Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1963089 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 19, 1934
Filing dateNov 1, 1932
Priority dateNov 1, 1932
Publication numberUS 1963089 A, US 1963089A, US-A-1963089, US1963089 A, US1963089A
InventorsHenderson Ray M
Original AssigneeHenderson Ray M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cabinet door
US 1963089 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.June 19, 1934. R. M. IHEND'ERSON CABINET DOOR Filed Nov. 1, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Z 9 I'NVENTOR. Ran M. H en der's cm.

4% L&%\\\\\ A'I I'ORNEYS. v

June 19, 1934. R. M. HENDERSON CABINET DOOR Filed Nov. 1, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 lVAl/ L..! LlfFT v INVENTOR.

R M. Hal-i rial-5cm BY v Q y,

ATTORNEYS.

Patented June 19, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,

13 Claims.

The present invention relates primarily to display cases or cabinets and the primary object of the invention is to provide an improved door construction and mounting for refrigerated cases or '5 cabinets, or any other form of cabinet adapted for display purposes and wherein it is desired if not essential to have an air-tight or dust proof case or cabinet. v

A further object is to provide a case or cabinet door of the sliding type, movable by gravity into a wedged sealing position over an opening to be closed thereby, and adapted to remain in a sealing position by its own weight without requiring the use of a latch or other fastening means.

A further object is to provide a-door for refrigerated cases having an improved sealing arrangement whereby any slight wear upon the door gaskets will be automatically compensated for, and embodying means whereby the door may be so quickly and easily adjusted so as to close with an v air-tight fit against the door frame should such become necessary.

A further object is to provide a sliding door for refrigerated cases, wherein the door is partially movable through the opening to be closed thereby during opening and closing movement of the 7 door, with an arrangement of sealing gasketsso carried by the door and extending at opposite sides thereof as to have sealing engagement with the door jamb with a wedging fit when the door is closed. A further object is to provide a sliding door for refrigerated cases having a pivoted lift handle acting with a lever action for initially moving the door from a closed position and thereby allowing for ready and easy opening of the door should the door stick to the frame due to freezing or other causes.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed descriptiori, taken inv connection with the accompanying drawings; forming a part of this specification and in which drawings:-v Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective of a cabinet provided with the improved door and showing the door in a partially opened position.

Figure 2 is a vertical section showing the door closed.

Figure 3 is a vertical section showing the door in an open position.

Figure 4 is a perspective view of the door look Figure 6 is an end elevation of the door show- I ing the roller carrier angle removed. 7

Figure '7 is an enlarged fragmentary detail view showing the forward portion of one of the trackways for the door and the manner of ad-' justing the same. Y

Figure 8 is an enlarged fragmentary section on the line 8-8 of Figure 1, but showing the door closed. Figure 9 is an enlarged fragmentary section through the lower portion of the door and the lift handle.

Referring'to the drawings in detail, and wherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the, several views, the letter A designates a cabinet of any preferred type and preferably a refrigerated cabinet, provided with the improved door B. The cabinet A may be of any preferred construction and embodies the top and bottom walls '5 and 6 respectively, rear wall 7, a sloping front wall 8 provided with a doorway or opening 9, and the side walls '10 providing a compartment having the opening 9 to be closed by the sliding door 3.

Secured inwardly ofeach vertical side edge of the door opening 9 is a wedge-shaped jamb piece 12 providing stops for the door B when closed in the opening 9. The inner or rear edges 13 of these wedge-shaped stops or jamb pieces 12 extend in angular relation to the plane of the front wall 8 and align with the rear face of a head piece 14 extending horizontally above the open 1 ing 9. These jamb pieces 12 as will be observed more clearly in Figure 8 are spaced slightly from I the side walls 10-of the cabinet and extend flush with the opening 9. Provided at the lower'side of the doorway 9 is the sill 15 provided along its irmer side with the stop 16 against which the lower inner side of the door B abuts when closed. Projecting upwardly from each end of the stop 16 at the confronting surfaces of the jamb pieces 12 U is a stop strip or block 17, the outer surfaces "18 of which are disposed in a plane traversing the plane of the surfaces 13 of the jamb pieces 12. Thus it will be noted that the forwardly facing .surfaces of the stop strips 17 and upper portion of the stop 16 are arranged inwardly of the 'mar-- gins of the doorway 9, while the rearwardlyfacing surfaces of the jamb pieces 12 and head piece 14 are arranged outwardly of the margins of the doorway.

The door B for closing the opening or doorway 9isformedwithtopandbottomrails20and21 1 as of glass may be secured in any preferred manner. Secured to each side of the door frame upon the upper portions of the side rails 22 are wedgeshaped stops 24which terminate short of the lower ends of the side rails and have their beveled edges 25 arranged in confronting relation to the edges 13 of the jamb pieces 12 when the door is closed. The top rail 20 is preferably rounded off as shown and is'provided along its outer surface with a strip 26 having a surface in the plane of the beveled edges 25. Secured in any preferred manner along the beveled edges 25 and spacing strip 26 is a gasket 28 adapted to engage the surfaces 13 and head piece 14 when the door is closed. Y

The lower inner edge of the bottom rail 21 is rabbeted as at 29 and this rabbet is extended upwardly along the side rails 22 as at 29' to a point slightly above the lower end of the wedgeshaped stops 24. A gasket 30 is secured in the rabbets 29 and 29' at the inner side of the door to engage the stop 16 and top strip 1'7 when the door is closed. Thus, a substantially U'-shaped gasket is provided at theupper outer side of the door and a substantially U-shaped gasket is provided at the lower inner side of the door with the ends of the gaskets at the side rails of the door extending beyond one another. With this arrangement, the door has a-wedged sealing engagement with the margins of the doorway 9.

Secured along the straight inner edge of each wedge shaped stop 24 is an angle-shaped roller carrier 32. Mounted upon each of the carriers 32 is a pair of rollers observed in Figure 4 are spaced a substantial distance from the upper and lower edges of the door with the lower roller arranged at the lower end of the stop 24.

Mounted upon each side wall 10 is a channelshaped trackway each formed with horizontal portion 34 having at its forward end a downturned portion 35 the lower ends of which are beveled ofi in an upward and rearward direction and terminate a short distance below the upper ends of the stop strips 17. The trackway. portions 34 and 35 are each provided with elongated countersunk slots 36 adapted to receive fastening screws 3'7 for adjustably securing the trackways to the cabinet side walls. As will be observed, the elongated slots 36 extend longitudinally of the horizontal trackway portions 34 and substantially transversely of the downturned track portions 35 and permit adjustment of the trackways forwardly and rearwardly in the cabinet. As will be observed in Figure 8, the lower ends of the downturned track portions/35 extend between the cabinet side walls 10 and the wedgeshaped jamb pieces 12. An adjustment screw 38 for each trackway is extended through the front cabinet wall'8 at each side of the doorway 9 and these screws have threaded inner ends for threading into tapped bosses 39 provided adjacent the upperendsof the downturned track portions 35. In adjusting the trackways, the fastening screws 37 may first be loosened and then turning of the adjustment screw 38 will impart bodily movement to the trackway. This adjust-' ment of the trackways insures proper seating engagement of the gaskets when, the. door is closed.

The rear end of the horizontal portion 34 of each trackway is slightly downwardly offset providing a shallow pocket 40 in which the upper 33 and these rollers as will be rollers 33 of the door engage for. retaining the door in a horizontal open position.

A combined starting and lift handle 42 is provided for operating the door B and this device comprises a lever member intermediately pivoted as at 43 midway the ends of the lower door rail 21 and providing a grip portion 44 and a cam portion 45 having movement through the lower side of the rail 21 into engagement with the upper side of the sill 15. A stop pin 46 is provided for limiting upward swinging movement of the cam portion 45 by the weight of the grip portion 44. As will be observed in Figure 9, when'a person lifts upon the grip portion 44 the cam portion 45 will bear upon the sill 15 so as to readily free the door should the same stick due to freezing or other causes.

The trackways serve to guide movement of the door B from a closed to an open position and vice versa, and by observing Figure 7 it will be noted that when the door is in a closed position, the two lower rollers are out of the lower ends of the downturned track portions 35 and thus permit the door to adjust itself to fit snugly at all points. The door is free at its top and bottom to pivot about the top two rollers.

When the door is closed, the upper rollers 33 are in the upper end of the downturned track portions 35 and thus force the beveled edges 25 of the wedge-shaped stops 24 against the edges 13 of the wedge-shaped jamb pieces 12. The downward pressure of the'door due to its own weight, wedges the lower inner side of the door against the surfaces 18 of the stop strips 17 with a wedging action. When the door is slidto an open horizontal position, the rollers adjacent the top rail 20 engage in the shallow pockets 40 while the rollers adjacent the door rail 21 are atvthe forward ends of the horizontal track portions 34 so that the door is releasably held in an open position. When the door is closed with a wedging action closing the doorway 9, the lower portion of the door 9 moves through the opening 9 above the stop strips 1'? and at the same time is guided downwardly by the track portions 35 so that the sealing gaskets 28 and 30 will seat with little or no sliding movement tending to wear the gaskets.

The particular wedging action of the door when closing allows for the door to automatically adjust itself so as to form a sealed joint at'all points of contact. After the door-has been in use for some time and the gaskets 28 and 30 .become slightly compact or worn, resulting in loss of refrig'eration, the door may be adjusted to seat properly by means of the adjustment screws 38. Adjustment of the screws 38 will vary the degree which the door may drop in the downturned track portions 35 for proper contact of the gaskets with the door frame. It will be notedthat when the door is left in a partially open position such as shown in Figure 1, the door will automatically close due to its own weight and close with an airtight joint. When opening the door, the door will pivot about the rollers adjacent the lower rail 21 so that a part of the weight of the door is relieved from the operator.

Thus it will be seen that an improved type of sliding and frame doors for cabinets has been provided whichis extremely well adapted for use in connectionwith display cases wherein an airtight joint is desired to prevent loss of refrigeration or to exclude dust and dirt from the cabinet. It will further be apparent that a novel arrangement is provided whereby thedoor closes with a wedging action due to its own weight and is therefore extremely desirable for use in cabinets of the self-serving type in that it relieves the operator of any doubt as to whether the door is properly closed.

'5 I claim:

' opening, and a stop strip extending upwardly at 1. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening, a wedge-shaped stop provided on each side edge of the door at the upper portion thereof, an outer gasket extended along the outer edge of each stop and across the upper outer side of the door, an inner gasket extended about the lower portion of the door on the inner face thereof in a plane in angular relation to the plane of the outer gasket, and framing about 'said opening providing oppositely facing angularly related seating surfaces for the gaskets.

2. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening, a wedge-shaped stop provided on each side edge of the door and terminating above the bottom of the door, an outer gasket extended along the outer edge of each stop and across the upper outer side of the door, an inner gasket extended about the lower portion of the door on the inner face thereof, a wedge-shaped jamb piece at each side of the opening and providing rearwardly facing seating edges for the gasket along said stops, and a stop strip at each side of the opening at the lower portion thereof and providing forwardly facing seating edges for said inner gasket.

3. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening and partially movable through the opening, a gasket secured along the upper portion and on the outer face of the door and having portions extending downwardly at each side edge of the door and terminating short of the bottom of the door, a gasket secured along the lower portion and on the inner face of the door and extending upwardly at each side of the door inwardly of the downwardly extending gasket portions, and a framing about said opening providing rearwardly facing gasket seating surfaces about the upper portion of the opening for the outer gasket, and forwardly facing gasket seating surfaces about the lower portion of the opening for the inner gasket.

4. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening, a gasket secured along the upper portion and at the outer face of the door and extending downwardly at each side edge of the door, a gasket secured along the lower portion and at the inner face of the door and extending upwardly at each side of the door, said gaskets being arranged in planes in angular relation to each other, and a framing about said opening providing rearwardly facing gasket seating surfaces about the upper portion of the opening and forwardly facing gasket seating surfaces about the lower portion of the opening, said gasket seating surfaces being arranged in planes in angular relation to receive with a wedging fit the gaskets on the door.

5. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening, a wedge-shaped stop provided at each side edge of the door and terminating short of the lower edge of the door, an outer sealing gasket about the upper portion of the door and extending along the stops, an inner sealing gasket about the lower portion of the door, a wedgeshaped jamb piece arranged at each side of the each jamb piece, said jamb pieces tobe engaged by the outer gasket and'the stop strips to be I.

engaged by the inner gasket.

6. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening embodying top and bottom rails and side rails, a wedge-shaped stop provided on each side.

rail at the upper portion thereof, an outer gasket extended along the outer side of the top rail and along the outer edge of the stops, an inner gasket extended along the inner side of the bottom rail and upwardly for a distance along the inner side of the side rails above the lower ends of said stops, a jamb piece at each side of the opening against which the gasket on the wedge-shaped a downturned portion at its forward end, sets of upper and lower guide rollers provided on each side of the door for travel in said trackways, a wedge-shaped jamb piece at each side of the opening providing rearwardly facing seating edges arranged in upwardly diverging relation to the downturned forward ends of the trackways, stop strips at each side of the opening having forwardly facing seating edges, said lower guide rollers being free from the lower ends of the downturned trackway portions when the door is closed upon the jamb pieces and stop strips, and means for independently adjusting the trackways forwardly and rearwardly in the cabinet.

8. In a cabinethaving a wall provided with an opening, a framing about the opening providing opposed seating surfaces arranged in planes in angular relation which intersect each-other at a point intermediate the height of the opening, and

a door slidably guided to close the opening and having opposed seating surfaces arranged in planes in angular relation which intersect each other at a point intermediate the height of the door.

- 9. Ida cabinet having a'wall provided with an opening, framing about the opening providing upper and lower opening portions with the lower opening portion narrower than the upper-opening portion, said opening portions providing oppositely facing seating surfaces arranged in planes in angular relation to each other and intersecting intermediate the height of the opening, and a door slidably guided for closing said opening and having a portion adapted to pass through the upper opening portion, said door-having oppositely arranged seating surfaces arranged in planes in angular relation to each other and intersecting intermediate the height of the door for engagingupon the seating surfaces of the framing when the door is closed.

10. m a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing theopening and having a narrow lower portion adapted to pass through the opening, and coacting angularly related seating surfaces provided on each side of the door and on the cabinet at each side of the opening to have wedging engagement for sealing the opening when the door is closing the opening. A

/ 11. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, said opening being wider at its upper portion, a door slidably guided for closing the open-' ing and having a narrow lower portion movable through the wider upper portion of the opening, and co-acting, oppositely facing angularly related sealing surfaces provided on each side of the door and on the cabinet at each sideof the opening to have wedging engagement for sealing the opening when the door is closed.

12. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening, an outer gasket secured along the upper portion and at the outer face of the door and extending downwardly and inwardly at each side edge of the door to the inner face of the door and terminating above the bottom of the door, an

innergasket'secured along the lower portion and at the inner face of the door and extending upwardly in the plane of the door at each side of the door to points above the lower end of the outer gasket, and a framing about said opening proouter gasket, and forwardly facing gasket seating surfaces about the lower portion of the opening for the inner gasket.

13. In a cabinet having a wall provided with an opening, a door slidably guided for closing the opening and having its lower portion movable thru the upper portion of the opening, a wedgeshaped stop provided on each side edge of the door at the upper portion thereof and each providing a sealing edge extending diagonally across the edges of the door from the outer to the inner faces thereof, an outer sealing gasket about the upper portion of the door and extending along the sealing edges, an inner sealing gasket about the lower portion of the door at the inner face thereof, a wedge-shaped jamb piece arranged at each side of the opening for engagement by the outer sealing gasket, and a stop strip extending upwardly at each jamb piece to be engaged by the inner gasket.

RAY M. HENDERSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2425473 *Jul 28, 1945Aug 12, 1947C V Hill & Company IncRefrigerated display case
US2454450 *Jul 27, 1944Nov 23, 1948Applied Arts CorpAsh receiver
US2478253 *Dec 2, 1942Aug 9, 1949Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoCombination oven unit
US2492604 *Jan 19, 1946Dec 27, 1949Townsend Maurice CliffordClosure equipped structure
US2596316 *Dec 19, 1945May 13, 1952White Cabinet CorpRefrigerator
US2652305 *May 17, 1948Sep 15, 1953Seeger Refrigerator CoService door for refrigerator display cases
US2840083 *Sep 1, 1954Jun 24, 1958Burroughs CorpCard container
US2855259 *Aug 28, 1956Oct 7, 1958Emil J Paidar CoCabinet construction
US3157224 *Feb 5, 1962Nov 17, 1964Murr Theodore CStarting device for sliding doors
US3350152 *Jan 7, 1966Oct 31, 1967King Seeley Thermos CoDoor and track assembly
US3455046 *Apr 14, 1967Jul 15, 1969Time O Matic IncElectric sign structure
US3790243 *Mar 30, 1972Feb 5, 1974Beverage Air Sales CoClosure for refrigerated housing
US4164361 *Aug 29, 1977Aug 14, 1979Imperial Chemical Industries LimitedDeep-freeze cabinet with transparent closure
US5431492 *Sep 17, 1993Jul 11, 1995Wms Gaming, Inc.Drain system for slant top video game cabinets
US7076888Mar 10, 2004Jul 18, 2006The Boc Group, PlcFreeze dryer
US8333446 *May 30, 2007Dec 18, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Apparatus for preventing leakage of cooling air for refrigerator
US20090139259 *May 30, 2007Jun 4, 2009Lg Electronics Inc.Apparatus for preventing leakage of cooling air for refrigerator
US20120325820 *Sep 4, 2012Dec 27, 2012Pedersen Uffe P ECover for a storage unit
CN1930433BFeb 24, 2005Aug 31, 2011伊马生命有限公司Freeze dryer
WO2005088216A1Feb 24, 2005Sep 22, 2005Boc Group PlcFreeze dryer
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/296, 49/257, 49/278, 312/350, 312/116, 16/104
International ClassificationF25D23/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25D23/021
European ClassificationF25D23/02A