US 1953200 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April '3, 1934. A. 5. THbMAS on. DISPENSING-VESSEL Filed June 21, 1932 lflllliilllll; lllilllllllllll! lllli;
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[ UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFICE on. nrsrnnsmc VESSEL Albert G. lmwliburg; Va. Application June 21, 1932, Serial implant The invention forming the subject matter of this application is a portable measuring vessel adapted particularly for dispensinglubricating oils; and is of the general type in which a spout is '5 pivoted to the lower part of the vessel in order to facilitate dispensing of the contents thereof without the necessity of tilting the vessel itself.
In the prior art, it is common to use swing spouts of this type in connection with measuring vessels; and these spouts are usually controlled by friction and are, normally held in a position in which they lie vertically along side the vessel itself and usually extend somewhat above the mouth of the vessel. The objection to this form of spout is that the dispensing of oils or. other liquids from the measuring vessel requires the operator to pull down the spout manually in order to dispense the contents of the vessel. This greases the hand which must be cleaned before other parts of the car are touched.
The main object of the present invention is to improve measuring vessels of this kind so that the operator can control the dispensing operations of the measuring vessel without the necessity of using both hands thereby saving time also. To effect this function, the swing spout of the present invention is controlled either manually or by spring tension so as normally to lie in a downwardly directed discharge position unless restrained from movement to this position. by some means conveniently located on. the vessel itself.
Another objectof the invention, therefore. is to provide vessels of the character described with catch mechanism for normally releasably locking the swing spout in upwardly directed and non-dispensing position.
A further object of the invention resides in the provision of improved valve mechanism oo- 40 operating with the swing spout so'as to release this spout and permit it to swing to downwardly dispensing position prior to the operation of the valve controlling the flow of liquid therethrough.
Other objects. of the invention will become apparent as the detailed description thereof proceeds.
In the drawing:
1 Figure 1 is a central vertical section through a preferred form of the invention; and
Figure2isabottom plan viewottlievesselillustrated in Figure 1.
.' .Inthedevic'eshowninfigureslarid2. the
measuring vessel 189 is provided with the par- 'tition190 forming the bottonnof the vesel; and 66 thispartitionisprovidedwithadischargeopen- 5 Claims. (c1. Lan -1s) ing 191 having a discharge conduit 192 extending therefrom .to connect with the cylindrical part 193 of the joint to which the swing spout 194 is connected. The swing spout in this case has the end of its cylindrical part 193 fixedly secured to a link 195 slotted at its lower end to receive a pin 196 extending laterally from an operating rod 197. The link 195 has the said lower end connected to one end of a'tension spring 198 which has its other end connected to the front wall 199 of the vessel 189.
The free endof the rod 197 is provided with a handle 200 extending slidably through an aperture 201 formed in the rear wall of the vessel 189 and in convenient position to be engaged by the fingers of the hand of an operator holding the handle 202 fixed to the aforesaid rear wall of the vessel 189.
The aperture 191 is controlled by a valve 203 fixed to the lower end of anarm 204 of an invetted U-shaped rod having its other arm 205 normally in contact with the upper edge of the rodl97. Thearm 2041s slidably mounted in lugs 206 and 207 projecting laterally from a channel shaped casing 208 suitably secured in the vessel 30 -189 to enclose the arm 205. A compression spring 209 is arranged between the upper end of the valve 203 and the lower face of the lug 206 for the purpose of pressing the valve 203 normally into closing contact with the aperture 191. The lower end of the aim 205 is arranged in the path of movement of a wedge 210 fixed to the rod 197 so that when the handle 200 is pulled outwardly against the tension ofthe spring 198 the wedge will lift up the arms 204 and 205 to open the valve.
The swing spout 194 is first pulled down to discharge position; then, the wedge 210 slides under the end of the am 205 and lifts the valve-203 against the pressure of the spring 209. Upon releasing handle 200, spring 198 pulls the spout 194 back to vertical position automatically and valve. 203 closes aperture 191.
It will be evident from inspection of Figures 1 and 2 that the swing spout and valve manipulation requires the use of only one hand of the operator in order to move. the parts either into discharge or non-dispensing position. In this case the spout automatically goes back to non-dispensing, position when the finger pull is released.
The spring normally holds the spout in "up" 1 sition contrary to other drawings. Spring 198 can be eliminated and friction used by pushing handle Minot. 4
The invention is particularly designed for introdueing lubricating oils-into the breatherpil fl 9 of automobile crank cases. In many automobiles, this breather pipe is hard to reach and vessels having swing spouts of the type disclosed herein are commonly used to feed oil thereto. These .vessels of the prior art require the use of the two hands of the operator as the swing spout is normally held in elevated non-discharge position by friction or by a spring. Moreover, the spouts of the prior art are commonly connected to valves in such manner that when in lowered position the liquidis discharged from the vessel; and, in order to shut off the flow of liquid, it is necessary to raise the spout from discharge position. In the present invention, .the operator has control of the flow of liquid at all times from the measuring vessel regardless of the position of the spout. This means the rate of flow through the filter screens of the breather .pipes can be controlled 1. A measuring vessel having a bottom provided with a. discharge aperture, a discharge conduit registering withsaid aperture below said bottom, a swing spout pivotally connected to said conduit, a link extending radially from said spout and having a slot in the free end thereof, a rod slidable through the wall of said vessel, a handle at one end of said rod and a pivot at the other end slidable in said slot, a valve in said vessel for controlling said aperture, an inverted U-shaped rod, a casing in said vessel and enclosing one branch of said. rod, the other branch being connected to said valve, and a wedge on the first named rod to slide under the first named branch and open the valve after rotation of the spout -to discharge position.
2. A measuring vessel having a bottom provided with a discharge aperture, a discharge conduit having one end in registry with said aperture, a spout pivoted to one end of said conduit, a valve in said vessel movable toward and from said aperture, a linkage having a lost motion connection for swinging said spout about its pivot, and means for operating said valve in timed relation to the operation of said spout.
3. A measuring vessel having a bottom provided with a discharge aperture, a discharge conduit registering with said aperture below said bottom, a swing spout pivotally connected to said conduit, a link extending radially from said spout and having a slot in the free end thereof, yielding means connected to said link and vessel for normally holding said spout elevated above said bottom, a rod slidable through the wall of said vessel, a handle at one end of said rod and a pivot at the other end slidable in said slot, a valve in said vessel for controlling said aperture, an inverted U-shaped rod, a casing in said vessel and enclosing one branch of said rod, the other branch being connected to said valve, and a wedge on the first named rod to slide under the first named branch and open the valve after rotation of the spout to discharge position.
4. A measuring vessel having a bottom provided with a discharge aperture, a discharge conduit having one end in registry with said aperture, a spout pivoted to one end of said conduit, a valve in said vessel movable toward and from said aperture, yielding means for holding the spout in raised non-dispensing position, and means for successively lowering said spout and opening said valve.
5. A measuring vessel having a bottom provided with adischarge aperture, a discharge conduit registering with said aperture below said bottom, a swing spout pivotally connected to said conduit, a link extending radially from said spout