US 1936520 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. l. NEIMAN CUSHIONING PAD Nov. 21, 1933.
Filed Oct. 10, 1932 INVENTOR BY W ATTORNEY WITNESS:
Patented Nov. 21, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application October 10,
This invention relates to cushioning pads, and its general object is to provide pads that are primarily designed for packing eggs and other fragile articles, that will not only hold the eggs erect and in spaced relation with respect to each other without aid from fillers and without fear of breaking or cracking, but provides for an air space about each egg so as to prevent the eggs from becoming moldy in taste and retains them in a fresh condition for a prolonged period of time.
A further object of the invention is to provide cushioning pads for'eggs, that are in the form of flats, which include means in the form of cups that elevate the eggs above the base sheet of the flats, so that in the event an egg should be broken in handling, the remaining eggs will not become soiled.
Another object of the invention is to provide a packing in the form of cushioning pads and flats that are made from corrugated paper and the egg supporting and elevating means of the flats can be cut from the pads, and the openings left in the pads provide for the passage of air as well as materially increase the resiliency of the pads, in that the openings are to be aligned with the egg supporting and elevating means when the flats and pads are disposed in a crate or case, with the result the flats will give above and below the openings when pressure is applied, therefore breakage of the eggs is practically impossible.
A further object of the invention is to provide cushioning pads and flats primarily designed for eggs, that materially improve the appearance of the eggs when the case is opened.
Another object of the invention is to provide a packing means for eggs of the character set forth, that is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, and extremely efficient in service.
This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing and specifically pointed out in the appended claims.
In describing my invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawing wherein like characters denote like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken through an egg case to illustrate the application of my packing.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of a 1932. Serial No. 637,166
sheet of corrugated paper which provides a pad and shows the egg cups cut therefrom, but not removed.
Figure 3 is a similar view with the moved. 1
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a flat having the egg cups secured. thereto.
Referring to the drawing in detail-the letter A indicates an egg case which forms no part of the present invention, but is shown to illustrate the 5 application of my packing thereto. The packing includes pads and flats, and the flats include parts which are removed from the pads when making the latter.
The pads and flats can be made from a single piece of corrugated paper which includes an intermediate corrugated sheet and outer flat sheets. One of the flat sheets is entirely removed from the piece of corrugated paper, and the removed sheet provides the base for the flats, while the corrugated sheet and the other flat sheet provide a pad. For distinction the corrugated sheet is indicated by the reference numeral 1 and-the retained flat sheet by the reference numeral 2. These sheets are out as shown in Figure 2, and the out portions are removed, with the result the corrugated sheet and retained flat sheet are provided with a plurality of openings 3 arranged in equidistantly spaced relation with respect to each other as best shown in Figure 3. When the out portions are removed, the corrugated sheet 1 and the flat sheet 2 provides a completed pad to be used as shown in Figure 1.
In making the flats, the removed sheet which is indicated by the reference numeral 4 provides the base for the flats, and the cut portions which are removed from the corrugated sheet 1 and retained flat sheet 2 provide cups 5 which are secured to the base or removed sheet 4, after the centers of the cut portions have been removed, as best shown in Figure 4.
The cups include disk rings that are disposed in spaced or elevated relation with respect to the base 4 through the instrumentality of corrugated rings 6, and these cups are adapted to receive the eggs in the manner as shown in Figure 1. It will be obvious that the corrugated sheet 1 and flat sheet 2 can be cut to provide the cups prior to the time the sheet 4 is removed, and in that event the sheet 4 can be removed with the cut 105 portions secured thereto, but it is to be understood that the cups are fixed to the sheet 4 regardless of what method is employed in making the pads and flats. I
In packing eggs, the pads and flats are em- 110 cups reployed with the usual fillers '7, and in order to insure the eggs against breakage or cracking, I generally insert three pads in the bottom of the case A as shown in Figure 1, then apply a fiat, with the cups disposed uppermost. A filler is then disposed upon the said flat, and the eggs are then positioned in the cups and compartments of the fillers. A second flat is arranged on the filler and the case is filled accordingly until the top is reached. If desired, a flat can then be reversed so that the cups 5 thereof contact with the upper ends of the upper layer of eggs and thence two or more pads can be placed upon the upper fiat. Of course, the top of the case can then be nailed in place in the usual manner. It will be noted that the openings 3 of the pads are aligned with the cups, and that the cups have their centers removed, with the result the eggs will be amply ventilated and a complete air space is provided about each egg, therefore the eggs will be retained in practically perfect condition for a prolonged period ,of time.
By aligning the cups with the openings in the pads, "it will be apparent that the resiliency of the packing has been increased, due to the fact that pressureupon the top or bottom of the case will not effect the eggs,as the flats will give at points aligned with the openings of the pads.
As the cups hold the eggs erect, the appearance of the eggs will be materially improved when the case is opened, and the fillers can be changed without handling the eggs.
The packing is lighter in weight than that now in general use but complies with the specified standard weight, and I want it understood that the cups may be of any shape and size without departing from the spirit of the invention.
It is thought from the foregoing description that the advantages and novel features of my invention will be readily apparent.
I desire it to be understood that I may make changes in the construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, provided that such changes fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1; A packing for fragile articles comprising a pad having openings arranged therein and being formed from a flat sheet and a corrugated sheet secured together, a flat including a base, article elevating and supporting means secured to said base and each including a disk ring, corrugated rings elevating the disk rings from the base, and said means adapted to be aligned with the openings when use is made of the packing in a case.
2. .In a packing, a filler adapted to provide a separator and comprising a base, cups secured to said base in equi-distantlyspaced relation with respect to each other and including disk rings, and cushioning means supporting the disk rings in spaced relation with respect to the base.
3. A packing for fragile articles, comprising a pad having openings arranged therein, a fiat including a base, means having article receiving openings therein, resilient ring members secured to said base and to the under side of said means respectively to hold the latter spaced above the base, and the openings of said means being aligned with the openings of the pads when use is madeof the packing in a case.
BEN I. NEIMAN.