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Publication numberUS1948167 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 20, 1934
Filing dateDec 1, 1932
Priority dateDec 1, 1932
Publication numberUS 1948167 A, US 1948167A, US-A-1948167, US1948167 A, US1948167A
InventorsCornwell Lionel B
Original AssigneeCornwell Lionel B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vibrating device
US 1948167 A
Abstract  available in
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Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. zo, 1934. L, CORNWELL 1,948,167

VIBRATING DEVICE Filed Dec. l 1932 vll 1,11/

2*' 1 INVENTCR A wlmwdz BY 3* ATTORNEY-1 Patented Feb. 20, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE- Application December 1,

4 Claims.

This invention relates to vibrating devices, and more particularly to such devices for use in massaging the human body while simultaneously applying a iiuid to the body. For example, the invention in a preferred embodiment takes the form of a hydrovibrator and is ideally suited for use in the field of hydrotherapy, as well as for use in a more general manner.

An object of this invention is to provide a device for producing a vibrant massage while simultaneously applying a flow of desired fluid, such ior example as water, at the desired temperature to the portions being massaged.

The invention consists in the novel features, arrangements, construction and combination of parts embodied by way of example in the apparatus to be hereinafter described, as illustrating the present preferred form of the invention, and the invention will be more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

Further and more speoinc objects, features and advantages will more clearly appear from the detailed description given below taken in connection with the accompanying drawing which form a part of this specification, and in which Fig. 1 is a plan view,

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken at 2 2 of Fig. 1, and

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken at 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Referring to the drawing, the body or housing of the device comprises the upper portion 1 and the lower portion 2, which in the present embodiment are made of light metal. The upper portion 1 is or such size and shape as to be conveniently grasped in the hand and therefore serving as a handle or grip portion for holding the device while in use. The lower portion 2 is extended outwardly to provide a relatively large area, and for purposes of facilitating the attachment of a massage element is provided with marginal liange 3 to which the massage element 4 may be attached by means of a reentrant lip 5. In the present preferred embodiment the massage element 4 is in the form of a mat made of rubber to provide suitable exibility and carries the massaging tips 6. The massage element is also provided with iuid outlet openings such as '7 and 8. The parts thus arranged provide a fluid chamber deiined by the members 1, 2 and 4.

Vibrant means is vprovided within the iiuid chamber for imparting the desired vibrations to the massaging element 4, in the manner to be now described. A supporting frame, designated in general as 9, is resiliently supported from the 1932. Serial No. 645,147

(Cl. 12S- 66) housing by suitable yielding means such as the springs 10. The supporting frame 9 comprises a bottom or base portion 1l and an upright bracket portion l2 in the general shape of an inverted U, whose open ends or legs are integrally or rigidly secured to the base l1. Mounted within the U bracket 12 of the frame 9 is a fluid rotor 13 provided with iiuid buckets 14 in the manner of a Pelton wheel. This rotor is dynamicaliy unbalanced such as by being weighted at one portion of its periphery to thereby provide a rotatively unbalanced rotor. The rotor is provided with a shaft or axle 15 which is journaled in suitable bearings carried by the supportingframe 9.

The operating uid is discharged against the rotor by suitable means such as the nozzle 16 which is provided with an outer beaded end i7 to facilitate the attachment of a rubber tube or hose 18 serving to connect the device to a suitable source of fluid such as a water spigot; and the body of the nozzle 16 then curves upwardly along the upper wall of the housing 1 and then downwardly, terminating in a discharge end provided with a nozzle opening 19 adapted to eject a thin ribbon-like stream against the buckets 14. In order to steady the motive means during operation, a suitable resilient pad such as the sponge rubber block 20 is secured to the underneath portion of the nozzle tube 16, and the upper portion of the U member 12 is firmly held against the under side of the pad 2G such as by tension of springs 10; and leaf springs 23 are attached to opposite sides of the housing 1 and slidably bear on the side walls of frame 9.

In order to provide additional invigoration to the portions being massaged, means is provided for directing the greater portion of the operating uid in a restricted flow or jet downwardly through the massage mat 4. To accomplish this, a discharge chute 21 is positioned around that portion of the rotor 13 which is beneath the nozzle opening 19. Discharge chute 21 is contracted at its lower portion 22 to provide an orifice which is in register with an opening in the base member 11 of the supporting frame and is also in register with the outlet opening 8 in the mat 4. The opening in the base member 11 is preferably covered with ne wire gauze to prevent the passage of foreign matter therethrough and also to provide a fine limited division to the discharge fluid stream. It is within the contemplation of the invention that the fluid employed may be any suitable medium desired to be applied to the human body. For example, among the fluids may be mentioned air, gas, water, or mixtures of the same, at the desired temperature and pressure.

From the foregoing it will be readily understood that the fluid, such for example as water, enter- 5 ing through the nozzle tube 16 passes out through the oriiice 19 and impinges upon the buckets 14 causing the rotor 13 to be rotated at a high Velocity in accordance with the velocity of the `iet of fluid, which in turn is largely dependent 1o on the pressure of said fluid. The jet of fluid upon rotating the wheel passes on and a large portion is directed by the discharge chute 21 outwardly through the orice 22, through the opening 8 and on to the portion being massaged. A

i5 limited quantity of the fluid will of course be thrown outwardly beyond the confines of the chute 21 and such extraneous or limited supply of fluid will pass outwardly through the openings such as 7.

Having thus described my invention with particularity with reference to its preferred form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art, after understanding my invention, that other changes and modifications may be made therein without 2d departing from the spirit and scope of my invention, and I aim in the appended claims to cover such changes and modifications as are within the scope of the invention.

What I claim is:

* 1. In a device of the character described, the

combination of a housing having a flexible massaging member forming a face thereof, means Ior discharging a fluid supply within said housing, and rotatable vibrant means in vibrating engagegiment with said massaging member and resiliently supported within said housing in the path of said fluid discharge for operation thereby.

2. In a device of the character described, the combination of a housing having an enlarged open face, a ilexible massage surface over said opening and carried by said housing, a frame resiliently supported within said housing and engaging the inner side of said massage surface, a fluid rotor pivotally supported by said frame in a rotatably unbalanced condition, and means for discharging operative fluid against said rotor.

3. In a device of the character described, the combination of a housing having a hand-engageable upper portion and an extended lower portion, a flexible massage member attached t0 and carried by said lower portion, rotatably unbalanced iiuid motive means within said housing and extending within said hand-engageable housing portion, means for resiliently supporting said motive means for the transmission of vibrations therefrom to said massaging member, and means for directing actuating uid against said 95 motive means.

4. In a device of the character described, the combination of a housing having a hand-engageable upper portion and an integral lower portion providing an outwardly extending margin, l a ilexible mat secured to said margin and provided with massaging elements and with fluid outlet openings, said housing and mat providing a fluid chamber, a supporting frame within said chamber and resiliently suspended from said housing, an unbalanced fluid rotor pivotally supported in said frame, means for supplying motivating fluid to said rotor, and means carried by said frame for directing a discharge jet of fluid from said rotor through one of said outlet open- 11o" ings in said mat.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2514142 *Jan 5, 1945Jul 4, 1950Atomic Energy CommissionHydraulically driven oscillatory brush
US2613582 *Feb 21, 1947Oct 14, 1952Harshberger Russell PGarden tractor with vibratory tool
US2682868 *Sep 8, 1953Jul 6, 1954Paul PouliotMassaging device
US2701563 *Sep 8, 1953Feb 8, 1955Paul PouliotHydromassage device
US2905171 *May 13, 1958Sep 22, 1959De Crescenzo AnthonyPortable vibrating and water therapy device
US3067739 *Oct 26, 1961Dec 11, 1962Karlik LaddiePressurized water, compressed air and stroking massage device
US4186733 *Jun 7, 1978Feb 5, 1980Man Design Co., Ltd.Pneumatic massage machine
US4220145 *Jul 16, 1979Sep 2, 1980Stamp Roger AHydrotherapy apparatus
US4239409 *Aug 18, 1978Dec 16, 1980Osrow Products Co., Inc.Brush assembly with pulsating water jet discharge
US4471503 *Sep 14, 1982Sep 18, 1984Smyth Donald NBrush
US5003646 *Apr 14, 1987Apr 2, 1991Hydro Air Industries, Inc.Hydrotherapy apparatus
US5070864 *Jul 30, 1990Dec 10, 1991Lemons David HBody massage apparatus
US5671547 *Dec 27, 1994Sep 30, 1997Seb S.A.Hair dressing accessory for a hair dryer appliance
US5738638 *Feb 23, 1994Apr 14, 1998Henkin; Melvyn LanePump powered massage apparatus having a water permeable membrane
US5839451 *Dec 19, 1996Nov 24, 1998Braun AktiengesellschaftImplement for the treatment of hair
US5893836 *Mar 4, 1997Apr 13, 1999Imagineered Products L.L.C.Water powered vibrating device
US6168574Apr 1, 1999Jan 2, 2001Vandemark Ted S.Massage wand with connecting fitting for spa jet outlet
US6213964 *May 15, 1996Apr 10, 2001Vojin PesovicHydromechanical massaging apparatus with detachable hydraulics
US6641548Feb 11, 2002Nov 4, 2003Joseph G. ElnarWater driven vibrating massager
US6805679 *Jun 6, 2002Oct 19, 2004Christopher Thomason WinkleyHydrocussion massager
EP1334709A2Aug 21, 2002Aug 13, 2003Joseph G. ElnarWater driven vibrating massager
WO1995017836A1 *Dec 27, 1994Jul 6, 1995Daniel BontouxHair dressing accessory for hair dryer
U.S. Classification601/155, 601/75, 15/22.2
International ClassificationA61H23/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61H2201/1238, A61H23/0263
European ClassificationA61H23/02R2