US 1933602 A
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Nov. 7, 1933. SSSSS ER 1,933,602
OOOOOOOOOOOO OL eeeeeeeeeeee t l NNNNNN OR Charles 7/Z er Nov. 7, 1933. c. M. SCHERER 1,933602 COMPANION STOOL Filed July 13, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Charles 77Z. d'c/wrer ATTORNEYO' Patented Nov. 7, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMPANION STOOL Cha'rlesM. Scherer Chicago, in. Application July- 13, 1931. .iS1arial .No. 550,569 4 Clziims. I(Cl. 155-42) My invention relatesto improvements in companion stoo1s, and it consists in the combinations, constructions, and arrangements herein described and claimed.
An object 01 my invention is to provide a plurality of companion stools adaptable for comnection together f01 the purpose of providing a ladder.
A further object is the provision of a pair of companion stools, one of which is adapted to be connected to the other in a manner ada;ptad to provide a. seat higher than either of the companion stools..
A further object is the provision 01 two or more rigid stoo1s, each of which may be used either as an ordinary stool or as a part of a 1adder.
ing means whereby the stools may be secured together 'for the purpose of conserving floor and cubical space.
A furthet object is the provision of companion stools adapted to form rigidly connected elements of a 1adder or elevated platform.
Other objects and advantages will appear in the following speqification, and the novel features of the invention Will be particularly pointed out in the appended c1aims.
My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming part of this application, in which Figure 1 is a front elevational view of one form of my invention, 7
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the device shown in Figure l,
Figure 3 is a section taken along the 1ine 3-3 of Figure 1,
Figure 4 is a front elevational view, part1y in section, of a stool adapted for connection with ehe stool shown in Figure l,
Figure 5 is a front elevational view showing the stools of Figure 1 and Figure4 rigicfly comnected together for the purpose of providing an elevated platform 0r ladder, and
Figure 6 is a fron't elevation showing the shorter stool nested. inside the 1arger sto0l and rigidly connected thereto.
In carrying out my invention, I make use of a stool 1 which may consist of a plurality of nutwa.rd1y extending legs 2, a, seat member 3 baving a downwardly extending rim portion 4 integral therewith, and a transverse bracing member or plate 5 which is similarly provided with a, rim portion 6. 'lhe above-named parts of the stool 1 may be made of metal and may be welded 01 otherwise fixedly secured together.
The seat member 3 is providedwith a -centrally depressed. portion having an apertur'e 8. Ihe bracing member 5 may be simi1'ar in shape to the seat-member 3. It is, however, larger in corresponding horizontal dimensions than said seat 3 and.is adapte(1 130 pcrmit a seat member similarin shape and size to the.seat member 3 to be nested within it, see-Figure 5, -for purpos'es hereinafter disclosed. 7
. The bracing member 5 is provided with a depressed portion 9 and an aperture10, in order that the bracing member 5 and the seat member 3 may be operatively connected together through the openings 8 and 10 substantially as shown.
In Figure 4 I have shown another form of my inventionwhich may be associated with thestool A further object is to provide rigid stools haV-' 1. This form c0mprises a stoo1 12 having legs' 13, cross pieces 13a, and a s6at member 14 which may be similar in shape -so the seat member 3.
The seat member 14 is, however, made larger than the member 3 ahd stna1ler than the brace member in order that the stools 1 and 12 may 'be connected together as shown in Figures 5 and 6. The above mentioned parts of the stoo1 12 may be mzide of the same material as the st ool v and wing nut 17 in a manner adapted to form a 1adder 18. Another st0o1 of the same type as the stool 1 may be secured to the top of the ladder 18 to form a stool o1 ladder having a greater height.
In Figure 6 I have shown the st001 1 nested within the stoo1 12 and connected together by a holt 20 and a wing*nut 21. The head of the holt 20 may be round and s1otted and is preierab1y of such a size that it does not extend above the upper surface of the bracing member 5.
As is clearly shown in Figures 5 and.6 the width cf the bracing member 5 is greater than that of the seat member 14, which in turn is of greater width than the seat member 3. The depressed portions 7, 9 and 15 are provided sq that the members may be 'operatively connected by the holt means 17 in such a manner that the top portion of the holt will not intefferewith the proper use of the seat.
It is obvious that any reasonable number of stools 1 may be connected together to form a ladder. The seat member 1 of each lower stool is readily receivable underneath the' bracing member 5 of the adjacent superimposed stool.
1. A pair of companion stools, each comprising a seat and. supporting legs, the relative dimensions of said seats and the spacing of said 1egs being such that one of said stools can be nested between the legs 0f the second stool With Said seats in contact, said first stoo1 being prdvided with a transverse bracing member secured to tha legs intermediate the ends thereof, the spacing of the 1egs 0f said first stoo1 beneath said brcing member being sufficient to enable[said st0ol to s1ide downwardly over the sea.t 0f said second stool until seid bracing member contacts with the seat of said second stool and detachable means f01 securing the seat of said. second"stool to theseat of said first stoo1or to said. bracing member when saidsoolg are in eithgar the first memberbeing spaced apart sufiiciently 20 enable the same t0 be moved downwardly over the seat of said second stoel to;cause saiql bracing meinber and rim 130 nst over h seat of said second stool, and means fer detachably securing gaid bra.cing
member an d seat together to form syr igid unit 3. A pair of companion stools each having a seat and a plurality of supporting legs, one of said stools having a transversely disposed bracing member secured to each of the legs intermediate the ends thereof, the portions of 'said 1egs beneath said bracingmember being spaced apart sufliciently to enable' the same to be moved downwardly over thev upp er end of said second stoo1 until said bracing member contacts With the seat 01' he second stool, said bracing member havihg' a projecting portion on its lower surface, said seatr of said Second stool having a recess in it.s upper surface registering With said project- "ing portion of said bracing member for receiving the same and means for securing said bracing member and seat in contacting relation t0 form a rigid structure.
4;. A paii ofc ompanion stools each comprising a sea t and a plurality of depending legs, the legs of on'e stooi being shorter and the seat thereof being smalle1t in cqrresponding horizontal dime'nsions t1'1an Ehe s eat'of the second stool Whereby said first stoo1 can be positio ned entirely within the'spac'defined by the seat and th 1eg5 of said second stool With the sea-ts there'of' in co'ntact, said, firs'av 512001 havinga transverse brac ing memher. s'ecteiito the legS thereofintermediat their ends, said legs'of first stoo1 below said bracing member bei ng spaced apart; sufiiciently wher.eby said 'fi'rs t st0ol can bei moved downwardly over th e upper end o.f the second stool t 1 S m. bracin member contacts witlithe 'seat cf said' s'c0nd stool, and meians foi detachably sec uring the s ea t of said second stool to the seat of saidfirst stool 'or to sa id bracing member when said'sto0l; a;re in the first or seco nd mentioned relative 1i ositi'ons respectively.
CHARLES 1 vr. SCHERER, f