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Publication numberUS1954983 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1934
Filing dateSep 10, 1932
Priority dateSep 10, 1932
Publication numberUS 1954983 A, US 1954983A, US-A-1954983, US1954983 A, US1954983A
InventorsLe Roy O Brown
Original AssigneeJustrite Manufacturing Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety receptacle for volatile liquids
US 1954983 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 17, 1934. LE ROY 0. BROWN SAFETY REGEPTACLE FOR VOLATILE LIQUIDS Filed Sept. 10, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l ,Zem M II I A ril 17, 1934. LE ROY 0. BROWN SAFETY RECEPTACLE FOR VOLATILE LIQUIDS Filed Sept. 10, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Apr. 17, 1934 SAFETY RECEPTACLE FOR LIQUIDS Chicago, Ill., assignor to Just- Le Roy 0. Brown,

VDLATILE rite Manufacturing Company, Chicago, 111., a

corporation of Illinois Application September 10, 1932, Serial No. 632,504 19- Claims.. (01. 221-15) This invention has for its object to provide a receptacle for volatile liquids which is provided with a discharge nozzle or spout equipped with a normally closed sealing cap and with a carrying bail, and wherein the carrying bail also constitutes a lever which is so associated with the said sealing cap as to operate automatically to throw the latter to open. position as the receptacle is tilted to discharge position.

A further object of the invention is to provide a receptacle of the kind specified wherein the operating mechanism is very simple and. efiicicnt and is responsive to a shift in the position of the receptacle from its normal, upright position to discharge position when suspended to cause the discharge spout thereof to be opened.

A further object of the invention is to provide a receptacle for volatile liquids equipped as hereinabove defined wherein the. carrying bail and the sea-ling cap are so associated as to allow of. suflicient relative movement between the said parts to respond to normal swing of the receptacle body when suspended from said bail and while being carried from one point to. another to prevent the opening of the. said cap during this period.

A further object of vide a carrying bailof the type specified which, when released, falls to a positionfrom which it is not easily moved by accidental contact with other objects and from which it must be moved for an appreciably great distance before it can act to raise the cap of the spout.

A suitable embodiment of the invention is illustratedin the accompanying drawings, wherem:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a receptacle equipped with safety closure mechanism constructed in accordance with the invention;

Fig.2. is a vertical sectional view of these-me on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing-the receptacle and closure mechanism in discharge position.

Fig. 4 is a detail transverse line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

section on the Fig. 5 isa view similarto Fig. 2, showing a modified form of construction of the closurev mechanism.

As shown in Fig. 1, a casting having end portions 1 is secured to the head of the receptacle by means of rivets extending through said portions 1. The middle portion 2 of said casting spans the reinforcing ribs 3 formed in the head of. the receptacle.

the invention is to protongue 23 secured to stove-bolt 24 which The middle portion 2 of the said casting is equipped with a pair of parallel, upstandingarms 4 which border the vertical axis of the receptacle body. The carrying bail 5, including the gripmember 6 disposed at the top thereof, is equipped m with a pair of spaced apart parallel arms or projections 7 which are disposed between the arms 4 and are pivotally connected therewith by means of the pin 8.

The said carrying bail 5 consists, preferably, of a unitary casting or the like, the body portion of which extends angularly to the said arms '7 in order that the center of gravity of said bail may be dsposed out of alignment with and spaced appreciably from the vertical plane of the axis of the pin 8 so that. when said bail is released from the hand, as the receptacle is deposited, said bail 5 will fall by gravity to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

Each of the arms '7 is equipped with a projection 9 and a cross-pin 10 is passed through said projections. and is also passed through the longitudinal slot 11 in a link 12 which is pivotally connected at its other end, with short arms of abellcrank lever 13 by means of the pivot pin 13 The bell-crank. lever 13 comprises a channeled sheet metal member having its middle or bottomv portion secured to the top of the closure cap 14 for the discharge spout 15 of the receptacle, the side flanges 16 of said bell-crank lever being ex- 35 tended outwardly from the cap 14 and said extended portions or arms being integral with the short arms to which said link 12 is secured; The said extended portions of the said side flanges 16 are pivotally secured to a bracket member 17 which is riveted to the spout 15 and which comprises a sheet metal stamping consisting of a middle portion through which the rivets 18 pass, the side flanges of said middle portion between which the said extended portions of the flanges 16 are received and towhich they are pivotally secured by means of the pin 19, and the side flanges 20' which rest upon the boss 21' of the receptacle head. It willb e noted that the side flanges of' the last-mentioned stamping are equipped with upwardly projecting portions or jears through which the pin 19 is passed.

The said cap 14 is maintained closed normally by means of. a helical-spring22 having a U-shaped the cap 14 by means of the also holds the gasket 25 in place, said spring being also equipped with terminal ends-26engaged with the middle portion of thestamping. 1'7, the main body of the spring *feature is advantageous in 22 comprising right and left helical portions through which the pivot pin 19 extends.

The said pivot pins 8, 13 and 19 are parallel with each other. The stamping ll opposes the middle portion 2 of the first-mentioned casting and also opposes the elbow portion of the carrying bail.

In Fig. 2, the normal positions of the several parts of the above-described mechanism are indicated in full lines and the position of the bail, when engaged for carrying the receptacle, is shown in dotted lines. It will be noted that this dotted line position is such that the cross-pin l0 still disposed at some distance from the rear end of the slot .11 of the link 12 so that the receptacle may swing quite freely relatively to the without causing the closure cap to be moved from its normal position.

The operation of the above-described mechanism is as follows:

After the receptacle has been carried to a point of discharge, the person carrying the same retains his hold on the bail with one hand and grasps the lower edge of the receptacle at a point diametricaily opposite the spout with his other hand and tilts the receptacle to discharge position as shown in Fig. 3. The weight of the receptacie causes the bail to be swung to the position, substantially, as shown in Fig. 3, thus causing the cross-pin 10 to draw the link 12 back and swing the closure cap to open position.

The particular advantage derived from this structure lies in the fact that it is not required that the operator shall set the receptacle upon the floor after having carried it to a point of discharge preparatory to engaging an operating le-- ver and then raising and tilting the same to discharge position, as is true of the receptacle of the same type most nearly resembling the receptacle of this invention with respect to gravity ope ion of the closure mechanism.

With respect to that type of safety receptacle wherein a spring-held lever is provided for control of the closure cap and which must be operated by the same hand as that which carries the receptacle, the advantage of the structure of the present invention lies in the avoidance of the extra effort required to operate the lever besides also obviating the necessity of depositing the receptacle in order to obtain a hold on said lever before tilting the receptacle to discharge position. 7

Another advantage of the structure lies in the fact that only one spring is provided for maintaining the said closure cap closed and that the carrying bail imposes its weight upon the link lZwhen the receptacle is not in use and thus adds to thenormal resistance to opening of the said can under the influence of internal pressure.

It will be noted that the end wall 2'7 of the slot 11 of the link 12 lying nearest to the closure cap, extends angularly to the longitudinal walls or the. said slot and that the cross-pin 10 bears upon said angular wall. The latter thus actsas a cam formation or shoulder against which the said cross pin l0 exerts a pressure which tends to move the link 12 longitudinally toward the closure cap 14 and thus exerts a pressure on the pin 13 to resist opening of said cap. This the event that the spring 22' should break.

In Fig. 5 I have illustrated a modified form of structure wherein the carrying bail 28 is devoid of the offset or elbow-portion of the bail of Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, and is held normally in the poing bail, a discharge spout closure member for said spout, said bail having causing sition shown in Fig. 5 by means of the spring 29.

In all other respects the structure of Fig. 5 is substantially identical with that of Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive.

In order that the cap 14 may not be drawn back sufficiently far to break or set the spring 22, the carrying bail 5 is equipped with stop proiections so for engagement with the bridgemember 2 to limit the backward swing of said bail to the position shown in Fig. 3.

It will also be noted that the link 12 is engaged with the pin 8 when the bail is at the limit of its movement as shown in Fig. 3 to provide an additional means for so limiting its movement. Either or both said stop means may be employed;

I claim as my invention:

1. A receptacle having a spout, a closure member for said spout, a carrying bail for the receptacle movably mounted thereon, and means operatively connecting said bail with said 010-.

sure member for causing the latter to be opened automatically upon tilting the receptacle to discharge position while said bail is engaged by one hand of the operator.

2. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrying bail, a discharge spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, and means operable by pivotal movement of the bail relatively to the receptacle for controlling the position of the closure member relatively to the said spout.

3. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrying bail, a discharge spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, means integral with said bail for maintaining the latter in a predetermined position when released, and a link connecting said bail with said closure member for causing the position of the latter to be ,determined by variations in position of said bail and maintaining said closure member closed while said bail is in its said predetermined posi' tion.

4. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrying bail, a discharge spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, said bail having an offset portion projecting causing said bail to tilt normally by gravity toward said spout when said bail is released, and a link connecting said hail with said closure. member and operatively arranged to be moved in a direction to cause the closure member to be maintained closed by said bail when the latter is released.

5. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carry ing bail, a discharge spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, said bail having an ofiset portion projecting toward said spout for causing said bail to tilt normally by gravity toward said spout when link pivotally connected at one end with said closure member and having a longitudinal slot in its other end portion, and a member on said bail engaging in said slot.

6. A receptacle equipped for said receptacle, a

an offset portion projecting toward said spout for said bail to tilt normally by gravity toward said spout when said bail is released, a

with a pivoted carryi said bail is released, and

iii

toward said spout for means operatively connecting said bail with said closure member and arranged to cause the said ball to exert a closing force on said closure member during the said normal position of the said bail and for causing said closure member to be ing bail,

swung to open position as said bail is turned from said normal position through agiven are of movement.

' 'i. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrya discharge spout for saidreceptacle, a ciosure member for said spout, a spring for maintaining said closuremember'normally in closed position, a link pivotallyconnected at one end withsaid closure member'and having a longitudinal slot in its other end portion, and means on said bail engaging in said slot for causing said bail to be free to swing to a limited extent relatively to the receptacle without disturbing the normal position of the said closure member and adapted to engage an end wall of the said slot as said bail is swung beyond a given position away from said spout for swinging said closure member to open position.

8. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrying bail, a discharge spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, a spring for maintaining said closure member normally in closed position, said bail having an offset portion projecting toward said spout for causing said bail to tilt normally by gravity toward said spout when said bail is released, and a link connecting said bail with said closure member and operatively arranged to be moved in a direction to cause the closure member to be maintained closed by said bail independently of the said spring when said ball is released.

9. A receptacle equipped with a discharge spout, a carrying bail pivotally mounted on said receptacle and arranged when released to fall by gravity to one side of the vertical plane of its pivotal axis, said bail being spaced from said spout, a closure member for the said spout, a link connected at one end to said closure member and having a longitudinal slot in its other end portion, a member on said bail engaging in said slot and adapted to engage the respective end walls of the same for causing said bail to exert closing force on said closure member when disposed in its gravity held position and to cause said bail to open said closure member when said ball is swung oppositely from said position through a given are.

10. A receptacle equipped with a discharge spout, a carrying bail pivotally mounted on said receptacle and arranged when released to fall by gravity to one side of the vertical plane of its pivotal axis, said bail being spaced from said spout, a closure member for the said spout, a spring for maintaining said closure member in spout-sealing position, a link connected at one end to said closure member and having a longiiudinal slot in its other end portion, a member on said bail engaging in said slot and adapted to engage the respective end walls of the same for causing said bail to exert closing force on said closure member when disposed in its gravity held position and to cause said-bail to open said closure member when said bail is swung opposltely from said position through a given arc.

11. A receptacle equipped with a discharge spout, a carrying bail pivotally mounted on said receptacle and adapted, when disengaged from a hand, to swing to the side of the vertical plane of its pivotal axis adjacent to said spout, a closure member pivotally movable relatively to the said spout, a link connected at one end to said closure member and having a longitudinal slot in its other end portion, a member on said bail engaging in said slot and adapted to engage the respective end walls of the same for causing said bail'to exert clos'mg force on said closure member when disposed in its gravity held position andlto cause said bailtoopen said closure memher? when said: bail is swung oppositely from said position through a given are.

12..Ina receptacle oi the: kind specifiedgthe combination with a discharge spent and a closure member therefor of a manually engageable pivoted memberon thereceptaclebody for suspending the same, and means connecting said pivoted member with said closure member for causing said pivoted member to maintain saidclosure member in closed position when said pivoted member is released and the receptacle rests and for causing said pivoted member to open said closure member when said receptacle is tilted to discharge position while said pivoted' member 'is engaged. i i I a 13. In a receptacle of the kind. specified, the combination with a discharge spout and a closure member therefor, of a manually engageable pivoted member on the receptacle body for suspending the same, and means connecting said pivoted member with said closure member for causing said pivoted member to maintain said closure member in closed position when said pivoted member is released and the receptacle rests and for causing said pivoted member to open said closure member when said receptacle is tilted to discharge position while said pivoted member is engaged, said means for maintaining said closure member in closed position including a spring.

14. A tiltable portable receptacle equipped with a discharge spout, a pivoted closure member for said spout, a receptacle carrying member pivotally mounted on said receptacle in spaced relation to said spout, and connecting means between said carrying member and said closure member whereby the latter will remain in closed position when said receptacle is resting upon a support and while being carried and to cause the said closure member to be moved to open position as the receptacle is tilted to discharge position while the said pivoted member remains engaged for supporting the upper end portion of said receptacle.

15. In a receptacle of the type specified equipped with a discharge spout, a closure cap pivotally associated therewith, and a carrying bail for said receptacle movably mounted thereon, a link connecting the said bail with said closure cap, means for causing said bail to be maintained normally in a given position relatively to said spout when the receptacle is at rest, and means on said link engaged by said bail when the latter is disposed in its said normal position for causing said bail to link in a direction to effect closure of said cap.

16. In a receptacle of the type specified equipped with a discharge spout, a closure cap pivotally associated therewith, and a carrying bail for said receptacle movably mounted thereon, a link connecting the said bail with said closure cap, said link having a longitudinal slot in one end portion, a pin on said ball engaging in said slot, means for causing said bail to be maintained normally in a given position relatively to said spout when the receptacle is at rest, said slot being so arranged that when said ball is disposed in its normal position the said pin engages one end wall of said slot and exerts pressure against the same in a direction to cause the said link to exert closing pressure on said cap.

17. In a receptacle of the type specified equipped with a discharge spout, a closure cap pivotally exert pressure on saidv associated therewith, and a carrying bail for said receptacle movably mounted thereon, a link connecting the said bail with said closure cap, said link having a longitudinal slot in one end portion,

- a pin on said bail engaging in said slot, means for causing said bail to be maintained normally in a given position relatively to said spout when the receptacle is at rest, said slot being so arranged that when said bail is disposed in its normal position the said pin engages one end wall of said slot and exerts pressure against the same in a direction to cause the said link to exert closing pressure on said cap, said end wall of said slot being disposed angularly to its longitudinal walls and providing a cam formation engaged by said pin.

18. A receptacle having a spout, a closure member for said spout, a carrying bail for the receptanewness cle movably mounted thereon, and means operatively connecting said bail with, said closure member for causing the latter to be opened automatically upon tilting the receptacle to discharge position while said bail is engaged by one hand of the operator, and stop means for limiting the opening movement of said closure member.

19. A receptacle equipped with a pivoted carrying bail, a discharge'spout for said receptacle, a closure member for said spout, and means operable by pivotal movement of the bail relatively to; the receptacle for controlling the position of the closure member relatively to the said spout, and stop means for limitingthe swing of said bail in the direction to open said closure member.

LE ROY 0. BROWN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2574876 *Oct 23, 1947Nov 13, 1951Protectoseal CoLever actuated operating mechanism for spout closures
US2678758 *Jun 23, 1951May 18, 1954Eagle Mfg CoBail operated closure for gasoline cans and the like
US2748997 *Dec 24, 1953Jun 5, 1956Eagle Mfg CoSpout closure cap and operating mechanism for safety gasoline cans
US3851791 *Oct 10, 1972Dec 3, 1974Justrite Manufacturing CoPlastic safety can for containing fires burning inflammable fluid inside the can
US4489860 *Jun 16, 1982Dec 25, 1984Justrite Manufacturing CompanySafety can conversion apparatus
US6006959 *Dec 21, 1998Dec 28, 1999General Housewares Corp.Tea kettle
US7303100Jul 20, 2004Dec 4, 2007Wki Holding Company, Inc.Kettle having movable spout lid and actuator
US7706671Jan 6, 2006Apr 27, 2010B2M Asset Management, LlcMulti-function liquid container
US20040258833 *Jul 7, 2004Dec 23, 2004Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaMethod of patterning magnetic products using chemical reaction
USRE39431 *Dec 27, 2001Dec 19, 2006Helen Of Troy LimitedTea kettle
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/469, 222/542, 222/517
International ClassificationB65D45/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65D45/06
European ClassificationB65D45/06