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Publication numberUS1933024 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 31, 1933
Filing dateOct 6, 1931
Priority dateOct 6, 1931
Publication numberUS 1933024 A, US 1933024A, US-A-1933024, US1933024 A, US1933024A
InventorsNagelmann Clemens B
Original AssigneeNagelmann Clemens B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Suturing and ligating instrument
US 1933024 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 31, 1933. c a NAGELMANN 1,933,024

SUTURING AND LIGATING INSTRUMENT Filed Oct. 6. 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet l x /7 Inventor llomey Oct. 31, 1933. c. B. NAGELMANN SUTURING AND LIGATING INSTRUMENT Filed Oct. 6. 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 lnvenlor (/emew E Wage/mama HT g 4 Z i 'fia 3 y 2 flllorney 1933- c. B. NAGELMANN SUTURING AND LIGATING INSTRUMENT Filed Oct. 6. 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 flitomey Patented Oct. 31, 1933 SUTURING AND" LIGATING INSTRUMENT Clemens B; Santa Barbara, Calif, ,Appli cationc October 131931 Serial No. 5 7,279 12 Claims. (01. 128-334) The presentinvention relates to asuturing and ligating instrument of the general type forming the subject matter of my :co-jending application which bears Serial No. 514,223, filed on February 7, 1931, and upon which this invention constitutes an improvement. c

An important object of the present invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth,- a suturing and. ligating instrument embodying a novel construction and arrangement of 1 parts through the medium ofwhich a ligaturegmay benexpeditiously looped and tied; x s

Other, objectsof the invention are to providea suturing and ligating instrument of the character described which will be simple in construetion; strong, durable, efficient andreliable in use andiwhich may be manufactured at low cost. :1

All of the foregoing and stillJfurthergobjects andadvantages of the' invention will become apparent from a study of the following specification, taken in connection with :the accompanying drawings -.wherein like characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout? the several views; and wherein:-

Figure 1 is a view iniside elevation of ,a. suturing'and ligating instrument in accordance with thexpresentinvention. i

'Figure2 is a. view in side elevation showing the instrument partially closed.

V Figure 3 is an enlarged view of the'outer portion of the instrumentmshowing, a ligature mounted thereon and 'ready'to .be looped about or through the tissue; I

Figure 4 is a detail view'in perspective showing one end portion ofthe stripping bar.

Figure 5 is=a detail view principally in vertical section throughthe outer portion of the instrument showing the same in ,closedposition.

Figure 6 is-a detail view in elevation of amend portion ofone of the levers. v

Figure 7 is a view in longitudinal section through :a portion of said one lever which is illustrated in Figure, 6.

Figure 8-is across: sectional view taken substantially on thezline 8-8 of'Figure 7..

Figure 9 is aview showing aligature which has been;partially-tied. I

Figureslo is aview showing aligature in-which the tieing. operation has proceededheyond .the pointshownin Figure 9h g i c. Referring nowto. the drawingsrimdetail, it .will bex-seen that; the instrument constituting the present Linventioncomprisesaa stripping bar '1 on thesopposite; sidesof whichthe: crossedzlevers 2 and 3: arezimounted for: swinging." mowementzl drawings;

Eyes 4 constituting handles are formed integrally with one end of the levers 2 and=3. At its other, end the lever 2 is turned substantially at right angles toward the corresponding end of the lever 3 in a manner to provide a needle 5 which-terminates, at its free end, in ahook 6. A 'substantially tubular housing 'T is slidablymounted on the needle 5 and has formed integrally therewith an extension 8 with which the freerend portion ofa spring" 9 is engaged in a manner to yieldingly urge the: housing 7 toward the free end of the needle 5; r At its other end portion the spring 9 is secured to an intermediate portion of the-lever 2, asat 10'.

The outer end of the stripping bar 1 'isprovided with a' substantially right" angularly disposedportion 11' which-extends toward the bar 2 andwhich terminatesina longitudinally extending offsetportion lzhaving formed integral:

ly therewith a'stripping-eye 13through which; the tubular housing'l'and the needle 5 are operable.v The angular portion 11 of the stripping bar 1 is providedwith' an opening inwhi'ch :is slidably disposed a'tubular sleeve 14 having its end portions flared, as best seen in Figure 5': of .the The purpose of the -sleevel4 willbe presently set forth. The stripping bar 1 is further provided with a guide l5through which is slidable a rod lfi-"hzvinga loop 17 constituting a' handi'e on its inner end. The outer end of-the'roduld has thereona hook 18 for tightening the ligature when the instrumentisin use: V

On the side thereof which is adjacent the lever 2, the outer end portionof the lever 3'has formed therein an elongated notch or recess 19 with the outer-end portion of whiohaslot'20 in the lever 3 communicates; At an intermediate point the lever 3 is further'provided, outwardly of the pivot pin21; with anotherslot 22. A passage 23 establishes communication between the slot 22 and the innerendof the elongated 'notchorreoess shifting said latching bar outwardly. The slot 22 in the lever 3 is for the reecption of the cam 28.

The reference numeral 29 designates a resil- 5 ient hook which is mounted on an inner portion intermediate portion of the ligature 30 is tied in a I 1 loop 31 around the sleeve 14. One end portion of the ligature is then looped around the housing 7, as at 32, and threaded through the sleeve 14 and engaged with the hook 18, as at 33. The

sleeve 14 is supported in its uppermost position when the ligature is tied thereto. The other end portion 34 of the ligature is inserted transversely through the enlarged upper portion of the 81011-7.

gated slot or recess 19 in the lever. 3.

With the ligature left mounted on the instrument, said ligature may be looped and tied to the tissue 35 by swinging the outer end of the lever 3 toward the corresponding ends of the stripping bar 1 and the lever 2. This will cause the needle 5 to pass through the outer portion of the slot or.recess 19 and through the slot 20 of the lever 3, said lever 3 engaging the housing '7 and sliding said housing away from the free end of the needle 5 against the tension of the spring 9;; As the needle 5 enters the slot 20, the cam 28 enters the slot 22 and engages the bar 24, moving said bar outwardly. It will be noted that the end portion 34 of the ligature 30 is engaged on the outer end of the bar 24. The bar 24 moves the ligature 30 into the path or the hook 6 of the needle when said needle is withdrawn from the slot 20. In this manner the end portion 34 of the ligature is engaged by the needle 5 and drawn into the housing '1 when the levers 2 and 3 are swung apart. Of course, this removes the ligature 30 from the slot or recess 19in the lever 3. The slot 2'7 in the plate. 25 is for the passage of the needle 5.

When the levers are in the position shown in Figure 5 of the drawings, the, hook 29 engages the lever 3 and in this manner the stripping bar 1 and said lever 3 are secured together; Thus,

" the stripping bar 1' having the eye 13 thereon and the lever 3 remain relatively stationary when the needle 5 is withdrawn from the slot 20 carrying with it the end portion 34 of the ligature 30. Movement of the-lever 2 away from the locked together lever 3 and the stripping bar 1 withdraws the housing 1 from the eye 13 with the result that the loop 32 of the ligature 30 is stripped from-the housing 7 and now encircles the end portion 34 of said ligature which has been drawn into the housing 7 by the needle 5. It may, perhaps be more correct to say that as the lever 2 is swung away'from the lever 3 and the stripping bar 1 the spring 9 moves the housing 7 toward the free end of the needle 5 for engagement over the end portion 34 of the ligature 30. I

The sleeve 14 is of a diameter to frictionally engage the ligature 30 but to permit sliding movement of said ligature ,therethrough when force is exerted thereon. After the loop 32 has been stripped from the housing '7 by the stripping eye 13, .the rod 16 is slid inwardly and, through the medium of the hook 18,.draws the end-portion 33 of theligature inwardly through the sleeve 14 in a manner to restrict or reduce the loop 32 and to slide thesleeve 14 inwardly through the angular portion 11 of the stripping bar 1 by reason of the frictional contact of the ligature with the sleeve. This inward movement of the sleeve 14 strips the loop 31 of the ligature therefrom by engagement of said loop 31 with the outer face of the angular portion 11. Thus, loops and slip knots have been formed which, by continued inward movement of the rod 16, will tighten and tie the ligature about the tissue. It will be noted that after the loop 31 is stripped from the sleeve 14, the end portion 33 of the ligature passes through said loop 31.

It is believed that the many advantages of a suturing andligating instrument in accordance with the present invention will be readily understood, and although the preferred embodiment of the invention is as illustrated and described, it is to be understood that changes in the details ,of construction and in the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to which will fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. What is claimed is: 1 1. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers pivotally connected to the stripping bar, a needle on one of the levers, the other lever having an opening for the reception of the needle and for a ligature, and means operable by the stripping bar for operatively engaging the ligature with the needle when said needle is in the opening.

. 2. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, apair of crossed levers pivotally-connected to the strippingbar, a needle on one of the levers, the other. lever having an opening for theJreception of the needle and for a ligature,and means operable by the stripping bar for-operatively engaging the ligature with the needle when said needle is in the opening, said means including a bar slidably mounted on said other lever and engageable with the ligature for shifting said ligature into the path of the needle for engagement by said needle as the sameis moving out of the opening, and a cam mounted on the stripping bar for operative engagement with the second named bar.

3. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers pivotally mounted on opposite sides of the stripping bar, a needle on one of the levers, an eye on'the' stripping bar encircling the needle, the otherlever having an opening therein for the reception of the needle and for a ligature, a bar slidably mounted on said other lever for operatively engaging the ligature when the needle is being withdrawn from the opening, a cam on the-stripping bar engageable with the second named bar for actuating the same when -.the stripping bar and said other lever are moved toward each other, and means for locking the stripping bar and said other lever together after they have been moved toward each other.

' '4.-A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers pivotally connected to the stripping bar, said stripping bar having an opening therein, a tubular housing extending slidably through the opening, a needle on one of the levers extending slidably through the housing, resilient means on said one lever engageable with the housing for yieldingly urging the same toward the free end of the needle, said housing adapted to have a ligature looped therearound, the other leverthaving an opening therein for the reception of the needle and for the ligature, means on said other lever for'operatively engaging with the needle as said needle is withdrawn from the opening in said other lever.

5. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers pivotally connected to the stripping bar, said stripping bar having an opening therein, a tubular housing extending slidably through the opening, a needle on one of the levers extending slidably through the housing, resilient means on said one lever engageable with the housing for yieldingly urging the same toward the free end of the needle, said housing adapted to have a ligature looped therearound, the other lever having an opening therein for the reception of the needle and for the ligature, means on said other lever for operatively engaging with the needle as said needle is withdrawn from the opening in said other lever, said means including a bar slidably mounted on said other lever, and a cam on the stripping bar operatively engageable with the second named bar for actuating the same when the stripping bar and said other lever are moved toward each other.

6. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers pivotaily connected to the stripping bar, said stripping bar having an opening therein, a tubular housing extending slidably through the opening, a needle on one of the levers extending slidably through the housing, resilient means on said one operatively engaging with the needle as said needle is withdrawn from the opening in said other lever, said means including a bar slidably mounted on said other lever, and a cam on the stripping bar operatively engageable with the second named bar for actuating the same when the stripping bar and said other lever are moved toward each other, a sleeve slidably mounted on the stripping bar for disposition through a loop in the ligature and for the passage therethrough of the ligature, and means on the stripping bar engageable with the ligature for restricting the loops therein.

7. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a stripping bar, a pair of crossed levers. pivotally connected to the stripping bar, said stripping oar having an opening therein, a tubular housing extending slidably through the opening, a needle on one of the levers extending slidably through the housing, resilient means on said one lever engageable with the housing for yieldingly urging the same toward the free end of the needle,

said other lever are moved toward each other, a sleeve slidably mounted on a stripping bar for disposition through a loop in the ligature and for the passage therethrough of the ligature, and means on the stripping bar engageable with the ligature for restricting the'loops therein, the last named means including a-manually operable rod slidably mounted on the stripping bar, and a hook on one end of the rod for engagement with the ligature.

needle, a housing slidably mounted on the needle,

means for yieldingly urging the housing in one direction on the needle, and an eye on the stripping bar encircling the housing.

9. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a pair of levers and a stripping bar and coacting means on the levers and the stripping bar for supporting and tying a ligature, said means including a needle on one of the levers, the other lever having an opening therein for the reception of the needle, a housing slidably mounted onthe needle, and an eye on the stripping bar encircling the housing.

10. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a pair of levers and a stripping bar, coacting means on the levers and the stripping bar for supporting and tying a ligature, said means including a needle on one of the levers, the other lever having an opening therein for the reception of the needle, a housing slidably mounted on the needle, an eye on the stripping bar encircling the housing, and a spring mounted on said one lever and engaged with the housing for yieldingly urging said housing in one direction on the needle, and means for releasably securing the other lever and the stripping bar together against relative movement.

11. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a pair of pivotally connected levers, a stripping bar pivotally mounted on the levers, and coacting means on the levers and the stripping bar for supporting and tying a ligature, said means including a needle on one of the levers, and a housing slidably mounted on the needle.

12. A suturing and ligating instrument comprising a pair of pivotally connected levers. a stripping bar pivotally mounted on the levers,

and coacting means on the levers and the strip-- ping bar for supporting and tying a ligature, said means including a needle on one of the levers, the other lever having an opening therein for the reception of the ligature and for the reception of the needle, a member slidably mounted on said other lever for engaging the ligature with'the needle, and a member on the stripping bar engageable with the first named member for actuating said firstnamed member.

CLEMENS B. NAGELMANN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2802467 *Nov 4, 1954Aug 13, 1957Mary E McnallyWire loop former
US2895478 *Mar 18, 1954Jul 21, 1959Russell Post CharlesSuture-tying instrument
US3580256 *Jun 30, 1969May 25, 1971Tahan Victor GPre-tied suture and method of suturing
US4596249 *Jul 26, 1983Jun 24, 1986Freda Vincent JImplement for setting sutures
US4644953 *Aug 27, 1984Feb 24, 1987Fritz Gegauf AG Bernina Nahmaschinen FabrikSurgical instrument, more particularly hysterectomium
US5336229 *Feb 9, 1993Aug 9, 1994Laparomed CorporationDual ligating and dividing apparatus
US5397325 *Nov 9, 1993Mar 14, 1995Badiaco, Inc.Laparoscopic suturing device
US5728112 *Sep 22, 1995Mar 17, 1998Yoon; InbaeCombined tissue clamping and suturing instrument
US5797927 *Sep 22, 1995Aug 25, 1998Yoon; InbaeCombined tissue clamping and suturing instrument
US6984237May 22, 2002Jan 10, 2006Orthopaedic Biosystems Ltd., Inc.Suture passing surgical instrument
US7608084 *Sep 23, 2004Oct 27, 2009Ran OrenSuturing instrument and method
US8690898Jun 24, 2005Apr 8, 2014Smith & Nephew, Inc.Suture passing surgical instrument
US8801727Jun 20, 2012Aug 12, 2014Smith & Nephew, Inc.Orthopedic suture passer and method
WO1994017737A1 *Jan 31, 1994Aug 18, 1994Laparomed CorpDual ligating and dividing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/145
International ClassificationA61B17/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/04
European ClassificationA61B17/04