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Publication numberUS1946315 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 6, 1934
Filing dateMay 21, 1931
Priority dateMay 21, 1931
Publication numberUS 1946315 A, US 1946315A, US-A-1946315, US1946315 A, US1946315A
InventorsFerguson George K S
Original AssigneeFerguson George K S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for packaging fruit or the like
US 1946315 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 6, 1934. GQ'K. s. FERGUSON 1,946,315

' MEANS FOR PACKAGING FRUIT on THE um Filed May 21, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 6, I934. s, FERGUSON 1,946,315

MEANS FOR PACKAGING FRUIT OR THE LIKE Filed May 21, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 40 the like.

Patented Feb. 6, 1934 v UNITED STATES.

PATENT ori ice Y MEANS FOR PACKAGING I'BUI'I, H m LIKE George K. S. Ferguson, North East, Pa. Application Ma! 21, 1931. Seth] No. 539,101

momma. (01.229-) that when the crates are packed side by side,

they must be spaced one from the other so that air may enter between them and pass into the 10 crates the same. border to maintain such ventilating flues between the crates, it is necessary to nail strips or slats to the crates in order to hold one apart from the other. This not only adds to the cost of arranei g'the crates within freight cars or the like, but wood crates are relatively expensive, and no means are provided for efiectively ventilating through the crates. I Some attempts have been made to use paper go or straw board in the construction of primary or main containers which take the place of the crates, but with one exception, they are not constructed to" insure adequate ventilation at all .times during transit or when stored. The exception mentioned is disclosed in' my U. S. Patent 1,732,264, dated October 22, 1929. That patent discloses improvements in the art.:'of

packaging fruit or the like, in which each primary carton is formed of manufactured fibrous sheet g material, and each side wall, as well as the top and bottom of the carton are provided with relatively large ventilating openings. Secondary con-'- tainers holding'the fruit or the like, are packed within the primary container, and 'the construction is such that when the primary cartons containing the secondary containers are packed in closely abutting relation, either side by side or in superposed relation, adequate ventilation is insured through the mass of packed fruit or The primary purpose of the present invention is to improve the packaging means disclosed in said patent, and this is mainlybrought about by providing the interior of each primary carton 5'. with one or more vertical partitions which not only prevents the walls andtop and bottom of the carton from'collapsing inwardly, but forms a flue within the primary carton to increase the ventilating properties of the construction; The to improved packaging means is of simpler ahd less expensive constructionthan the wood crates; the package may be shipped in knock-down condition to the pointwhere the fruit or the like is to be packed into the same, and of course, when 65 the packages are placed in a freight car or the between the slats forming the sides of package taken on like. there is no necessity of nailing spacing strips to them as is absolutely essential with wood crates. As a matter of fact, manufactured fibrous sheet material: such as corrugated boardand the like, is not of sufllcient consistency or body to hold nails, and will not hold up under shippin Therefore, it is practically impossible commercially to space the castes of this material in order to allow circulation in a loaded ith theforegolng objects outlined and with other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists in the novel features hereinafter described in detail, illustrated in the accompamring drawings, and more particularlypointedout in the appended v In the drawings,

Fig. l is a perspective view of a complete package made in accordance with the invention.

Fig. 2 is a similar view with the top flaps open 7' and with two of the secondary containers removed in order to facilitate illustration.

Fig. i] is a transverse sectional view of the the line 3-3 of Fig.4, and with the secondary or inner containers removed.

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the same on the line-4'-4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a sectional view like Fig. 3, taken through a number of the packages after they have been placed in side by side and superposed .relations.

Referring to the drawings, 6 designates one of the packages in its entirety. Such package is preferably formed of manufactured fibrous-sheet material, and it comprises a primary or main carton consisting of side walls 7 and 8, and a top and bottom. The top and bottom is preferably formed of flaps 9 which fold inwardly from the side walls 8, and flaps 10 that fold inwardly from the walls 'I. The oppositely disposed flaps 9 are relatively shorter in comparison with the length of the carton, and when they are folded inwardly, they are covered by the flaps 10, which flaps have at their central portions, relatively large ventilating openings 11.

(Each side wall also has a relatively large cenmay located ventilating opening 12 which also form hand holes to facilitate the handling of the package.

Due to the fact that the primary carton is of manufactured fibrous sheet material, it is relatively flexible, so I provide the interior with a reinforcement which not alone prevents collaps-- ing, but provides a ventilating flue within the primary carton. In the example illustrated, a Ion-1110 gitudinal vertical partition 13 rests on the botagainst the walls 8, and abuts at its upper edge against the flaps forming the top of the carton. This partition is notched as indicated at 14, to interfit with the notched portions of transverse vertical partitions 15, which are spaced apart to provide a ventilating flue 16 withinthe carton. The upper and lower ends of this flue communicate with the opening 11 in the top and bottom of the carton, and the horizontal ends of the flue communicate with the ventilating openings 12 in the walls 7. It will therefore be understood that air and other gases can travel up the flue or through the same transversely of the carton.

For the purpose of preventing the ends of the transverse partitions from moving toward one another, any suitable spacing means may be provided. For instance, tongues 17 may be cut from the walls '7 where the openings 12 are located in said walls, and these tongues may then be pushed inwardly to a horizontal position, as best shown in Fig. 3.

It will of course be understood that the ends of the transverse partitions preferably abut against the side walls 7, and that the top and bottom edges of these partitions abut respectively against the top and bottom of the carton.

As the longitudinal partition 13 intersects the ventilating flue, it is necessary in order not to segregate one side'of the flue from the other, to provide an opening in the longitudinal partition. Such opening is shown at 18.

In the package illustrated, the partitionsdivide the interior of the primary carton into four compartments for the reception of secondary containers 19, and in order to insure ventilation from one compartment to the other, and the flue 16, the upper edges of the partitions are notched as shown at 20.

The secondary containers are preferably of the type having side walls which diverge upwardly, for the purpose of forming horizontal passageways 21 along the sides of the secondary containers, and these passageways may communicate with the interior of the secondary containers by means of small ventilating openings 22 in opposite side walls of the secondary containers.

The secondary containers are preferably of less height than the vertical partitions to insure adequate space for fruit or the like piled above the upper edges of the secondary containers, and to allow for the passage of air or gases through the ventilating notches 20. t

From the foregoing it will be understood that air entering the primary carton through any of the openings 11 or 12 may circulate around and over the secondary containers 19 and from one compartment of the primary carton to all of the others. Consequently, when packages of this kind are placed alongside of one another in abutting relation or when they are piled one on the other, the ventilating openings 11 of one carton will register with the similar ventilating openings' 11 of the primary cartons arranged above or below the same, and of course, the ventilating openings 12 of'any carton will register with the similar openings of other cartons arranged alongside of any one carton. Obviously, this will insure circulation of air laterally through the mass of packages, as well as upwardly through the packages, and as manufactured fibrous sheet material is smooth, the walls and tops and bottoms of the cartons will snugly engage one another so that the draft must go through the cartons and,

cannot simply pass around the same as is the case with wooden crates. Furthermore, gases which arise from the perishable merchandise rapidly pass away, and are not confined to cause spoilage.

From the foregoing it is believed that the construction and advantages of my invention may be readily understood by those skilled in the art, and it is apparent that changes may be made in the details disclosed, without departing from the spirit of the invention, as expressed in the claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. Means for packaging fruit or the like, comprising a primary carton formed of manufactured fibrous sheet material and having side walls and a flat top and bottom, vertical partition means arranged in the carton and extending from the bottom to the top and supporting the latter, said partition means including partitions spaced apart and arranged so as to form a ventilating flue within the carton, each of said side walls being provided with a ventilating opening of substantial area, and one of the spaced partitions being cut away to provide a ventilating opening.

2. Means for packaging fruit or the like, comprising a primarycarton formed of manufactured fibrous sheet material and having side walls and a flat top and bottom, vertical partition means arranged in the carton and extending fromthe bottom to the top and supporting the latter, said partition means including partitions spaced apart and arranged so as to form a ventilating flue withinthe carton, each of said side walls being provided with a ventilating opening of substantial 110 area, and one of the spaced partitions being cut away to provide a ventilating opening, the edges of the spaced partitions extending into close relation to opposite side walls of said carton.

3. Means for packaging fruit or'the like, com- 5 prising a primary carton formed of manufactured fibrous sheet material and having side walls and a flat top and bottom, vertical partition means arranged in the carton and extending from the bottom to the top and supporting the latter, said 2 partition means including partitions spaced apart and arranged so as to form a ventilating flue within the carton, each of said side walls being provided with a ventilating opening of substantial area, and the upper edge portion of one of 125 the spaced partitions being notched to form a ventilating opening.

4. Means for packaging fruit and the like, comprising a primary carton formed of manufactured fibrous sheet material and having side walls, a 130 flat top and a bottom, vertical partitions arranged in the carton and extending from the bottom to the top and supporting the latter, one of said partitions being arranged lengthwise and others crosswise of the carton and each partition being 135 cut away to provide a ventilating opening, the crosswise partitions being spaced apart and so arranged as to form a ventilating flue communieating with one of said openings, and each side wall having a ventilating opening of substantial 140 area.

5. Means for packaging fruit and the like, comprising a primary carton formed of manufactured fibrous sheet material and having side walls, a flat top and a bottom, vertical partitions arranged 145 in the carton and dividing the interior of the carton into a plurality of compartments, one of said partitions being arranged lengthwise of the carton and others crosswise of the carton, the partitions extending from the bottom to the top 159 and supporting the latter, and each being cut walls being cut away to provide an opening for away to provide a ventilating opening, the crosswise partitions being spaced apart and so arranged as to form a ventilating flue communicating with one of said openings, each sidewall being provided with a ventilating opening of substantial area, and secondary containers occupying said compartments.

6. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said carton extending from one 0! said membersto another, certain of said members having ventilating openings of substantial area communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air.

7. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a yent flue in said carton extending from one of said members to another, certain of said members ventilating openings of substantial area communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, at least one wall of said flue forming a vertical reinforcement for the top member of the carton.

8., A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said carton extending from one of said members to another, certain of said members having ventilating openings of substantial area communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, at least one wall of said flue forming a horizontal reinforcement for opposite side wall members of the carton.

9. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one of said membersto another, the top' and bottom members being provided with ventilating openings communicating with the flue, and one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air. 1

e 10. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extendingfrom one side wall member to the opposite-side wall member, the last mentioned members being provided with ventilating openings communicating with the flue, and one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air.

11. A package comprising a container having side walls, a top and bottom, a vent flue in said container, the top, bottom and opposite side walls of the carton being provided with ventilating, openings communicating with the flue, and one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air.

12. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said carton extending from one of said members to another, certain of said members having ventilating openings otrsubstantial area communicating with said flue, one or the flue the'circulation of air, and a vertical partition arranged in the container and intersecting said flue.

13. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one of said members to another of the members, the flue having opposite side walls, certain of said members having ventilating openings communicating with said flue, and tongues projecting from certain of said members between the side walls of the flue for holding those walls in spaced relation. 1

14. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one 7 of said members to another, certain of said members having ventilating openings communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, and a vertical partition intersecting the flue and having a notched interlock with walls of the flue.

15. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one of said members to another, certain of said members having. ventilating openings communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air,- and a vertical partition intersecting the flue and cut away to provide a ventilating opening communicating with the flue.

16. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one or said members'to another and dividing the interior of the container into a plurality of charm bers, certain of said members having ventilating openings communicating with said flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, and secondary containers arranged within said chambers.

17. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one of said members to another and including opposite side walls, certainof said members having ventilating openings communicating with the flue, one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, and means integral withcertain of said members for holding the walls of the flue in spaced relation.

' 18. A package comprising a container having side wall members and top and bottom members, a vent flue in said container extending from one of said members to another. certain of said members having ventilating openings of substantial area communicating with said flue; one of the flue walls being cut away to provide an opening for the circulation of air, the entire package being formed of manufactured flbrous sheet material.

GEORGE K. S. FERGUSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2660297 *Feb 27, 1951Nov 24, 1953Container CorpBicycle wheel brace
US2693296 *Dec 29, 1952Nov 2, 1954Nemesio Nino JBottle and can container and carrier
US2743050 *Jan 25, 1952Apr 24, 1956Allied Plastics CompanyProduce shipping container
US5018663 *Dec 18, 1989May 28, 1991Corso Bros., Inc.Hand carryable resh produce container
US5794780 *Apr 8, 1997Aug 18, 1998Em Industries, IncorporatedErgonomic package configuration
US6390357 *Aug 7, 2000May 21, 2002Corrugated Synergies International, LlcContainer with longitudinal passageways
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/120, 229/117.16, 229/120.33, 229/120.36
International ClassificationB65D5/49, B65D5/48
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/48038
European ClassificationB65D5/48B1E