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Publication numberUS1946328 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 6, 1934
Filing dateJul 12, 1932
Priority dateJul 12, 1932
Publication numberUS 1946328 A, US 1946328A, US-A-1946328, US1946328 A, US1946328A
InventorsNeff Judson
Original AssigneeNeff Judson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for removing superheat from compressed gas to be condensed in a surface condenser
US 1946328 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 6, 1934.


This invention relates to an improved method of improving the performance of a surface condenser used for liquefying a superheated gas by the removal of the superheat before admitting 6 the gas to the condenser, the object being to cause the condenser to function with a gas at lower pressure and reduced temperature.

Another object of the invention is the improved method of de-superheating gas in its travel from the compressor to the condenser so that the condenser may act with a fully wetted surface and thereby produce a greater heat transfer coefficient.

A further object of the invention is to provide 115 a method which may utilize different apparatuses for de-superheating the gas between a compressor and a condenser in a refrigerating system, the

de-superheating part of the system acting through the use of sprayed liquid formed from the same gas or through bubbling the superheated gas through a liquid of the same gas, thus evaporated some of the liquid and securing a reduction in superheat and a reduction in temperature before the gas reaches the condenser.

In the accompanying drawing,

The figure is a diagram showing one apparatus capable of utilizing the method embodying the invention.

Referring to the accompanying drawing by 30. numerals, 1 indicates a compressor of any desired kind, and 2 a surface condenser. In the drawing an apparatus is shown which is a refrigerating system and which utilizes the invention to secure certain desirable results. 36. During the use or functioning of the refrigerating system, the compressor 1, which may be of any desired type, compresses the liquefiable gas used and raises the pressure and temperature thereof so that the gas moves through the pipe or tubular conductor 3 at a comparatively high pressure and superheated. As shown inthe example in the drawing this superheated high pressure gas is discharged into a tank 4. This tank has a supply of liquid 5 formed from the same gas that is being compressed. A spray device 6 continually provides a spray through which the gas must pass before it can move through the outlet pipe 7 to the line 8 and thence to the condenser 2. The liquid from the spray 6 drops down to the liquid 5 and when the level is sufdcient it will overflow through the drain pipe 9 into the return pipe line 10. The liquid from the spray device 6 will evaporate in the presence of the superheated gas from pipe 3 because the superheated gas is naturally dry and at a higher temperature, and, consequently, this liquid will saturate the gas and thereby de-superheat the gas before it passes out of the discharge pipe '7. As the gas under reduced temperature moves along the pipe 8, it is finally discharged into the 60 condenser 22, which may be of any desired kind, and by reason of the comparatively saturated condition of the gas the condenser functions efilciently to condense the gas into a liquid and this liquid passes down through pipe 11 into the re- .535 ceiving chamber 12. The bottom of the receiving chamber 12 is connected to the pipe 10.

The liquid from the receiving chamber 12 is adapted to pass along pipe 10, as indicated by the arrows 13, and from thence up pipe 14. If [(0, desired, a pump could be arranged in pipe 14, though, ordinarily, this is not necessary as the liquid is moving under pressure and as the gas entering the condenser 2 is under pressure. However, a pump 15 is arranged in pipe 16 so as {1,6 to supply the spray 6 with liquid at the desired rate. The liquid passing through pipe 14 must pass through expansion valve 17 and thence into the evaporator 18 where it produces the desired cooling action and the gas having taken up the Q0 heat will be drawn through pipe 19 into the compressor 1. This gas in turn will be ejected under comparatively high pressure by the compressor as the compressor functions to force the gas through pipe 3. As long as the refrigerating system is in use, the compressor 1 functions in the usual manner and the cycle just described will be continued.

In devices of this kind it has been the practice heretofore to connect pipe 3 directly with the 89 condenser 2 or with a preliminary stage of the surface condenser before entering the condenser 2 proper and this resulted in a considerable portion of the heat exchanger surface of the latter intended to cool and liquefy the gas remaining dry on the side exposed to the gas. By the present method, and as illustrated in the drawing, there is presented the idea of de-superheating the gas prior to condensing by bringing the gas into intimate contact with some of the same gas previously liquefied. It will be evident that a number of different devices, and also a number of modified ways of bringing the gas into intimate contact with liquid from the same gas are possible. For instance, the gas could be forced through a spray of liquid, as illustrated in the drawing, or the gas could be caused to bubble up through the liquid.

The drawing discloses the shell and tube type of surface condenser but the idea could be ap- L10 plied equally well to surface condensers of the shell and coil, multitube, submerged coil or atmospheric types.

By using the method herein described the gas is permitted to go directly from the de-superheater 4 to the condenser. This method results in a decrease of the condenser pressure because by having all of the condenser surface in contact with the saturated gas an increase in heat transfer coeflicient is secured which more than oifsets the effect of decreasing the temperature of the gas entering the condenser and increasing the weight of gas to be liquefied and drained in the condenser. In this way the performance of the condenser 2 is improved as the superheat is removed from the gas without using any part of the condenser.

While the drawing shows one method of apply ing the inventive idea to a compression refrigerating system it is evident that the invention is capable of application to not only compression refrigerating systems but to any compression system employing surface condensers to liquefy a gas.

I claim:--- 7 In a refrigeration system using a liquefiable gas refrigerant, the combination with a condenser and a compressor, of means providing a chamber in communication with the condenser and compressor between them, and conduit means leading from the bottom of the condenser to the top of said chamber to feed some of the gas in a liquid state into the chamber to saturate the gas on its way to the condenser from the compressor to lower the pressure in the condenser and at the same time increase the heat transfer efficiency of the condenser.


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US4599873 *Jan 31, 1984Jul 15, 1986Hyde Robert EApparatus for maximizing refrigeration capacity
US4655051 *Nov 26, 1985Apr 7, 1987Uhr CorporationHeat exchange system with reversing receiver flow
US5150580 *Mar 8, 1991Sep 29, 1992Hyde Robert ELiquid pressure amplification with superheat suppression
US5291744 *Sep 21, 1992Mar 8, 1994Hyde Robert ELiquid pressure amplification with superheat suppression
US5329782 *Oct 12, 1993Jul 19, 1994Hyde Robert EProcess for dehumidifying air in an air-conditioned environment
US5386700 *Mar 7, 1994Feb 7, 1995Hyde; Robert E.Liquid pressure amplification with superheat suppression
US5435148 *Sep 28, 1993Jul 25, 1995Jdm, Ltd.Apparatus for maximizing air conditioning and/or refrigeration system efficiency
US5457964 *May 24, 1994Oct 17, 1995Hyde; Robert E.Superheat suppression by liquid injection in centrifugal compressor refrigeration systems
US5509272 *Jul 18, 1994Apr 23, 1996Hyde; Robert E.Apparatus for dehumidifying air in an air-conditioned environment with climate control system
US5664425 *Feb 6, 1996Sep 9, 1997Hyde; Robert E.Process for dehumidifying air in an air-conditioned environment with climate control system
US5692387 *Apr 28, 1995Dec 2, 1997Altech Controls CorporationLiquid cooling of discharge gas
US5749237 *Oct 26, 1995May 12, 1998Jdm, Ltd.Refrigerant system flash gas suppressor with variable speed drive
US5752392 *Dec 24, 1996May 19, 1998Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaAir conditioner and heat exchanger therefor
US6467303Dec 26, 2000Oct 22, 2002James RossHot discharge gas desuperheater
US20110113822 *Jun 25, 2009May 19, 2011Carrier CorporationRefrigerating Circuit
CN103518106A *Apr 13, 2012Jan 15, 2014东京电力株式会社Condensing device
EP2703749A1 *Apr 13, 2012Mar 5, 2014Tokyo Electric Power Company, IncorporatedCondensing device
WO1995009335A2 *Sep 28, 1994Apr 6, 1995Jdm, Ltd.Apparatus for maximizing air conditioning and/or refrigeration system efficiency
WO1995009335A3 *Sep 28, 1994May 18, 1995Marc D SandofskyApparatus for maximizing air conditioning and/or refrigeration system efficiency
WO1995010742A1 *Sep 30, 1994Apr 20, 1995Hyde Robert EDehumidifying air in an air-conditioned environment
WO1996034237A1 *Apr 26, 1996Oct 31, 1996Altech Controls CorporationLiquid cooling of discharge gas
WO2010003555A1 *Jun 25, 2009Jan 14, 2010Carrier CorporationRefrigerating circuit
U.S. Classification62/509, 62/DIG.200
International ClassificationF25B40/04
Cooperative ClassificationF25B40/04, F25B2400/16, Y10S62/02
European ClassificationF25B40/04