US 1938013 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
DCC. 5, E Q FOLSOM ET AL 1,938,013
INCINERATOR Filed July 23, 1932 Yio Patented Dec. 5, 1933 l 1,938,013 INCINERn-'roit e Vrfivmra o. Folsom, cleveland, and John it. lolfs,
Toledo, hio, assigno Corporation, Toledo, vOlio rs` toY Railways Material Ohio,. a" corporation y of e Application July 23,1932. fse'riai No; 624,164.
7 claims. v(o1. 11o- 18) This invention relates tofin'cinerators.
This invention has utility when incorporated in'incinratos for facilitating assembly thereof, quick replacement of broken parts, substantial constriictionfandexpansion-take-up regardless of` heat ldistribution therein.
Referring' tol-the drawing:
Fig. 1V is 'a side elevation of `an incinerator embodying the invention herein;
Fig. 2 is a view on the line II`-II, Fig. 1;
Fig. '3 is a planl view of the incinerator of Fig.- 1, parts being broken away; and l Fi'gflis a perspective View of ya corner of the incinerator showing'ldetails of assembly.
'Castings 1 may be set in'concretelbase 2 and so'l disposed that they provide properly'positioned sockets 3vfor incinerator frame' members 4, 5. The frame members 4"c'ompris'e angle pieces Vof aflen'gthl toy determine the height of the'incinerator to be assembled. They may be cut from,
standard angle stock and form'the 'corners of the completed incin'erat'or.l The socketsA have the-'- side walls thereof 'so 'configured as to Vform seat 6f'fory theflower termini of the 'cornerrmembers l 4 s'o' that the'incinerator'will be kept fromshiftingfa's'to its mounting. Y
Frame-members 5 are also Vcut from standard angle-stock vand' 'a' memberf 5 is' disposed-'adjacent achmemb'er4jand 'spacedtherefrom to formf'a way"'7 therebetween.
Rods 8 extend horizontally through `tlieirame membe'rsA, 5, and "have-nuts 9 on each end thereof. Tlesfrods Sfonnect the four corners of the incinerator and are in two sets, one at the top and one adjacent the bottom but spaced some distance above the base 2.
Disposed above the. lower set of rods 8 and forming the lower peripheral corner of the incinerator chamber' 10 are slats l1, having their termini 12 disposed in the ways '7. These termini are beveled so that each contacts the abutting pair of slats at the incinerator corners between the frame members 4, 5. These termini 12 space the members 4 from the members 5 in determining the ways 7 aswell as the members4 from each other and as in place may be clamped between the frame members 4, 5, by tightening the nuts 9 on the rods 8. The slats 11 are alike and are provided with ledges 13 integrally cast therewith. The framel as thus far assembled comprises four way providing corners with a lower inwardly extending peripheral ledge 13 maintained in assembly by the rods 8.
The bottom of the chamber may now be assembled by placing a series of marginally notched bars or slat's 14 on the ledges 13 to extend. from the ledgeiof'on'e slat 11 tothe ledge of the opposing slat. The notches 15 on'wone edge of the bars-14'are stag'g'eredias to the notches on the other edge thereby maintaining strength in the bar. The/bars are alike and whenfrplaeed to -form the chamber bottom, the notches 15of one Vb'ar cooperate with the notches of each abutting bar to form openings through the'bottom. superimposed on each slat 11 is a series of horizontally disposed relative narrow slats 16 having their termini 17 extending into ways 7. The thickness or these termini 17 is'ljiist/less than the thickness of the termini 12 of the slats 11 so that there is a looseness inlthe assembly as to the frame-members. The slats 16 are' of a vlength less than the slats 11 soi: that there may-be lateral shifting inthe ways. Ihisfshifting is limited' by lugs 18 onthe 'slats-46 which 'allow a certain amount of l'ateral'fshifting'fand e'x-` pansion but I prevent'. vsufficient movement tol re- 'move the slats "except `by vertical shifting up out of the ways'l.'r f These slatsl 16;are superimposedlone upon' the other to desired height whereupon a secondY series of slats`11E is superimposed upon the uppermost slat 16. -The second-series of ro'ds'fisldisp'osedjust -below the 'upper slats "11v and l asfthe slats 16 are placedin the-ways 'with the? iinishing or upper ledgev providing "slats in place, the" upper set of nutsig maybe drawn up on their respective rods1t'ocomplte"the1 sidewalllassembly.
The height of the side walls maybe predetermined and the frame members 4, 5, cut accordingly. Regardless of the side wall height, the same slats may be used.
Perforate cover 19 may be carried by the upper ledge 13 and have handle 20 for shifting thereof. Inl some instances it may be desired to provide means for foot raising of the cover 19. To thisA end one pair of opposingframe members 4,' may be extended above the incinerator and provided with openings 2l therethrough to receive stub rods 22 from the cover 19 forming a hinge for the cover. Stuby rod 23 maybe spaced from the rod 22 and alsov carried by the cover 19. Bar 24 extends therefrom to have'hinge connection 25 with bar 26 mounted on fulcrum 27 and 13er-, minating in pedal 28 so that by depression of the pedal 28 by foot 29, the cover will swing upwardly on the hinges 22 and the hands will be free to dump refuse and trash into the chamber 10. e
The cover canthen be dropped and the refuse will be coniined so that upon ignition thereof, -110 'from heat of the burning refuse Without distortion. The different temperatures in the diiferent parts of the chamber are also cared for by the built-up construction, The casting construction provides suicient weight to insure substantial construction which together with itsv Xed mounting may be placed in convenient spots as along railway right-of-ways to receive refuse from trains or train centers and ignited and left to burn without attention. The side wall and bottom openings as well as those in the cover are of such size that sparks and blazing embers are confined within the chamber 10. l
Ash pan 30 is provided below the chamber l0 to receive the ashes therefrom. 1
AWhat is claimed and it is desired to secure by United States Letters Patent is:
1. An incinerator comprising a frame embodying corner members, a second set of corner members spaced therefrom, means assembling corner members to provide ways therebetween, and a series of superimposed slats having their termini loosely disposed in said Ways to form the side walls of the incinerator.
2. An incinerator comprising a frame embodying corner members, a second set of corner members spaced therefrom, means assembling said corner members to provide ways therebetween, a slat having a longitudinal flange forming a ledge having its termini in said ways, and a plurality ofslats superimposed on said slat providing` the ledge and having their termini in said'V ways Vto form a side wall for the incinerator.
3. An incinerator comprising a frame embodying cornerrmembers, a second set of corner members spaced therefrom, means assembling said corner members to provide ways therebetween,
VVa slat having a longitudinal ange forming a Side.
5. An incineratork comprising a frame embodying corner members, a member spaced inwardly from each corner member, a rst series of slats having their termini disposed between said frame members in determining the spacing between the corner members, means assembling said corner members and rst slats into a frame, and a second series of slats relatively thinner lthan the first series having their termini loosely disposed in said Ways and superimposed to form the side walls of said incinerator. Y 6. An incinerator comprising a frame embodying la plurality of parallel angle members each forming a corner thereof, an angle member spaced inwardly from eachcorner member orming a way therebetween, means assembling said angle members, a lower series of slats carried by said frame with their ends in said ways and having inwardly extending longitudinal `ianges forming ledges, a series of slats carried by the ledges to form a bottom for the incinerator, said last named slats having openings, an intermediate series of slats having openings and superimposed on said lower series of. slats and having their ends in said ways to form side walls for the incinerator, an upper series of slats with their ends in said ways and having longitudinal flanges forming ledges and superimposed onthe` side wall forming slats, and a cover carried by the last named ledges. v y
7. An incinerator comprising corner members providing opposing ways, .a lower series of slats, one `thereof having their ends in each of said pair of opposing ways, means assembling said corner members and lower series of slats :into a frame, said slats determining Ythe frameassem.- bly, andV a second series of opening-providing slats super-imposed on thelower series of slats to provide walls for the incinerator, said second series of slats having their ends loosely disposed 125 in said ways.
EDWARD, C; FOLSOM.