weight must be built for strength, durability and heavy duty. The machine constituting the novelty of this application, like some prior patented machines developedfor -the same class of work, is of the multiple disc ensemble planetary type. Otherwise stated, the machine comprises a horizontally disposed. revoluble head revolving on a c'ommon'fixed center and carrying an assembly of duplicate companion surface abrading units rotatable on their own individual axes. of capacity machine is not new.

The purpose of the present invention is to provide the trade with a structurally improved and materially refined machine'characterized by a, revoluble self-levelling head having the distinguishable rotary surfacing units anda special power transmission means for said units located in the confines of the head, thereby providing an arrangement which is calculated to better fulfill the requirements of a machine of this kind while at the same time minimizing lubrication. This typeof machine, it is submitted, is ideal to use for rubbing'in the mastic and polishing the floor on the final finishingoperation. It is such in construction as to uniformly surface high and low spots, eliminate an appreciable amount of labor usually expended in accurately levelling or smoothing up the floor when laying the terrazzo. f

In carrying the inventive conception into actual practice, I have found it expedient and practical to select an unusual arrangement of mechanical features carefully matched and co- 1 ordinatedto take care of the self-levelling feature of thehead, said head being in .effect a Broadlythis planetary type pair of outstanding prongs or lugs 18 which define drive (not shown) device. 7

Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken approximately on the planeof the line 2-2 of Figure 1. I

Figure 3 is an enlarged detail sectional and elevational view'on the line 33 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a plan view of the revoluble head with the cover plate removed to showthe internal details.

Figure5 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the plane of the line 55 of Figure 3.

Figure 6' is a bottom plan viewof the driving flange carried by the drive shaft. Y Figures '7, 8 and 9 are detail views.

Figure 10 is a detail view of the thermoid' or especially fabricated flexible driving ring. Before introducing the detailed description, attention is invited to the fact that thisinvention is similar to a structure possessing certain common characteristics disclosed in my co-pending application filed the 28th day of May, 1932, and designated'bySerial Number 614,182, which matured into Patent Number 1,919,389 granted July 25, 1933. I

Referring now to the illustrative drawings, it will be observed that the numeral 11 in Figure 1 designates what is herein broadly referred to as a portable support. In fact, this is the major part of a wheeled'truck supported casing carrying an electric motor (not shown) which motor drives a sprocket chain (not shown) trained jover the sprocket 12, said chain operating in the shield or guard 13. v r

Through the medium of appropriate gearing,

with the improved planetary theperpendicular drive shaft 14 is actuated, said a keeper which serves a purpose to be hereinafter described. I

The revoluble head is denoted as a unit by the numeral 19, said head being in the form of a casing. The lower or body portion is denoted by 5 the numeral 20 in Figure 3, and the cover distinguished by'the ordinals 21, said cover having raised sockets 22 provided" with renewable'bushings 23. Directly beneath thesockets 22 the body portion 20 is provided with circumferentially spaced bearings 24 provided with additional bushings or liners 25. v

The lower end of the drive shaft 14 extends down into the head where it is provided with a balllike terminal 26 seated in the complemental depression of an end thrust plate 2'7. Keyed to the shaft is a driving flange 28 having circumferentially spaced enlargements 29 threaded to accommodate the screw-threaded portions of connecting bolts 30. These bolts are fastened at circumferentially spaced points to the thermoid or flexible ring 31. The ring is in turn secured by bolts 32 to inwardly projecting studs 33 carried by the body portion 20 of the head. This provides a flexible driving coupling between the shaft 14 and the head to provide the requisite revolving action of said head.

The individual rotatable surfacing units are generally distinguished by the numerals 34. Each unit is the same in construction and a description of one will suffice for all. The unit comprises a stub shaft 35 mounted for rotation in the bearings 23 and 25, said stub'shaft being provided with a fixed sheave or pulley 36, locateddirectly beneath the cover plate 21.

The. stub shaft car'riesla backing plate 37 to which the pivotally mounted tiltabl'e spring pressed subplate 38-,is connected. The subplate is constructed to carry the renewable abrasive stones or blocks 39. Incidently no claimis'herein made to the specific construction of these units with the exception that each one is provided with a rotary shaft mounted i appropriate bearings and said shaft is equipped with a pulley, sprocket wheel, or equivalent rotating element.

As a matter of distinction, these pulleys 36 are hereinafter. referred to as the supplemental pulleys inthat they cQ-operate with a main stationary orfixe'dly mounted pulley 40. The pulley 40 is centrally located and surrounds the shaft 14 as 's'een clearly in Figure 3. This pulley '40 has no. positive connection with the shaft '14. In

fact, a conventional self-levelling bearing 41 is provided to permit this pulley 40 to maintain in the same plane with the head 19 at all times. To guard against disalinement of the pulley 40 I provide one or more retaining brackets or clips 42.

. I Attached to the upper side of the pulley is an annulus 43providedwith a marginal keeper finger 44 which extends up between the lugs 18. This prevents the pulley' 40 from. rotating with the shaft 14. Thus, 'in' this sense the pulley '40 is fixed and the supplemental pulleys 3 6 are rotatable.

" The'aforesaid action is accomplished through the use of a flexible tracking belt 45 which'as seen in Figure 4 is formed to define a double V arrangement. The small'V may be distinguished as the inner flight 46 and this hasi'ts apex portion partially embracing the pulley 40. I The outer V or flight 4'? is trained over the supplemental pulleys 36. The belt is approximately diamond- --co-operates with the main fixed pulley 40. while the other surface thereof liasfrictional driving "the medium of the flexible driving coupling com- .posed of the flange 28 and thermoid or fabricated flexible ring 31.. Thus the head 19 is positively driven and rendered self-levelling to compensate r for irregularities in the surface being treated.

The surfacing units 34 are individually rotatable through the medium of the shaft 35 rotating in their bearings. The units 34 are bodily carried around tliecommon center of rotation through'the medium of the head 19 in order to obtain the requisite planetary action.

The tracking belt 45 trained over the fixed pulley 40 and the supplemental rotary pulleys 36 constitutes the means for individually rotating the units 34 as they travel around the aforesaid common center.

Although I have shown a reversible tracking or driving belt co-operating with movable and fixed sheaves, it is understood that the same result may be accomplished by using sprockets and a complemental sprocket chain.

An explicit review of the particular selection or" mechanical parts will disclose the fact that the arrangement is unique from a manufacturing and assembling standpoint. Particularly do I wish to emphasize however, the principal novelty of the invention which resides in the flexible belt and pulley drive confined completely within-the hollow casing-like head operating in conjunction with the self-levelling head.

I claim:

1. A floor surfacing machine of the glass described complising 'a portable support including arelatively stationary depending shaft guide, a

perpendicular power-actuated drive shaft mounted for rotation in said guide, a revoluble selflevelling head, a flexible operating connection between said head and shaft, said headbeing provided with circumferentially spaced marginal bearings, a plurality of duplicate surfacing units having stub shafts mounted for rotation in said bearings, a relatively fixed main pulley connected with said guide and arranged centrally with respect totheaxis of revolution of said head, i'ndividual supplemental pulleys fixedly attached to said stub shafts, and a'flexible tracking belt trained over said pulleys, said belt being substantially diamond-shaped in cross section with one tracking surface engaged with the main pulley and the opposed tracking surface engaged with the supplemental pulleys. j h

2. A floor surfacing machine of the class described comprising a portable support including arelative ly stationary depending shaft 'guide,..

a perpendicular power-actuated drive' shaft mounted for rotation in said guide, a revoluble self-levelling head, an operating connection between said head and shaft, said head being probearings, a relatively fixed main pulley attached to said guide and arrangedcentrally with respect to the'axis of'revolution of said head, individual.

supplemental, pulleys fixedly attached to stub shafts, and a flexible tracking belt trained over said pulleys, said belt being substantially diamond-shaped in cross section with shaped in cross section so that one surface thereof one tracking surface engaged with the main.

pulley and the opposed tracking surface engaged 'with the supplemental pulleys, andbeing flexed intodouble V-shaped formation in the manner described.

3. In a surfacing machine of the class described, a portable support including a vertical relatively stationary guide, a drive shaft mounted for rotation in said guide, a hollow revoluble head provided with a centrally arranged internal thrust plate, said drive shaft extending down into said; head and having a ball-like terminal co-operable with said plate, a driving flange keyed'on that portion of the drive shaft located in said head, a flexible coupling ring attached to the head and flange'respectively to permit the head .to be substantially self-levelling, a relatively 'flxed.

main pulley surrounding the shaft and connected to said tubular guide, said head being provided with rotatably mounted surfacing units, supplemental pulleys carried by each unit, and a belt trained over all of said pulleys.

4. In a surfacing machine of the class de-" scribed, a portable support including a vertical relatively stationary guide, a hollow casing-like head, a drive shaft mounted 'forrotation insaid guide and extending down into said head, a

flexible operating connection between the head 5. In a machine of the class described, a vertical relatively stationary tubular guide, a drive shaft mounted for rotation in said guide, a plate fixedly connected to the lower end of the guide and provided with marginal outstanding retaining lugs, a sectional hollow revoluble head, said shaft extending down into the interior of said head, a flexible operating connection between the head and shaft, a main pulley surrounding said shaft and confined in said head, 'an' annulus attached to said pulley and provided with an upstanding finger located between said retaining element to prevent rotation of the pulley, a self-adjusting bearing interposed between the top of the pulley and said shaft, said head being provided with circumferentially spaced bearings, a plurality of surfacing units including stub shafts mounted for rotation in said bearings, supplemental pulleys fixedly attached to the stub shafts and located in the head in alinement with said main pulley,

a flexible belt of double V-shaped formation, the

intermediate portion of 'one flight of said belt partially embracing said fixed pulley, and the remaining flight of the belt surrounding said supplemental-pulleys. V


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2731655 *Apr 29, 1952Jan 24, 1956Newberry George EGrease fitting cleaner
US3091158 *Mar 7, 1956May 28, 1963Alois Sommer DrApparatus for smoothing and compacting plastic layers
US4328645 *Jun 4, 1980May 11, 1982The Boeing CompanyMultiple spindle flexible sanding head
US4709510 *Jan 14, 1986Dec 1, 1987Todescato GiovanniFloor sanding and polishing machine
US5637032 *Oct 22, 1993Jun 10, 1997Thysell; HaakanRotary disc planetary type surfacing machine
US6331138May 27, 1998Dec 18, 2001Holland Industriele Diamantwerken B.V.Grinding machine
US6595838 *Jul 23, 2001Jul 22, 2003Onfloor Technologies, LlcWood floor sanding machine
US7137875Dec 8, 2005Nov 21, 2006Htc Sweden AbGrinding head for a mobile grinding machine and mobile grinding machine comprising such a grinding head
US7140957 *Jan 25, 2002Nov 28, 2006Htc Sweden AbArrangement in a mobile machine for screeding floor surfaces
US7326106Dec 2, 2005Feb 5, 2008Vic International CorporationDevice for treating flooring surfaces
US7563156Sep 13, 2007Jul 21, 2009National Carpet Equipment, Inc.Planetary grinder
US7658667 *Nov 20, 2006Feb 9, 2010Htc Sweden AbArrangement in a mobile machine for screeding floor surfaces
US7828632Jun 5, 2007Nov 9, 2010Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing machine
US7993184 *Feb 5, 2010Aug 9, 2011Htc Sweden AbMachine for screeding floor surfaces
US8172649 *Jan 28, 2009May 8, 2012Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor edger and grinder device
US8282445Jul 20, 2007Oct 9, 2012Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing apparatus
US8342914 *Aug 12, 2009Jan 1, 2013Htc Sweden AbMobile machine for screeding floor surfaces and the like
US8366518Feb 11, 2010Feb 5, 2013Miles Supply, Inc.Orbital smoothing device
US8393937Jul 20, 2007Mar 12, 2013Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing machine
US8715039 *Nov 28, 2011May 6, 2014X'pole Precision Tools Inc.Machine tool providing a large grinding area
US8727837 *May 18, 2011May 20, 2014Design Technologies LlcRotatable disc head as well as floor treatment machine comprising such disc head
US9089945 *Jan 25, 2011Jul 28, 2015Miles Supply, Inc.Orbital smoothing device
US20040077300 *Jan 25, 2002Apr 22, 2004Hakan ThysellArrangement in a mobile machine for screeding floor surfaces
US20060172667 *Dec 8, 2005Aug 3, 2006Htc Sweden AbGrinding head for a mobile grinding machine and mobile grinding machine comprising such a grinding head
US20060199483 *Mar 16, 2004Sep 7, 2006Efco-Maschinenbau Gmbh & Co. KgGrinding head
US20100067984 *Aug 12, 2009Mar 18, 2010Htc Sweden Abmobile machine for screeding floor surfaces and the like
US20110306280 *Dec 15, 2011Design Technologies LlcRotatable Disc Head As Well As Floor Treatment Machine Comprising Such Disc Head
US20130059505 *Jan 25, 2011Mar 7, 2013Wayne A. BaileyOrbital Smoothing Device
US20130137347 *May 30, 2013Bach Pangho ChenMachine tool providing a large grinding area
EP0189617A2 *Dec 28, 1985Aug 6, 1986Giovanni TodescatoImproved floor sanding and polishing machine
EP0963812A1 *May 12, 1998Dec 15, 1999Sven WallinDevice for fine grinding and polishing of hard materials
EP1669162A1 *Dec 5, 2005Jun 14, 2006HTC Sweden ABGrinding head for a mobile grinding machine and mobile grinding machine comprising such a grinding head
WO1981003455A1 *May 4, 1981Dec 10, 1981Boeing CoMultiple spindle flexible sanding head
WO1994008752A1 *Oct 22, 1993Apr 28, 1994Haakan ThysellRotary disc planetary type surfacing machine
U.S. Classification451/353, 474/87, 15/49.1, 299/41.1
International ClassificationB24B41/047, B24B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationB24B41/047
European ClassificationB24B41/047