|Publication number||US1930584 A|
|Publication date||Oct 17, 1933|
|Filing date||Nov 16, 1929|
|Priority date||Mar 16, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1930584 A, US 1930584A, US-A-1930584, US1930584 A, US1930584A|
|Inventors||Cope Frank T, Oyster Ray C|
|Original Assignee||Electric Furnace Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 17, 1933. F. T. COPE ET AL BELT DRIVE CONVEYER 1 w v w %w w s I t w Q 10 x v Original Filed March 16. 1929 F1 lope H 6. 0
attozney Oct. 17, 1933. F, -co 5; AL 1,930,584
BELT DRIVE CONVEYER Original Filed March 16. 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Oct. 17, 1933. F. T. COPE El AL BELT DRIVE CONVEYER Original Filed March 16. 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Oct. 17, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1,930,584 BELT DRIVE comm Original application March 16, 1929, Serial No.
347,706. Divided and this application November 16, 1929. Serial No. 407,618
This invention relates to electric heat treatment furnaces wherein a-moving conveyer is used to convey the objects to be heated, said conveyer being adapted to support the objects on its upper surface, carry them through the heated chamber, and discharge them at the desired point, preferably at or near the termination of the chamber.
The present application is a division of our former application, Serial No. 347,706, flied March 16, 1929 and relates more particularly to the endless belt and means for driving the same.
An object of the invention is to provide an improved type of work-carrying conveyer, improvedmeans of supporting the conveyer, improved means of driving the conveyer, and improved means of maintaining alignment of the component parts of the conveyer.
A further object is to improve the method of applying heat in order to secure rapid and uniform heating.
Another object is to prevent loss of heat from the conveyer by causing it to travel substantially its entire length within the heated chamber and by enclosing and insulating it where it is necessary to expose it at the point where material is loaded.
Another object is to provide means whereby objects are prevented from falling from the conveyer during its travel through the chamber and means for discharging the heated objects without damage.
We use a conveyer consisting of a plurality of loop-shaped links which are assembled to form an endless conveyer of any desired width and length by the use of rods. These rods have heads, 1
preferably formed integral with the rods, of such size that they may be thrust through the openings in the links. When the conveyer is stretched taut, however, the removal of these rods is prevented.
We make the upper or carrying surface of these links curved with a radius equal to the distance from the center of the conveyer drums or sprockets in order that the conveyer may have a smooth cylindrical surface where it travels around the sprockets.
It will be seen that such a conveyer comprises an articulated link belt of small elements and has a degree of flexibility much greater than the usual construction in which the carrying portion is composed of relatively large, substantially flat flights or plates.
It will also be seen that such a conveyer is very strong in tension because of the large number of shearing surfaces which resist failure of the conveyer.
For driving and maintaining tension in our improved conveyer we use sprockets in the form of toothed drums having teeth of substantially the shape shown in the drawings. The leading face of each tooth is formed with a portion sloped upward with respect to a line tangent to the drum and is thus made to support the end portion of a link. Therows of teeth are staggered and each row of links is supported at intervals equal to the tooth spacing, intermediate links being carried by the rods. We make the form of the tooth faces such that the center portions of the links do not bear against the drum, thereby avoiding stresses tending to bend the links.
An embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through a furnace provided with the improved chain belt conveyer;
Fig. 2, a transverse vertical furnace;
Fig. 3, a fragmentary plan View of a portion of the improved chain belt upon an enlarged section through the scale;
Fig. 4, a detached perspective view of one link of the chain belt;
Fig. 5, a detached the toothed drums;
Fig. 6 an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of one toothed drum, showing the manner in which the chain belt travels over the same;
Fig. 7, a view of two adjacent links of the chain belt, showing the manner of placing a pivot rod through the same for assembling or repairing the chain;
Fig. 8, an elevation of one of the pivot rods; Fig. 8a, a similar view of a modified form of pivot rod;
Fig. 9, an edge elevation of a portion of the chain belt;
Fig. 10, a fragmentary plan view of a modified form of conveyer belt; and
Fig. 11, a detail perspective links with wings at its sides.
Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the drawings.
perspective view of one of view of one of the The furnace or kiln in which the improved conveyer is located may be of any suitable construction, comprising a refractory floor or bottom wall 10, the side walls 12, roof or arch14,
and rear doorway 43, normally closed as by the door 13.
The entrance end of the furnace may be provided with the charging opening 15, arranged to be normally closed, as by the sliding door 16,
while the discharge end of the furnace may be I thickness and may be braced or reinforced intermediate their ends as by the vertical web or partition wall 24, so as to be substantially inflexible under working conditions.
The upper or carrying walls of these links are curved upon a radius equal to the distance from the center of the conveyer drums or sprockets, in
order that the chain belt may have a smooth.
cylindrical surface as it travels around the drums.
These links are located in staggered rows and connected together by the pivot rods 25, forming a chain belt of any desired width and length as best illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3.
This belt is arranged to be located over similar sprocket drums 26 and 27 located at the inlet and discharge end portions, respectively, of the furnace, each drum being provided with spaced rows of sprocket teeth 28 to coincide with thespaces between the belt links for registering engagement between the links 19 of the chain belt.
The teeth 28, upon the drums, are of substantially the shape best illustrated in Fig. 6 of the drawings. The leading face of each tooth is formed with a portion 28', sloped upward with respect to a line tangent to the periphery of the drum, for the purpose of supporting one end portion of each link as it engages with the tooth.
The rows of teeth are staggered, and each row of links is supported at intervals equal to the tooth spacing, intermediate links being carried by the rods 25. It will be seen that the teeth are so shaped that the center portions of the links do not bear against the drum, thereby avoiding stresses tending to bend the links.
For the purpose of preventing small articles from falling from the conveyer belt, side guards 19' may be formed along the edge portions of the links at each side edge of the conveyer, as shown in Fig. 3. I
When small articles are to be handled, which might partially or wholly drop through the openings in a conveyer as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, a modified form 'of link, as shown in Figs. 10 and 11, may be employed.
This link has spaced upper and lower walls, the upper wall forming part of the outer surface of the conveyer belt, and the lower wall forming part of the inner surface thereof. The upper or outer wall of each link is provided at its sides with laterally projecting wings 42 forming an extension of the outer surface of the link so that when the links are assembled, a substantially closed carrying surface is produced upon the conveyer belt. Side guards 45, similar to the side guards 19 in Fig. 3, may be employed on the side edge links to prevent articles from falling from the conveyer.
This construction permits the use of cylindrical drums having sprocket teeth extending into the belt under the wings for engaging and supporting links intermediate the outer edges of the conveyer belt. Thus the conveyer belt may be supported and driven at closely spaced intervals across its entire width.
When links of the modified form shown in Figs. 10 and 11 are used, it will be seen that the wings suitable journals. The trunnions of drum 27 maybe journaled in fixed brackets 50, and those of the drum 26 in the lower ends of swinging arms 51, which are fixed to shaft 52, carried by the brackets 53.
The shaft 52 may be operatively associated with any suitable means such as a counterweight for maintaining tension in the conveyer.
For driving the drum 27 we may form one of the trunnion portions 29 with a square hole extending therethrough and adapted to operatively engage a squared end portion of the driving shaft 29. This shaft may extend through the sidewall of the furnace, as in Fig. 2, and have fixed thereon a sprocket wheel, or.the like, as indicated at 30, for connection to a driving chain, or other means of driving the conveyer in the direction of the arrow shown in Fig. 1.
The square hole in the trunnion 29, and the squared end of the shaft 29', form a wabbler coupling which permits misalignment of the drum 2'7 and the shaft 29, and also permits the removal of the shaft or drum without tearing the furnace apart.
Articles to be heated or treated in the furnace may be placed upon the charging plate 38 at the entrance or charging end of the furnace, the door 16 being first raised sufficiently to permit the articles to pass beneath the same as they are pushed into the furnace and upon the belt.
This construction provides an insulated enclosure for the tail sprocket drum, at the same time permitting for convenient loading of articles or material to be treated, while retaining the heat in the conveyer.
As the articles upon the belt reach the discharge end portion of the furnace, they will be stripped or removed from the conveyer belt by means of the stripper plate 31, which may be located in alignment with the discharge chute 17, terminating at a point adjacent to the sprocket wheel 26 and floating upon the chain belt as shown in Fig. 1.
For the purpose of heating the material upon the belt, electric resistors 32 may be supported from the roof of the furnace, and other resistors 33 may be located between the upper and lower strands of the conveyer belt, being supported as upon the insulation or refractory blocks 34 mounted upon inverted T-shaped or L-shaped beams 35 supported from the side walls 12, and in turn supporting the members 36 upon which the upper strand of the conveyer chain slides.
With this arrangement it will be seen that resistors may be located or disposed both above and below the material or articles carried upon the conveyer belt, thus uniformly heating the articles as they pass through the furnace or kiln.
Thus a partition structure is provided between the drums and between the upper and lower strands of the chain belt which forms a combined resistor supporting and chain supporting means. This being an open partition structure, scale which drops from the articles or material on the chain belt may pass through the openings in the links and fall through the similar openings in the lower strand of the chain.
A metal return supporting guide 40 may be located upon the floor of the furnace for the lower strand of the chain to ride upon, and a scrap pocket 41 may be located at the end of this guide to receive the scale and dirt which is carried back by the chain. Any suitable means may be provided for cleaning out this pocket.
As shown in Figs. 10 and 11, each link of the chain may be provided with Wings 42, at its sides, thus forming practically a closed chain, especially adapted for conveying very small articles.
The sprocket drums, as well as the chain belt, may be made of suitable heat resisting metal to permit the same to stand the high temperatures to which they are subjected. The particular link construction of the chain belt provides sumcient flexibility of the same and also makes a construction which is easily operated by means of the sprocket drums for passing the material through the furnace while the stripper plate automatically removes the treated articles from the conveyer belt and discharges them through the chute to the exterior of the furnace.
For the purpose of cleaning any deposit of scale and dirt from the resistors and hangers, openings, as shown at 60, may be provided in the side wall of the furnace to permit an air pipe to be inserted therethrough and turned to any desired position to blow the scale and dirt from these parts.
In the operation of a heat treating furnace embodying the improved conveyer belt, the upper conveying portion of the longitudinally and laterally continuous endless belt, which extends around and conforms to the shape of the drums at each end of the furnace, forms a continuously moving floor or hearth upon which small metal parts or articles fed into the furnace through the charging opening, are distributed and disposed in a comparatively thin longitudinally and laterally continuous mass or layer, and permits the individual pieces to be uniformly heated, not only with respect to each other, but with respect to each piece, by the heating means located above and below the same. i
It is impossible to obtain such a uniformity of temperature by heating small parts in segregated masses or batches in trays or troughs, because of the size of the mass; and the consumption of heat required to raise and maintain the temperature of the containers, decreases the efficiency of the furnace.
Moreover, the amount of oxidation or scale formation is a function of the length of time the parts are exposed to oxidizing influence, and in the furnace, the application of heat is applied so directly from above and below the continuously moving mass or layer of small parts, and they are heated to the critical temperature so quickly, that no excessive oxidation or scale is formed before they are delivered into the quenching medium.
In a furnace embodying the improved conveyer belt, the small parts are disposed in a continuously moving comparatively thin mass or layer, and are given a gradually applied uniform heat treatment with an adjustable heating cycle under full control, and without the formation of scale or objectionable oxidation, and the small parts are delivered individually to a quenching tank chute without any distortion or nicking, all with the central portions thereof.
maximum efliciency and a minimum amount of labor and consumption of electric current for obtaining the desired quality of product.
And finally, a heat treating furnace having the present improved conveyer belt, has successfully supplied a need and a demand which has existed for many years for a type of furnace which would successfully handle and heat treat small parts, and would produce one hundred percent of net material; and that problem was never solved until the new type of furnace illustrated and described herein was devised, and the improved functions and results set forth herein were never before obtained in any prior furnace.
1. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral one-piece seamless open links pivotally connected together to form a flexible articulated conveyer belt, each link including a flat inner wall, a curved outer wall, and a partition wall extending between the outer and inner walls, all of the walls having a uniformly substantial thickness, whereby each link is rendered. substantially inflexible.
2. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral seamless loop-shaped in= flexible links pivotally connected together to form a flexible articulated conveyer belt, each link including a fiat inner wall, a convexly curved outer wall spaced therefrom, and a partition wall extending between the inner and outer walls at the 3. In a heat treating furnace, a flexible articulated conveyer belt including integral seamless open inflexible links pivotally connected together, and each link including a fiat inner wall and a convexly curved outer wall spaced therefrom.
4. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral one-piece seamless inflexible links pivotally connected together to form a flexible, articulated conveyer belt, a sprocket drum for driving the conveyer belt, and each link including a flat inner wall and an outer wall curved upon a radius from the center of the sprocket drum. 1
5. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral one-piece seamless open links pivotally connected together to form a flexible articulated conveyer belt, a sprocket drum for driving the conveyer belt, and each link' including a fiat inner wall and an outer wall curved upon a radius from the center. of the sprocket drum, said inner and outer walls having a uniformly substantial thickness whereby each link is rendered substantially inflexible.
6. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral one-piece seamless loopshaped links pivotally connected together to form a flexible articulated conveyer belt, each link including a fiat inner wall, a curved outer wall, the inner and outer walls being connected at their ends by rounded end walls, and all of the walls having a uniformly substantial thickness whereby each link is rendered substantially inflexible.
7. In a heat treating furnace, a plurality of spaced rows of integral one-piece seamless open inflexible links pivotally connected together to form a flexible articulated conveyer belt, each link including spaced inner and outer walls connected at their ends by rounded end walls, and a partition wall extending between theinner and outer walls at the central portions thereof.
FRANK T. COPE. RAY C. OYSTER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2525286 *||Jul 11, 1945||Oct 10, 1950||Electric Furnace Co||Stripper plate construction for conveyer furnaces|
|US2986387 *||Jun 27, 1956||May 30, 1961||Cambridge Tile & Mfg Company||Ceramic belt|
|US4487138 *||Dec 14, 1982||Dec 11, 1984||Gerhard Grebe||Traveling grate for a furnace|
|US4685557 *||Feb 13, 1985||Aug 11, 1987||Ashworth Bros., Inc.||Conveyor belt drive sprocket system|
|US5160020 *||Nov 9, 1990||Nov 3, 1992||Lindberg Corporation||Drive system for endless belt conveyors with rollers having driving, supporting and aligning features|
|US5282532 *||Jun 19, 1991||Feb 1, 1994||Lindberg Corporation||Modified drive system for endless belt conveyors with rollers having driving, supporting and aligning features|
|US5449063 *||Jul 28, 1993||Sep 12, 1995||Lindberg Corporation||Modified drive system for endless belt conveyors with rollers having driving, supporting and aligning features|
|US9004270||Dec 4, 2009||Apr 14, 2015||Robert S. Cutshall||Link belt for use in furnaces|
|US20060163039 *||Oct 17, 2005||Jul 27, 2006||Cambridge International, Inc.||Plastic woven spiral conveyor belt|
|US20110226592 *||Dec 4, 2009||Sep 22, 2011||Cutshall Robert S||Link belt for use in furnaces|
|USRE30341 *||Jun 22, 1978||Jul 22, 1980||The Laitram Corporation||Conveyor drive|
|CN102405181A *||Apr 20, 2010||Apr 4, 2012||剑桥国际公司||Compound sprocket for conveyor belt|
|CN102405181B||Apr 20, 2010||Sep 17, 2014||剑桥国际公司||Compound sprocket for conveyor belt|
|EP0803692A2 *||Apr 18, 1997||Oct 29, 1997||Meinan Machinery Works, Inc.||Veneer heating apparatus|
|EP0803692A3 *||Apr 18, 1997||May 19, 1999||Meinan Machinery Works, Inc.||Veneer heating apparatus|
|EP1028300A1 *||Feb 9, 1999||Aug 16, 2000||Cames snc di Colla G. & Sardi G.||An apparatus for drying bottles|
|U.S. Classification||198/834, 110/269, 198/851|
|International Classification||F26B15/00, F26B17/04, F26B17/00, F26B15/18|
|Cooperative Classification||F26B15/18, F26B17/04|
|European Classification||F26B17/04, F26B15/18|