US 1935901 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 2 1, 1933. B. D. AUGENBLICK ,9
METHOD OF AND MEANS FOR DYEING EASTER EGGS Filed Aug. 15, 1930 ii\\\\\\i\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ INVEN TOR.
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Patented Nov. 21, 1933 METHOD OF AND MEANS FOR DYEING EASTER EGGS Benjamin 1). Augenblick, Springfield Gardens,
N. Y., assignor to Fred Fear & Company,' Brooklyn, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 13, 1930. Serial No. 474,904
This invention relates to a method of forming Easter egg dye and means for applying it which is simple in process and structure, economical of manufacture, and facile and eflicient in applica- 6 tion.
An object of the invention is to provide a new and improved method of dyeing Easter eggs.
A further object of the invention is to provide simple and inexpensive devices for use in connec- 10 tion with dyeing Easter eggs.
A further object of the invention is to provide a method of dyei g Easter eggs whereby a varicolored effect me. be secured.
A further object is to provide means for obtaining a varicolored effect in a positive, facile and efficient manner.
Further objects of the invention will appear more fully hereinafter.
The invention consists substantially in the process of producing the dye and the process of application thereof, as well as the instrumentalities employed in connection therewith.
Referring to the drawing-- I Figure 1 illustrates one simple and inexpensive instrumentality employed in accordance with my invention for obtaining a varicolored effect;
Fig. 2 shows a modified form of carrier for the dye embodying my invention;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view thereof taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2 lookingin the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 3 is a similar view showing a slightly modi-" fied structure;
Fig. v4-is a sectional view showing a still further modified structure; and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view in plan showing one method of carrying the dye of my invention.
The same part is designated by the same reference character wherever it occurs throughout the several views.
It is among the special purposes of my invention to provide a dye for Easter eggs which may be conveniently prepared and preserved on a suitable carrier which facilitates the use thereof in actually applying the dye to the surface of an egg shell. It is among the special objects of my invention to provide a dye and a method of application thereof with instrumentalities used in connection therewith which will permit a varicolored effect to'be imparted to the egg shell, making it possible to obtain an extremely beautiful varicolored effect resembling mosaic, colored marble, etc.
In accordance with my invention I employ a suitable coloring such as soluble oil colors which wax, etc.
I mix with a suitable body which, under normal operatively dry temperature conditions, is sub-- stantially non-soluble. The dye in this form is mounted upon any suitable carrier and is preserved until it is desired to use the same. The dye is then subjected to heat or moisture, or both, as desired, and the body and soluble oil color form into a liquid film which (when used in connection with the liquid) floats on the surface of the liquid.
An egg with its shell surface suitably dried when dipped into the liquid with the film on the surface thereof causes the soluble oil colored film to adhere thereto whereby the color of the film is transferred to the egg shell and the desired varicolored effect obtained.
With particular reference to the creation of the dye on the compounded oil soluble colors with 2 suitable body, such as gums, waxes, acids, etc., as a specific illustration the body may be composed of stearic acid, one or more gums, such as rosin (which is a synthetic gum) or karya gum, and one or more waxes, such as beeswax, parafiin, match The body is compounded with the soluble oil colors. While I do not desire to be limited or restricted in this respect I prder, for reasons which will be hereinafter set forth, to form separate bodieswith a separate soluble oil color, such for example as red, blue, green, orange, yellow, etc. If desired (although this 'step is not essential) a drying material, suchas shellac or dextrin, may be added to the compound. The compound thus formed is then placed upon a suitable carrier and allowed to dry. When it is desired to use the dye thus formed the carrier is preferably immersed for a short period of time into a liquid, such for example as water, which liquid is preferably, though not necessarily, heated. The body thus immersed melts or dissolves and forms a film on the surface of the liquid.
An egg, preferably a boiled egg, with its surface cleaned and dry, and preferably at room temperature, is immersed in the liquid and the film floating on the surface thereof will then adhere to the surface of the egg shell. When 100 allowed to dry it will be found that the dye has been perfectly imparted to the surface of the egg shell. So closely does the film adhere to the surface that it may be rubbed briskly to have imparted thereto a decided luster without re- 105 moving the dye that has been applied thereto.
Referring to the drawing as illustrating various types of carriers for the dyeing material, viz: the compound formed of the body'and soluble oil color, I have shown in Fig. 4 a compound 0 paper.
(illustrated in its dry condition) as applied (for example by dipping) to a single stick, such for example as a match stick which may be of wood, cardboard, or other suitable material designated by the reference character 1, the compound being applied to the tip thereof as at 2. Instead of using a small stick, as illustrated in Fig. 4, a fiat piece of material, such as cardboard, paper, wood or the like, may be used as illustrated at 3, Fig. 2, and the dye material may be imparted to the end thereof either on one side, as illustrated in Fig. 3 by application with a brush, dropper or the like,
'or on both sides, as illustrated in Fig. 3, by a dipping process which may extend to only the tip end of the carrier 3 or to any portion of the length thereof.
In Fig. 5, I have shown an arrangement whereby the coloring material is applied to a sheet of In this arrangement the sheet of paper is provided with insulating barriers 5 extending throughout the length thereof, which "insulating barriers may be formed by a line of shellac. The coloring material is then placed in the spaces 6 between the insulating barriers, preferably with a different color in each insulating barrier.
I will now describe how a varicolored effect is obtained. In one instance the carrier illustrated in Figs. 2, 3, 3, and 4 may have their tips formed with a combination of soluble oil colors whereby the use of any one tip will eifect a varicolored film on the surface of the liquid. Or, if desired, a number of individual carriers 1 or 3 may be provided each with a different color and the carriers dipped one at a time in the same liquid to thereby eifect the varicolored efiect. The degree of varicoloring of course will be dependent on this instance upon the number of different colored sticks that are dipped into the liquid.
In the arrangement shown in Fig. 5 the strip of paper may be torn off, for example along the dotted line 7, so that the transverse section of paper contains thereon a small part of each of the different colors desired and this paper dipped into the liquid as hereinbefore described to obtain the varicolored effect.
A still further arrangement is that shown in Fig. 1 wherein a forked carrier 7 provided with a plurality of prongs 8 has the body and soluble oil color compound formedat the end of the prong, for example, by dipping as in the case of Figs. 2 and 4. The carrier 7 is then dipped in the liquid so that all of the prongs are immersed therein at one time. It will be readily understood that dependent upon the number of prongs and the colors provided for each thereof any desired varicolored effect may be obtained. In
all instances the film on the surface of the of the surface of the liquid by the insertion and dropped into the water or other liquid so as to form the film on the surface thereof.
I do not claim in this application the method or apparatus for dipping the carriers of the forms herein illustrated as that will form the subject matter of a separate application.
Many modifications and changes in details will readily occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention as defined in the claims, but having now set forth the objects and nature of my invention and having shown and described the structures embodying the principles thereof what I claim as new, useful and of my own invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. Means for imparting varicolored effects to egg shells comprising a carrier to be inserted in water having a plurality of separate substantially dry dyes, each consisting of a mixture of oil soluble color with a wax and a higher fatty acid and rendered into a floating fluid on immersion in water in which the eggs are dipped.
2. Means for imparting varicolored effects to egg shells comprising a carrier having a body, a plurality of spaced rigid projections carried by said body each projection carrying a mixture of oil soluble color with a wax in a higher fatty acid in a substantially dry state and said mixtures being rendered into a floating fluid on immersion of said projections in water in which the eggs are dipped.
3. Means for imparting varicolored effects to egg shells comprising a carrier comprising a sheet of fibrous material tearable along substantially parallel transverse lines and a plurality of spaced apart longitudinal barriers formed on said sheet over the length thereof, and a plurality of differently colored dyes in substantially dry state and each consisting of a mixture of oil soluble color with a wax of a higher fatty acid BENJAMIN D. AUGENBLICK.