US 1936129 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 2l, 1933. A. J. FlsK 1,936,129
METHOD OF TREATING THE SKIN AND DEVICE THEREFOR Filed Deo. l, 1931 @j EN Patented Nov. 2.1., 1 933 UNITED *sim*Esv PATENroFl-ICE METHOD or' TREATING THE smN'AND DEVICE THEREFOR.
Andrew J. Fisk, Sverres,YGi-eece y Application December 1, 1931.l serial No. 578,349V
. 7 ci'aims. (01,1284397) 'A 'I'his invention relates to the treating of the skin andpertains particularly toxa method of cleansing the skin and av device-for use in carrying out the method.
The primary object `of the present invention is to provide a new method of removing creamsr and greases from the skinin the treatment thereof.
In beauty treating methods asatpresent followed cleansing of the skin is effected by Arubbing,-vibrating and applying muds, etc., and the creams and lotions which are also used are removed by the use of `towels or cleaning tissues.
The present invention eliminates these operations by drawing or sucking the creams andlotions from the surface ofthe skin by means of an especially vdesigned device. 1 i
A furtherobject of the invention is, therefore, to provide a method of cleansing the skin by suction.
A still further v biectof-the invention is to pro- A4vide a device which will automatically operate when applied to the' surface of `the skin to draw creams, lotions and impurities Afrom the pores and surface of the skin by suction.
The'in-vention will be best understood from a .consideration of thefollowing detailed descrip- .tion taken in connectionwith the accompany- `ingdrawing forming part of this specification, with the understanding, however, that the inlvention is not confined to any strict conformity v.with the 'showing of the drawing but may be 4in elevation; Y-
Figure 3 is -a View partly in elevation and partly in sectionof a modified form of the skin cleaning vFigure 4 is a detailed sectional view of a modiiiedform of head-piecefor the cleaning element.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing wherein like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, the numeral l, indicates the portion ofthe presyent'device which will hereinafter be referred to as the suction cleaner. Thissuction cleaner is connected by a suitableflexible tube 2 with a receiving receptacle 3 which in turn is connected with a receptacle 4, by means ofa suitable pipe or tubing 5, in which a reduced pressure is maintained'by means of the suction pump which is indicated generally bythe numeral 6. Y
` The receptacle 3 is preferably provided with a seriesv of bailles '7 which will'interfere with the direct passage of creams or lotions and other matter taken up from the skin by the vacuum cleaning device 1, passing directly into the reduced pressure tank 4.- It will, ofcourse, be obvious that the pipe line 2 mayv be connected directly with the tank 4 but it is preferred that the intermediate collecting vreceptacle be employed. Y
The vacuum cleaning device head which is'indicated generally by the numeral 8 and a handle 9 which is in the formv of a tubular body, and which has mounted thereon'a hand' grip 10. In .the preferred form `the tubular handle 9 has its forward'end turned laterally as indicated at 11 and there is mounted thereinv a valve'element 12 which has a suitably positioned head 13 upon which the finger or thumbl of the operator may be conveniently pressed for opening the passage through the handle.
The outer face of the portion 14 of the cleaner head is provided with a numberof longitudinally Adirectedslots 16 and these. slots receive the inwardly extending pins 1 7 whichare carried by thereciprocable portion 18 of the head into which the inner .portion 14 extends in the manner shown. This reciprocable portion 18 has a reduced outer end 19 whichy is eXteriorly threaded and at a point substantially midway betweenits ends it is formed to provide the interior shoulder20 against which is' positioned a gasket 21. As will beseen the pins 17 prevent the turning' of the reciprocable portion 18 upon the inner portion 14 and also limit its outward movement and when the portion 18 is moved inwardly the gasket 21 will be brought to `bear vagainst the forward 4end of the inner portion 14.
The outer end of the head 8 is covered by the cap 22 which is provided with a threaded flange which-engages about the reduced end 119 of the end of this portion and a suitable gasket 23 is interposed between the ange of the cap andthe opposing surface of the portionv 18 to which it portion 18, thus securing the cap over the outer is secured. This cap 22 is provided with a pluf rality of relatively fine apertures lor passages 24 through which air is drawn when the device is in use and also the creams, lotions vand other matter which isuremoved from the skin being Mounted for oscillation within the inner or xed Y portion 14 of the head, is a bar 26. This bar is so located that one end thereof is disposed above the end of the turned portion 11 of the handle 9 and it is connected by means of a link 2'7 with a valve plug 28. This valve plug 28 positions upon a suitable seat 29 located in the end of the handle and at the inner end of the plug there is mounted within the handle the guide 30 through which extends pin `Slwhich projects from the longitudinal center of the adjacent end of the plug.
The other end of the bar 26 is connected by a Y link 32, with the reciprocable portion 18 of the head as illustrated so that when the outer ,or reciprocable portion of the head, which carries the cap 22, is moved inwardly the bar 25 will be oscillated and the plug 28 removed from its seat.
In Figure 3 there is shown a slightly modified form of the skin cleaning device. In this form the head, which is indicated as a whole by the numeral 33, is of thesame construction as the head 8 but the reduced end of the xed portion thereof, which is here indicated by the numeral 34, is secured directly in the end oie-a straight handle which is indicated generally by Vthe numeral 35.
The opposite end of this straight handle is suitably formed to have the suction tube 2 connected therewith.
o sure in the tank 4 and when the valve 12 has been I opened, by pressing the cap of the suction head against the skin surface, the outer or reciprocable part of the head will move inwardly and thus unseat the valve 28 topermit air to be drawn in through the apertures 24. In this manner the vsubstances to be removed from the skin will be drawn in through the head and will pass through the handle of the device and through the tube 2 into the collection receptacle 3. As soon as the head of the cleaner is removed from the surface of the skin the suction will draw the valve 28 to its seat and thus the suction will be shut off.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is: n
1. A suction skin cleaner comprising a hollow body having a portion designed to be passed over vthe surface of the skin, said portion having inlet vapertures therethrough, means for coupling a rsuction apparatus with said hollow body, valve means controlling the passage of air from said body to said suction means, said body having that portion in which the apertures are formed separate from the remainder thereof and movable relative thereto, the said means constituting a unit separate and independent from the separate and movable portion of the head, and means operated by the movement oisaid apertured portion for actuating said valve.
2. A suction skin cleaning device comprising a hollow body formed in two portions, one thereof receivingV and sliding upon the other, an apertured head iorming a part of the sliding portion and vdesigned to be passed over the surface of the skin, means for coupling a suction device With the other portion of the head, a reciprocable valve `element in the body controlling communication between the same and said coupling meansand Y constituting a unit separate and independent from the body portions, and connecting means betweensaid valve and the apertured movable `portion of the head whereby movement of said apertured portion will actuate the valve.
3. A suction skin cleaning device comprising a hollow body constituting a head, said body being divided to form a fixed and a movable portion, said movable portion sliding on said fixed portion, an apertured cap forming a partof the movable portion and designed to be passed over the surface of the skin to be treated, anoutlet for said xed portion, a Vtubular body connected with said outlet and adapted to have a suction element connected therewith, a valve seat in said outlet, a valve body on said seat, and link mechanism connecting said valve with'said movable portion of the head whereby inward movement of said movable portion upon thefixed portion will cause the valve to be unseated. v Y
.4. A skin cleaning implement comprising a body divided intwo parts one of which has a hollow headV having an apertured Vface wall,` that part of the head having the apertured wallhaving movement relative to the other partfof the head means for coupling` a suction apparatus with the head for reducing the pressure rthere-- in, a normallyV closed valve between the head and said means, and means operated to shift the yvalve toward said wall and to openV position upon the movement of the said face wall through its application to the surface to be cleansed.
5.`A skin cleaning implement, comprising a hollow body constituting 'a head having an apertured face wall, said head 'being formed in two portions connected for relative movement, means for coupling a suction apparatus to that -portion not having the apertured face, a valve in L the head controlling the suction of air therefrom by the apparatus, said valve including a movable member, and coupling means between the apertured wall carrying portion of the head and said movable member whereby.` the latter is moved in opposition to the last mentioned portioned to open the valve.
6. A skin cleaning implement, comprising a hollow body formed in two sections which are connected for relative movement, one of said sections having a tubular body connected therewith for the coupling of a'suctionapparatuswith the body, the other o said portions having an icc isc
apertured face wall, a valve seat'formed in said head, a link connecting the said element at oneL side of its'pivotal center with said valve plug, and a link connecting said oscillatory element at the other side of its pivotal center with the apertured wall carrying portion of the head. Vf
` ANDREW J. FISK.