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Publication numberUS1937468 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1933
Filing dateJul 12, 1932
Priority dateJul 12, 1932
Publication numberUS 1937468 A, US 1937468A, US-A-1937468, US1937468 A, US1937468A
InventorsTalbot William F
Original AssigneeSamson Cordage Works
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wrapped article and method
US 1937468 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- Nov. 28, 1933. w TALBOT, 1,937,468

WRAPPED ARTICLE AND METHOD Filed July 12, 1932 //Vl/EN TOR Patented Nov. 28, 1933 1,937,468 WRAPPED ARTICLE AND METHOD William F. Talbot, Auburndale; Mass, assignor to Samson Cordage Works, Boston, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts 'Application July 12, 1932. Serial No. 622,139

5 Claims.

to shrinking on and about the article. The ma-- i terial is moistened or saturated with an aqueous liquid (preferably including a water-soluble plasticizer or softener), wrapped about the article and overlapped, preferably, under tension, so that by means of its adherent nature, or a separateely applied adhesive, the material upon drying, with consequent shrinking, closely constricts the arti-' cle and tightens the wrapper about the package so that the tensioned wrapper better serves to support and maintain the form of the package. The plasticizer or softener serves to toughen and strengthen the cellulose material and render it less brittle and hence less subject to fracture. For this purpose I preferably employ a solution of 5 to of glycerine, by volume, and the bal- 25 ance water, though various materials other than glycerine will give the required physical effect of softening the cellulose, for example watersoluble high-boiling organic liquids, or polyhydric alcohols. Water-soluble synthetic resins will also answer the purpose,v Though the plasticizer may be incorporated in the cellulose. material at the time of the manufacture thereof, for reasons of control it is believed preferable to include at least some of the plasticizer in the moistening liquid. The degree of moistening (saturation or substantial saturation) and subsequent shrinkage of the wrapper may be accomplished without injury to the same and is such that any normal atmospheric condition to which the package may be subsequently exposed, does not appreciably affect the wrap. The wrapper upon drying and shrinking constricts or compresses and snugly encloses the article and tends to keep said article in form and shape, thus materially contributing to the structural strength and stability of the article and package. This is particularly advantageous in the case of wrapping balls or hanks of string, twine, cord, embroidery silk, fish line or the like, and also for wrapping various small fabric or other soft or pliable articles or notions. As before mentioned, however, the invention finds use in the wrapping of other articles,-solid, firm or otherwise, including cardboard containers or the like.

In the drawing.-

Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate steps in the making of a typical package of the kind herein described;

Fig. 3 illustrates the completed package made as shown in Figs. 1 and 2;

Figs. 4 and 5 illustrate an alternative proced- B0 ure, Figure 4 showing the application of a single tubular shaped wrapper, and Figure 5 the package as completed; and

Fig. 6 shows two cup-shaped wrapper elements, positioned ready to be applied to form the package and Fig. 7 the finished package with the cupshaped elements telescopically connected.

Referring to Figs. 1-3 of the drawing, in which like numerals represent like parts,-there are illustrated the steps in wrapping with a sheet of previously moistened regenerated cellulose material, a ball of string 2 which in Figure 3 is shown surrounded and constricted by the regenerated cellulose wrapper 4, the inner end of the string being shown at 6 extending from the package. The wrapper 4, in this instance, is made from a single flat sheet of said cellulose material. The moistened wrapperis overlapped'at 8 with the adjacent overlapping surfaces of the material attached together, preferably by the adhesive character of the moistened material 4, though a separately applied adhesive may be employed. The ends of the wrapper 4 are then gathered and folded inwardly so as to form, when flattened down, a series of pleats 10, which are similarly attached together. It will be noted that the ball of string 2 in this instance, has no encircling turns of the string about the mid-section such as balls of string quite commonly have in order to support and retain the ball in form. Due to the constriction and firm support by the wrapper in this improved package, no such additional turns are required, for the cellulose once wet, stretched about the ball and shrunk thereon by drying, serves to support and retain the form of the ball and thus provide stability. In addition to its sustaining of the general form of the ball of string, the wrapper adheres to the string because of the adhesive character of the moistenedv cellulose material, or because of the sizing usually present in the string, or both. Thus, by means of the constriction and/or this adhesive attachmenmthe tensioned wrapper serves to sustain the outer layer of string in position thereagainst, even though all of the inner layers be withdrawn from the ball.

Referring to Figs. 4 and 5, Fig. 4 illustrates the application of a moistened tubular wrapper 12 to a ball of string, and Fig. 5 illustrates the finished package having tucked in at the ends no I joined at 18 and, upon their adhesive attachment as above described, and upon shrinking closely fit, constrict, and sustain the ball as do the wrapper heretofore described. In this case the end of the cord is led through. a hole 20 as shown. If desired, a single sufliciently long cup shaped wrapper may be applied to a ball of string with the one, open end tucked in, in the same manner as illustrated in Fig. 3 or Fig. 5.

The regenerated cellulose material, in a dry condition, may also be placed about the article in the manner above described and then the aqueous liquid may be applied thereto, for example by spraying or immersion. 0r the article to be wrapped may be moistened and the dry cellulose material then applied thereto in a similar manner. 1

Though the drawing and the above description are directed principally to my invention with respect to a ball of string, it will be evident that its field of usefulness is not limited thereto, and the invention is of advantage in the wrapping and marketing of various articles so long as the article is not injuriously affected by the moisture of the wrapper as applied.-

Having described my invention, what I wish to claim and secure by Letters Patent is:

1. As a new article of manufacture, an article of semi-rigid form, capable of absorbing moisture, having closed, formed and wrapped thereabout and adhering thereto a constricting tensioned wrapper of regenerated cellulose, the adhe'ring of said wrapper being due to a moistening of same, whereby the form of said article is maintained when a part of the article has been removed.

2. As a new article of manufacture, an article of semi-rigid form, capable of absorbing moisture, having closely formed and wrapped therememes about, and in contact with the entire external surface thereof, a constricting adhering wrapper of regenerated cellulose, the adhering of said wrapper being due to the moistening of the same,

whereby the form of said article is maintained when a part of the article has been removed.

3. A method of wrapping an article of semirigid form, capable of absorbing moisture, which comprises placing a moistened, adhesive, regenerated cellulose wrapper in limp condition closely thereabout and overlapping the edges of said wrapper, then folding in the opposite ends oi the wrapper, whereby said wrapper upon shrinking tightly encloses, adheres to and tends to maintain the form of said article, when a part of said article has been removed.

t. A method of wrapping an article of semirigid form, capable of absorbing moisture, in a regenerated cellulose wrapper which comprises moistening a piece of sheet regenerated cellulose material with an aqueous liquid including a plasticizer, placing said material in limp, adhe= sive condition closely thereabout and overlapping the edges of said material, then folding in the opposite ends thereof, subjecting said article thus wrapped to a drying atmosphere where'- by said material upon shrinking, tightly encloses,

'adheres to, and tends to maintain the form of said article when 'a part of said article has been I removed.

5. A method of wrapping an article, capable of absorbing moisture, in a wrapper of regenerated cellulose moistened with an aqueous liquid containing a plasticizer, placinga sheet of said regenerated cellulose material closely about said article, overlapping the edges of said material and folding in the opposite ends thereof, and then subjecting the article thus wrapped in said inaterial to a drying atmosphere, whereby said material upon shrinking tightly encloses and adheres to said article, and maintains the form of the article when part of same has been removed.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2419745 *Mar 1, 1943Apr 29, 1947Celon CompanyDisplay package
US2711346 *Apr 17, 1950Jun 21, 1955Irwin Elise VShrunk sleeve package
US2717691 *Sep 9, 1954Sep 13, 1955Ba Rubber Products CompanyReturn ball wrapping
US2720309 *Jun 19, 1953Oct 11, 1955Goodyear Tire & RubberTwine package
US2798348 *Dec 21, 1951Jul 9, 1957Celanese CorpPackaging of tow
US2874521 *Sep 12, 1955Feb 24, 1959Harald LimaPacking of plates and the like by means of a slip of pasteboard or other material
US2878628 *Mar 14, 1956Mar 24, 1959American Thread CoMethod of and machine for wrapping articles, and wrapped articles
US3005542 *Oct 10, 1960Oct 24, 1961Grace W R & CoMethod of packaging annular shaped articles
US3024579 *Dec 29, 1958Mar 13, 1962Nickol Giffen BTransparent packaging for bearings
US3037620 *Feb 3, 1960Jun 5, 1962United States Steel CorpPackage of slender articles and method of making it
US3061088 *Aug 24, 1956Oct 30, 1962Buddecke HeinrichYarn pack
US3109540 *Feb 13, 1961Nov 5, 1963Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpTextile shipping package
US3151741 *May 25, 1962Oct 6, 1964Haecker ErnestGame board package
US3187477 *May 31, 1960Jun 8, 1965Grace W R & CoMethod of making a special package
US3321073 *Sep 13, 1965May 23, 1967Bemberg AgCop package
US3382971 *Oct 16, 1964May 14, 1968Eastman Kodak CoPackaging twine
US3410394 *Oct 16, 1964Nov 12, 1968Phillips Petroleum CoPackaging articles with heat shrinkable tubing
US3664498 *Sep 26, 1969May 23, 1972Dow Chemical CoPackage including envelope with heat-shrunk band
US3700185 *Feb 17, 1970Oct 24, 1972Anaconda Wire & Cable CoDispensable coil package
US3941269 *Mar 27, 1974Mar 2, 1976Valer FlaxBottle capsules
US3980176 *May 14, 1973Sep 14, 1976Allied Chemical CorporationScrew jet pack for textile fibers
US3983997 *Nov 18, 1975Oct 5, 1976Atlantic Gummed Paper CorporationYarn package and method for mixing and dispensing
US4089089 *Aug 23, 1976May 16, 1978Allied Chemical CorporationMethod of unwinding
US4460086 *Oct 1, 1979Jul 17, 1984Ppg Industries, Inc.Tubular glass fiber package and method
US4467916 *Apr 26, 1982Aug 28, 1984Ppg Industries, Inc.Tubular glass fiber package and method
US4546880 *Jun 2, 1983Oct 15, 1985Ppg Industries, Inc.Shippable package of glass fiber strands and process for making the package and continuous strand mat
US4793490 *Nov 26, 1984Dec 27, 1988Gaines Pet Foods Corp.Package for compressible bags and process
US5553810 *Feb 23, 1994Sep 10, 1996The Lincoln Electric CompanyCovers for welding wire reels
US5692700 *Mar 21, 1996Dec 2, 1997The Lincoln Electric CompanyCovers for welding wire reels
US6048423 *May 28, 1997Apr 11, 2000The Coca-Cola CompanyLabeling process and apparatus
US6126767 *Sep 27, 1994Oct 3, 2000L. Perrigo CompanyMethod of manufacturing caplets with a gelatin cover
US20100314483 *Jun 15, 2009Dec 16, 2010Rain Bird CorporationMethod and Apparatus for Dispensing Tubing
WO1980001792A1 *Nov 2, 1979Sep 4, 1980Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpPackaged strand
WO2005042353A2 *Oct 22, 2004May 12, 2005Polymer Group IncA method of wrapping a rounded bale
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/497, 242/170, 242/172, 53/441
International ClassificationB65D85/02, B65D85/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D85/04
European ClassificationB65D85/04