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Publication numberUS1934760 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 14, 1933
Filing dateMay 25, 1931
Priority dateMay 25, 1931
Publication numberUS 1934760 A, US 1934760A, US-A-1934760, US1934760 A, US1934760A
InventorsAwbrey Samuel C
Original AssigneeFloor Accessories Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Construction tie
US 1934760 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV. 14, 1933. I s Q AWBREY 1,934,760

CONSTRUCTION TIE Filed May 25, 1951 M 70 Jaw/ye! 67/722 22? W A TTORNEYS.

Patented Nov. 14:, 1933 r race CONSTRUCTION. TIE

' Samuel C; Awbrey, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to Floor Accessories Company, Inc., Kansas City, Mo., acorporation of Missouri Application M 25,1931. Serial No. 539,85?

9[Claims. (c1. 72 101 This invention relates to a wall tie for building structures and particularly to'that type of wall tie adapted for use in astructure having a main Wall-element to WhlChlS to be-secured a facing of brick, stone, terra cotta, or any other blockshaped material. y One of the principal objects of this invention is the provision of a simple and efficient means for bindingthe facing element to the main wall. Another object of the present invention is the provision of a wall tie having an especially formed anchoradapted to be fitted into a channel formed in the face of the wall to clampingly engage the sides thereofg'said anchor being made of, resilient material and constructed to eliminate acci dental movement of theanchor when positioned in the channel and at the same time to permit it to be moved longitudinallythereinx for adjustment for positioning it in proper relation to the courses of the facing material.

Other objects of theinvention are simplicit and economy of construction,. ease and convenience of installation, and accuracy and stability of operation. With'these'general objectsin view, reference will now be had to the accompanying drawing, in which: V

Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a building structure comprising a concrete wall and a facing element secured thereto in accordance with the principles of this invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, sectional view showing the wall tie in operative position in'a building structure.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged, detached, perspective view of one form of the anchor member.

Fig; 4 is a perspective View of. the anchor member shown in operative relation rod of modified form. V

Figs. 5 and 6, respectively, are plane and side elevation views of a modified form of the anchor member, which is adapted for use without anchor rods.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of the anchor member adapted for use in a dove-tail slot, and, i

Fig. 8 is a plane anchor member adapted to fit in a channel which is zig-zag in cross section and so constructed whereby opposite sides thereof are parallel.

Like reference characters designate similar parts throughout the several views and the numeral 10 designates a main building wall or columns'thereof,.constructed of concrete or similar material. A facing element 12, made of brick, stone, terra cotta, or the like, is usually of rela- Withan anchor a length that the portion adjacent the closed end view of a modified form of. the

tively thin structure and necessarily must be secured to the main wall in order to hold it in proper position. This facing element is made of material usually of a block form, and is laid in courses, the meeting lines of which cannot be definitely determined, thus making it necessary to provide a tie member thatis adjustable vertically so that these elements may be properly po sitioned. A suitable channel member 14 is secured by nailing to the inner face of the form Wall during the construction of the-building,'in such a manner that when the concrete has been poured and the form boards removed, a channel with itsentrance at the outer surface of'the wall will be formed therein. It'is apparent that this channel may be of many forms since it is only necessary that it have offset portions in the side walls thereof to preclude outward movement of the anchor transversely of the channel member. The form of channel member as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 provides for corrugated side Walls 16, so constructedthat oppositely disposed channels and ridges are presented by the two side walls, thus producing a symmetrical cross sectional area.

, However, it is apparent that-channels of other cross sectional views may be used to conform to the anchors 7 and 8, or any other anchor having. equivalent anchoring oifsets. Furthermore, it is apparent that these channels may be formed in the Wall material itself and the metal channel eliminated. The anchor 18 is preferably made of substantially U-shape'with a portion 20 thereof adjacent its free ends shaped to conform to the 7 cross sectional area of the channel member. Moreover, the legs of this anchor arepreferably, outwardly diverging, for purposes hereinafter set forth. The anchor is preferably made ofsuch a thereof will extend outwardly beyond the chan:

nel a distance which will not interfere with the proper placing of the facing element. I

While the above is the preferred construction,

it is apparent that this anchor might in certain cases, be so constructed as to lie wholly within the confines of the channel member. For the reception of suitable anchor rods 21, similar open ings 22 are formed in the legs of the anchor member 18 for the reception of the angled end portion 24 thereof. The outer ends 26 of the rods 21 are also bent at right angles to the main body and are adapted to enter recesses 28 formed in the facing element 12. I I V In wall ties of this type one of the main difiiculties experienced has been due to the fact that the anchor members would have a tendency to fall downwardly in the vertically disposed slots during chor 18 are inserted in the slot, then turned to the positions shown in Figs. 1 and2 so that due to the angularity of the legs and to the fact that the portions 20 are shaped to substantially conformto the cross sectional contour of the channel, a

clamping of the anchor to the side walls 16 will bev effected. As stated above, the anchor 18 ispreferably made ofresilient material which will permit the closing together of the portions'20-during the turning operation of the anchor while being inserted in the slot. When so positi0ned,the anchor will maintain its fixed relation relative to the slot, but can be moved longitudinally therealong when the workman exerts a slight pressure thereon. When the anchor is properly positioned, the anchor rods are properly positioned, as shown in Figs. land 2, mortar is laid to form the joint of the facing element, and thewall is continued upwardly in the usual manner.

Usually the space between the main wall 10 and the facing wall 12 is filled with a suitable material 30. When the single anchor rod 40, as shown in Fig. 4, is used, it is inserted through the loop formed by the anchor member with its bent ends 42 turned downwardly to engage recesses formed in the blocks of the facing element. This form has the advantage of producing a tie element, the parts of which are securely united to preclude accidental displacement. The unitary structure shown in Figs. 5 and 6 is such that no anchoring rods need be used and consists of a strip of sheet metal rebenton itself to form a body portion 50 with its free ends 52 spaced apart and outwardly diverging, and similarly'shaped to conform to the crosssectional area of the slot in which it is to be used.

i The closedend 54 of the body portion is turned at an angle to the body portiono'f the anchor, thus presenting an element adapted to be inserted .in a recess formed in a stone or other facing tially similar to that shown inFig. 3, with the exception that the outer portion 60 thereof are of dove-tail shape to conform to the similarly shaped channel members. Also, openings'62, formed in opposite legs 'of the anchor, are so formed and positioned as to receive the anchoring rods in spaced apart relation. The zig-zag shape of the free end portions '70 present a structure which is adapted for use in a channel member in which the distance between like points of the side walls is always equal. In other words, the width of the opening of the channel is similar to the width of the interior of the channel in any plane parallel with the plane of the opening.

The invention as illustrated and described provides an adjustable method of anchoring brick, stone and terra cotta to concrete that gives the highest degree of strength, with substantial econ-- omies in time and labor, eliminates the necessity of measuring the course heights and the especially constructed anchors conform to the undulations of the slot and give a four-fold anchorage, preventing looseness between the anchor and the slot so that the pulling resistance is equally distributed to all anchors alike.

It is not desired to limit this invention to the structure shown and described since many modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. In a wall tie a channel member having its side walls formed at angles other than right angles 'to the base wall thereof, and a resilient substantially U-shapedanchor formed to clampingly engage the inside walls of said channel with the closed end portion thereof extending outwardly therefrom.

2. In a wall tie a channel member having an entrance narrower than the interior thereof, and a substantially U-shaped resilient anchor formed to .clampingly engage the inner walls of said channel with the closed portion thereof extendingoutwardly therefrom.

:3. In a wall tie a channel member having an entrancenarrower than the interior thereof, and a substantially U-shaped resilient anchor having its :free ends shaped to conform to the cross sectional area of said channel, said ends being relatively positioned'to clampingly engagethe walls of said channel when in the operative position.

4. A wall tie comprising a channel member having an entrance narrower than the interior thereof, and a substantially U-shaped resilient anchor. having outwardly diverging legs formed to expand longitudinally of saidchannel clampingly engage the walls of said channel.

'5. In a wall tie a channel member having a entrance narrower than the interior thereof, and a U-shaped anchor formed to clampingly. engage the side walls of said channeland having openings formed in the legs adjacent the closed end thereof which is. positioned outside of said channel.

6. ma wall tie a channel member having an entrance narrower than the interior thereof, a substantially U-shaped resilient anchor formed to clampingly engage the side walls of said channel and anchor rods adjustably attached to said anchor.

'7. In a buildingconstruction a wall, the body material whereof is shaped to form a groove in the face of the wall, the entrance to said groove being narrower than the interior thereof, a sup-I ported element, and a substantially U-shaped resilient anchor having legs adapted to be spaced apart longitudinally in said groove to clampingly engage the walls thereof and an element connecting said supported element tosaid' clamp.

8. The combination with a channel member havinginclined side walls, of a U-shaped anchor made of resilient material and having the adjacent edges of the opposite legs thereof similarly shapedto substantially conform to the shapeof the inner surface of the side wallof the channel.

9. In a wall tie, a channel member having an entrance narrower. than the interior thereof and a substantially U-shaped anchor having its free ends shaped to substantially conform to the cross sectional area of said channel and adapted to be gage the side walls thereof.

SAMUEL C. AWBREY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3266202 *Oct 3, 1961Aug 16, 1966F & S Wrought Iron Mfg CorpCeiling hanger
US3341998 *Apr 23, 1965Sep 19, 1967Aa Wire Products CoFlexible reinforcement joint for masonry wall reinforcement
US3827205 *Dec 29, 1972Aug 6, 1974Barbera EBuilding wall construction
US3890753 *Mar 13, 1973Jun 24, 1975Johansen Joergen SkouboCeiling or wall covering
US4002001 *Feb 24, 1975Jan 11, 1977Uydess Samuel BWall stud for securing plasterboard
US4408428 *Sep 28, 1982Oct 11, 1983United States Gypsum CompanySuspended panel ceiling having impact absorbent panel retaining clip assemblies
US4606163 *Sep 9, 1985Aug 19, 1986Dur-O-Wal, Inc.Apertured channel veneer anchor
US4843776 *Jul 19, 1988Jul 4, 1989Alvin GuignardBrick tie
US5035099 *Sep 13, 1989Jul 30, 1991Lapish Ernest BWall tie
US5590504 *Nov 12, 1992Jan 7, 1997Signfix LimitedMounting devices
US5862641 *Apr 23, 1997Jan 26, 1999Lea-Con, Inc.Kiln anchor
US6119427 *Apr 29, 1998Sep 19, 2000Louisville Cooler Manufacturing Co.Apparatus and method of modular panel construction
US6151843 *Feb 1, 1999Nov 28, 2000We-Mar, Inc.Prefabricated wall panels connecting system
US7225590 *Jul 14, 2003Jun 5, 2007The Steel Network, Inc.Brick tie
US8516768 *May 11, 2011Aug 27, 2013Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of AmericaMasonry wall anchor and seismic wall anchoring system
US8561366 *Oct 21, 2010Oct 22, 2013Antonello GASPERIConnection system for connecting construction elements suitable for use in the construction of buildings
US8904731 *Feb 28, 2013Dec 9, 2014Columbia Insurance CompanyLaser configured hook column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US9458626 *Mar 7, 2013Oct 4, 2016Columbia Insurance CompanyLaser configured column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US20110094183 *Oct 21, 2010Apr 28, 2011Gasperi AntonelloConnection system for connecting construction elements suitable for use in the construction of buildings
US20120260599 *Dec 13, 2010Oct 18, 2012Sergio ZambelliAnchoring device for connecting manufactured components for the construction of buildings
US20120285111 *May 11, 2011Nov 15, 2012Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of AmericaMasonry wall anchor and seismic wall anchoring system
US20140250814 *Mar 7, 2013Sep 11, 2014Mitek Holdings, Inc.Laser configured column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
EP2314778A1Oct 20, 2010Apr 27, 2011Antonello GasperiConnection system for connecting construction elements suitable for use in the construction of buildings
WO2011076606A1 *Dec 13, 2010Jun 30, 2011Sergio ZambelliAnchoring device for connecting manufactured components for the construction of buildings
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/710, 52/713, 52/714, 52/379
International ClassificationE04B1/41
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/4107
European ClassificationE04B1/41B