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Publication numberUS1954730 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 10, 1934
Filing dateJun 7, 1933
Priority dateJun 7, 1933
Publication numberUS 1954730 A, US 1954730A, US-A-1954730, US1954730 A, US1954730A
InventorsCharles Erickson
Original AssigneeCharles Erickson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1954730 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 10, 1934. c c so 1,954,730

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed June 7, 1935 2 Sheets$heet 2 a FZv g ///'I I/ aha-r2 e 057360795070 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 10, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 Claims.

Th'e'invention relates to a building construction and more especially to a ventilated wall construction.

The primary object of the invention is the provision of a structure of this character, wherein the wall for a building can be properly ventilated and the drainage of rain water, melted sleet or snow, particularly about the window and door easements or frames had, so as to prevent the rotting of the wood thereof, and also to eliminate dampness, with resultant dryness of an edifice.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a structure of this character, wherein maximum circulation within the wall of a building or the like can be assured, the wall being constructed in a novel manner so that perfect air circulation from ground level to roof through center of wall at all points thereof will be assured, with resultant elimination of dampness therein as well as in the furring and lathing builded interiorly of the building.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a structure of this character which is comparatively simple in its make-up, thoroughly reliable and efficient in its purpose, strong, durable, not in the least detracting from the appearance of a building and without necessitating alteration of the interior wall finishing, and also inexpensive to manufacture and erect.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described in detail, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the preferred embodiment of the invention, and pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a wall for a building constructed in accordance with the invention, the same being partly broken away at intervals to disclose adjuncts.

Figure 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view thereof.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken through the window casement or frame.

Figure 4 is a perspective view of a precast window frame sill.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a precast jamb block.

Figure 6 is a perspective view of a precast lintel for a window or door frame.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views in the drawings.

Referring to the drawings in detail, A designates generally a portion of an outer wall of a building or the like and the same includes a plu- 6 Arranged at the required locations in the wall A are window openings, each accommodating a Window frame 12 having the usual upper and lower sashes 13 and 14, respectively, in this instance being of the slidable type, and each fitted with a weight cord 15, as usual, carrying the sash A weight 16, the cords and weights being confined within ways 17 at opposite sides of the window frame, as is customary.

Located in the opening for the window frame 12 is a precast sill 18 which is disposed immediately beneath the wood sill 19 of the window frame 12 and is provided with top and bottom channels or grooves 20 and 21, respectively, these being in communication with each other through passages 22. Arranged at opposite sides of the window frame 12 are precast jamb blocks 23, each having a channeled inner face 24 which confronts the ways 17 in the window frame 12.

Arranged over the window frame 12 is a precast lintel 25 having in its lower face a channel or groove 26 which opens downwardly and inwardly and is adapted to accommodate the top of the indow frame 12, this lintel being extended for a considerable distance beyond opposite sides of the said wmdow frame. The channel or groove 26 communicates with the channels or grooves 24, these being in communication with the channels or grooves 20 and 21, so it will be seen that a continuous circulating space is had entirely about the Window frame.

The sill 18 has embedded therein, longitudinally of the same, reinforcements 27 so as to give strength and durability to such sill, the latter being made from cementitious material and likewise the jamb blocks 23 and the lintel 25, these being set in mortar or other like material in the erection of the wall A for the building.

superposed relative to the lintel 25 is a beam box 28 in the form of a trough having in the under face of its bottom 29 a channel or groove 30,

the box being of the required length and the trough side thereof, when the box is in position, is filled with a cementitious or concrete substance 31 having embedded therein reinforcements 32, while extended through the bottom 29 and upwardly through the filler 31 are drain tubes 33, these establishing communication between the vents 11 of the tiles or blocks 10 adjacent to the box and the groove or channel 30 in the bottom of said box so that seepage above the window frame 12 or the lintel 25 will be diverted con- 'sidera-bly beyond opposite sides of said window frame. Thus in this fashion the window frame 12 will be maintained dry and at the same time a thorough ventilation entirely about this frame will be assured.

In the lowermost tiles or blocks 10 of the erected wall A and at their fronts are provided openings 34 so that air from without the wall can freely pass through these openings 34 into the vents 11 and thence be circulated from the ground level to the roof of a building and at the same time continuously pass about the window frame 12. It is, of course, to be understood that this circulation can be had about a door frame to the same degree as is had about the window frame and in this instance, namely, for the door, the lintel, jamb blocks and sill as well as other adjuncts will be employed.

The result of the structure in accordance with the invention will be a perfect air circulation from ground level to roof in a wall through its center at all points and thus eliminating damp walls and all furring and latching, as well as a reduction in the cost for the erection of said wall.

What is claimed is:

1. A ventilated wall construction comprising a plurality of vented tiles arranged one above the other and forming an opening for a window or door frame, jamb blocks located at opposite sides of the opening and having inner channels, a sill at the bottom of said opening and having upper and lower channels communicative with the channels of the jamb blocks and also having passages establishing communication between said channels in the sill, a lintel at the top of said opening and having a channel in its bottom communicative with the channels in the jamb blocks, and a beam box above said lintel and having a channel in its under face and also a reinforced filling.

2. A ventilated wall construction comprising a plurality of vented tiles arranged one above the other and forming an opening for a window or door frame, jamb blocks located at opposite sides of the opening and having inner channels, a sill at the bottom of said opening and having upper and lower channels communicative with the channels of the jamb blocks and also having passages establishing communication between said channels in the sill, a lintel at the top of said opening and having a channel in its bottom communicative with the channels in the jamb blocks, a beam box above said lintel and having a channel in its under face and also a reinforced filling, and drain tubes arranged in said box and ex tended through the filling to open above the same and in the channel in the under face of said box.

3. A ventilated wall construction comprising a plurality of vented tiles arranged one above the other and forming an opening for a window or door frame, jamb blocks located at opposite sides of the opening and having inner channels, a sill at the bottom of said opening and having upper and lower channels communicative with the channels of the jamb blocks and also having passages establishing communication between said channels in the sill, a lintel at the top of said opening and having a channel in its bottom communicative with the channels in the jamb blocks, a beam box above said lintel and having a channel in its under face and also a reinforced filling, drain tubes arranged in said box and extended through the filling to open above the same and in the channel in the under face of said box, and reinforcments in said filling.

4. A ventilated wall construction comprising a plurality of vented tiles arranged one above the other and forming an opening for a window or door frame, jamb blocks located at opposite sides of the opening and having inner channels, a sill at the bottom of said opening and having upper and lower channels communicative with the channels of the jamb blocks and also having pas- 1 sages establishing communication between said channels in the sill, a lintel at the top of said opening and having a channel in its bottom communicative with the channels in the jamb blocks,

a beam box above said lintel and having a channel in its under face and also a reinforced filling, drain tubes arranged in said box and extended through the filling to open above the same and in the channel in the under face of said box, reinforcements in said filling, and reinforcements in the sill.

CHARLES ERICKSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2535691 *Oct 11, 1946Dec 26, 1950Mark MillerVentilated wall and floor
US2931215 *Aug 28, 1957Apr 5, 1960Rose Herbert STie-down and wall ventilator
US2994987 *Sep 14, 1954Aug 8, 1961Klein Lewis DModular sill element
US3538654 *Aug 13, 1969Nov 10, 1970Csep SaConnecting prefabricated panels at the facades of a prefabricated building
US3793931 *Aug 21, 1972Feb 26, 1974Wild EWindow facade element
US4910931 *Jan 31, 1989Mar 27, 1990Pardue Jr Leonard CWater collection and drainage system for masonry block walls
US5230189 *Apr 2, 1992Jul 27, 1993Tom SourlisMortar and debris collection device and system
US5598673 *Jan 18, 1994Feb 4, 1997Atkins; Mark R.Masonry cavity wall air space and weeps obstruction prevention system
US5822933 *Jan 23, 1997Oct 20, 1998Advanced Construction Technologies, Inc.Method and apparatus for wall drainage
US5845455 *Jan 12, 1998Dec 8, 1998Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of AmericaMortar collecting device for protecting weep-holes in masonry walls
US5921038 *Dec 10, 1997Jul 13, 1999Advanced Construction Technologies, Inc.Diverter for wall drainage
US5937594 *Jul 1, 1997Aug 17, 1999Sourlis; TomCavity wall construction
US6964136May 22, 2003Nov 15, 2005Pacc Systems I.P., LlcFlashing and weep apparatus for masonry wall window and door installations
US7367164 *Nov 23, 2004May 6, 2008Moisture Warranty CorporationLow-profile flash pan
US7730685Dec 11, 2003Jun 8, 2010Keene Building Products Co., Inc.Mortar and debris collection system for masonry cavity walls
US20130212962 *Jul 12, 2011Aug 22, 2013Retro-Fit Nz LimitedSill drainage member
USRE36676 *Aug 4, 1998May 2, 2000Sourlis; TomMortar and debris collection device and system
WO1998032942A1 *Jan 16, 1998Jul 30, 1998Advanced Construction TechnoloDiverter for wall drainage
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/302.1, 52/213
International ClassificationE06B7/14, E04B1/70
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/7069, E06B7/14
European ClassificationE04B1/70V, E06B7/14