US 1953429 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 3, 1934. E. B. NEWELL COLLAR FASTENING mavxcm Filed June l5, 1932 INVENTOR. EJwoo (Z Burton Newe 11 MILL maL film ATTORNEYS,
Patented Apr. 3, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT CFFICE 2 Claims.
The present invention relates to collar-fastening devices; and its object is, generally, to provide improved devices for detachably connecting the adjacent edges of the outer flap of a turnedover collar; and more particularly, to provide improved stifiening means for the collars and reinforcing means for the keepers of the hook members of such devices; and further, to provide improved means and methods for securing such means to the collars; and further, to provide such stiifening and reinforcing means and linings for the collars so formed as to prevent their edges from being noticeable in the flattened or ironed condition of the collars.
These and any other and more specific objects hereinafter appearing are attained by, and the invention finds preferable embodiment in, the 11- lustrative collar constructions and devices particularly described in the body of this specification and shown by the accompanying drawing,
Figure 1 is a front view of portions of a collar;
Figure 2 is a view of the same, the outer flap thereof being turned upwardly from the collars neck band or inner flap, to show the inner or adjacent surfaces of these flap portions of the collar,
the hook member being shown attached;
Figure 3 is a view in perspective of partially separated parts or plies of said outer flap;
Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view, taken on a line corresponding to line 44 of Figure 1, but
showing a somewhat modified construction in which the collar is to be permanently attached to the body of a shirt;
Figure 5 shows a stiffening and reinforcing fabric sheet or lining for the collar.
In the embodiments of the invention illustrated by this drawing, the collar 1 has an outer flap 2 turned over the inner flap or neck band 3 thereof,
whose end tabs 4 have button holes 5 in which is received a collar button 6 carried by the shirt, in the usual manner.
The collar fastening device includes a bar member 7 extending under or behind the cravat or necktie (not shown) and serving to hold the same outwardly from the shirt front. This bar member has opposite hook ends 8 and may be of any suitable form, such for instance as is shown in Figure 2 or such as are shown in my Patent No. 1,695,815,
dated December 18, 1928. The hooks 8 engage in suitable keepers on the inner or under side of the mutually adjacent edge portions 9 respectively of the outer flap 2 of the collar. These keepers,
in their form illustrated by the drawing, are
flexible cords, preferably flattened or of tape form as shown, or they may be of other forms and constructions such for instance as are shown in my said patent.
In the present invention, I provide a stiffening and reinforcing sheet or collar lining 11 adjacent 60. said edges of the collars outer flap 2 and secured between the outer and inner plies 12, 13 of said flap as indicated in Figure 3, these plies as shown in this view being partially separated. Said stiff ening and reinforcing sheet 11 is a thin fabric of strong, comparatively stiff fibres, such for instance as is known as hair cloth or such as tailors employ for stiffening the collars and lapels of coats and the like.
The end portions 14 of the keeper cord or tape extend substantially straight between said sheet 11 and said outer ply 12, but at 15 this cord extends through said sheet and the inner ply 13 of the collar, thus forming the keeper 16 on the inner side of the collars outer flap 2, with which keeper the hooked end 8 of the bar member '7 detachably engages as shown in Figure 2.
The stiffening and reinforcing sheet 11 is secured in place by stitching through the same and the inner ply of said outer flap, this stitching extending back and forth at 1'7 in directions oppositely diagonal of the crossing fibres 18, 19 of the sheet 11 as indicated in Figures 2 and 3. This holds the fibres of the stiffening and reinforcing sheet from separating and working out loose into the space between the plies of outer flap 2 and surrounded by the stitching 25.
As indicated in Figures 3 and 5, the ends of the vertical fibres 18 of the reinforcing sheet 11 extend a considerable distance beyond the horizontal fibres l9, and the ends of the horizontal fibres extend similarly beyond the vertical fibres. Thus the edge portions of this sheet are thinner than its main portion which is composed of both the vertical and horizontal fibres. The forming of said sheet with such thin edge portions renders these edges of the sheet less noticeable than they otherwise would be When the collar is ironed out flat. The same formation, for the same purpose may be adopted for other sheet linings or interior plies which the collar may comprise.
In the collar formation shown, the edge portions 20, 21 of the plies of one or both flaps 2, 3 are folded inwardly and these plies and their said edge portions are stitched together as indicated at 22.
The keeper tape is secured in place by stitching 23 through its end portions 14 and the inner ply 13 of the collars outer flap 2, the line of said stitching passing at one side of the tapes keeper portion 16 as seen at 24 in Figure 2.
It will be seen that the tendency of the bar '7 to draw the tapes keeper portion 16 outwardly toward and beyond the edge 9 of the collar and thus draw the openings 15 toward each other Which would result in bending or crimping the collars said edge, is resisted by the stiffening and reinforcing sheet 11. Y
Figure 4 shows merely such a collar as is shown in the other views, but having a band portion 2'7 adapted to be stitched to the body of a shirt to permanently unite the same therewith.
1. A collar having adjacent each of its ends a stiffening fabric; a cord having end portions secured on one side of said fabric and a middle portion extending at spaced points therethrough and forming a keeper; and means detachably engaging the keeper to connect the ends of the collar.