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Publication numberUS1950519 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 13, 1934
Filing dateMay 11, 1932
Priority dateMay 11, 1932
Publication numberUS 1950519 A, US 1950519A, US-A-1950519, US1950519 A, US1950519A
InventorsRipley Harding A
Original AssigneeRipley Harding A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window or door frame
US 1950519 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 13, 1934. H. A. RiPLEY WINDOW 0R DOOR FRAME Filed May 11, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l March 13, 1934; H. A. RIPLEY 1,950,519

WINDOW OR DOOR FRAME Filed May 11, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 13, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE The invention relates to an improvement in window or door frames.

The object of the invention is to so construct the frame and to so protect its joints by flashings as to make the frame practically water and wind proof.

The invention can best be seen and understood by reference to the drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a front elevation of the frame, certain parts being shown in section.

Fig. 2 is a section on the line 22 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 33 of Fig. 1.'

Fig. 4 is a rear elevation of the frame.

Figs. 5, 6 and 7 show, respectively, in perspective details of construction to which special reference will later be made.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view taken substantially on the line 88 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings:

The window frame comprises an outer casing or facing, and an inner casing. The outer oasing has a head 1 and sides 2 and 3, respectively. The inner casing has a head i and sides 5 and 6, respectively. The inner casing is secured to the head and sides of the outer casing in the usual manner. 7 represents the sill which extends inwardly beneath the ends to the sides of the inner casing which bear against the sill. The sill extends also inwardly between the sides of the inner casing. The head and sides of the outer casing are connected by miter joints 8. The sides of the outer casing are widened each by an extension 9. Applied to the face of the outer casing is a moulding of which 10 represents the head strip applied to the head of the outer casing, and 11 and 12 the side strips of the moulding applied respectively to the sides of the outer casing. The head and side strips of the moulding have a mitered connection 13 with one another, the joints lying coincident with the miter joints 8 between the head and sides of the outer casing. The head strip 10 of the moulding is applied to the head of the outer casing so that the top edge of the moulding will lie slightly be- 45.low the top edge of the head. The side strips of the moulding are applied to the sides of the outer casing in positions whereby the extensions 9 to the sides of the outer casing will extend laterally beyond the moulding and be uncovered thereby. The bottom ends of the side strips of the moulding bear against the sill.

The frame is applied to a building structure in a position whereby the outer casing of the frame will lie in the same'plane with the board- 55. ing, the head and sides of the outer casing being secured directly to the studs of the building structure the same as the boards. 15 represents the boarding and 16 the studs. The boarding is so laid that it will have edge connection with the head and sides of the outer casing and sill, being built all around the same. In the positioning of the studs the arrangement is such that the sides of the outer casing may be fastened to the studs by nailings extending through the extensions 9 to the sides of the outer casing at points lying outside the moulding, while the boarding will be nailed to immediately adjacent studs. The clapboards or shingles 1'7 are applied to the boarding up to the point of the moulding strips 10, 11 and 12 having edge engagement therewith. At the bottom beneath the sill the boarding and applied clapboards or shingles are laid up to the point of the under side of the sill.

With a frame thus constructed and applied I5 various joints are left through which water might enter or beat into the building structure. A joint 20 will be left at the'top of the outer casing between the top surface of its head and the adjacent boarding and clapboards or shingles applied thereto. Joints 21 will be left between the moulding strips 11 and 12 on the sides of the outer casing and the adjacent boarding and clapboards or shingles applied thereto. The mitered connections 8 between the head and sides 86 of the outer casing will form joints through which water might enter. Joints 22 will be left between the sill and the abutting bottom ends of the sides of the outer casing. A joint 23 will, also, be left beneath the sill between it and the adjacent boarding and clapboards or shingles applied thereto. A further purpose of the inven-' tion is to provide flashings which will seal all of these joints and prevent the entry of water or even wind into the walls of the building structure.

The joint 20 left at the top of theouter casing between the top edge of its head and the adjacent boardingand clapboards or shingles applied thereto is protected by a flashing 25 which extend from in back' to the boarding (see Figs. 2 and 5), thence passes through the joint by a portion 26 and is thence bent to extend down ward by a portion 27 over the head of the outer casing to the point of the moulding strip 10 thereon, thence is bent to extend by a portion 28 over the top edge'of this strip and is thence bent down to extend by a portion 29 over the strip in 'part. The end portions 30 of the flashing, which lie beyond the sides of the moulding above the extensions 9 to the sides of the outer casing,

into the grooves.

are bent abruptly down and extend over the tops of these extensions (see Fig. 5). The flashing 25 thus provided will deflect to the outside any water that may enter through the joint 20 at the top of the window frame. In case water entering from above should flow down over the interior surface of the boarding it will be deflected by the flashing to the outside of the frame. In this connection the top edge 31 of the flashing is turned outward so that Water coming from above will not pass by the flashing, but will engage the flashing and be deflected by it. The flashing 25 operates also as a wind-break.

' Water entering the joints 21 left between the moulding on the sides of the outer casing and the adjacent boarding and clapboards or shingles applied thereto, will strike the extensions 9 to the sides of the outer casing and flow laterally over the extensions to enter vertical ways or channels 32 cut therein. Water entering these ways or channels will pass downward through them to the bottom of the extensions and be deflected outside the window frame, as will later be explained. Water flowing downward over the end portions 30 of the flashing 25 which extend over the tops of the extensions 9 will, also, enter the channels 32 and not pass beyond the side edges of the extensions.

Passage of water through the miter joints 8 between the head and sides of the outer casing is prevented by flashings 33 which cross these joints within the casing. The flashings 33 consist of flat relatively narrow strips substantially equal in length to that of the miter joints. The strips lie contained within aligned slots 34 cut, respectively, in the head and sides of the outer casing ,at the points of the miter joints with extensions at right angles thereto. The relative length and width of the combined grooves is substantially equal to the length and width of the strips of flashing. The grooves extend to the top edge of the outer casing and the flashings, after the casing has been assembled, are passed downward Thus arranged, the flashings .33 will prevent the passage of water through the miter joints. Water entering these joints will strike the flashings and be deflected by them to enter those portions of the grooves within which the flashings are contained lying below the miter joints. Inasmuch as the miter joints together with the grooves have a downward inclination entering water will accordingly flow down to pass outside the casing. The flashings 33 will, also, act as windbreaks.

The joints 22 and 23 atthe bottom of the frame are protected by a flashing 36 starting from points in backof these joints. Those portions of the flashing 36 which lie in back of the joints 22 start from points above the joints 22 between the sides of the outer and inner casings and extend downward to lie in back of those portions of the sill against which the sides of the outer casing are bearing. Another portion 36 of the flashing, however, starts from a groove 37 in the under side of the sill. The groove 3'7 is shown in Figs. 4 and 8 and is located at a point back of the joint between the underside of the sill and the boarding 15 and. is preferably in alinement with the outer face of the studding 16. It will be understood that the groove 37 extends throughout the length of the shorter inner portion or section of the sill 7 between the side members 5 and 6 of the inner casing. In other words, the rear or, inner portionof the sill 7 is cut away at opposite ends and is shorter than the front or outer portion thereof,

this being shown in Fig. 6. The reduced central portions 36 of the flashing fit within the groove 37 and the ends overlap within the groove, as seen in Fig. 4. The flashing is preferably made in two parts. The portions 36 of the flashings beyond the side members 5 and 6 are of greater height than the portions 36' and engage the back faces of the extensions 9 of the sides of the outer casing (Fig. 2). By this construction, should any water enter the frame structure at any point along the length of the sill 7 or beyond the ends of the sill, the portions 36' and 36 of the flashing serve to direct it outwardly over the parts 38 and 39 thereof to the outside of the building. Both the parts 36 and 36' of the flashing extend by a.portion 38 through the joint 23 and after proceeding through the joint is bent down by an edge portion 39.t0, lap onto the adjacent clapboards or shingles lying below the joint 23. Thus arranged the flashing will deflect to a point outside the frame any water which may enter through the joints 22 and 23. Any water that may pass down through the channels 32 on the extensions 9 to the sides of the outer casing will either flow ontothe sill and be deflected thereby or will be deflected by this flashing. The flashing acts also as a windbreak.

Having thus fully described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States:

1. Ina building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said-frame comprising an outer casing; an inner casing and a sill, the outer casingbeing secured to the studding to lie in the same plane as the boarding; a moulding applied to the outer casing to extend along the head and sides thereof, the respective sides of the outer casing having extensions outwardly beyond said moulding, and flnishingapplied to the boarding up to saidmoulding above the sill and. up tothe ends and bottom side of the sill.

2.- In a building-structure in combination with the studdingand boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner-casing and a sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to lie inthe same planeas the boarding, a moulding applied tothe outer casing to extend along the head and sides thereof, finishing-applied to the boarding up to saidmoulding, and a flashing extending through the joint between the head of the outer casing from in back of the boarding adjacent said joint with extension to lap onto the moulding on the head'of the-outer casing.

3. In a building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a windowor door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to liein the sameplane-as the boarding, a moulding applied tothe outer casingtoextend along the head and sides thereof, the respective sides of the outer casing having extensions outwardly beyond said moulding, finishing applied to the boarding up to said moulding, and a flashing extending through the joint between the'head of the outer casing from in back'of the boarding adjacent said joint lab opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to lie in the same plane as the boarding, a moulding applied to the outer casing to extend along the head and sides thereof, the respective sides of the outer casing having extensions outwardly beyond said moulding, said extensions having therein vertical grooves formed in the outer faces thereof, and finishing applied to the boarding and casing extensions up to said moulding.

5. In a building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, the outer casing comprising a head and sides with mitered joints with aligned slots extending along said joints at substantially right angles thereto, molding applied to the head and sides of said outer casing and fiashings contained within said slots closing said joints and extending upwardly to points beyond the head molding.

6. In a building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, said outer casing including side bars having jointed engagement with the sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to lie in the same plane with the boarding, finishing applied to the boarding up to the bottom of the sill, and a flashing extending through the joint between the under side of the sill and the adjacent boarding and applied finishing with lapping onto said finishing from points in back of the sides of the outer casing above the points of their jointed engagement with the sill.

7. In a building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to lie in the same plane with the boarding, finishing applied to the boarding up to the bottom of the sill, said sill having a slot cut in the under side thereof located back of the joint between the under side of the sill and adjacent boarding and applied finishing at a point in alinement with the outer face of the studding, and a flashing extending from said slot cut in the under side of the sill through said joint with lapping onto the adjacent finishing.

8. In a building structure in combination with the studding and boarding arranged to leave an opening therein, a window or door frame located within said opening, said frame comprising an outer casing, an inner casing and a sill, said outer casing including side bars having jointed engagement with the sill, the outer casing being secured to the studding to lie in the same plane with the boarding, finishing applied to the boarding up to the bottom of the sill, said sill having a slot cut in the under side thereof located back of the joint between the under side of the sill and adjacent boarding and applied finishing at a point in alinement with the outer face of the studding, and a flashing extending through said joint with lapping onto said finishing, said flashing extending in part from points in back of the sides of the outer casing above the points of their jointed engagement with the sill and in part from the slot cut in the under side of the sill.

HARDING A. RIPLEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2685712 *May 1, 1952Aug 10, 1954Tennison James DFlashing for use in building structures
US3139703 *Apr 26, 1961Jul 7, 1964Hilt RudolfSheet metal cover for existing window frame
US3266207 *Jun 15, 1962Aug 16, 1966Birum Jr Herbert LExterior panel wall assembly
US4176504 *Aug 21, 1978Dec 4, 1979Huggins Jack GWeather proof sandwich panel floor attachment device
US4485600 *Feb 12, 1982Dec 4, 1984Olson Jerome ACompressible spacing and sealing apparatus for siding panel joints
US5581959 *Apr 18, 1995Dec 10, 1996Occhipinti; Vincenzo J.Bendable drip cap
US6076310 *Mar 17, 1998Jun 20, 2000Kim; JongilSystem for diverting water from an exterior window frame
US7647735 *Nov 20, 2004Jan 19, 2010Vkr Holding A/SRoofwindow having drainage system
US7735291 *Oct 28, 2004Jun 15, 2010Gene SummyCorner flashing system
EP0489704A1 *Dec 3, 1991Jun 10, 1992ANZINGER GESELLSCHAFT m.b.H.Building element
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/97, 52/408, 52/204.1
International ClassificationE06B7/26, E06B7/00, E06B1/62
Cooperative ClassificationE06B1/62, E06B7/26
European ClassificationE06B1/62, E06B7/26