Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1958462 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1934
Filing dateMay 5, 1932
Priority dateMay 5, 1932
Publication numberUS 1958462 A, US 1958462A, US-A-1958462, US1958462 A, US1958462A
InventorsBaumer Norbert J
Original AssigneeBaumer Norbert J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1958462 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented May 15, 1934 UNITED STATES OFICE No Drawing. Application May. 5, 1932,

Serial No. 609,554

3 Claims.

My invention relates to a novel composition for making candles, votive, sanctuary, tabernacle or other sacramental lights in solid or semi-solid form. Such lights are usually burned in a glass or other container. Olive oil was formerly employed almost exclusively for this purpose and then beeswax came into extensive use. Some of the other vegetable oils are likewise used. The vegetable oils contain phytosteral alcohol, whereas the animal oils do not. Some wax, using salt as a preservative, has been used in combination with olive oil as a candle material, but a wax, like beeswax, which does not require a preservative, has not previously been used in combination. The salt preservative has prohibitive disadvantages when used in a candle such as hereindescribed, because of its sputtering and heat generation when burning.

I have found that a candle material consisting of pure beeswax and a vegetable oil, whether in liquid or in solid, hydrogenated form, makes a very superior candle for sacramental candles and lights. The vegetable oils absorb far more iodine than the vegetable fats, the fats being quite unsatisfactory for burning, and the drying vegetable oils absorb more iodine than the semi-drying or non-drying vegetable oils and the absorption of oxygen is in direct proportion to the absorption of iodine. Oils from the olive oil group of the non-drying vegetable oils, are most satisfactory, though other non-drying and semi-drying oils are satisfactory, such as the rape seed group, the cottonseed group and some drying oils are satisfactory such as the soya bean oil. Other oils of these groups may likewise be used, the degree of the advantages of using the oil with beeswax only varying somewhat with the different vegetable oils.

I find that candles and lights made of a vegetable oil, as described, and pure beeswax, have many advantages over any other candle or light: They burn longer, give a more steady light, give less heat to break the container, do not stick to the mold when manufacturing and may be more easily removed from the container after being partially used, do not stick together, and so facilitate packing, and especially are my candles and lights superior to the ordinary beeswax candle for these reasons. The mixture of oil with the pure beeswax also takes away the natural brittleness of the pure beeswax and consequently the candles will not so readily break. They likewise have other advantages of manufacture and burning quality.

Where liquid oil is used, the beeswax should be at least 20% by weight of the mixture to make a sufficiently solid candle for handling purposes. Of course, a larger proportion of beeswax may be used where a harder candle is required, or the oil may be hydrogenated. Where hydrogenated oil is 69 used the degree of saturation of the oil with hydrogen, and the climate will determine the minimum of pure beeswax essential to make a solid candle, but where practically saturated hydrogenated oil is used a solid candle can be made even without beeswax, and in that event the presence of the beeswax becomes more essential to eliminate the undue brittleness of the hydrogenated oil. Only the degree of the advantages to be gained by using the pure beeswax with the oil will vary with the difierent proportions of the ingredients. The two materials are melted together to produce the candle material and they readily mix in the required proportions. The mixture may be allowed to cool and be remelted for casting, or it may be poured at once into the molds for casting into candle form, with the usual wick inserted.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A form sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of at least 20% pure beeswax and a vegetable oil.

2. A form sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of at least 20% pure beeswax and an oil of the groups, cotton seed, rape seed, olive.

3. A form sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of at least 20% pure beeswax and an oil of the olive oil group.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6284007Aug 12, 1998Sep 4, 2001Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6497735Mar 8, 2001Dec 24, 2002Indiana Soybean BoardVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6599334Dec 29, 2000Jul 29, 2003Jill M. AndersonSoybean wax candles
US6730137 *Nov 14, 2001May 4, 2004Bath & Body Works, Inc.Vegetable oil candle
US6733548Jun 26, 2002May 11, 2004Johna L. RasmussenShimmering candle cream
US6758869 *Jan 6, 2001Jul 6, 2004Cleanwax, LlpNon sooting paraffin containing candle
US7387649Aug 19, 2002Jun 17, 2008Tao Bernard YVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US7510584Oct 13, 2004Mar 31, 2009Daniel S. CapAcetylated wax compositions and articles containing them
US7569084Apr 23, 2004Aug 4, 2009Bernard TaoVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US7588607Mar 16, 2005Sep 15, 2009Daniel S. CapCandlewax compositions with improved scent-throw
US7731767Jul 21, 2006Jun 8, 2010Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US8137418Oct 18, 2007Mar 20, 2012Indiana Soybean AllianceVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US8404003Jan 16, 2012Mar 26, 2013Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US20030046860 *Aug 2, 2002Mar 13, 2003Archer Daniels Midland Co.Vegetable fat-based candles
US20030061760 *Sep 27, 2001Apr 3, 2003Bernard TaoVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US20040200136 *Apr 23, 2004Oct 14, 2004Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US20050158679 *Jan 17, 2004Jul 21, 2005Qin ChenCompression-molded vegetable wax-based candle
US20060075679 *Oct 13, 2004Apr 13, 2006Cap Daniel SAcetylated wax compositions and articles containing them
US20070144058 *Jan 22, 2007Jun 28, 2007Qin ChenCompression-molded vegetable wax-based candle
US20080138753 *Oct 18, 2007Jun 12, 2008Bernard TaoVegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US20130236843 *Mar 6, 2013Sep 12, 2013Ner Lamea Ltd.Solid olive oil candle and methods for the production thereof
US20140199646 *Mar 9, 2013Jul 17, 2014Eat The Candle, LlcEdible Fiber Matrix Candle
WO1996014373A1 *Nov 6, 1995May 17, 1996Beringer Schott LamaiMixture for burning
WO2002048295A2 *Nov 2, 2001Jun 20, 2002Biggs CharlesVegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
WO2003012016A1 *Aug 2, 2002Feb 13, 2003Archer Daniels Midland CoVegetable fat-based candles
WO2008115604A1 *Mar 24, 2008Sep 25, 2008Graczyk SuzanneCandle composition
U.S. Classification431/288, 44/275
International ClassificationC11C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/002
European ClassificationC11C5/00B