|Publication number||US1962133 A|
|Publication date||Jun 12, 1934|
|Filing date||May 18, 1933|
|Priority date||May 18, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1962133 A, US 1962133A, US-A-1962133, US1962133 A, US1962133A|
|Inventors||Brooker Leslie G S, Staud Cyril J|
|Original Assignee||Eastman Kodak Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented June 1 2, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1,962,133 rno'roe'aarmc EMULSION CONTAINING CERTAIN DISULPHIDES AS AN'I'IFOG- GAN TS Rochester,
N. Y.. a corporation of New York No Drawing. Application May 18, 1933,
' Serial N0. 671,720
This invention relates to anti-fogging agents for photographic .amulsiohs, such as gelatinosilver-halide emulsions; and more particularly to the use of di-o-formylalkylaminodiphenyl- 5 disulphides for that purpose.
Some sensitizing dyes, while being powerful color sensitizers, have a fogging action upon photographic emulsions containing them. It is also well known that when development of photographic film is continued for protracted periods. or at temperatures above normal, fog is apt to result. 'Y
We have found that the harmful effects can be decreased by adding a small proportion of one 5 or more of the above disulphides tophotographic emulsions.
An object of our invention, therefore, is to provide photographic emulsions of enhanced stability. Other objects will hereinafter appear.
We have found that certain complex disulphides may be used for this purpose. For instance, di-of0rmylethylaminodiphenyldisulphide, which is obtained by the alkaline oxidation of benzothiazole ethiodi'de, is a powerful anti-foggant. Com- '5 pounds of this type have the structure '0 [111030 OHQED I g in which R equals an alkyl group.
When a solution containing 2 mg. of di-o-for mylethylaminodiphenyldisulphide, for instance, was added to 100 cc. of a fast negative emulsion the fog was materially reduced. This is merely illustrative of the use of these disulphides as anti-- 7 tenants and is not intended to limit our invention as it applies to the various known emulsions. The preparation of these disulphides is described in the literature and need not be repeated here. The disulphide is merely dissolved in alcohol and a solution containing approximately 1-8 mg. of the disulphide is added to cc. of any of the gelatino-silver-halide emulsions known to photographic experts (usually suitable sensitized as described in the prior art) and the emulsion coated upon a support in the usual way. I
What we claim as our invention and. desire to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A gelatino-silver-halide emulsion containing as an anti-foggant, a compound having the 4'0 general formula 8-- -g v (Isaac OHOND r i i in which R equals and alkyl group.
2. A gelatinosilver-halide emulsion containing di-o-formylethylanunodiphnyldisulphide as an 82 anti-togsant.
3. A photographic element coated with a gelatino-silver-halide emulsion containing as an antifoggant, a compound having the general formula a [Inqno OHQNI) i it o0 in which R equals an alkyl group.
' r LESLIE G. S. BROOKER.
' C'YRIL J. BTAUD.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2440110 *||Oct 6, 1944||Apr 20, 1948||Gen Aniline & Film Corp||Stabilized silver halide emulsions|
|US2465149 *||Apr 25, 1946||Mar 22, 1949||Gen Aniline & Film Corp||Tetrazolyl disulfides as stabilizing agents for silver-halide emulsions|
|US2759821 *||Jun 4, 1952||Aug 21, 1956||Eastman Kodak Co||X-ray film|
|US3397986 *||Dec 29, 1964||Aug 20, 1968||Eastman Kodak Co||Photographic emulsion stabilized with bis (p-acylamidophenyl) disulfides|
|US3411917 *||Apr 29, 1965||Nov 19, 1968||Eastman Kodak Co||Sensitization of silver halide emulsions with direct electrical current|
|US3779757 *||Jan 11, 1972||Dec 18, 1973||Agfa Gevaert Nv||Silver complex diffusion transfer process utilizing an aromatic disulfide|
|US5217859 *||Apr 16, 1992||Jun 8, 1993||Eastman Kodak Company||Aqueous, solid particle dispersions of dichalcogenides for photographic emulsions and coatings|
|US5219721 *||Apr 16, 1992||Jun 15, 1993||Eastman Kodak Company||Silver halide photographic emulsions sensitized in the presence of organic dichalcogenides|
|US5364754 *||Oct 29, 1992||Nov 15, 1994||Eastman Kodak Company||Silver halide photographic emulsions precipitated in the presence of organic dichalcogenides|
|US5759762 *||May 30, 1997||Jun 2, 1998||Eastman Kodak Company||High chloride emulsion with dimethylamine silver chloro-iodide and antifoggants|
|US6280922||Mar 23, 2000||Aug 28, 2001||Eastman Kodak Company||High chloride silver halide elements containing activated precursors to thiolic stabilizers|
|EP0201201A2 *||Apr 4, 1986||Nov 12, 1986||EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY (a New Jersey corporation)||Amido substituted divalent chalcogenide fog inhibiting agents for silver halide photography|
|EP0201201A3 *||Apr 4, 1986||Sep 21, 1988||Eastman Kodak Company||Amido substituted divalent chalcogenide fog inhibiting agents for silver halide photography|
|EP0775936A1||Oct 28, 1996||May 28, 1997||Eastman Kodak Company||Silver halide photographic elements containing dioxide compounds as stabilizers|