US 1937911 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 5, 1933. c H, PAJEAU 1,937,911
COLLAPSIBLE NECKTIE HOLDER Filed cat. 29, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 5/ W W ATTORNEY Dec. 5, 1933. C H, PAJEAU 1,937,911
COLLAPSIBLE NECKTIE HOLDER Filed Oct. 29, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 29 INVENTOR v c q h dml/lon 7 d 'cdu b/ W ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 5, 1933- PATENT OFFICE 1,937,911 COLLAPSIBLE NECKTIE-HOLDER Charles Hamilton Pajeau, Glencoe, Ill., assignor to The Toy Tinkers, Inc., Evanston, 111., a cornotation of Illinois Application October 29,
My invention relates to a holder for neckties or other slender articles, and in some of its major objects aims to provide a holder which will readily support a large number of neckties or the like within a horizontally quite small area While still permitting convenient access to each tie, and which can readily be collapsed into an exceedingly small space when not, in use.
In some further objects, my invention aims to provide a necktie holder presenting radial arms diverging from a pivoting member, and arranged socth'at the holder can be freely suspended to permit a ready rotation of the assemblage of these diverging arms, or can be supported closely adjacent to a wall for still disposing a majority of the said arms in diverging positions in which each arm can support one or more ties.
In addidtidon, my invention aims to provide a necktie holder of the above recited characteristicswhich can be cheaply manufactured. in an artistic formwith the use of very few dies, which will, be quite light, and in which the holder arms pending cord omitted.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary and enlarged central and vertical section through the same holder, showing the two positions in which the arms are halted.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged horizontal section taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig.5 is a perspective View of one of the arms.
Fig. 6 is a central and vertical section through V a more simple embodiment of my invention.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentaryelevation of the embodiment of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged plan view ofthe embodiment of Fig. 5, taken from the line 8-8 of that figure, with portions of the upper pivoting disk and of one of the arms broken away. 1
Figs. 9 and 10 are fragmentary central and vertical sections, allied to Fig. 3 and showing two all-metal constructions for the arm-pivoting member and the upper arm-halting element.
Generally speaking, I accomplish the objects of my invention by providing a pivoting member rotatable about an upright support, and holder 1932. Serial No. 640,165
arms normally radiating horizontallyfrom this pivoting member and adapted to beswungupwardly and inwardly toward the axis of the said support. Then I provide means fast with respect to the pivoting member for halting the downward and outward swinging movement of the holder armswhen the armsextend horizontally and also for halting the inward swinging movement when the center of gravity of each arm is nearer to the general axis of the device than the pivot of the arm. 7 i
In the relatively simple embodiment of Figs. 6 to 8, the body of my device is an upright and centrally perforated disk 1 provided with a peripheral groove 2 and having upright radial slots 3 extending across this groove. Underhanging this disk and fastened to it by a tubular rivet 4 tea stop washer 5 of larger radius than the disk.
Extending respectively into the slots Bare the perforations in all of the arms so that portions of this ring serve as horizontal shafts on which the arms respectively are pivoted. Moreover, the inner end portion of each arm is of such shape and size that its normally lower edge 6 B will seat on the washer when the arm extends horizontally (as in the left-hand portion of Fig. 6) and so that the opposite edge 6 C will engage the upright bottom of the corresponding slot when the arm has been swung upward and inward sufiiciently to dispose the center of gravity G at a shorter distance from the vertical axis A of the disk than the distance from this axis to the pivot axis of the arm.
With my necktie holder thus constructed, the part of the washer 5 whichprojects beyond the disk 1 serves as a stop for all of the holder arms when these arms are in their outwardly swung operative positions, thus presenting these arms in a radially diverging disposition permitting an ample view of the neckties 26 hung on the several arms and also permitting each tie to be placed in position or removed without materially disturbing the other ties. Moreover, when such a holder is suspended by a cord 10, the holder can instantly be rotated in either direction about this til) cord for access to the tie or ties draped over any particular arm. And, since the length of the arm portion over which the tie is draped need only be about an inch, it will be obvious from Fig. 6 that the holder (when compacted by raising all of the arms) occupies very little shipping space.
To avoid possible breakages of a slitted disk and to reduce the time required for rotating the split wire ring 7 of Fig. 8 successively through the numerous arms, I desirably employ the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive. In this embodiment of my invention, each arm 11 has a finger 12 punched from it near its inner end'and extending at right angles to the vertical'faces of the arm to serve as a pivoting shaft fast upon the arm.
The pivoting member in this case includes two counterpart and superposed and centrally per forated metal disks 13 and 14,'which disks are formed to present opposed annular grooves 15 near their peripheries and which disks also have counterpart radial'slots 18 extending. across the said grooves. In-assembling the said member, the arms-11 are first slid into the respective slots (as shown for one such arm in Fig. i) with the arm fingers 12 seated in the groove 15 of the lower disk 13, after which the upper disk 14 is slid downwardly :to seat on-the lower disk and thetwo disks'are secured to each other by a central tubular rivet 16. When the arm-supporting member is thus assembled, the opposed annular grooves 15 cooperate to form an annular channel, and wall portionsof this channel form bearings for the pivot fingers 12 of the holder arms.
In practice, I preferably provide each disk with an upright peripheral flange 1'7 through which the radial slots 18 extend, thereby obtaining such a joint height for the alined slots in the two disksnamely a heightapproximating the width of the part of the arm portion which extends across these flanges, as in Fig. 3-as to prevent a tilting of each arm about its own longitudinal axis.
To halt each holder arm in its normal or outwardly swung position, I provide its inner end with an extension finger 19 adapted to engage the bottom face ofthe lower disk 13,1as shown in Fig. 3. For the companion stop, Fig. 3 shows a metal washer 20 spaced upwardly from the disk assembly by a wooden spacer 21 and disposed so that this stop washer 20 will be engaged by the tips of the hook ends 11 A of all of the pivoted arms when these arms are swung upwardly. With the stop washer 20 at a suitable height, so that this halting occurswhen the center of gravity G of each arm has swung over the center line of the disk grooves 15 (and hence past a vertical alinement with the arm fingers 12 which form stub shafts on the arms), gravity willprevent the arms from swinging outward accidentally, so that the holder when collapsed (as in Fig. 2) can readily be handled and packed as a compact unit. Moreover, the parts can readily be proportioned (as in Fig. 3) so that the stop washer halts the upward swinging of these arms while the hook tips of adjacent arms are still spaced from each other, so as to avoid the possibility of having these arms jam.
To insure a rigid spacing of the stop washer 20 from the holder member (or pivoting disk assembly), Figs. 1 "to 3 show a suspending member which includes a rod 22 extending downwards consecutively through, the washer, the wooden spacer 21 and the tubular rivet 16. Threaded on the lower end of this rod is a nut 23 which clamps the holder member, spacer and stop washer against an enlargement 22 A on' the rod,
suilices for swinging all arms to their operative the rod also having its upper end bent to form an eye 24. While this eye may be slipped directly over a stationary screw-hook or the like the suspending means desirably are elongated by also including a flexible loop 25 extending through the rod eye 24 and adapted to be snapped over a screw hook 26. With the suspending means thus lengthened, the distance to which the available supporting hook 26 projects from the wall is immaterial, as the holder arms adjacent to the wall can be left turned up (as in Fig. 1) while still allowing most of the holder arms to be freely spaced both from each other and from the wall for supporting neckties.
In practice, the spacer 21 is desirably an enameled wood turning, the coloring of which contrasts with the bright plating of the pivoting disks, holder arms and suspending eye bolt to add to the appearance of my necktie holder. However, this separately formed spacer may be omitted, asshown for example in Figs. 9 and 10. In Fig. 9, the upper slotted disk 27 has a central and integral riser dome 28 in substitution for the stop washer 20 and the spacer 21 of Fig. 3; while the lower disk 29 has a sufiiciently large central bore to clear a knot on'the lower end ofa simple suspending cord 30, which knot directly engages the lower face of the upper end of the said dome.
In Fig. 10, the upper stop is a metal washer 31 disposed between twoprojections 32 on a suspending rod 22, which rod extends through the disk-clamping tubular rivet 16 as in Fig. 3, and the rod has another enlargement 33 which clamps this rivet against a head 34 on the lower end of the rod.
The number and length of the arms of my holder, as well as other features of the construction and arrangement may also be varied without departing either from the spirit of my invention'or from the appended claims, so that I 115 do not wish to be limited in these respects. Moreover, it will be obvious that my here presented holder will also function equally well for supporting other slender objects. I
With each of the illustrated types, the walls of positions, thereby facilitating the inspection and demonstration or" my necktie holder.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a holder for neckties or the like, two superposed and relatively stationary disks formed to present an annular'recess between themhear the peripheries of the disks and having '-their edge portions provided with radial slots-crossing the said recess, and arms each having a part thereof extending across one of the said slots; each arm having a pivoting finger projecting laterally from it into an adjacent portion of the groove, whereby the finger forms a pivoting shaft upon which the arm is journaled in the groove, and each arm also having a stop finger underhanging one of the disks and disposed for engaging that disk to limit the downward swingwardly from the disks and disposed for engaging all of the arms to limit the upward swinging of the arms.
i 3. In a necktie-holder, an assemblageas per claim 1 in which each arm has at its outer end a normally upwardly directed hook, and a stop member coaxial with and spaced upwardly from the said disks and disposed for engaging the tips of the hooks on all of the said arms to limit the upward swinging of the arms.
4. In a necktie-holder, a member comprising two relatively superposed disks provided adjacent to their peripheries with opposed grooves, which grooves cooperate to form an annular channel, and provided also with radial slots crossing the said channel and open at the edges at the said disks; holder arms each having a part thereof disposed in one of the said slots; pivot pins each projecting from one of the arms and housed by the said channel, each pin being nearer to the inner than to the outer end of the arm from which it projects, and each arm having its inner end portion disposed for engaging one of the said elements to limit the upward swinging of that end portion; and single means elevated above the said elements coaxial with the channel and of smaller radius than the said channel for engaging the outer end portions of all of the said arms to halt the upward swinging movement of each arm in a position in which the center of gravity of the arm is at less distance from the common axis of the channel and the said means than the radius of the channel.
5. ,In a necktie-holder, a member comprising two relatively superposed disks provided adjacent to their peripheries with opposed grooves, which grooves cooperate to form an annular channel; each of the disks being provided also with radial slots crossing the said channel and open at the edges of the said disks, the slots in the two disks alining vertically; holder arms each having a part thereof extending through one of the said slots; each arm including a horizontal finger fast upon the arm and journaled in a part of the channel adjacent to the said slot through which that arm extends, each such finger projecting from the arm on which it is fast, for a distance considerably greater than the horizontal thickness of the arm.
6. In a necktie-holder, a member comprising two relatively superposed disks provided adjacent to their peripheries with opposed grooves, which grooves cooperate to form an annular channel, and provided also with radial slots crossing the said channel and open at the edges at the said disks; holder arms each having a part thereof extending through one of the said slots, each arm, and horizontal pivot elements respectively fast upon the said arms and each journaled in a portion of the channel between two consecutive slots; each disk having at its outer edge an upright tubular flange crossed by all of the said slots, the said flanges extending in opposite directions from the opposed faces of the disks and having a joint height not less than approximately the vertical width or the arm portions extending through the said slots.
7. A necktie-holder as per claim 5, in which each holder arm is a generally fiat sheet metal punching presenting its fiat faces upright and having an integral finger formed from the said punching and extending at right angles to the flat faces of the arm to constitute the journaled finger of that arm, the said finger being formed from an arm portion intermediate of the height of the arm.
8. A necktie-holder comprising a rigid pivoting member having an upright axis; holder arms normally diverging radially of the said member, each holder arm having the upper edge of its major portion normally horizontal and having an upwardly directed hook element at its outer end;
means pivoting each arm intermediate of its ends to the pivoting member on a horizontal axis, each arm having its inner end portion normally underha'nging and in upward engagement with the pivoting member, a spacer element overlying the radially inner portion of the pivoting member, a stop element seated upon the spacer element at such elevation as to engage tips of the hook elements of all of the said arms when the outer arm ends are swung upwardly; and an upright suspending member extending through the said pivoting member, spacer element and stop element for axially alining the pivoting member with the spacer element and the stop element.
9. A collapsible holder of the class described comprising a pivoting member, a plurality of holder arms diverging radially from the vertical axis of the said member when the holder is in use, means pivoting the arms upon the said member with freedom for upward and inward swinging movement in planes axial of the said member, and stop means supported by the said member for limiting the swinging movement of all of the arms in the said direction, each arm having a finger underhanging the pivoting member and disposed for engaging a portion of that member to limit the swinging of the arm in the opposite direction.
10. A collapsible holder as per claim 8, in which the suspending member includes portions respectively engaging the lower face of the pivoting member and the upper face of the stop element 13o to clamp the spacer element between the pivoting member and the stop element.
CHARLES HAMILTON PAJEAU.