|Publication number||US1936300 A|
|Publication date||Nov 21, 1933|
|Filing date||Jun 11, 1932|
|Priority date||Jun 11, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1936300 A, US 1936300A, US-A-1936300, US1936300 A, US1936300A|
|Inventors||John H Guss|
|Original Assignee||John H Guss|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. H. GUSS METAL DOOR Nov. 21, 1933.
Filed June 11, 1932' 2 Sheets-Sheet l Nov. 2l, 1933. J. H. Guss 1,936,300
METAL DOOR Filed June 11,. 1932 2 sheets-sheet 2 gmc/Hm:
John JI. G/uss www.
Patented Nov. 21, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
My invention relates to new and useful improvements in doors, and more particularly to a door made up of a plurality of metal sections which are, in turn, light in weight and relatively cheap to-manufacture.
One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a door made up of a plurality of metal sections, which door will be especially suitable for small garages, twarehouses, steamer docks or other buildings where a light metal door of nre-proof construction and light weight is especially desirable.
Another object of the invention is to provide a door made up of a plurality of metal tubes that may either be rolled up into a cylinder over the top of the doorway or may be pulled back in an outstretched condition over the top of the doorway and then lowered, when desired.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a metal door made up of three different types of metal sections, that is. a head tube or top section, a number of intermediate sections, and a lowermost section. The lowermost section is designed to tightly rest on. a curved threshold plate to thus prevent any snow or rain from being blown under the door.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a door that may be relatively light in weight so that it may be raised by the employment of a small motor or may be raised by a chain and sprocket arrangement.
With these and other objects in View, the invention consists in certain new and 4novel Varrangements and combination of parts, as will hereinafter be more ully described and pointed out in the claims.
Referring now to the drawings showing one embodiment,
Fig. 1 is a vertical section of a portion of a garage and showing one form of installation of the door and the latter being in its closed position;
Fig. 1a is an enlarged detail sectional view of a portion of Fig. 1;
Fig. '2 is a front elevation of a door in place, the parts being broken in the center for convenience of illustration;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail sectional view on the line 3-3of Fig. 2, of one end of a tube mounted in the guideway;
Fig. 4 is a detail section showing shaft or tube;
Fig. 5 shows one of the intermediate tubes; Fig. 6 is a view showing the final tube adapted to fit over the threshold plate;
the head (Cl. 18S-46) the doorway is a channel 4 in which Iits the ends of the tubular sections 5, which will shortly be described in detail. The channel 4 curves near the upper edge of the doorway, as at 6,
and extends rearwardly, as at '7, as may be clearly seen.
In Fig. l, there may be seen a sprocket 8 at the rear of the,guideway which, in turn, is driven by a shaft and pinion 9, the shaft, in turn, being driven from the motor 12, which may be conveniently located. Over the sprocket 8 and two other sprockets 8' and 8" passes a chain 9' which, in turn, is to be connected to the upper and lower ends of the door, so that a driving of the sprocket 8 will raise or lower the door, as desired.
Of course, any form of connection with the motor and sprocket might be used and, if necessary, a reducing box or any other connection with the motor to. properly drive the sprocket may be utilized.
The electrical connection with the motor may be a box 13 located slightly to one side of the doorway and out in front of the door, so that if desired the driver of the automobile may reach 90 out and press a desired button to thus raise or lower the door by the operation of the motor.
I have not shown any specific type of control in this electrical box, and it willbe understood that any desired control may be used, sol that if one button is pushed, for instance, the door will raise and the motor automatically cut on? when the door has reached its upper limit, while, in the same way, if another button is pushed, the door may be lowered and the motor cut oi when the door has properly descended.
Referring now more specifically to the gist of the invention, reference is made to Figs. 4, 5 and 6, and referring specifically to Fig. 4, there will be seen a tubular section 14 which may be rolled or pressed out of a single piece of thin sheet steel. It ,will be noticed that the tube is not entirely circular, as there is an opening 15 for the reception of what I term the flange of an adjacent intermediate tube.
` the arcuate iiange 18.
Referring for the moment to Fig. 5, one of these intermediate tubes may be seen consisting of the tubular portion 16, the integral web 17, and The arcuate ange 18 will be slipped within the opening 15 of the tube 14. A succeeding intermediate tube 16 is shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, and this succeeding tube being shown in an angular position to illustrate how the ends oi' the iianges 18 will at all times overlie the opening 15 of the adjoining tube, even though the same is in angular relation thereto. Any number of these intermediate tubes will be used, depending on the height desired for the door.
To form the bottom of a door, a final tube is used, which is somewhat similar to the others in that there is a tubular portion 20, the web 21, and the arcuate flange 22 on its upper portion. However, the bottom of this tube has a slightly raised portion 23 formed therein so that it may snugly t a threshold plate 24 that has the arcuate or dome-shaped portion 25 centrally thereof to thus form a tight joint with the threshold plate, as may be understood from Fig. 7.
Thus, it will be seen that the door is made up of the desired number of intermediate tubular sections, a head tube and a final tube, the final tube, in turn, resting upon a special form of threshold plate.
Now to substantially seal these tubes from the elements, that is, where. they flt within the guide channels at the sides, and to prevent any rain or snow from blowing in these side channels, I provide a number of little end blocks 26 that are to be riveted along the opposite ends of the tubes, that is, riveted to the webs of the tubular sections, so that these small end blocks will, in turn, snugly iit within the guides or channels to, in turn, sealthe door at these points from any rain that is driven against the door.
'Ihe tubes are preferably made from one piece ofv metal but it is within the scope of my invention to make these tubes out of a lighter metal, say of galvanized sheet metal or of two pieces of metal, crimped or soldered together to form the diiferenttypes of tubes desired.
In Fig. 8, I have shown a slightly different v arrangement of raising and lowering the door,
and in this instance the door, made up of the sections heretofore explained, passes up in channel guides 30 and there may bea shaft 31 with a sprocket thereon over which will pass a chain 32 to, in turn, be operated by a sprocket 33 with a handle 34 which may be located on the outside of the garage.
Besides placing the lsmall blocks formed of rubber or other suitable material to the webs of the various sections at the opposite sides of the door to form a seal with the channel, I may also insulate the webs of the tubes, as shown in Fig. 9. It will be appreciated that the circular part of the tubes form a dead air space, and by placing a strip 35 of rubber, fiber or cloth along the web and riveting it as at 36 or otherwise securing the insulation in place, the door as a whole will be well insulated to thus keep the garage cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
It is possible to roll this door into a relatively small compact cylinder, due to the manner in which the lower portion of the intermediate tube is formed, that is, the opening is not directly centrai of the bottom of the tube but from a point near the center upwardly about the periphery, as
may be clearly seen in Fig. 5. Thus, the tubes' form of lock may be usedfof course, to lock the may swing at a substantial distance from the vertical, as is shown by the dotted line position in Fig. 5. Therefore, the door as a whole may be rolled into a relatively compact cylinder. Any
door in its closed position. From the foregoing, it'will be seen that I have devised a door that is made up of a plurality of tubular metal sections consisting substantially of a head tube, a plurality of intermediate tubes and a final tube and the tubes so arranged that the door as a whole may be rolled into a rather compact cylinder or may be drawn quickly up over the doorway in conveniently arranged guides.
Furthermore, it will be seen that the door will be practically storm-tight, as the guides or channels at the side, together with the small end blocks, will present a rather snugflt for the door, while the arrangement of the threshold plate, together with the final tube, will keep the rain from blowing in under the door.
Also, the door is one that is well insulated against heat and cold.
I am aware that it is old to make doors of various sections and do not claim my 4invention broadly as such.
What I do claim,l however, and by Letters Patent is:-
1. A door formed ofI a plurality of metal tubum5 lar sections consisting of a head section, a plurality of intermediate sections and a bottom section, the intermediate sections being each provided with a web and an arcuate flange, and the head section and intermediate sections being each provided with an opening to receive the iianges of the adjacent sections, a bottom tubular section having a web and a flange to interlock with its adjacent section, and the bottom of the tubular section being arcuate and adapted to rest on a threshold plate.
2. A door formed of a plurality-of metal sections consisting of a top section, a plurality of intermediate tubular sections, each of which latter is provided with an upwardly extending web andm anI arcuate flange at the outer end of the web, each of saidA sections being also open along its bottom and to one side of a vertical central plane,
a bottom section similarly interlocked to the intermediate sections but having its bottom closed and arcuate inform and adapted to rest on a similarly curved threshold plate.
3. A door formed of a plurality of metal tubular sections consisting of a head tubular section open along its bottom and to one side of a central vertical plane, a plurality ,of intermediate tubular sections, each of which sections is provided with a web and anarcuate ange at the end 4of the web, each of saidvintermediate sections also being open along its bottom, the flange of each section interlocking in its adjacent section, a bottom section also provided with a flange interlocking with its. upper adjacent section, the i bottom tubular section having a concave lower surface and adapted to rest on an arcuate sur-.11u face, and blocks secured to the webs of the tubllar sections and near the outer ends of said tubes.
4. A door formed of a plurality of metal sections, the said sections consisting of a Ihead or, top section open along its bottom,l a plurality of 1 5 intermediate tubular sections also open` along their respective bottoms', each of said sections provided with a web andan arcuate ange, the flanges of each of said sections adapted to intert within its adjacent section, a bottom section indesire to secure terlocked with its upper'adjacent section, the said bottom section being unbroken throughout its circumference, small blocks intertting between the adjacent tubular sections and secured to the Webs near the ends of said sections, and channels for receiving the blocks and ends of the said sections.
5. A door formed of a plurality of interlocked tubular sections, webs extending between the tubular parts of each of said sections, and an insulating material shaped and secured along the respective webs.
6. A door formed of a plurality of intermediate tubular sections, each of said sections comprising a tubular bochr portion open along its bottom, a web extending from the periphery of the section and an arcuate iiange along the outer edge of the web, said arcuate flange adapted to t within the opening of its adjacent section and to close the opening in said section, insulating material shaped and secured along the respective webs, and a top section and a bottom section also interlocked with said intermediate sections.
7. A door formed of a plurality of intermediate tubular sections, each of said sections comprising a tubular body portion open along its bottom, a web extending from the periphery of the section and an arcuate flange along the outer edge of the web, said arcuate ange adapted to t within the opening of its adjacent section and to close the opening in said section, insulating material secured along the respective webs, a top section anda bottom section also interlocked with said/intermediate sections, and means for raising and lowering the door.
8. A metal section of a door comprising a tubular body portion open along its bottom surface and to one side of a plane extending vertically through the central axis of the tubular section, a web extending outwardly from the tubular body, an arcuate flange formed along the edge of said web, and the arc of the ange correspond-V ing to the arc of the tubular portion.
9. A flexible metal door consisting of a plurality of interlocked metal tubular sections, integral webs extending from each of the tubular sections; an insulation secured along the respective webs, sealing blocks secured to the webs near the opposite ends of said metal sections and fitting within guide channels for the door, and means secured to the door 'for raising and lowering the same in said guide channels. A
Y 10. A iiexible door adapted to be wound into the shape of a cylinder, said door consisting of.
a plurality of interlocked swingable tubular sections, each of said sections having a web and a ange and the iiange of one section fitting within the tubular portion of its adjacent section, a guide channel, and the ends of the tubular sections movable within said channel, means for raising and lowering the door, and the bottom section of the door adapted to seal with a threshold plate.
JOHN H. GUSS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2492721 *||Dec 30, 1948||Dec 27, 1949||Vita Automatic Windows Inc||Window device|
|US2584134 *||Mar 8, 1948||Feb 5, 1952||Gothard H Knutson||Lock link chain|
|US2651360 *||Mar 26, 1949||Sep 8, 1953||John P Reinhardt||Motor operated sectional sliding door|
|US2699827 *||Jun 23, 1952||Jan 18, 1955||American Shower Door Company I||Accordion panel closure and bath enclosures using same|
|US2872977 *||May 16, 1955||Feb 10, 1959||Berardo Pagliaccetti||Roll-up blinds|
|US2926727 *||Jun 7, 1956||Mar 1, 1960||Frederick A Purdy||Doors|
|US2959221 *||Jun 11, 1957||Nov 8, 1960||Windsor Door Company Inc||Sectional sliding door|
|US3489200 *||Mar 22, 1968||Jan 13, 1970||Overhead Door Construction||Sealing and guiding structure for a door|
|US4037639 *||Nov 8, 1976||Jul 26, 1977||Jones J Paul||Thermal barrier|
|US4124221 *||Jan 21, 1977||Nov 7, 1978||Goings Harford E||Spray guard for vehicles|
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|US5238283 *||May 4, 1992||Aug 24, 1993||Dorso Trailer Sales Inc.||Polymeric articulated beverage body door|
|US5265662 *||Jul 16, 1991||Nov 30, 1993||Sanwa Shutter Corporation||Shutter curtain for a building opening|
|US5547241 *||Mar 20, 1995||Aug 20, 1996||Dorso Trailer Sales Inc.||Shock-corded articulated door|
|US5842508 *||Jan 29, 1997||Dec 1, 1998||Overhead Door Corporation||Hinge assembly for sectional door|
|US20140231030 *||Aug 3, 2012||Aug 21, 2014||Daylee Pty Ltd.||Garage door drive apparatus|
|DE1008686B *||Jun 3, 1954||May 23, 1957||Hasenclever Ag Maschf||Schachtverschluss|
|U.S. Classification||160/133, 160/201, 160/188, 160/236, 160/232, 160/41, 160/235, 292/DIG.360|
|International Classification||E06B9/165, E05D15/24, E05F15/16|
|Cooperative Classification||E05Y2900/106, E06B9/165, Y10S292/36, E05D15/24, E05F15/1653|
|European Classification||E06B9/165, E05F15/16B9B, E05D15/24|