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Publication numberUS1961548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 5, 1934
Filing dateNov 28, 1932
Priority dateNov 28, 1932
Publication numberUS 1961548 A, US 1961548A, US-A-1961548, US1961548 A, US1961548A
InventorsCharles Caise
Original AssigneeCharles Caise
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Washing machine
US 1961548 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. CAISE WASHING MACHINE June 5, 1934.

Filed Nov. 28. 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet l U 3mm C/rar/e .9 627/199.

June 5, 1934.

C. CAISE WASHING MACHINE Filed Nov. 28, 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 June 5; 1934;

c. CAISE WASHING MACHINE 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Nov. 28, 1932 Patented June 5, 1934 UNITED [STATES PATENT! OFFICE WASHING MACHINE 1 Claim.

My present invention relates to washing machines operating on the principle of that de-. scribed in my Patent No. 1,878,825, issued Sep-' tember 20, 1932, and it particularly has for its object 'to provide for a machine utilizing the principle of my patented machine aforesaid but which will have a wider field of use than the machine shown and described in my aforesaid patent.

More specifically, it is an object of my invention to simplify the machine of my former pat-- ent so that much less power is required to operate it, the cost of manufacture is materially reduced, and the machine may not only be employed as a clothes washer but as a dish washer, or for washing other articles.

Further, it is an object of my invention to provide a washing machine which, while it is particularly designed as a clothes washer, may be converted into a dish washer by the simple addition of a wire or other suitable basket to hold the dishes immersed in the washing fluid.

Further, it is an object of my invention to provide a clothes washing machine in' which the force of the injected water will keep the clothes not only free from the bottom of the casing but will also keep them immersed in the washing fluid, i. e., prevent them from rising to the top of the washing fluid in the casing.

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.

To the attainment of the aforesaid objects and ends, the invention still further resides in the novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all of which will be first fully described in the following detailed description, then be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which:--

Figure 1 is a plan view of the machine constructed to be used as a clothes washer.

Figure 2 is a vertical section on the line 22 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a vertical section on the hue 3-3 of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a plan view of the machine when used as a dish washer. s

Figure 5 is a vertical section on the line 5--5 of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is an enlarged vertical section of the centrifugal pump.

Figure '7 is a cross section on the line 7--'7 of Figure 6.

In the drawings in which like numerals of reference designate like parts in all the figures, 1

represents the cylindrical casing which has a. bottom 2 beneath which is a sump 3 covered by a suitable perforated plate 4. Within thesump 3 is located a duplex pump 5, preferably one of the centrifugal type. This pump 5 in its preferred construction comprises a central casting 6 having on each side an annular wall to which side plates '7-7 are secured in any suitable way, as by screws 8 for example.

As best shown in Figures 6 and 7 the side plates have central openings for the intake of water. The central casting or partition 6 is provided with an eccentrically located bearing 9 for the impeller shaft 10 which carries the impellers 11 and 12 respectively, the same being pinned at 13 and 14, respectively, to (or otherwise suitably secured to) the shaft 10. The shaft 10 passes through a suitable stuffing box in a wall of the sump 3 and is connected with (or may be integral with) the shaft of an electric motor 19 bywhich power is developed for the purpose of running the pump.

From one side of the pump a short pipe section 15 runs up into the interior of the casing 1 adjacent its peripheral wall and has its outlet end or nozzle 17 directed upwardly and laterally toward a radius of the casing 1 that is located somewhere near the mid-horizontal plane of the cas- From the other chamber of the pump a pipe 16 is run up adjacent the periphery of the casing 1 and has its discharge end or nozzle 18 directed downwardly and laterally toward the same radius toward which the nozzle 17 is directed. The focal point of the two nozzles 1'7 and 18 is preferably located approximately midway between the axis and the periphery of the casing 1. Thus it will be seen that the lower nozzle 17 tends to lift the contents to be washed in the casing 1 and keep the same off the bottom 2, while the nozzle 18 tends to depress the articles being washed beneath the upper surface of the washing fluid contained within the casing 1. Both nozzles tend to rotate the contents of the casing 1 about the vertical axis. Consequently the clothes are rotated about a vertical axis in a volume which is located above the bottom 2 and below the upper surface of the washing fluid, i. e., above the nozzle 1'1 and below the nozzle 18. A heater 20 with a. burner 21 similar to that described in my patent aforesaid may also be provided so as to keep the fluid within the casing at the proper temperature.

When the machine is to be used as a dish washer it is provided with a short tubular socket 22 extending downwardly from the bottom 2 of the casing 1 at the center thereof and in this socket fits the stub shaft 24 that carries the basket 23, the shaft 24 having a cone bearing end 25 to engage the bottom of the socket-bearing 22 whereby friction is reduced to a minimum. The basable to reduce the power of the motor required in the machine of my patent aforesaid by about one-half; i. e., where my patented machine would require H. P. motor the present machine would operate with a A; H. P. motor.

Furthermore, I am enabled with the present construction to dispense with the perforated false bottom described in my patent aforesaid, although of course such bottom may be used in the machine if found desirable.

While of course it will be possible to build one machine which may be used either as a clothes washer or as a dish washer, for obvious reasons in practice two separate machines would be used, one for dish washing and the other for clothes washing. However, the construction of the two machines as to all parts in common may beidentical, thereby reducing the. cost of manufacture as will be obvious.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings,. it is thought the complete construction, operation and advantages of my invention will be clear to those skilled in the art to which it relates.

What I claim is:

In a washing machine, a cylindrical casing having a bottom, combined with hydraulic means for whirling the contents about the vertical axis, said means including a nozzle located near the bottom of the casing directed upwardly at an angle to a radial plane passing through said nozzle, and a second nozzle located at a higher level than the first nozzle directed downwardly at an angle to a radial plane passing through said nozzle, the articles to be washed being located above the'lower nozzle and below the upper nozzle, said means also including a sump at the bottom of the casing, a duplex pump located within the sump, and a motor to drive the pump, one of said nozzles being in communication with one side of the pump and the other of said nozzles being in communication with the other. side of said pump.

said nozzles being located adjacent one another and in close proximity to the wall of the casing and said sump being located beneath said nozzles and adjacent the same portion of thewall of the casing as that where the nozzles are located.

CHARLES CAISE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2520889 *Oct 3, 1949Aug 29, 1950Paden Charles GApparatus for cleansing eggs in bulk
US2596653 *Jan 20, 1945May 13, 1952Toledo Scale CoDish flushing and washing device
US2610499 *Mar 1, 1947Sep 16, 1952Russell Thomas FJet circulation washing machine
US2619100 *May 14, 1948Nov 25, 1952Julia PalotseeImmersion type washer and liquid agitating means therefor
US2630813 *Jun 23, 1948Mar 10, 1953Murdoch Charles ASpray manifold for washing machines
US3413827 *Apr 5, 1967Dec 3, 1968Borg WarnerJet action for liquid treatment of materials
US4773436 *Mar 9, 1987Sep 27, 1988Cantrell Industries, Inc.Pot and pan washing machines
US5168885 *Dec 28, 1990Dec 8, 1992Whirlpool CorporationPower system for a dishwasher
US5184635 *Dec 28, 1990Feb 9, 1993Whirlpool CorporationFluid handling system for a dishwasher
US5615950 *Nov 13, 1995Apr 1, 1997Frei; Alexandra S.Apparatus for preventing sedimentation
US5660194 *Nov 29, 1995Aug 26, 1997Food Equipment Engineer And Design, Inc.Washing system for pre-wash tanks
US5775347 *Dec 20, 1996Jul 7, 1998Premark Feg L.L.C.Continuous-flow ware washing apparatus
US5927309 *Sep 21, 1998Jul 27, 1999Premark Feg L.L.C.Continuous-flow ware washing apparatus
US7475698Apr 22, 2005Jan 13, 2009Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US7527062Apr 22, 2005May 5, 2009Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US7578305Jul 28, 2005Aug 25, 2009Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and related methods
US7763119 *Apr 22, 2005Jul 27, 2010Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US8118477 *May 8, 2006Feb 21, 2012Landmark Structures I, L.P.Apparatus for reservoir mixing in a municipal water supply system
US8287178Dec 12, 2007Oct 16, 2012Landmark Structures I, L.P.Method and apparatus for reservoir mixing
US8790001Jan 17, 2012Jul 29, 2014Landmark Structures I, L.P.Method for reservoir mixing in a municipal water supply system
US8834011 *Mar 11, 2005Sep 16, 2014Dietrich Engineering Consultants S.A.Device for pneumatic treatment of powder materials
US9022047 *Jan 25, 2008May 5, 2015Unified Brands, Inc.Rotisserie skewer, basket and parts cleaning assembly
US9265400Apr 25, 2012Feb 23, 2016Duke Manufacturing Co.Commercial kitchenware washers and related methods
US20050257810 *Jul 28, 2005Nov 24, 2005Bigott James WKitchenware washers and related methods
US20060237045 *Apr 22, 2005Oct 26, 2006Bigott James WKitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US20060237046 *Apr 22, 2005Oct 26, 2006Bigott James WKitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US20060237047 *Apr 22, 2005Oct 26, 2006Bigott James WKitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
US20060254619 *Jul 24, 2006Nov 16, 2006Bigott James WCommerical kitchenware washers and related methods
US20070258318 *May 8, 2006Nov 8, 2007Douglas LamonMethod And Apparatus For Reservoir Mixing
US20080037364 *Mar 11, 2005Feb 14, 2008Frederic DietrichMethod and Device for Pneumatic Treatment of Powder Materials
US20080151684 *Dec 12, 2007Jun 26, 2008Douglas LamonMethod and Apparatus for Reservoir Mixing
US20080230091 *Jan 25, 2008Sep 25, 2008John CantrellRotisserie skewer, basket and parts cleaning assembly
US20100282281 *Jul 23, 2010Nov 11, 2010Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification68/184, 134/191, 366/144, 68/4, 366/264, 134/111, 366/173.2
International ClassificationA47L15/08, D06F17/00, A47L15/00, D06F17/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/08, D06F17/04
European ClassificationD06F17/04, A47L15/08