Improvement in game apparatus
US 196356 A
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J. HARRINGTON. Game Apparatus.
No. 196,356.` Patented oct. 23,1877.
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UNITED STATES PATENT GrrrcE.
JOHN HAEEINGTON, 0E RYDE, ISLE or WIGHT, ENGLAND.
Y IMPROVEMENT IN CAIVIE APPARATUS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 196,356. dated OctOlJel 23, 18779 application mcd September 17, 1877.
nated by me Tourne The game apparatus is suitable for lawn or outdoor amusement and consists ofcarrom-points,
mallets, or equivalents, and balls, the latter being adapted to be played upon the carrempoints, in accordance with this specication, which, in comiect-ion with the drawing, fully explains the game.
Figure 1 represents the carrom-points set in accordance with one form of the game, and a ball within the iield to illustrate the manner of playing it. Fig. 2 represents a ball. Fig. 3, a carrom-point, in side elevation Fig. 4, a modified form of carrom point with long prongs; and Fig. 5 illustrates one of the malets.
The game may be played by one or any desired number of players, either separately or as partners. In the game, seven carrom -points will preferably be employed, six of which will be placed either to form a circle, square, or parallelo gram, while the seventh carrom-point, denominated the carrom-standard,7 will be placed in a central position.
Each player will h. ve a ball and mallet. The balls will differ in color, and it is preferred that each ball should be played by a mallet of its same color. When employed upon alawn, the carrom-points a should lbe placed to occupy positions from ten to fourteen feet apart; but they may be extended according to the size ofthe lawn, and more than six outside carrom-points may be employed, if desired.
Each carrom-point has an external covering, b, of india-rubber or its equivalent, forming an elastic cushion, against which aball, c,
driven by the mallet f, may strike and rebound, such rebound leaving the ball in a more or less favorable position with reference to the next carrom-point, according to the skill of the player, for, as the angle of incidence and reflection will be alike, a player may calculate the direction of movement of the ball, as in billiards.
The carroin-standard d, to occupy a substantially central position, is also provided with a rubber cushion. Each carrom point and standard has one or more holding-points, c, adapted to enter the ground, or the floor or carpet, such holding-points being or" suficient length to retain the carrom-points in position against movement of the ball.
To play the game, each player, in turn, will place his ball at the position designated by the ball c, Fig. 1, or anywhere on a line between the first and sixth or last carrom-point, and with the mallet will strike it toward the standard d, so as to hit the cushion b, and cause the ball to rebound and occupy a position as near as possible to the carrom-point No. 1.
In Fig. 1, c is supposed to designate the position of the ball c after rebounding from the cushion b of the standard. The standard having been struck, the player is entitled to another stroke, and will then attempt to drive the ball to the carrom-point 1, and cause it i to rebound to a position as near the standard as possible. The standard', and then a carrom` point, must be hit in succession, and if either is missed the player then forfeits his play.
The following rules explain more in detail the manner in which I propose for the game to be played:
First. The player may start from any part of the circumference or boundary line between points l and 6, and must strike the standard, failing which, the ball is brought back, and the next player commences; but if he strikes the standard he thereby becomes entitled to a second shot, or to play on carroin-point 1, and may continue playing against the standard and the points successively, Aso long as he succeeds in his stroke.
Second. If a player misses his point, he must strike his ball from its position to the standard afresh; so his irst stroke in each turn will be at the standard.
Third. A ball, having once struck the standard, shall be played from the position in which it lies.
Fourth. A player hittingA another ball, by carroming from the standard or his point, may, if he chooses, place his ball against the other, and, if it is his partners, make it hit its next point; or, if it is his adversarys ball, he may make it hit its last point, in which case the 1 Fltha' A player,1afterf hitting the standard 1 1 om'llis slxtl11po11t,' becomes sn '.knigh and is1 Y Y 1 adversary illust, agei'nllit' such point, andk the 1 1 pleyermey somlvamee his pelitfner' or retard his' od'versmyestheease moy be.1 If the fpleyefells to 'make 1the ball stike the point 1 1V 1 1 1 es upon the lawn; 1 VIn the former pleeetloe1V V1 1 1 aimed at1'he51of course; loses his stroke.1 1
11o longelV` lalble no 1 be put' baeki and 1 may mm1 1 the standard or' any ;poi11t,1 amb hitting it, 1 i may Vsmlke eny1bell1,m1d1 'continue to play so longes he does 'notst'rlke point 117 orthe some1 ball or ponttwlee in sueeezssion.',1,14 1 1 1 1 VS x:i'fl1.1f1 player not being-e1 knight,1 hitting either e 'ball or another point without having Sinisi; struck VtheV 1st-andar? shall 1go beekV one; 1 p'oint711provlled1he hasminde e pont.1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Seventh.' Almght wsh'ng 1to1 go out mustY 'first hlt Vthe stenklerfl mil 'then point 1, which,
' 'Eighth :Alixglrt having advimeefllspart-1 1 1 nefs 1 ball one' polny, 1 comme advanoe t1 1eu- 1 1 1 other till his psntuer'has made lllsown ball hit 1 the 'stmodmclK 1 111 *The bell 'may be mede of Wood, or ivory, or: y1 1 1 1 1 any material' suitable for,1 or 1 commonly 1 used 1 1 1 1 for, croquet or billiard balls; The ina-inl por-1 1 1, 1 tion1 of 1 they 1 eerom1-po2nts1 on@ standard will 1 preferably be made of wood.1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Thsgame allende amusement indoors es well 1 holding-points @will be made quite sharp Y120 enter thefloorzor campen 1 1 1 Ihavie, in al second'appleationlefl concur-1g 1 rently with this,V olameclthe gemewhenabell, 1 1 ofnfliv-'ubherls em1g loyed in eonneetiollwith1 1 1 Y 1 12m omrompont havngehmfd surface. Insueh 1 1 1 form il: iis impossible V110 careless playing-1 1 1 1111 testimony whereof' 1I have Signed 1 my mame to thsf speeieaton 1in the presence of;
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