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Publication numberUS1955986 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1934
Filing dateNov 21, 1932
Priority dateNov 21, 1932
Publication numberUS 1955986 A, US 1955986A, US-A-1955986, US1955986 A, US1955986A
InventorsJr John H Tice
Original AssigneeJr John H Tice
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ventilated hat
US 1955986 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 Sheets-Sheet l TTORNEY J. H. TICE, JR

VENTILATED HAT April 24, 1934.

Filed Nov. 2l. 1932 April 24, 1934.

J. H. TICE, JR

VENTILATED HAT 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 2l. 1952v INVENTOR 7b/fm H. 77C@ .7n

TTORNEY Y Patented Apr. 24, 1934 llattine UNITED STATES PATENT ori-Ice 11 claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in hats and has more particular reference to a woven ventilated hat. The invention embodies the article and the process for. its manufacture.

It is an object of this invention to construct a woven hat from one integral close weave but arranged with an opened woven portion constituting the Ventilating area.

It is notoriously old for a hat to have a Ventilating area of open weave but such areas are constructed by attaching a woven strip between separate sections constituting the hat. In other words the hat is not constructed from one integral weave. The old construction is more expensive than the construction contemplated .by this invention and is not as good, rst lbecause of appearance and second because said attached Vparts after wear become loose. The attaching generally is accomplished by stitches which when old disintegrate."

The invention proposes the carrying out of the object previously mentioned by forming a hat witha plurality o'f interwoven continuous strands closely woven except at the Ventilating area wherein the direction ofthe strands are' obliquely changed from their natural direction to t form an opened weave.

The invention still further proposes the carrying out of the object by an arrangment wherein a plurality of substantially parallel radial strands are arranged completely throughout the compass of the hat except at the Ventilating area where these parallel strands havetheir direction changed to the oblique, and a single strand spirally closely woven with said parallel strands except at the Ventilating area where the single strand extends transversely across, or spirally with the turns separated.4

lt is recognized that it is old to manufacture woven hats having a plurality of substantially parallel radial strands and a single strand spirally interwoven. But this invention departs from the old construction by the provision of a Ventilating area obtained by manipulating the single strand in a manner so as to produce an open weave.

The invention still proposes the application of the object to different types of weave. For example, weaves in which the strands are at right angles er in which they are bias or/and in which the weave is one over one under, or two over two under, etc.

These important objects are attained by the novel, practical and simple construction and combination of parts hereinafter ldescribed and shown in the annexed drawings, constituting a component of this disclosure, and in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective View of a hat constructed according to this invention. 60

Figure 2 is a fragmentary enlarged detailed portion of the hat shown in Fig. 1.

Figure 3 is a. View similar to Fig. 2 but showing a modified construction.

Figure 4 is vanother View s"l ilar to Fig. 2 but 65 showing a still further modified construction.

' Figure 5 is a. fragmentary vertical sectional view of the hat shown in Fig. 1.

. Figure 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a different modification. Figure 7 is a View simlar to Fig. 2 but showing a diiferent modication.

Figures 8 and 9, are also views similar to Fig. 2, but each show a different modication.

The invention is particularly intended to apply to a wovenhat having a top 10, a crown 11 and a brim 12. A 'portion of the crown 11 is formed with a Ventilating area 13 distinguishing from the other portions of the hat merely in the fact that the weave is open. Or a plurality of Ventilating 30 areas may be used as shown in Fig. 1, as illustrative only, all of the areas being in the crown. Also the Ventilating areas may be located between the top and the crown.

A hat band 14 is shown engaged around the 85 hat covering the Ventilating area 13a. This hat band must itself b e of woven material having an open weave so as not to cut off the ventilation. The invention consists in producing the hat so that the Ventilating area 13 forms an integral 90 part thereof and is produced merely by obliquely changing the direction of certain strands in the hat.

In Fig. 2 a fragmentary portion ofthe hat crown shown in Fig. 1 has been illustrated. @ne 95 specific form of the invention has been disclosed in which there are a plurality of substantially parallel strands 15 in the crown which extend from the center of the top of the hat radially along the top, then parallel along the crown, and 5100 then radially all the way to the edge of the brun. The drawings -do not show the strands extending from the center of the top to the outer edge of the brim since this will be readily understood.

. A single strand 16 is spirally interwoven with m5 the strands 15 starting from the center of the top of the hat and finally terminating at the outer edge of the brim. Again, a complete disclosure of the spiral strand 16 is not shown, the ngure Y being limited only to the manner in which the lil@ :The adjacent parallel strands 15 are bent obliquely in opposite directions to each other as they traverse the Ventilating area 13 and thereafter continue in substantially parallel formation. The single spiral strand 16 is shown to traverse the Ventilating area 13 by having a portion 16 extending Aobliquely across the Ventilating area pref` erably behind one of the oblique strands 15. The dot and dash lines 16a serve to show schematically the manner in which the single strand extends around and iinally continues past the Ventilating area by being interwoven with the parallel strands 15. It should be borne in mind that the Ventilating area is produced by the formation of an open weave in a specific area, or specic areas, of the woven hat, but the Ventilating area, or areas, is, or are, integral with the hat.

In Fig. 3 a modified form of the invention has been disclosed in which the single strand 16 is traversed across the Ventilating area 13 in a modified manner. More particularly the single strand 16 is woven spirally across the Ventilating area with the turns materially separated from each other. The dot and dash lines 1Gb indicate a schematic mannerin which the single strand extends -spirally across the Ventilating area. l At the portion where the single strand extends across t the fragmentary portion ofthe hat shown in Fig. l the single strand is shown in full lines. The arrow 17 merely serves to indicate that the single strand extends around and connects up with the arrow 18 and so on through the Ventilating area. Past the Ventilating area the single strand continues in its spirally closely interwoven state.

' In Fig. 4 a slight modication of the invention has been disclosed which is very similar to the form shown in Fig.3, except that the single strand 16 is extended spirally through the Ventilating area 13 but with the turns closer together. In Fig. 3 the turns were separated substantially one complete diamond opening from each other. The diamond openings referred to are those formed by the oblique strands 15. In Fig. 4 the single strand 16 is arranged so that there are two turns within each of the diamond openings.

In Fig. 5 is shown a fragmentary sectional portion of the hat shown in Fig. 1, and the Ventilating area is schematically illustrated to show the opened weave. It should be noticed that the Ventilating area is integral with the remaining portion of the hat.

In Fig. 6 another form of the invention has been disclosed which is also very similar to the form shown in Fig. 4 except that the parallel strands 15 are arranged in pairs, closely woven two over two under in the main portion of the` hat withtwo turns of a single strand, and extending obliquely across the Ventilating area in an interlocking manner. Each adjacent pairv of parallel strands 15 are bent obliquely away from each other and singularly interwoven across the Ventilating area. 'Ihe single strand 16 may continue throiigh the Ventilating area as shown in Fig. 2, or may be interwoven with the interlockingstrands 15 as indicated at 16e by dot and dash lines, which has been described in Fig. 3.

Fig. 7 shows a still further modified form which is Very similar to the form shown in Fig. 6 except that the parallel strands 15a are arranged in groups of two with adjacent groups directed obliquely iii-opposite directions. Then each group ofl two is merely interwoven with the adjacent group of two, that is, the weave is of the type Anumeral 19 indicates a bias Weave.

known as two over and two under. Furthermore, in this particular form there is a double strand 16d spirally interwoven. The complete details of the double strands 15a will not be given since it is readily understood. 'I'he path taken by these double strands is identical to the path taken by the single strands 15 as illustrated in Fig. 1. The continuous double strand 16d may be identically woven as indicated in Fig. 2, and as indicated by dot and dash lines, it may be woven identical to Fig. 4.

In Figs. 8 and 9 another modified form of the invention has been disclosed which shows its application to a diiferent type of weave. Reference First referring to Fig. 8 the Ventilating area is produced by obliquely changing the natural direction of the strands in the bias weave 19. The strands are shown grouped with two strands in a group and each of the strands interwoven, that is, the weaving is of the type, one over one under, and interlocking across the Ventilating area.-

In Fig. 9 the arrangement is substantially identical except the weaving of the strands. These portions are woven, two over two under.

While'certain preferred embodiments yof this invention have been shown and described, it will be understood that changes in the` form, arrangements', proportions, sizes and details thereof may be made without departingfrom the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired Ito secure by Letters Patent, is:- y

1. A process for manufacturing a ventilated 110 hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel 115 strands and thereby forming a Ventilating area, extending the single strand obliquely across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique strands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally to theiedge of 120 lthe hat.`

2. A process for manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of a hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquelybending the parallel strands thereby forming a Ventilating area, extending the single strand obliquely across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique strands' 130 parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally to the edge of the hat, the oblique portions' of the strands i through the Ventilating area being woven with eachl other, of the type known as one over one under.

3. A process of manufacturing a ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center Aof th'e top of a' hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely weaving the parallel strands thereby forming a Ventilating area, obliquely weaving the single strand across the ventilating area, arranging allV the oblique strands par- 1^) allel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally to the edge of the hat.

4. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands Ventilating area, and continuing weaving thev single strand spirally to the edge of the hat.

5. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the the center of thetop of a hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel strands to form a Ventilating area of diamond formations, spirally weaving the single strand across the Ventilating area with one turn thereof within each diamond formed by the oblique strands, arranging all the obhque strands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continu- 'the single strand spirally past the Ventilating area ing weaving the single strand spirally to the edge of the hat.

6. A process of manufacturing a'ventilated hat, consisting of Iarranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel strands to form a Ventilating area of diamond formations, spirally weaving the single strand across the Ventilating area with two turns thereof within each diamond formed by the oblique strands, arranging all the oblique strands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally to the edgeV of the hat.

'7. A process for manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat 1 and parallel along the crown thereof, weaVing a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the paral lel strands to form a Ventilating-area, the oblique formation of the parallel strands being arranged in groups in which each group constitutes aplurality of said strands, weaving the single strand across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique strands parallel past the Ventilating area.,` and continuing Weaving the single strand spirally past the Ventilating area to the edge of the hat.

8. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat to the edge of thehat.

9. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat and parallel along the crownthereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel strands to form a Ventilating area, the oblique Aformation of the parallel strands being arranged in groups in which each group constitutes a plurality of said strands, and said strands-interwoven of the type two over two under, .weaving the hsingle strand across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique strands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally past the Ventilating area to the edge of the hat.

l0. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weaving a single strand spirally starting from the center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel strands to form a Ventilating area., the oblique formation of the parallel strands being arranged with adjacent strands bent in opposite directions, weaving the single strand across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique Astrands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving to the edge of the hat.

vll. A process of manufacturing a Ventilated hat, consisting of arranging a plurality of strands radially from the center of the top of the hat and parallel along the crown thereof, weavinga single strand spirally starting from the .center of the top of the hat, obliquely bending the parallel strands to form a Ventilating area, the oblique formation of the strands being arranged in groups and adjacent groups directed, in opposite oblique directions, extending the single strand across the Ventilating area, arranging all the oblique strands parallel past the Ventilating area, and continuing weaving the single strand spirally past the Ventilating area to the edge of the hat.

12. ln a Woven hat having a Ventilating area, a plurality of parallel strands in the crown extending from the centerlof the top, a single strand parallel strands being bent obliquely through said Ventilating area, said single strand being extended through the Ventilating area, said plurality of strands after the Ventilating area being arranged parallel and said single strand after the Ventilating area., being woven with the parallel strandsto the edge of the hat. i

13. In a woven hat having a Ventilating area, a plurality of parallel strands in the crown extending from the center of the top, a single strand woven spirally with said parallel strands and ing at the center up to the Ventilating area, said woven spirally with said parallel strands and startl starting at the center up to the Ventilating area, f

said parallel strands being bent obliquely through said Ventilating area, said single strand being ,Y extended through the Ventilating area, said plurality of strands after the Ventilating area being arranged parallel vand said single strand after the Ventilating area, being woven with the parallel strands to the edge of the hat, the oblique portions of said parallel strands being arranged with adjacent parallel strands bent in opposite directions. 14. In a woven hat having a Ventilating area, a plurality of parallel strands in the crown extending from the center of the top, a single' strand vwoven spirally with said parallel strands Vand starting at the center up to the Ventilating-area, said parallel strands beingV bent obliquely through said Ventilating area, said single strand being extended through the Ventilating area, said plurality of strands after the Ventilating area-being arranged parallel and said single strand after the Ventilatingarea, being woven with the parallel strands to the edge of the hat, the oblique por- 4 tions of said parallel strands being arranged in groups and each adjacent group being bent in opposite directions'.

15. In a woven hat having a Ventilating area, a plurality of parallel strands in the crown extending from the center of the top, a single strand woven spirally with said parallel strands and starting at the center up to the Ventilating area,

said parallel strands being bent obliquely through said Ventilating area, said single strand being extended through the Ventilating area, said plurality of strands after the Ventilating area being arranged parallel and said single strand after the Ventilating area, being woven with the parallel strands to the edge of the hat, said single strand being disposed obliquely through the Ventilating area -and more particularly behind one of said oblique portions of one of the parallel strands.

t 16. In awoven hat having a Ventilating area, a plurality of parallel strands in the crown extending from the centenof the top, a single strand woven spirally with said parallel strands and starting at the center up to the Ventilating area,

ail

the crown extending from the top along a/portion,

o1' the crown, adjacent parallel strands continuing in opposite oblique directions thereby forming said Ventilating area in said crown, said strands continuing across the brim, and a single strand being spirally closely interwoven with said strands, ex-l cept at the Ventilating area where the strands are openly interwoven.

f JoHN H. TICE, Jn.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3161889 *Dec 6, 1963Dec 22, 1964Kaplan Arnold JVentilated cap
US3225361 *Jun 22, 1964Dec 28, 1965Charles PotashStretchable straw hat
US3446251 *Apr 23, 1968May 27, 1969Gen ElectricTriaxial fabric
US4476589 *Nov 16, 1981Oct 16, 1984Dadant & Sons Inc.In a unitary helmet made entirely of plastic
US6370697 *Mar 6, 2000Apr 16, 2002Cool Hat, Inc.Device and method of allowing air to circulate into and out of a hat
US6526595Nov 15, 2001Mar 4, 2003William T. HeldAir circulation device
US6598237Apr 16, 2002Jul 29, 2003William T. HeldSelectively removable device to promote circulation of air into and out of a hat
US6691322Jan 3, 2002Feb 17, 2004William T. HeldAir circulation device having an arcuate side
US7398560Feb 9, 2007Jul 15, 2008Swensen Julie AHat/visor with brim vent
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/209.5, 2/184.5, 139/419, D02/886, 139/387.00R, 2/175.8, 139/DIG.100
International ClassificationA42C5/02, A42C5/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42C5/04, A42C5/02, Y10S139/01
European ClassificationA42C5/04, A42C5/02