US 1944451 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 23, 1934. H. L. NEWMAN INFANTS AND CHILDS RESTRAINING JACKET Filed Jan. 17
IN V EN TOR A TTORNEYS.k
Patented Jan. 23, 1934 VArENr orrlcl: i
INFANTS AND CHILDS RESTRAINING JACKET `Horace L. Newman, New York, N.'Y.
Application January 17, 1933. Serial No. 652,207
V'i' Claims. (Cl. 12S-134) restraining garment which may take the forni of a night gown, shirt or dress having sleeves which are of greater length than the arms of a child wearing the garment and have their. outer free end portions so constructed that the hands .will be entirely enclosed Withinrthe sleeves and the child prevented from scratching its face or sucking its thumb.
A still further object of the invention is to provide the outer ends of the sleeveswithrcuffs of such construction that stiffening sheets maybe inserted to prevent a child from placing its thumb together with a portion of the sleeve or cuff into its mouth or using its hands to scratch even if enclosed in` long sleeves. e Another object of theinvention is to provide stiffening sheets which can be easily inserted or removed and thereby permit removal of the stiflening sheets when the garment is to be laundered .while at the same time so `constructing the stiffening sheets that they will 'be frictionally held Within the cuffs and cause the cuffs to be bulged outwardly from the sleeves and afford ample room for the child or infant to freely move its hands. Therefore, the child'will not be inconvenienced Vby having its hands confined in a small space and prevented from sleeping comfortably.
With these and numerous other objects in view, my invention consists in the novel features of construction,` combination and. arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter referred to and more particularly pointed out in the specification and claims.
In the accompanying drawing forming a part of this application:
Figure 1 is a view of a restraining garment constructed in accordance with this invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged View in elevation showing a portion of one sleeve and a stiifening sheet and illustrating the difference in width between the sheet and the cuil into which it fits; Y Figure 3 is a side elevationshowing the stiffening sheet within the cuff;
Figure 4 is a view taken at right angles to Figure 3 ;l
Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of Figure 3;
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken along the liney 6 6 ofFigure 5; Y v
Figure -7 is a perspective vievvY of one of the stiifening sheets. Y
In describing my invention, I shall refer to th drawing which similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views; A l
Infants and many children have the habit of sucking their thumbs during the day or when they are asleep andalso infants often scratch their faces yas it is difiicult to'keep their nails properly out. Sucking the thumb is a veryV bad habit as it causes mouth breathing and adenoids and in addition pressure exerted by a thumb placed in an infants mouth will distort the upper or lower jaw bone and not only spoil Ythe shape of the mouth but also cause protruding teeth.
In order to overcomethis habit of thumb sucking and prevent an, infant from scratching its The sleeves each consists of front and rear sec-v tions 3 having their side edges and the marginal edgesat their outer ends sewed to form an inwardly extending seam 4 rmly uniting the sec-` tion-s and thereby providing the sleeveswith closed outer ends sogthat the child or infant can not thrust its hands outwardly through ,the sleeves. I
Cuffs 5 are provided for at the outer end por,- tions of the sleeves and eachcuff is formed of fabricsections 6 of the same material from which the sleeves and body of the garment are made. These sections are disposed against front vand rear portions of the sleeves and have their marginal portions folded into the seam 4 and secured therein as shown at 7 When the seam 4 is sewed. The cuif forming sections are iirmly sewed along their sides and outer ends but their inner ends are free and provide entrances to pockets 8 having the cuff sections serving as their outer walls and the covered portions of the sleeves forming their inner walls. Before being applied to the sleeves the cuff forming sections have their rear end portions folded inwardlyto form flaps 9 serving to reinforce the outerwalls of the pockets and also providing finished edges for the cuffs and permitting stiiening sheets to be easily inserted or withdrawn from the pockets.
The stiffening sheets 10 are formed of celluloid and are initially fiat but since they are formed of flexible material, they maybe bowed transversely as sho-wn in Figure 6 when thrust into the pockets. The stiffening sheets lit snugly into the pockets With their edges in frictional binding engagement With margins of the pockets to prevent them from sliding freely and accidentally slipping out of the pockets and referring to Figure 2, it will be seen that the Width of the stiifening sheet indicated by the line B is somewhat greater than the width of the pocket indicated by the line A and therefore the stiifening sheets must be bowed in order to insert them and will retain their bowed condition When in place. This Will cause Walls of the pockets tol be bulged outwardly and ample room will be provided Within the sleeve to permit the child to freely move its hands Without bindingY due to pressure. In order to more eifectively cause frictional grip upon side edges of the stii'fening sheets, the stitching may be offset as shown at 11 in Figure 2, thereby providing opposed inwardly projecting portions which rmly grip the sheets from opposite sides thereof and not only insure bowing of the same but also make it necessary to exert a certain amount of force in order to insert or withdraw the sheets and prevent them from Working out of the pockets.
When this garment is in use, itis put on the child in the same manner in Which a dress or nightgotvn is donned. The stiffening sheets may be inserted either before or after the garment has been putl on and when in place serve to hold the closed outer` end portions of the sleeves spaced from the childs hands and permit the child to move its hands freely. The fact thatv the cuffs and outer end portions of the sleeves are stiffened bythe sheets l0, prevents the child from scratching its face and also prevents the child from putting its thumb together with a portion of the sleeve and cuff into its mouth. A child will thus be broken of the thtunb sucking habit and also `prevented from scratching its face and disguring its face. The device will be particularly eeotive in preventing ia child scratching if afflicted with eczema upon its face or other portions of the body. When the garment is to be laundered, the stiffeningsheets can be easily and quickly-removed so that they Will not be damaged or interfere with proper Washing of the sleeves by hand or in a Washing machine.
From the above description of my improved garment, it will be seen that I have provided a simple, inexpensive and efficient means for carryingY out the objects ofthe invention.
While I have particularly described the elements best adapted to perform the functions set forth., it is obvious that various changes in form, proportion and in the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the principles of the invention.
Having thus described the` invention, what is 'claimed is:
1. A restraining garment for infants and children, said garment having sleeves closed at their i' outer ends, cuffs for said sleeves forming pockdren, said garment having sleeves of a length to extend beyond the hands of a person wearing the garment, said sleeves being closed at their outer endsto confine the hands, cuffs fitting about the outerl EndA portions of said sleevesA and defining pockets open at their inner ends, and stiifeni'ng sheets fitted into said pockets and removable through the open inner ends thereof, said sheets being disposed about portions of the sleeves surrounding the hands.
3. A restraining garment for infants and children, said garment having sleeves of a length to extend beyond the hands of a person wearing the garment, said sleeves being closed at their outer ends to confine the hands, cuffs tting about the outer end portions of said sleeves and defining pockets open at their inner ends, and removable stiffening sheets fitted into said pockets" through the inner ends thereof and disposed about portions of the sleeves surrounding the hands, said sheets `being bowed transversely When in place and serving to permit free movement of a persons hands and prevent crumpling of the sleeves and cuffs.
4. A restraining garment for infants and children, said garment having sleeves of a length to extend beyond the hands of a person Wearing the garment, said sleeves being closed at their outer ends to confine the hands, cuffsfitting about the outer end portions of saidfsleeves and sewed along outer ends and opposite sides of the sleeves to denne opposed pockets open at their inner ends, and stiffening sheets of flexible material fitted into said pockets through the open inner ends thereof and having binding fit therein, the stiffening sheets being disposed about portions of the sleevesv surrounding the hands.
5. A restraining garment for infants and children, said garment having sleeves of a length to extend beyond the hands of a person Wearing the garment, said` sleeves each` consisting of front andY rear sections having their side edges and outer marginal edges sewed together to form a sleeve closed at its outer end, cuffsfor said sleeves consisting of front and rear sections having their side edges and outer ends seWed into the seams uniting front and rear sections of said sleeves, said cuff sections dening pockets open at their inner ends and stiffening sheets -tted into. said pockets through their open rear ends 'and having. binding fit therein, the stiifening sheets being disposed about portions of the sleeves surrounding the` hands.
6. A restraining garment for infants and children, said garment having sleeves of a length to extend beyond the hands' of a person wearing the garment, said sleeves each consisting of front and.r rear sections having their side edges and outer marginal edges sevved together to form a sleeve closed at its outer end, cuffs for said sleeves consisting of front and rear sections having their. side edges and outerends sevved into theseamsuniting front and rear sections of said sleeves, said cuff sections dening pockets open g at their inner ends and stiffening sheets fitted into said pockets through their openl rear ends and disposed about portions ofthe sleeves surrounding the hands, the stiffening sheets being initially fiat and of slightly greater Width than the pockets whereby the sheets when in place within the pockets will be bowed transversely and cause the cuffs to bulge transversely about the sleeves.
7. `A restraining garment for infants and chili fening sheets tted into' said pockets through their open rear ends and having binding fit therein, the stiffening sheets being disposed about portions of the sleeves surrounding the hands.
HORACE L. NEWMAN.