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Publication numberUS1942226 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1934
Filing dateApr 1, 1931
Priority dateApr 1, 1931
Publication numberUS 1942226 A, US 1942226A, US-A-1942226, US1942226 A, US1942226A
InventorsHarold H Timian
Original AssigneeContinental Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Engine
US 1942226 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Jan. 2, 1934 PATENT OFFICE ENGINE Harold H. Timian, Detroit, Mich., assignor to Continental Motors Mich., a corporation of Virginia Detroit,

Corporation,

Application April 1, 1931. Serial No. 526,842

9 Claims.

My invention is related to internal combustion engines and is more particularly related to an intake manifold structure adapted for use with an engine of the multi-cylinder type, and to the method of distributing a uniform fuel mixture to a plurality of engine cylinders.

It is the object of my invention to construct an internal combustion engine having generally improved operating characteristics by providing an intake manifold structure constructed to supply a uniform fuel mixture to a plurality of cylinders when the engine is accelerated.

For a more detailed understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing illustrating preferred embodiments of my invention, and in which:

Figure l is a side elevational view of a multicylinder engine equipped with an intake manifold structure constructed in accordance with my invention,

Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view thereof taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, and

Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view of a modified construction.

A designates an intake manifold structure employed with a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine B which includes in general a cylinder block 10 having a plurality of intake and exhaust ports 11 and 12 respectively, and a cylinder head 13 and crankcase 14. An exhaust manifold C is associated therewith and preferably a portion of said exhaust gas is conducted through the heater jacket 15 surrounding a portion of the intake manifold structure in the usual manner.

This intake manifold structure A (see Figures 1 and 2) preferably includes a riser portion 16, one or more runner portions 1'7 and one or more fuel mixture distributing portions 18. The cylinder intake ports are connected with said fuel mixture distributing portions 18 by a plurality of separate branches designated by the reference characters 19, and 21.

It will be observed that these branches are of various lengths as shown in Figure 2 illustrating one embodiment of my invention. In Figure 2 branch 19 is longer than branch 20, which is in turn longer than branch 21. However, the total internal surface area of these branches 19, 20 and 21 are substantially equal for a purpose that will be more apparent hereinafter. The internal areas of these branches 20 and 21 are enlarged to substantially equal the internal area of the longest branch 19 by widening the said branches 20 and 21 as shown. Obviously any suitable means for enlarging the relatively shorter branches will be satisfactory and one other such means is illustrated in Figure 3 wherein a manifold structure A is provided for accomplishing the same result. This structure includes a riser 0 portion 16', runner portions 1'7, and fuel distributing portions 18. Branches 19', 20' and-21' connect the cylinder intake ports 11' of the cylinder structure 10 with the fuel distributing portions. This construction illustrated in Figure 5 3 provides branches having substantiallyv equal internal surface areas, by providing branches of substantially equal length, some of said branches, and in particular branches 20 and 21', being preferably constructed as shown so as to accomm modate said branches withinthe limited space provided therefor, as the'cylinder intake ports are located different distances from said fuel distributing portion associated with said branches 19, 20 and 21. I have discovered that engines equipped with an intake manifold constructed in accordance with the principle of my invention can be accelerated rapidly and can be idled to a minimum speed without causing the engine to miss fire since 30 all the cylinders receive a uniform charge. At low engine speeds, there are considerable amounts of wet fuel adhering to the inside surface of the manifold branches. On accelerating the engine, this wet fuel is swept into the cylinders and when the branches have unequal internal surface areas, the branches of relatively smaller internal surface area are emptied of the wet fuel prior to the branches of relatively larger internal surface area. Thus, the cylinders connected with the branches of relatively smaller internal'surface area receive a leaner charge as soon asthe wet fuel is discharged therefrom than those cylinders connected with the branches of relatively larger internal surface area which are still discharging some wet fuel into the cylinders connected therewith. As a result of this condition, the cylinders obtain a non uniform mixture, which causes the engine to miss and jerk during acceleration thereof until such time as all the branches are emptied of this wet fuel. Also, at low engine speeds some of the cylinders tend to receive a richer mixture than other cylinders due to the greater resistance to the flow of wet fuel in the branches having a relatively greater internal surface area since a greater force is necessary to overcome this friction between the film of wet fuel and the internal surface of the manifold branch.

The difficulties as stated above are overcome 11o by utilizing the principle shown'in the illustrated embodiments of my invention, wherein the several branches are constructed with substantially equal internal surface area. Thus, an intake manifold structure having branches of substantially equal internal area supply a uniform fuel mixture to all of the engine cylinders at various engine speeds and on accelerating the engine.

It will be apparent to those. skilled in the art to which my invention pertains that various modifications and changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of my invention or from the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. An intake manifold structure for an internal combustion engine including a plurality of branches, one of said branches being longer than another of said branches, said shorter branch having a relatively. greater width than the longer branch, whereby to provide branches of substantially equal internal surface area.

2. An intake manifold structure for an internal combustion engine including a plurality of branches, one of said branches being longer than another of said branches and constructed to provide surfaces of substantially equalarea adapted to collect fuel precipitates for effecting substantially a predetermined equal fuel distribution during acceleration of the engine;

3. An intake manifold structure for an internal combustion engine including a plurality of branches, one of said branches being longer and narrower than another of said branches and constructed to provide surfaces of substantiallyequal area adapted to collect fuel precipitates, for effecting substantially a predetermined equal fuel distribution during acceleration of the engine.

4. An intake manifold structure for a multi-- cylinder internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate 'the riser and distributing portions, and branches for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders, some of said branches being longer and more narrow than the others, said branches constructed to provide surfaces of substantially equal 'area adapted to collect fuel precipitates, whereby to supply uniform fuel mixtures to said cylinders upon accelerating the engine.

5. An intake manifold structure for a multicylinder internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate the riser and distributing portions, and branches for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders,

said branches constructed to provide surfaces of substantially equal area adapted to collect fuel precipitates to supply uniform fuel mixtures to said cylinders upon accelerating the engine.

6. An intake manifold structure for a multicylin'der internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate the riser and distributing portions, and branches of unequal length for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders, sa id branches having substantially fiat 'fioors of substantially equal internal surface areas adapted to collect wet fuel precipitate whereby a uniform fuel mixture is supplied to all cylinders upon accelerating the engine.

7. An intake manifold structure for a multicylinder internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate the riser and distributing portions, and branches for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders, said branches having outlets positioned different distances from said fuel distributing portion and constructed to provide branches having substantially equal internal surface area where by a uniform fuel mixture is supplied to all cylinders upon accelerating the engine.

8. An intake manifold structure for a multicylinder internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate the riser and distributing portions, and branches of unequal lengths for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders, said branches provided with substantially flat floors of substantially equal area adapted to collect fuel precipitate, the outlets of said branches being positioned at different distances from said fuel distributing portion.

9. An intake manifold structure for a multicylinder internal combustion engine including a riser portion, a fuel distributing portion, a runner portion intermediate the riser and distributing portions and branches for connecting the fuel distributing portion with the engine cylinders, said branches having flat floor portions, some of said branches having outlets positioned nearer the fuel distributing portion than others and having a floor-portion of relatively greater width to provide said branches with floor surfaces of substantially equalarea adapted to collect fuel precipitates whereby to supply uniform fuel mixtures to said cylinders upon accelerating the engine.

HAROLD

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2612746 *Mar 4, 1948Oct 7, 1952Daniel And Florence GuggenheimNozzle structure for effecting striated flow of combustion gases
US2791990 *May 21, 1954May 14, 1957Daniel A GriebUltrasonic mixing method and apparatus therefor
US2927564 *Sep 17, 1956Mar 8, 1960Gen Motors CorpCharge forming apparatus
US3965873 *Nov 1, 1973Jun 29, 1976Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFlow equalizing means
US4175504 *Mar 20, 1978Nov 27, 1979Bayerische Motoren Werke AgAir induction system for an internal combustion engine
US4501235 *Apr 4, 1983Feb 26, 1985Ford Motor CompanyTuned engine intake manifold
US20100288221 *Nov 28, 2008Nov 18, 2010Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaIntake device for multi-cylinder internal combustion engine
Classifications
U.S. Classification123/184.41
International ClassificationF02M1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF02M2700/4345, F02M1/00
European ClassificationF02M1/00