US 1932274 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
oct. 24, 1933. KUBLANOW 1,932,274
SIDE WALL MOUNTING STRUCTURE Filed Dec. 17, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR zc'ea w/Jw JM W I Patented Oct. 24, 1933 SIDE WALL MOUNTING STRUCTURE Joseph Kublanow, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Application December 17', 1931 Serial No. 581,625
Claims. (CI. 7224) The invention relates to new and useful improvements in side wall structures for dwellings or the like and it is among the objects thereof to provide simple and efiicient means for attaohing brick veneer, tile or the like, to the side of either new or old buildings by means of mortar and reenforcing material.
It is among the objectsof this invention to provide a strong and durable composite side wall concrete or mortar, the reenforcing material being initially employed as a simple means for effecting a preliminary mounting of the brick or tile in proper spaced relation to facilitate the application of the mortar to the joints, and subsequently acts as a reenforcing structure when the veneer has been secured in place.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a metal netting or mesh which shall be especially constructed to produce a proper spacing of the brick or tile veneer whereby the mortarjoints are produced in staggered relation, and which shall function as a preliminary anchorage or fastening means for brick or tile before the mortar is applied to the joints.
A primary object of the invention is the provision of metal mesh or netting especially designed to facilitate its fabrication as by rolling or by die forming operations thereby rendering the product commercially practicable, and economical of construction.
These and other objects of the invention will become more apparent from a consideration of the accompanying drawings constituting a part hereof in which like reference characters designate like parts and in which:
Figure l is a side elevational view of a portion of a side wall illustratingan embodiment of this invention in its various stages of application; My Figure 2 a top plan view of a blank form of metal mesh consisting of transversely disposed wires joined at their points of crossing as by welding or the like, and from which the combined veneer supporting and reenforcing element disclosed in Figure 3 is constructed, Figure 3 being a view in perspective of the metal mesh or netting after it has been subjected to the die forming operation;
Figures 4 and 5 are sectional elevational views respectively of different transverse strands of the mesh shown in Figure 3, Figure 4 illustrating the strand AA of Figure 3, and Figure 5 the strand 3-3 of Figure 3;
v Figure 6 an enlarged detail viewof the dieformed' metal mesh showing the veneer brick or structure of brick or tile veneer and reenforced tile in staggered andspaced relation as efiected by the gripping portions of the mesh;
Figure 7 a cross sectional view of the assembled structures taken along the lines IL- V1 of Figure 6;
Figure 8 a somewhat modified form of metal mesh adapted to hold the veneer brick or slabs at their ends as well as the sides to maintain them in proper spaced relation;
Figure 9 a cross-sectional view illustrating the 5 longitudinal end-spacing elements of Figure 8;
. structure therein illustrated comprises the side wall 1 of a dwelling constituted of-typical weather boards to which is applied a metal mesh generally designated at 2, the mesh being fastened to the side wall 1 bycleats 3 or other suitable fastening means. 4 designates relatively thin brick veneer which is applied to the side wall structure by placing them in gripping portions or pockets especially provided in the mesh reenforcing material, and 5 designates the concrete or mortar applied between the brick joints.
The mesh structure 2 is constructed from a blank as shown in Figure 2 consisting of longitudinal strands 6 of wire or rod and transverse strands 7 which are welded or otherwise fastened at their point of crossing designated at 8.
In Figure 2, the strands 6- and cross strands 'l are illustrated as of substantially the same crosssection but in practice it may be desirable to have either strand of greater cross-section than the other for reasons hereinafter stated. I
After the blank shown in Figure 2 has been formed by welding or otherwise to join the cross strands, it is subjected to a dieforming operation 95 whereby the cross or transverse strands 7 are a bent in the manner shown in Figure 3, such bending operation being produced in any suitable man- T ner as by a rolling die or a pressing die. The cross strands 7 are shown in Figure 3 to be bent in two ways, some of them being distorted to pro vide a series of symmetrical off-set portions 9, 9', 9", etc. between adjacentones of which the strand is formed to receive the width of the relatively thin slab or brick; and other strands such as shown in Figure 5 of the drawings, are constructed of alternate off-set members 10 and slab or brick engaging oil-sets 11 which are in alinement with the brick engaging portions of the cross strands shown in Figure 4. The off-set por- I I E EESSUEB tions 10 of the strands in Figure 5 may be either disposed in a horizontal plane as is illustrated at 12 in Figure 3 or they may be disposed vertically as shown in Figure 3. In either case, they act as spacing elements for the brick veneer to effect staggering of the joints as indicated in Figure 5 of the drawings.
With reference to Figures 4 and 5, it is to be noted that all of the cross strands 7 are so deformed as to employ the same length of wire or rod thereby enabling both cross strands to be formed in a single die forming operation and rendering the fabrication of the mesh less complicated. The dimension W between adjacent off-set members 9 shown in Figure 4 is precisely that of the width ofthe slab which is placed therein and may be somewhat less than the width of the slab so that the latter may be jammed in its seat to be supported by the mesh while the mortar is filled in the spacing joints.
As shown in Figure 5 of the drawings, the brick 4 which consists of a relatively thin slab, say onehalf inch in thickness, is assembled in the reenforcing mesh after the latter has been fastened to the side wall, the brick 4 abutting with one of its end faces against the off-set 12 which constitutes the brick spacing element, and they are further held between the gripping projections '9 of the cross strands to firmly'hold them in position until the mortar 5 is filled in between the brick joints.
The rolling of the mesh form is such that the spacing of the end abutments 12 will locate each brick in its proper place to present the conventional staggered appearance of the joints as shown in Figures 1 and 5 of the drawings, and by constituting the members 1g spacing abutments against which one of the end faces of the brick is placed, the mortar joints between adjacent brick will be of uniform width. The bends and oif-sets of the transverse or cross strands 7 provide for accurate and proper spacing of the mortar joints between adjacent sides of the brick as shown in Figure 3.
When the relatively thin brick veneer or tile slabs have been assembled in the mesh forms or pockets, the tops or outer face of the brick will extend beyond the distorted portions of the mesh as shown in Figure 6 of the drawings, and the longitudinal strands 6 will run through the longitudinal mortar joints of the assembledbrick while portions of the cross strands disclosed in Figure 5 will run through the transverse mortar joints, these strands constituting reenforcing for the mortar joints in which they are imbedded. The completed structure provides an interlocked metal reenforced side wall which is practically indestructable.
In Figures 7 and 8 of the drawings, an additional strand 6a is disposed between the longitudinal strands 6 of the mesh and this intermediate strand is provided with spacing abutments 15 which engage the respective ends of the brick veneer as shown. In this construction, the transverse strands may be of the form of the strand shown in Figure 4 of the drawings, or it may be constructed so that it passes directly below the spacing abutments 15 to which it may be welded and then be depressed for the brick engaging portion of the strand between adjacent spacing members. The brick is disposed between the abutments 15 in the manner shown in Figure 8 and may be held along its side faces in the same manner shown in Figures 1 and 5 of the drawings.
In Figure 9 the cross strands 7 are shown to be slightly deformed in the shape of a bead 16 to produce a spring or clamping action when the brick slab is forced therebetween although the construction shown in the remaining figures oi the drawings is sufficiently springy to provide a clamping engagement of the wire mesh with. the brick.
In applying the above described side wall struc ture to the outer walls of dwelling houses, the wire may be produced in suitable width, say three or four feet, and of any desired length as it is capable of being handled in rolls and for this purpose the cross strands 7 may be of greater cross-section than the longitudinal strands 6 to prevent distortion of the gripping and, spacing abutments.
The wire mesh is unrolled and applied to the side wall by fastening one end thereof and then stretching it if necessary to produce a level mortar joint. The wire mesh is held by the cleats 3 or other anchorage means to the side wall, and the relatively thin slabs 4 of brick or tile are inserted between the off-set abutments 9 which engage the side of the slab and the end abutment 12 or 15 which effect the proper longitudinal spacing of adjacent slabs to produce the staggered effect shown in Figure 5 or for that matter to produce any other desired staggering or distortion of the brick or tile material.
After some or 'all of the brick or tile members have been pressed into the gripping portions of the wire mesh, the .mortar 5 consisting of regular cement or any suitable binding substance is applied by means of a feeding nozzle or with a trowel as desired, and the assembled structure will form a side wall which is strong and durable due to the wire reenforcing, which will not crack and which will produce the appearance of a conventional brick wall structure.
By means of the wire mesh for gripping and reenforcing the brick or tile veneer, the side wall structure can be applied with facility and dispatch in a very economical manner at a fraction of the cost of conventional brick wall structures, and although this form of side wall is particularly intended for remodeling old wooden dwelling houses, it may be utilized as an eflicient and economical brick veneer structure for newly built dwelling houses. The construction lends itself to the forming of multi-colored brick wall since brick or tile of different colors may be assembled in any desired combinations.
Although a specific form of metal reenforcing has been herein illustrated and described, it will be obvious that metal structures of various forms may be employed so long as it is capable of spec-- ing and holding the veneer and subsequently act as a reenforcing structure for the mortar and instead of assembling the veneer blocks in their respective pockets and filling in the mortar joints it is entirely feasible to apply a coating of mortar over the entire wall to which the mesh is applied and then press the veneer blocks into their respective pockets thereby causing the displaced mortar to be extruded between the joints.
l. Ametal mesh for spacing and reenforcing, brick veneer side wall structures, comprising a plurality of parallel strands having connecting strands disposed transversely thereof and joined thereto, some of said connecting strands having off-set portions constituting abutments for en-= gaging the side faces of the brick and other of said connecting strands having ofi-set portions constituting end abutments for said brick, where= its Mill
my, h-1.1 min red relationin to form conven idiots,
2. A struc for mounting brick eneer slabs thereto. d connecting strands having off-set portions constituting spacing abutments for the es of the brick to uniformly hold the brick in ed relation relative to the mortar line and to dispose portions of the strands as reenforce= ts in the mortar joints.
4 A well structure comp rma base surface. mesh of transverse ds secured together at their points oi intersection, certain of said strands helm bent in directions perpendicular to the plane at the wall, to cause some of said strands to lie in a plane spaced from said base surface,
bricks between said bends, the bends beoil such ension as to maintain the horisontal as of vertically adjacent brick in spaced relation to one another and to the horizontal stran, and to permit the embedment ,ofthe horizontal strands by mortar.
5. A composite sidewall structure consisting of wire or i having portions of its strands in spaced relation and out of contact with the wall, another portion in intimate engagement with said wall, means for securing said mesh to the wall, brick slabs and mortar filling said mesh to constitute a brick venecring on said wall with strands of said mesh disposed in the mortar to constitute reinforcing with portions thereof in the mortar Joints between adjacent brick slabs.
6. A composite veneer slab wall structure comlprising a base surface, slab spacing members securedtosaidbasemrfacehavingopeningscxposing large portions of said base surface and 1 having spacing abutmcnts for maintaining mortarlineavcneerslabsbctwccnsaid,
spacing ahutments, and moflar filling the spaces 7. A composite veneer slab wall structure prising a base surface, metal spacing and rein forcing mesh secured to said base surface be:
ing parallel strands and transverse spacing means for spacing the veneer slabs to maintain mortar lines, veneer slabs mounted on said mesh, and mortar the between and hind adjacent slabs and interlocking said sla zen-11 mesh,
. o, A mposite reinforced wall structure com prising a base surface, parallel spacing members secured to said base surface, exposing large por= tions of said base surface and having transverse ly spaced oil-set portions out of contact with said surface for maintaining mortar lines, veneer slabs disposed between the ofi-set portions oi,
said spacing members, and mortar 1 no the spaces between adjacent slabs and betw e oil-set portions of the spacing members, said spacing mbers, veneer slabs and mortar constituting an interlocked unitary wall.
9. A frame or support for a brick or tile veneer wall comprising a plurality of parallel d backing members extending transversely of the longitudinal dimension of the ed frame, and a plurality of laterally spaced longitudinally extending members joined to the backing mem= bers and constituting a lattice frame, the longitudinal members being shaped to constitute spec ing and holding elements for the side and end edges of bricks to be inserted between and supported by said frame, said spacing elements serving to hold the bricks apart to permit the inser embedded said tion of mortar to cement the bricks and the frame 7 into an integral unit.
10. A composite veneer slab wall structure comprising a base surface, a combined metal reinforcing and slab spacing structure secured to said base surface, having openings exposing large portions of said base'surface and having spacmg members for maintaining mortar lines, veneer slabs disposed between said spacing members, and mortar filling the openings in said slab spacing members and enveloping the back and sides of said veneer slabs. said slab spacing members being at least partially embedded in said mortar."