|Publication number||US1940244 A|
|Publication date||Dec 19, 1933|
|Filing date||Dec 2, 1929|
|Priority date||Sep 10, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1940244 A, US 1940244A, US-A-1940244, US1940244 A, US1940244A|
|Original Assignee||Electrolux Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 19, 1933. F. CARLSTEDT 1,940,244
VACUUM CLEANER Filed Dec. 2, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 2%;
Dec. 19, 1933. I F. CARLSTEDT 1,940,244
VACUUM CLEANER Filed Dec. 2. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 19, 1933 VACUUM CLEANER Fredrik Carlstedt, Stockholm, Sweden, by mesne assignments, to Electrolux assignor, Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Application December 2 and in Germany 1 Claim.
My invention, relates to the vacuum cleaner art and has particular reference to vacuum cleaners of the portable domestic type, such, for example, as shown in U. S. Pat. No. 1,757,240 to 5, Engberg et al.
In portable vacuum cleaners of the type wherein the cleaner unit is connected to the suction nozzle by means of a flexible hose it is desirable to provide a severable coupling between the unit and the hose. This coupling should be air-tight, readily attachable and detachable and, when attached, must form a connection not readily pulled apart. My invention contemplates the provision of such a coupling which is an improvement over previous couplings of this type and whichis of simple construction. In the aforesaid patent to Engberg is shown a coupling which connects the hose with the cleaner unit by frictional engagement and which is not freely rotatable in use. This known arrangement has disadvantages in that torsion on the hose is likely to loosen the coupling or to turn over the cleaner unit. The present invention provides a connection adapted for pulling the cleaner unit on the floor while permitting free rotation of the hose relative to the cleaner unit in operation and preventing inflow of air between relatively rotatable parts.
Further objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the following specification considered in connection with the accompanying drawings which form a part thereof and on which:
Fig. 1 is an elevational view, partially in crosssection, of a vacuum cleaner embodying a preferred form of my invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view, partially in crosssection, of the coupling shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a slightly modified form of coupling;
Fig. 4 is an elevational view, partially in crosssection, of another modification of my invention;
Fig. 5 is an elevational view, partially in crosssection, of a still further modified form of my invention; and
Fig. 6 is an elevational view, partially in crosssection, of another embodiment of my invention.
Referring more particularly to Fig. 1, reference character 10 indicates generally a vacuum cleaner unit which is provided with the usual electric motor, fan and dust bag enclosed in a horizontally disposed cylindrical casing and which has a suction inlet 11 and a blower outlet 12. Cleaner 10 is mounted upon a pair of runners 13 1929, Serial No. 410,960,
September 10, 1929 which slidably support the cleaner on the carpet. Both inlet 11 and outlet 12 are provided with similar internal screw threads 14. A reducer or coupling member 15 is provided with external. screw threads and is adapted to be screwed into either inlet 11 or outlet 12 in order to reduce the size of either of these openings suiliciently to accommodate one end of a hose member 16 which serves for conducting air to the cleaner unit or away from the cleaner unit and for pulling the cleaner unit on the floor. This form of a reducer section and the advantages accruing from its use and combination with the vacuum cleaner unit are fully explained and claimed in the aforesaid Pat. No. 1,757,240, and are briefly 0 these: When the vacuum cleaner is used as a suction cleaner it is desirable to have as large an outlet opening as is possible in order to reduce the resistance to flow of air therethrough. When the cleaner is used in this manner the size of the inlet opening is limited by the size of the hose and therefor an inlet opening of smaller cross-section than the outlet is necessary. However, when it is desired to use the cleaner unit as a blower device, it is not necessary to attach 30 a hose to the inlet and therefore the inlet opening may be larger in order to decreasethe resistance to the flow of air therethrough. At the same time it is necessary to decrease the size of the outlet opening in order to accommodate the hose. The reducer member 15 makes it possible to vary the size of the inlet and outlet openings in accordance with the above and therefore increase the efllciency of the cleaner.
Referring now to the novel features of the present application, the means for attaching hose 16 to reducer section 15 is as follows:-Hose member 16 is suitably joined to a stiff tubular member 17 so as to form an air-tight joint therewith. Tubular member 17 is formed with a reduced section 18 upon which is rotatably mounted a hollow member 19. Members 17 and 19 comprise what is conveniently-termed a hose connection and is designated generally by reference character 42. Member 19 is provided with exterior screw threads 20 at what might be termed the forward end thereof and with a hand grip 21 on the other end thereof. An annular recess 22 is formed around the interior of member 19 and serves to retain a suitable packing material 23 between member 19 and tubular member 17. A ring 24 is integral with or ailixed to the forward end of tubular member 17 and bears against the end of member 19 while the rear end of. member 19 abuts against a shoulder 25 formed in member 1'7. (See Fig. 2.) Hollow member 19 is therefore rotatably mounted upon tubular member 1'7 while longitudinal movement between the two members is prevented and an air tight joint is secured by means of the packing 23.
In attaching hose 16 to cleaner unit 10, assuming the reducing section to be screwed in place in the inlet of the cleaner, the threads on hollow member 19 are engaged with the corresponding threads on the interior of section 15 and member 19 may be rotated without rotating hose 16. If, while in this position, it is desired to attach the hose to the blower end of the cleaner it is not necessary to first detach the hose from section 15 but the section may be unscrewed from its position in the inlet opening while still attached to the hose, and screwed into the outlet opening. It is obvious that hose 16 will not be rotated by this procedure, as members 15 and 19 will turn as a unit on tubular member 1'7.
The member 15 is made of a composition such that it will not transmit electric current. For instance, it may be made of ebonite or a phenolcondensation product. It is desirable to have this member made of such composition in order that an accidental grounding of the electric motor shall not result in transmission of electric current to the body of the user holding the flexible hose 16 or the member connected thereto.
In Fig. 3 is shown a slightly modified form of 'coupling. Hollow member 19 is constructed with an offset portion 26 instead of the annular recess 22 shown in Fig. 2. The packing material 23 is held in place between this offset section and tubular member 17 and the shoulder formed in the tubular member. Ring 24 is afiixed to the inner end of the tubular member and this in cooperation with packing 23 and shoulder 25 prevents longitudinal movement between tubular member1'7 and hollow member 19.
In Fig. 4 a type of bayonet joint is employed to attach the hose to reducer member 15 instead of a screw threaded joint. Tubular member 1'7 is provided with a reduced section 18 upon either end of which are aflixed rings 2'7 and 28, similar to ring 24 of Figs. 1, 2 or 3. The hollow member 19 of the preceding figures is here replaced by a tubular member 29 which encloses the reduced section 18 of tubular member 1'7. Member 29 is provided with an internal ring 30 which is held between ring 28 and shoulder 25 of member 17. Packing material 23 is retainedbetween members 1'7 and 29 and between rings 2'7 and 28. A flange 31 is afilxed to the outside of member 29 and retains a packing washer 32 made of rubber or other suitable material. Mounted on the outside of member 29 near its forward end is a projection 33. The internal bore of reducer section 15 is formed with a groove 34 through which projection 33 may be passed when member 29 is inserted into section 15.
Section 15 is formed with an inclined face 35 against which projection 33 will bear when member 29 is rotated, thereby drawing washer 32 tightly against the outer end of section 15 and forming an air tight joint therewith.
In Fig. 5 a still further form of coupling is illustrated. In this coupling, tubular member 17 engages reducer section 15 directly inasmuch as no rotation of the parts is required to either attach or detach member 1'7. Within the reduced section 18 of member 1'7 is aflixed, as by a rivet 36, one end of a resilient strip of metal 37 upon the other end of which is secured a projection 38. Projection 38 extends through and beyond a hole or slot formed in the reduced section 18 of tubular member 1'7. Near the center of the strip 3'7 is placed a button 39 which projects through a corresponding opening in the side of member 17. Member 1'7 is formed with an annular torus 40 which engages the outer end of member 15 and forms an air tight joint therewith. Projection 38, when in its normal position, engages the inner face of member 15 and holds the coupling securely in position therein. When it is desired to remove the hose connection from the reducer member button 39 is depressed, which action moves projection 38 out of engagement with member 15 and the hose connection may be withdrawn therefrom. The same operation, that is depressing button 39, allows the hose connection to be placed in position within member 15. In this form of coupling if it is desired to change the hose from the inlet end to the outlet end without removing it from reducer member 15, the member may be unscrewed from the cleaner without rotating the hose inasmuch as section 15 is rotatable upon member 17.
In Fig. 6 is shown a modification wherein the hose is not permanently attached to tubular member 17. Hose 16 is suitably and permanent- 1y secured in a metal nozzle 41 which has a tapered end, as shown. The tapered end of nozzle 41 is adapted to be inserted in member 1'7 and forms an air tight frictional joint therewith. It is preferable to interpose hose connection 42 between nozzle 41 and coupling member 15 rather than to have nozzle 41 engage directly a tapered bore in member 15 because the composition coupling is. by nature, more or less brittle and does not have much resiliency. Consequently, a frictional joint directly between the metal tube and the ebonite coupling, holding only by friction, would be likely to separate under prolonged vibration incident to use of the vacuum cleaner; this for the reason that mere frictional contact between the composition and metal is not as satisfactory as a type of connection which can employ the mutual resiliency of cooperating parts. A friction connection between two concentric metal tubes of relatively thin wall section is capable of utilizing the give or resiliency of the tubes to greatly increase the surface friction. Hence, instead of engaging fitting 41 directly with member 15, hose connection 42 is interposed therebetween. Hose con- .nection 42 not only provides a more secure coupling between the hose and the cleaner, as above pointed out, but also permits relative rotation therebetween which is of advantage when changing the hose from the suction to the blower end or vice versa. On the other hand, when it is merely desired as is in fact usually the case, to remove the hose from the cleaner all that is necessary is to pull fitting 41 out of member 17.
Obviously, either of the above described methods of attaching hose 16 to member 17 may be employed with any of the modifications.
Thus it will be seen that a simple form of hose coupling has been provided. Vibration or dragmeans and having an air inlet, means for supporting said unit on the floor so that the unit may be pulled around, and a hose member for conducting dust-laden air to said casing and for pulling the cleaner unit on the floor, of a hose connection between the hose member and the casing comprising relatively rotatable parts free- 1y turnable with respect to each other, means to prevent relative longitudinal movement between the rotatable parts and means for preventing inflow of air between said relatively rotatable parts.
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|U.S. Classification||15/327.7, 285/319, 285/7|