US 1954691 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 10, 1934. J. H. DE BOER ET AL PROCESS OF HAKING A LAYER CONTAINING A FLUORESCENT MATERIAL Filed Sept. 18, 1951 Patented Apr. 10, 1934 UNITED STATES rnocass' OF MAKING A LAYER CONTAIN- me A FLUORESCENT MATERIAL Jan Hendrik de Boer and Cornelis J ohannw Dippel, Eindhoven, Netherlands, assisnors to N. V. Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken, Eindhoven, Netherlands Application September 18, 1931, Serial No. 563,650 In the Netherlands September 2'], 1930 4 Claims.
This invention relates to a method of making a layer containing a fluorescent material. Such fluorescing layers are used for various purposes, for example, as X-ray intensifying screens.
When making such a layer according to the invention the fluorescent material is volatilized and precipitated in a vacuum.
It has been found that a fluorescing layer formed in this manner has a very uniform structure. In fact, all of the molecules precipitated appear to have the same orientation. By this uniform structure the fluorescence of the layer is increased.
In some cases it is desired to obtain fluorescing layers having such a thickness that they are transparent to light. For this purpose the method according to the invention is particularly suitable. In fact, a fluorescing layer formed by means of this method may be given a greater thickness than a fluorescing layer which does not have such a uniform structure without the transparency being unfavourably affected thereby.
An additional advantage of the method according to the invention consists in that the nature 0 of the grain of the fluorescent material precipitated may be varied by modifying the rate of volatilization. As a rule the-size of the grains will be small at a quick volatilization which is of great importance, for example, in the -manufac-' ture of X-ray intensifying screens. It is found that the image taken on such a screen will be sharper as the size of the grains of the fluorescent material is reduced.
. For a better understanding of the present invention, reference should be had to the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is a sectional view of apparatus that may be used to carry out the improved process according to the invention; and
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the base or sheet on which the fluorescent layer is to be formed showing the filament from which the sensitive material is volatilized.
The apparatus comprises a glass vessel or bulb 1 closed by a stopper 2. Leading-in wires 3 and a suitable source, such as a transformer 9, so as to be heated to incandescence-after the bulb 1 has been evacuated through the connection 10. The wire 8 is coated with fluorescent material, such as zinc sulphide .or calcium tungstate, which is volatilized by the heating of said wire and precipitates in the form of a layer on the upper surface of the sheet 'I. A fluorescent layer having a fine, uniform structure and improved sensitivity is thereby produced. The sheet '1 may, if desired, be first coated with a layer, consisting of a material by which the fluorescent material is perfectly adsorbed, before it is subjected to the described coating process.
The fluorescent layer on the sheet 7 may comprise a mixture of fluorescent substances which i may be volatilized simultaneously. This layer may also contain other substances in addition to the fluorescent material. These substances may be incorporated into the layer, for example, by volatilizing them simultaneously with the fluorescent material in the bulb 1.
The fluorescent layer formed in this manner is found to have novel and unexpected properties.
In comparison with the layers formed by the processes hitherto employed, the layer has a more uniform structure, is much more transparent and possesses enhanced sensitivity. The fluorescence obtained is greatly increased while the light absorption is decreased. I I What we claim is: i 1. A method of making an X-ray intensifying screen, in which a suitable base together with a quantity of fluorescent material is introduced into 4. A method of making a ray-sensitive screen comprising volatilizing and precipitating calcium ungstate on a sheet or base in a vacuum.
' JAN HENDRIK as BOER.
- CORNELIS JOHANN'ES DIPPEL.