US 1948100 A
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Feb. 20, 1934. DRUMM 1,948,100
TOY STOVE Filed April 29, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet l w a Q I/ 20 W f zm m 7 [2 8 m Feb. 20, 1934. MM
TOY STOVE Filed April 29, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Feb. 20, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 9 Claims.
This invention appertains to toys and more particularly to a toy stove or cooking range, which will closely simulate the appearance of a real cooking stove and thus, afford a maximum 6 amount of pleasure to the child owning the same.
In some toy stoves, it has been contemplated of providing an actual source of heat (in some instances an electric resistance wire and in others gas burners or grates for solid fuel) in the body of the stove. This has resulted in a series of accidents to children and has materially lessened the sale of toy stoves.
It is therefore one of the primary objects of my invention to provide a toy stove in which the burners will be caused to glow or present an appearance simulating heat or flame without the actual use of heat or flame, thereby giving a maximum amount of enjoyment to a child without subjecting the child to any danger.
Another salient object of my invention is to provide a toy stove having different colored discs rotatably mounted below the burner openings of the stove, with means for selectively bringing the discs of the desired color in registration with the burner openings, one of said discs being of a color to simulate a glowing resistance wire and the other being colored to represent a gas or similar flame.
A further important object of my invention is the provision of means for mounting an electric lamp below the colored discs, so as to permit the illumination of said discs and thereby increase the appearance of actual flame, it being understood that the discs can be made of translucent material.
A further object of my invention is the provision of a novel receptacle or reflector for carrying the incandescent bulb with novel means for detachably associating the reflector or receptacle with the stove, whereby the lamp and. reflector can be quickly removed when desired or necessary.
A still further object of my invention is the provision of novel means for mounting the disc and for rotating the disc without causing the casting of any shadows on the disc.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and formation of parts, as will be hereinafter more specifically described, claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure l is a front elevation of my improved toy stove with parts thereof broken away and in section.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary horizontal section taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows illustrating the mounting of the colored discs.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary horizontal section taken on the'line 3--3 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows illustrating the novel receptacle or reflector for the incandescent lamp.
Figure 4 is a transverse section taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows illustrating the means for detachably connecting the reflector or receptacle in position.
Figure 5 is a detail section taken on the line 55 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 6 is a transverse section through the stove taken on the line 66 of Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows illustrating the novel means for mounting the different colored discs in position.
Figure '7 is a fragmentary top plan view of the stove illustrating a slightly modified form of the invention.
Figure 8 is a top plan view of one of the discs utilized in the modified form of the invention.
Referring to the drawings in detail, wherein similar reference characters designate the corresponding parts, the letter A generally indicates my improved toy stove which comprises a top plate 5 having arranged at one side thereof a box-like structure 6 formed to give the appearance of an actual stove oven. In rear of the top plate 5 the stove can be provided with a back plate '7 which can be enamelled or otherwise treated to enhance the appearance thereof. Depending from the top plate 5 is a skirt 8 and this skirt supports a bottom plate 9 which is arranged in spaced relation to the top plate 5 and the oven 6. This bottom plate 9 can be secured to the 95 skirt 8 in any preferred way and as shown, the edges of this wall are bent to provide flanges 10 which abut against the skirt. The flanges 10 can be rigidly secured to the skirt in any desired way, such as by fasteners, or by welding or the like.
The top plate 5 at spaced points is formed to represent burners 11 and as shown, the representation of the burners is formed by providing radiating rows of openings 12. These openings increase in diameter from the innermost openings to the outermost openings.
Below each of the burners 11 I arranged a pair of super-imposed discs 13 and 14. These discs are colored respectively blue and red. These are out of alineinent with he discs are provided with radially extending slots which gradually increase in width toward the outer ends. As shown, the slots in the di cs are staggeredly arranged so that the slots of one disc slots of the other disc. I provide novel means for clamping the discs together and this means embodies a metal strap 16 having one end bent over and clamped into engagement with the discs as at 17. The opposite end of the strap is bent to provide a manipulating handle 18 which is extended through a slot 19 formed in the front wall or front portion of the skirt 8. A pivot pin 20 extends through the axial centers or" the discs 13 and 14 and through the center of the burners 11 and through the strap 16. The strap on each side of the pivot pin 20 is provided with downwardly bowed portions 21 so as to space these portions from the discs for purpose, which will be hereinafter more fully described.
While the discs can be made from any desired material, I prefer to construct the same from celluloid. Obviously, by grasping the handles 18, the discs can be rotated as a unit for bringing the desired color into registration with the openings 12 formed in the top of the stove.
The different colors appearing through the openings 12 will give the appearance of an electric resistance wire and flame respectively. In order to increase this appearance, I can provide means for illuminating the discs. This means may include a small incandescent lamp 22 detachably fitted within a socket carried by one end of a receptacle or reflector 24. This reflector or receptacle 2; is fitted within an opening 25 formed in the bottom wall 9 of the stove. One end of the reflector or receptacle is provided with lugs 26 for engaging over the upper surface of the bottom wall and the other end of the receptacle is provided with spaced vertical notches 2'7. A. leaf spring 28 is employed for holding the receptacle or reflector in place and as clearly shown in Figure 3 of the drawings, this spring embodies a centrally bowed portion 29 and outwardly extending terminals 30 which act in the nature of manipulating handles. The bowed portion of the spring can be inserted within the notches 2'7 and the spring is flexed over struckout ears 31 formed in the bottom wall of the stove. This creates a frictional grip for one end of the receptacle and lugs 26 hold the other end in place. When it is desired to remove the receptacle or reflector for any the ends 30 of the spring are flexed and moved off of the lugs 26 after which the receptacle can be swung downwardly on the lugs 26 and then pulled outwardly and downwardly from the bottom plate. Obviously, the rays of light emanated from the bulb 22 will shine through the different colored discs and give the impression of an electric or gas burner, as the case may be. I preferably dispose the r flector between the burners, so that only one bulb will be needed for the entire stove.
In some instances, it may be desirable to cheap en the construction of the stove and to entirely eliminate the use of the incandescent bulb and the reflector. In Figures 7 and 8, I have illustrated a form of the invention in which the bulb is dispensed with. In this form I provide a single disc 35 which is provided with different segments 36 alternately arranged as to color. Thus, one segment is colored red and the next segment is colored blue. The disc is pivoted at its axial center, as at 37, to the top or" the stove below the series of radially extending openings 38. One
edge of the disc is provided with a manipulating handle 39 and by turning the handle the desired color segments can be brought into registration with the openings. This disc need not be made of transparent or translucent material but can be formed from cardboard if desired.
By providing the bowed portions 21 on the strap 16 I eliminate the casting of shadows on the discs 13 and 14 when a lamp is utilized.
From the foregoing description, it can be seen that I have provided a highly attractive toy stove which is of an exceptionally simple character.
Changes in details may be made without departing from the spirit or the scope of this invention, but what I claim as new is.
1. In a toy stove, a top plate having a series of openings therein, of selective means for registration with the openings for creating the appearance either of an electric burner or a flame.
2. In a toy stove, a top plate having a series of radially extending openings to simulate a burner, means rotatably arranged below the burner having diiferent colored portions for selective registration with the openings, said different colors representing respectively flame and an electric burner.
3. In a toy stove, a top provided with radially extending openings to simulate the appearance of a burner, discs of different colors rotatably mounted below the burner for selective registration with the openings, and a light for illuminating said discs.
4. In a toy stove, a top provided with a series of openings radiating from a, common point, a pair of super-imposed discs of different colors having slots therein out of registration with one another, means for synchronously turning the discs for bringing the desired colored discs into registration with the openings, and a light arranged below said discs.
5. In a toy stove, a top provided with a series of openings radiating from a common point, a pair of super-imposed discs of difierent colors having radially extending cut-out portions out of registration with one another, a clamping strap uniting the discs together, means pivotally connecting the strap and discs to the stove top at the axial center of the openings in the stove top, one end of said strap being provided with an operating handle, whereby the discs can be turned to bring the desired color into registration with the openings in the top, and a. light arranged below the discs, the discs being formed of translucent material.
6. In a toy stove, a top provided with a series of openings radiating from a common point, a pair of super-imposed discs of different colors having radially extending cut-out portions out of registration with one another, a clamping strap uniting the discs together, means pivotally connecting the strap and discs to the stove top at the axial center of the openings in the stove top, one end of said strap being provided with an operating handle, whereby the discs can be turned to bring the desired color into registration with the openings in the top, and a light arranged below the discs, the discs being formed of translucent material, said strap having depending offset portions whereby to decrease the casting of reflections on the discs.
7. In a toy stove, a top plate having a series of openings radiating from a common point to simulate the appearance of a burner, a pivot pin at the axial center of said openings, a pair of super-imposed discs carried by the pivot pin, said discs being of diflerent color and having radially extending slots out of alinement with one another, means for rotating the discs, a bottom wall arranged in spaced relation to the top wall having a cut-out portion therein, a reflector detachably fitted in the cut-out portion, an incandescent lamp connected with the reflector, and means for detachably holding the reflector in position.
8. In a toy stove, a top wall having a series of openings therein radiating from a common center to simulate the appearance of a burner, a bottom wall arranged below the top wall having a cut-out portion, a pair of super-imposed discs of different colors pivoted to the top wall below the openings, said discs having radially extending slots out of registration with one another, means for rotating the discs, a reflector fitted within the cut-out portion, an incandescent bulb carried by the reflector, lugs on said reflector detachably engaged over the upper face of the bottom wall, a holding spring for the other end of the reflector engaging said reflector having flexible arms, and struck-out lugs on the bottom wall for detachably receiving the arms.
9. In a toy stove, a top plate having a series of openings radiating from a common point to simulate the appearance of a burner, a disc pivoted at its axial center to the top plate having alternately arranged segments of difierent colors for selective registration with the openings, and a manipulating handle on said disc.
ELMER E. DRUMM.