|Publication number||US1944091 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1934|
|Filing date||Jun 16, 1930|
|Priority date||Jun 16, 1930|
|Publication number||US 1944091 A, US 1944091A, US-A-1944091, US1944091 A, US1944091A|
|Inventors||Lutz Rollin B|
|Original Assignee||Lutz Rollin B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 16, 1934. R. B. LUTZ SCALP TREATING DEVICE Filed June 16, 1930 Patented Jan. 16, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT orrlcs This invention is; a device for treating the human scalp.
One of the objects is to provide. a comb-like device capable of being, passed over the human scalp for massage or shampoo purposes, and having means for conducting away loose hairs, dandrufi scale, and other elements which may be. loosened by its operation. A further object is to provide a device of the character mentioned 0 equipped with means for supplementing amechanical massage by applying a suction to the scalp, to stimulatev the flow of blood in the vi cinity of the area being treated. A further ob ject is to provide a suction comb provided with means by which the degree of suction applied to the scalp may be varied.
The invention will be hereinafter fully set forth and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing:-
Figure 1 is a sidev elevation illustrating a. sue}.
tion. comb constructed in. accordance with the invention. Figure 2 is a detail sectional view illustrating the mounting of the comb-member.
Figure. 3 is a detail sectional view illustrating 25. a slight modification. Figure 4 is a side elevation.
illustrating a second modification.
Referring to the drawing, S designates a suction chamber provided with an enlarged bulbous body portion 10' and a cylindrical suction. inlet portion 11,. open at its lower end. Said body portion 10 is provided with a suction: outlet 12, located at any desired position, and. connected by a conduit 13 with a suitable suction device (not shown), operating upon. a. principle commonly. employed in connection with vacuum cleaners.
C designates a comb-member having a cylin-; drical body portion 14, telescoping within theoylindrical inlet portion l0.,..and rotatably and longitudinally adjustable therein. The loweredge of said comb member is provided with teeth 15'. As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the portion 10. of the suction chamber is provided with. oppositely disposed inclined slots 16:, which are en.- gaged by threaded lugs 17, extending radially from the comb member C, said lugs in the form shown in Figure 2', constituting the. ends of a, diametrically disposed rod 17a- The outer endsof said lugs 17 are engaged by nuts. l8,'adapted. to engage the outer surface of said cylindrical inlet portion 10. By means of this arrangement, rotation of the comb member will adjust the same longitudinally with respect to the inlet member 11, the nuts serving to lock said comb-member F in any adjusted position. By making such adjjustments the mouth of the suction member 11 may be brought more or less 'over the openings between the teeth 15 and closer to, or further away from the scalp, to increase or diminish the degree of suction to be applied thereto.
In. practice, it is preferred to employ a flexible 6T9 skirt 19, the .upper edge of which is secured to the suction chamber S, preferably around the portion 11. Said skirt flares outwardly so as to conformfto thecontour of the head, and its lower edge depends below the comb member so as to enclose it.
In lieu of employing the lug and slot engagement. between the comb member and the suction chamber, as illustrated. in Figures 1 and 2, the form. of adjustment employed in. Figure 3 may 0 be employed. Referring. to. the last mentioned figure, the cylindrical. inlet portion 11a is provided with a spider 20, which rotatably supports a threaded adjusting shaft21. Said shaft engages an internally threaded sleeve 22, formed 7 on a spider 23 carried by the comb member C. Said shaft is provided with'av milled head 24' for convenient manipulation, and it is obvious that. rotations. of the shaft 21 will move the comb member inwardly or outwardly, depending upon the direction of rotation.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Figure 4, the cylindrical inletportion 11b is made separate from the suction chamber 101). The two parts may be separably connected in any suitablemanner. For instance, the chamber 101) may be constructed witha collar 25., provided with, bayonet slots 26, which are engaged by lugs 2'7 on the member 111), the upper end of said member extending into said collar. The combmember C is mounted to rotate upon the exterior of the member 11b, and is provided with slots 16b, positioned to receiveradial lugs 17b, carried. by said member 11b.
-In operation, of the respective devices above described, the comb member is adjusted so'that while the device is engaged with the scalp, the desired suction will be applied to the area to be treated. The skirt is thenadjusted to the head and the suction device set in operation. By then moving the device around with the comb in contact with the scalp, a very effective and beneficial massaging. action is produced, which is obtained by combining the mechanical rubbing of the comb, with the suction, which tends to stimulate the local blood flow. At the same time all loose hair, dandruff scales, and the like are carried ofi through the suction device, leaving the scalp clean as well as invigorated.
The advantages of the invention will be readily 9 appreciated by those skilled in the art to which it belongs. For instance, it will be particularly noted that not only is provision made for a simultaneous rubbing and suction treatment of the scalp, but simple means are provided for adjusting the device to suit the individual needs of each person to be treated.
Having thus explained the nature of the invention and described an operative manner of constructing and using the same, although without attempting to set forth all of the forms in which it may be made, or all of the forms of its use, what is claimed is:-
1. A scalp treating device of the character described comprising a suction chamber provided with an inlet and an outlet opening, a combmember mounted in said inlet opening, and a flared flexible scalp-engaging skirt having its upper edge engaging the interior of said skirt and depending from said suction chamber to a position below said comb-member and enclosing the same.
2. A scalp treating device of the character de- --scribed comprising a suction chamber provided with a cylindrical inlet portion and a suction outlet, a movable comb-member arranged concentrically with said inlet portion and adjustably mounted therein, and a depending flexible scalpengaging skirt having its upper edge portion engaging the exterior of said cylindrical inlet portion, the body of said skirt depending from said upper edge and enclosing said comb-member, the lower edge of said skirt being positioned below -=the plane of the comb member.
3. A scalp treating device comprising a casing having a cylindrical suction inlet conduit and an enlarged concentric suction chamber of bulbous form superposed upon and communicating with -.said conduit, a suction pipe leading from said bulbous chamber, a hollow comb member of cylindrical form telescoping with said conduit and mounted for axial and rotative movements thereon, said comb member having comb teeth on its lower edges constructed and arranged to provide air inlet spaces between them, and complemental means carried by said conduit and comb member for maintaining them in assembled relation, said last mentioned means being constructed and arranged to axially adjust the comb member and the conduit with respect to each other.
4. A scalp treating device comprising a casing having a cylindrical suction inlet conduit and an enlarged suction chamber of bulbous form superposed upon and communicating with said conduit, a suction pipe connection leading from said bulbous chamber, a hollow comb member of cylindrical form telescoping within said conduit and constructed and arranged to have axial and rotative movements therein, the said comb member having comb teeth on its lower edge providing air inlet spaces, said inlet conduit having inclined slots in its wall, lugs carried by the comb member and projected outwardly therefrom through said slots, and clamping means cooperating with said lugs to normally lock the comb against movement with respect to said conduit.
5. A scalp treating device comprising a casing including a cylindrical suction inlet conduit and a detachably connected enlarged suction chamber of bulbous form superposed upon and communicating with said conduit, said bulbous chamber having an outlet opening, a hollow comb member of cylindrical form having telescoping engagement with said conduit and mounted for axial and rotative movements with respect to said conduit, the said comb member having comb teeth on its lower edge constructed and arranged to rest upon the surface to be operated upon and so spaced as to provide air inlet openings between them, and complemental means carried by the conduit and the comb member for maintaining them in assembled relation, said last mentioned means being constructed and arranged to effect axial and rotative adjustments of said comb member with respect to said conduit.
6. A scalp treating device comprising a casing formed of a suction inlet conduit member and an enlarged suction chamber member of bulbous form, one of said members being provided with a bayonet slot and the other with radial lugs complemental to said slot so that the members are detachably connected, said bulbous chamber having an outlet opening, a comb member of cylin-- drical form having telescoping engagement with said conduit and axially and rotatively movable with respect thereto, the lower edge of said comb member having spaced apart comb teeth providing air inlet spaces between them, and complemental means carried 'by the conduit and the comb member for maintaining them in assembled relation, said complemental means being COIL. structed and arranged to efiect axial adjustment of the comb member with respect to the conduit member.
7. A scalp treating device comprising a casing having a cylindrical suction inlet conduit provided with relatively spaced inclined slots, an enlarged suction chamber of bulbous form superposed upon and communicating with said conduit, said suction chamber having an outlet opening, a hollow comb member of cylindrical form having telescoping engagement with said conduit and mounted for axial and rotativemovements therein, said comb member having comb teeth on its lower edge so arranged as to provide air inlet spaces between them, 'a rod extended diametrically across said comb member and having lug-like ends projected through said slots,
and clamping means cooperating with said ends 31,25
to normally prevent relative movement of the comb and said conduit member.
8. A scalp treating device comprisinga casing. having a cylindrical suction inlet conduit and an enlarged suction chamber of bulbous form superposed upon and communicating with said con-r duit, said chamber having an outlet opening, a hollow comb member of cylindrical form telescoping within said conduit and mounted for axial adjustment therein, said comb member hava
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|U.S. Classification||601/7, 604/313, 15/418|
|International Classification||A61H9/00, A61H7/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61H7/003, A61H9/005|