Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1965282 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1934
Filing dateNov 21, 1932
Priority dateNov 21, 1932
Publication numberUS 1965282 A, US 1965282A, US-A-1965282, US1965282 A, US1965282A
InventorsEllithorpe George G, Menken Clarence J
Original AssigneeEllithorpe George G, Menken Clarence J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1965282 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 3, 1934. G, G. ELLITHOPE Er AL 1,965,282

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Nov. 21, 1932 July 3, 1934- G. G. ELLITHORPE Er AL 1,965,282

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 21, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 3, 1934 UNITED STATES PATIENT OFFICE Berwyn,

Ill.

Application November` 21, 1932, Serial No. 643,700

22 Claims.

This invention relates to means for constructing tiled surfaces and the like. .Two embodiments of the invention are herein disclosed, one being particularly, although not exclusively, adapted for use in situations where there is moisture at the inner or outer sides of the wall, and the other being especially suitable for use in rented quarters and other places where it may be desirable to remove the tiling.

In the accompanying drawings Fig. Vl is a fragmental elevation of a wall illustrating one embodiment of our invention.

Fig. 2 is a section on line 2 2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Fig.f1.

Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. 2, but on a larger scale.

Fig. is a perspective View of one form of tile that may be used in this construction.

Fig. 6 is a fragmental elevation of a wall, showing another means of providing a tiled surface.

Fig. 7 is a fragmental horizontal section through the wall shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a tile or panel employed in the system of tiling represented in Figs. 6 and 7. f

Referring to Fig. 1: The basic or supporting structure 1 of the Wall may be of wood, brick, hollow tile, stone or concrete or it may be a plastered wall or a metallic partition. To the struc- 36 ture 1 are secured a series of metallic supports 2 arranged inl parallel vertical position. Each support 2 is herein shown as consisting of a piece of sheet metal bent to form a rib 3 of double thickness and attaching anges 4 at opposite sides of the rib but it should be understood that the supports 2 may be constructed in other Ways.

The supports 2 are attached to the structure 1 by means varying in character with the nature of the structure l. In the case of hollow tile, the 40 anges 4 may be secured in place by means of expansion bolts or toggle bolts. toggle bolts may be used with a plastered wall, metal or machine screws with a metal partition, and expansion bolts with a concrete wall. The numeral 5 denotes in Fig. 1 any suitable fastening means.

Upon the supports 2 is mounted a foundation sheet 6 preferably formed of sheet metal bent to provide a series of channels 7 to t upon the ribs 50 3. As best shown in Fig. 4, the rib 3 has a bead 8 at its outer edge. The channel 7 is of such dimensions that the sheet metal of which it is formed must yield to allow the channel to expand as it is slipped or forced onto the bead 8. At the bottom of the channel is an enlarged space Wood screws or 9 to receive the bead 8. It will be seen that after the sheet 6 has been pressed onto the ribs 3, it will be frictionally locked in place.

The sheet 6 is. preferably of such height and width that it may support a multiplicity of tiles p66 10, which are preferably porcelain-enameled. The tiles may be constructed in various Ways and of various sizes. In the present instance, each tile is of such width as to ll the space between two adjacent channels 7. As shown in Fig. 5,65 each tile is formed of sheet metal bent to provide a plate 11 having at its opposite vertical edges a right-angle flange 12. The sheet 6 is bent to provide a flange or web 13 adjacent to and coacting with the channel 7 to form a groove 14 to receive the ange 12.

It will be seen that the channels 7 serve to space the tiles apart horizontally sufficiently to produce vertical grooves or spaces to receive pointing or grouting material 15.

In order to produce similar horizontal grooves between the tiles, we form at one horizontal edge of the tile a fiange 16 extending in a plane parallel with the face of the plate 11, but depressed sufl'iciently so as to be covered with grouting 17. Y The flange 16 is formed on a right-angle flange 18 on the tile and abuts against a right-angle flange 19 on the adjacent side of the adjacent tile, as shown in Fig. 3.

In order to provide a backing for the tiles and Y thus support them against flexure, the foundation sheet 6 may have vertical flat-topped ribs 20 formed thereon to underlie the flanges 18 and 19.

Preferably the tiles 10 are cemented to the 96 foundation sheet 6. In practice the backs of the tiles are buttered with cement 21. When the tiles are pressed in place, some of the cement is forced through openings 22 in the ribs 20 in the form of keys 23.

It will be seen that the construction illustrated in Figs. l to 4 as having been applied to a wall or supporting structure is composed of metal and cement and is thus well adapted to withstand the effects of moisture. If desired, the supports 2 and the foundation sheet 6 may be rust-proofed by any of the methods commonly employed for that purpose. When installed in a tunnel or other location in which water may flow or drip down the walls, the hollow ribs 20 afford channels 24 for the water, suitable provision (not herein shown) being made at the bottom of the wall for drainage.

The mode of construction disclosed in Figs. 6, 7 and 8 is particularly well adapted to use in retail establishments and other places Where it is desirable that a tenant shall be able to tile the walls or other surfaces and remove the tiling in the event of'a removal of the establishment to other premises. This construction comprises ribbed elements 2a and a foundation sheet 6*"L substantially similar to or identical with the corresponding parts previously described, but differs from thatfirst described in that relatively large porcelain-enameled panels or sheets 25 are used instead of the relatively small tiles 10. Each panel may be of the same height as the completed wainscoting or other tiled surface to be constructed, and it may, if desired, be several feet wide. The upper edge of the panel may terminate in any preferred form, as a bull-nose 26, and-the lower edge may, if desired, be curved to produce a cove 27.

A sufficient number of backing ribs 20L are provided on the sheet 6a to support the panel 25 against bending.

The construction shown in Figs. 6, 7 and also differs from that of Figs. 1 to 4 in that no cement is used, the panels being attached in such a way as to facilitate their removal when desired. 1n the form herein shown, we employ a joint-covering and panel-securing strip 28 formed of sheet metal and comprising a clip or channel 29 adapted to be sprung over the bead 9EL and embrace the channel '7a. The strip 28 further comprises a flange or web 30 that bridges the joint between two adjacent panels and overlaps said panels slightly. The strip 28 and its clip 29 may be of the same length as the height of the panels.

When removal becomes desirable, the strips 28 are first detached, then the panels 25 are pulled off the foundation sheet and then the foundation sheets 6a are disengaged from the ribbed elements l2a. The latter also may be removed, all of the tile-supporting construction being thussalvaged for use in another location except possibly some of the fastenings 5.

While we have described the present-embodiments in considerable detail, it will be understood that various changes may be made Without departing from the .scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

The term wall is used herein, for the sake of brevity, to denote any surface to be tiled, eX- -cept where the context requires a more specific meaning. l

We claim as our invention:

1. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, a plurality of ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, Ya sheet-metal foundation 4sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having two parallel grooves therein, and porcelain-enameled sheetmetal means extending across the space' between said grooves and having anges lying in said grooves.

2. A tiled wall comprising a supporting .structure, a sheet-metal foundation .sheet secured to said structure and having grooved portions, a plurality of sheet-metal tiles having flanges on vtvvo opposite edges to enter .the grooves, whereby the tiles are `spaced apart, said tiles also .having spacing means on the other edges, Yand grouting in the spaces 'between the tiles.

3. VA tiled wall comprising -a .supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the .structure in parallel relation, a foundation sheet having means to engage `the ribs -of said elements, said sheet having grooves, :and ia vplurality of sheetmetal tiles having flanges on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are'spaced apart, said tiles also having spacing means on the other edges, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

4. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having grooves, and a plurality of tiles having portions on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, said tiles also having spacing means on the other edges, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

5. A tiled Wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure -in `parallel relation, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having grooves and a plurality of tiles having portions on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

6. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a sheet-metal foundation sheet having channels to fit over and frietionally engage the ribs of said elements, each of said ribs having a terminal bead and each of said channels being adapted to be forced over said bead and having an enlarged space to receive the bead, and a plurality of sheet-metal tiles lling the space between two adjacent channels, said sheet having grooved portions alongside the channels, and the tiles having flanges on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, said tiles also having spacing means on the other edges, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

'7. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a sheet-metal foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, and a plurality of sheet-metal tiles secured to said sheet.

8. A tiled Wall comprising 4a supporting .structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a sheet-metal foundation sheet having channels to t over the ribs of said elements, and a plurality of tiles, said sheet having grooved portions alongside the channels, and the tiles having anges on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, said tiles also having spacing means on the other edges.

9. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a foundation sheet having channels to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having grooved portions alongside the channels, and a plurality of sheet-metal tiles having flanges on two opposite edges to enter said grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, said tiles also having spacing means on the other edges, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

10. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a sheet-metal foundation .sheet having channels .to fit over the ribs of said elements, anda plurality of sheet-metal tiles each extending across the space between two `adjacent channels, said .sheet having grooved portions alongside the channels, and Vthe vktiles having 4flanges (on two opposite edges to 4enter lsaid-159 grooves, whereby the tiles are spaced apart, and grouting in the spaces between the tiles.

11. A tiled wall comprising a supporting structure, ribbed elements secured to the structure in parallel relation, a sheet-metal foundation sheet having channels to t over the ribs of said elements, and a plurality of sheet'lmetal tiles each extending across the space between two adjacent channels and cemented to the sheet, said sheet having grooved portions alongside the channels, and the tiles having ilanges on two opposite edges to enter said grooves.

12. A rectangular sheet-metal tile having attaching ilanges at two opposite edges, narrower flanges at the other edges, and a spacing element on one of the narrower flanges adapted to abut against the other narrow flange of a similar adjacent tile to space said tiles apart.

13. A building construction comprising a supporting structure, a plurality of ribbed elements arranged in parallel relation on the structure, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having parallel grooves therein, a panel having flanges fitting into "said grooves, means on the sheet to support the panel against exure at points between said flanges, and means to close the joint between two adjacent panels, said last-mentioned means being arranged frictionally to engage the rib-engaging means of said sheet.

14. A building construction comprising a supporting structure, a plurality of ribbed elements arranged in parallel relation on the structure, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having parallel grooves therein, panels having flanges fitting into said grooves, means on the sheet to support the panels against fieXure at points between said flanges, and a removable metallic strip to close the joint between two adjacent panels, said strip being arranged frictionally to engage the ribengaging means of said sheet.

15. A building construction comprising a supporting structure, a plurality of ribbed elements arranged in parallel relation on the structure, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having parallel grooves therein, panels having flanges tting into said grooves, means to support the panels against ilexure at points between said anges, and means to close the joint between two adjacent panels.

16. A building construction comprising a supporting structure, a plurality of ribbed elements arranged in parallel relation on the structure, a foundation sheet having means to engage the ribs of said elements, said sheet having parallel grooves therein, panels having anges fitting into said grooves, and a metallic strip to close the joint between two adjacent panels, said strip being arranged frictionally to engage the ribengaging means of said sheet.

17. A detachable building construction comprising a supporting structure, a foundation sheet frictionally secured to the structure, said sheet having parallel vertical grooves therein, panels having anges on opposite vertical edges tting into said grooves, and means to cover the joint between two adjacent panels, said last-mentioned means being arranged frictionally to engage within the groove between two panels.

18. A detachable building construction comprising a supporting structure, a foundation sheet detachably secured to said structure, said sheet having parallel grooves therein, panels having flanges iitting detachably into said grooves, and a metallic strip to close the joint between two adjacent panels, said strip being detachably secured within the groove between two sheets.

19. In metallic building construction, two sheet-metal panels having flanges on adjacent but separated edges, and detachable means to bridge the space separating the panels, said means comprising a metallic strip overlying the adjacent portions of the panels and having an attaching portion extending into and frictionally secured in the space between the panels.

20. In metallic building construction, two sheet-metal panels having flanges on adjacent but separated edges, means on which the panels are detachably mounted, and a strip overlying the adjacent portions of the panels and having an attaching portion extending into the space between the panels, said means having an element extending into said space and with which said attaching portion is frictionally engaged.

2l. In a wall, .the combination of a supporting structure, a plurality of elongated elements secured to said structure and extending in parallel relation along the face of said structure, and a foundation sheet supported by said elements, said elements and sheet having interengaging members which frictionally lock the sheet in place.

22. In a wall, the combination of a supporting structure, a plurality of elements secured to said structure in spaced relation, and a foundation sheet having a plurality of metallic parts which may be sprung into engagement with said elements to support the sheet.

GEORGE G. ELLITHORPE. CLARENCE J. MENKEN.

GR'ntICATE or conoscitori.

Patent No.. 1,965,282. .luly 3, 1934.

GEORGE G. ELLTHORPE, ET AL.

it is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, line 8l, claim i7, after "construction" insert the words employing no mortar or other adhesive anti; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may A.zontorm to the record of the case in the Patent @ffice Signed and sealed this 7th day of August, A. D. 1934.

Leslie Frazer (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2490663 *Jul 23, 1945Dec 6, 1949Cuyahoga Spring CompanyWall panel securing means
US3118252 *Aug 19, 1959Jan 21, 1964 Metallic roof construction
US4506482 *Feb 10, 1983Mar 26, 1985Pracht Hans JPrefabricated panel for building wall construction and method of making same
US4561232 *Jun 22, 1984Dec 31, 1985Tate Architectural Products, Inc.Modular tile with positioning means for use with an access floor panel system
US5279002 *Apr 30, 1992Jan 18, 1994Aquatic Amusement Associates, Ltd.Inlaid tile gutter system
US6434901 *Apr 15, 1999Aug 20, 2002Schlüter-Systems KgSupport plate made of a foil-like plastic material for a plate-lined floor structure or wall
US7536835Apr 12, 2006May 26, 2009Schlüter-Systems KgFloor construction covered with ceramic tiles
US7585556Apr 14, 2005Sep 8, 2009Isola AsStudded plate with fold line
US8132377Aug 14, 2006Mar 13, 2012Isola AsFloor coverings with wooden floors on a substrate, method for the covering of a substrate and use of studded plates
US20050229520 *Apr 14, 2005Oct 20, 2005Svein JultonStudded plate with fold line
US20060260233 *Apr 12, 2006Nov 23, 2006Schluter-Systems KgFloor construction covered with ceramic tiles
WO1984003117A1 *Feb 3, 1984Aug 16, 1984Hans J PrachtPrefabricated panel for building wall construction and method of making same
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/385, 52/762, 52/468, 52/351
International ClassificationE04F13/12
Cooperative ClassificationE04F13/12
European ClassificationE04F13/12