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Publication numberUS1941484 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1934
Filing dateOct 3, 1932
Priority dateJan 30, 1932
Publication numberUS 1941484 A, US 1941484A, US-A-1941484, US1941484 A, US1941484A
InventorsIrving Nasmith John
Original AssigneeVickers Armstrongs Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for bending or creasing cardboard, fiber board, or the like
US 1941484 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2, 1934., .1. l. NA IT 1,941,434

. APPARATUS FOR BENDING CR ING' CARDBOARD,

FIBER BO OR THE LIKE 4 Filed 5, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l Jan. 2, 1934. J NASMITH 1,941,484

APPARATUS FOR BENDING OR CREASING CARDBOARD,

FIBER BOARD, OR THE LIKE Filed Oct. 3, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Jan. 2, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS FOR BENDING OR GREASING CARDBOARD, FIBER BOARD, OR THE LIKE John Irving Nasmith, Eltham, London, England,

assignor to Vickers-Armstrongs Limited, West minster, England, a British company Application October 3, 1932, Serial No. 635,903, and in'Great Britain January 30, 1932 14 Claims.

' of apparatus being employed where the whole length of the board cannot be operated, upon at the'same time. I

It is found that during the bending or creasing operations cracks occur in the board due to the fact that many kinds of cardboard, fiberboard or the like are so constituted as not to allow of any local expansion or contraction of the fibers in the working area under the influence of the tools, this being particularly noticeable when the materials are subjected to the action of the tools across the grain which is produced in the board making machine. Moreover, by whatever means the creasing or bending operation is performed a total contraction of the sheet from side to side must always take place if the material will not expand sufiiciently during operation although in some cases the contraction can be reduced to a minimum by the employment of appropriate means. Consequently, not more than two creases or bends can be made in the-material during one passage of the board through the machine due to the fact that for each crease or bend an unrestrained or free edge must be available from which the surplusymaterial required for the crease or bend can be obtained. In many cases four or more creases or bends are required in each board as for instance where. the latter areemployed in the manufacture of boxes or containers with the result that two or more operations are required thereby considerably reducing the output of the bending or creasing apparatus.

The chief object of the present invention is to avoid this disadvantage so as to enable sheets of cardboard, fiberboard or the like to be bent or creased in more than two regions simultaneously.

According to the invention the sheet of cardboard, fiberboard or the like prior to its passage through the creasing or bending tools is reduced in its effective width, for example by buckling or curving the board, in such manner as to provide between each pair of adjacent creasing or bending tools surplus material from which the additional material required for the creases or bends can be obtained.

The boards presented to the creasing or bending tools are preferably buckled or curved so that the cross section of the board as it enters between these tools is of undulating, corrugated or similar form, the number of undulations, corrugationsor curved portions and the extent or depth thereof being dependent upon the number of creases or bends to be made in the board, the class and weight of the material of the boards and the particular form of creasing or bending apparatus employed. It will be apparent that inasmuch as there is between the adjacent creasing or bending tools a curved portion of the board the extra or additional material required for the crease or bend can be drawn or obtained from these curved portions. This results in the creasing or bending operation being performedwithout rupturing or impairing the fibers of the board in the vicinity of the crease or bend.

Inorder that the said invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into effect the same 'will now be more fully described with referenceto the accompanying drawings, in

which:- I

Figure -1 illustrates diagrammatically in front elevation themeans employed according to the invention for buckling or curving the sheet of cardboard or the like; 7

Figure 2 is an end elevation of the means shown in Figure 1 juxtaposed with relation to the bending or creasing tools.

Figure 3 is a view similar toFigure l illustrating a modified form of apparatus.

As shown in Figure 1 of the drawings a sheet of cardboard or the like 3 is reduced in its effective width by buckling or curving the board so that it is of undulating or corrugated form in cross section this being efiected before passing the sheet to the bending or creasing tools 4. The bending or creasing tools 4 comprise a series of superimposed complementary rollers or the like and the superimposed pairs of rollers are arranged side by side, the number of rollers employed depending upon the number of creases or bends to be made in theboard. By buckling or curving the board 3 as shown a surplus of material is providedbetween each pair of adjacent creasing or bending toolsfrom which the additional material required for the crease or bend can be obtained. The number of. undulations or curved portions in, the board and the extent and depth thereof are dependent upon the number of creases of bends to be made in the board and the particular form of creasing or bending apparatus employed. As shown in Figure 1, the means employed for imparting the undulating formation to the boardcomprise four upper rolls 5 carried in supports or bearings 5 and three lower rolls 6, mounted on a shaft 6 the lower rolls as shown being arranged in vertical planes intermediate the planes containing the upper rolls 5 and being so disposed in relation thereto that as the board is fed between the said rolis 5 and 6 the latter impart to the board a contour of undulating form. In order to permit the form of the undulations or corrugations or curvature of the board to be varied the upper rolls 5 may be provided with any suitable means for ad-;

justing them both horizontally and vertically.

In Figures 1 and 2 of the drawings a suitable arrangement is shown for permitting the rolls to be varied. The supports 5 are carried by bearing blocks '7 mounted upon a transverse bar 8. The supports 5 are provided with slots 5 which embrace the bearing blocks 7 and are capable of being moved vertically relatively to, the blocks 7 by means of screws 9 threaded into the blocks '7 as shown in Figure 2, the supports 5 being normally urged upwardly under the influence of compression springs 10. The blocks '7 are slidably carried on the transverse support 8 and may be secured in the adjusted positions on the said transverse bar 8- by any suitable means. The lower rolls 6 may also be provided with means so as to enable them to be adjusted in a horizontal direction so that the curvature imparted to the board may be varied depending upon the constitution of the board aforesaid and 'upon the distance apart of the adjacent creasing or bending tools. 1

As shown in Figures 1 and 2 the shaft 6 supporting the rolls 6 is rotatably carried by supports 6 which can be adjusted horizontally relatively to a transverse supporting member 11.

Figure 3 of the drawings shows a slightly modified arrangement of apparatus for imparting the undulating or corrugated form to the boards and in this construction it will be observed that each lower roll 6 co-operates with two upper rolls 5 to produce the curved portions, this arrangement being advantageous when the creases or bends to be imparted to the boards are 'more widely spaced apart. The resultant undulating or corrugated form of the board 3 when passed through the apparatus shown in Figure 3 is slightly varied and instead of the portions of the board between the adjacent bending or creasing tools 4 being of the arcuate form shown in Figure 1, it will be observed that the greater portion is of rectilinear form. It will be appreciated that inasmuch as there is between each pair of adjacent superimposed creasing or bending tools a curved portion of the board, the extra or additional material required for the crease or bend can be drawn or obtained from these curved portions, and as the board passes between the bending or creasing tools it is creased or bent so that the surplus material between the adjacent tools will be utilized in the formation of the crease or bend.

It is to be understood that the term multicurvilinear employed in the sub-joined claims is intended to cover buckling the boards, or imparting to the said boards a contour of undulating, corrugated or similar form.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States'is:

1. In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, means for imparting to the boards a multi-curvilinear form without compressing the boards and before they are fed to the said creasing or bending tools.

2. In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, means for imparting to the boards a multi-curvilinear form without compressing them and before they are fed to the said creasing or bending tools, and for providing curved portions in the boards for the creasing or bending tools to act upon.

3 In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or' bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, means disposed in front of each set of bending or creasing tools to form, for each set of creasing or bending tools, a curved portion in the board immediately in the vicinity of the said tools, the said means being adapted to impart the curved portions without compressing the board, the said curved portions extending in the direction in which the board is fed so as to impart to the board a multi-curvilinear form prior to its passage past the said tools.

4. In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, a plurality of rolls disposed in front of each set of bending or creasing tools for imparting to the boards a multi-curvilinear form without compressing them and before they are fed to the creasing or bending tools and in a direction transverse to the direction in which the boards are fed to the said bending or creasing tools.

5. Apparatus as in claim 3, and having a plurality of rolls disposed in front of each set of bending or creasing tools.

6. In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, a plurality of upper rolls and a plurality of lower rolls for feeding the boards be tween before they are fed to the bending or creasing tools, each lower roll being disposed between a pair of upper rolls so as to impart to the boards before they pass to the said bending or creasing tools a multi-curvilinear form without compressing the boards.

7. Apparatus as in claim 3, and having a plurality of upper rolls and a plurality of lower rolls for feeding the boards between, each of the lower rolls being disposed between a pair of upper rolls so as to impart to the boards before they are fed to the said bending or creasing tools a multicurvilinear form transversely to the direction in which the boards are fed.

8. In combination with or for use with apparatus provided with a plurality of sets of creasing or bending tools for forming more than two creases or bends simultaneously in cardboard, fiberboard or the like, a set of rolls operationally connected with each set of bending or creasing tools for imparting to the boards before they are fed to the said tools a multi-curvilinear form and without compressing the boards, each set of rolls comprising a pair of rolls disposed one on each side of one tool of each set and another roll for the iso 13. Appratus as in claim 6, and having means for adjusting the upper rolls horizontally and vertically, and for adjusting the lower rolls horizontally.

14. Apparatus as in claim 8, and having means for adjusting the pairs of rolls horizontally and. vertically, and for adjusting the single rolls horizontally.

JOHN IRVING NASMITH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2446594 *Feb 8, 1945Aug 10, 1948Anders Johansson Arthur KonradMachine for pressing grooves in pasteboard sheets
US2719714 *May 2, 1951Oct 4, 1955Diebold IncSheet conveyor for microfilm apparatus
US2806413 *Dec 31, 1953Sep 17, 1957Sperry Rand CorpCreasing device
US2811196 *Mar 15, 1952Oct 29, 1957Republic Steel CorpMethod and apparatus for delivering sheet material
US3061065 *Oct 10, 1958Oct 30, 1962Coe Mfg CoApparatus for handling veneer
US3632107 *Dec 1, 1969Jan 4, 1972Telefunken PatentDevice for conveying thin sheets to a stacker
US3762252 *Sep 30, 1971Oct 2, 1973Agfa Gevaert AgApparatus for cutting and stacking of photographic films or the like
US4857412 *Jan 14, 1987Aug 15, 1989Paul FleuryMethod for forming a planar sheet or plate to a curved shape
US4986105 *Aug 6, 1987Jan 22, 1991Aktiebolaget Br. Hoglunds MaskinuthyrningMachine for corrugating sheet metal or the like
US6508751Sep 12, 1997Jan 21, 2003Sun Source L LlcMethod and apparatus for preforming and creasing container board
US8336356May 6, 2011Dec 25, 2012Ltc Roll & Engineering Co.Apparatus and process for reducing profile variations in sheet metal stock
Classifications
U.S. Classification493/396, 72/234, 493/403
International ClassificationB26D3/08
Cooperative ClassificationB26D3/085
European ClassificationB26D3/08B