US 1966633 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 17, 1934. W. HI LEE 1,966,633
COMBINED FLOOR WAXER AND POLISHER Filed Dec. 22. 1952 Patented July 17, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application December 22, 1932, Serial No. 648,483 In Canada November 17, 1932.
My invention relates to improvements in combined oor waxers and polishers, and the object of the invention is to provide a simple, cheap, light, easily and flexibly manipulated device which will provide means which will prevent the drying or hardening of the wax when the device is not in use and the consequent scraping or scratching of the floor surface when the waxer is again applied, in whicha soft surface will be presented to the iloor even after the wax supply in the Waxer has become exhausted, in which a single unit is convertible to serve either as a container for the wax or as apolisher body and thus dispense with a separate polishing attach- -rnent, in which the operation of waxing or polishing may be performed on either horizontal or vertical surfaces and without kneeling or laborious eort to reach parts which are not easily accessible, which will readily adapt itself to vfollow uneven floor surfaces and which, when reciprocated over the oor surface, will'tend to take a horizontal rotary movement overthe surface similar to that employed during hand rubbing, and it consists essentially of the arrangement and construction of parts all as hereinafter more particularly explained.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my device attached to be used as a floor waxer.
Fig. 2 is a similar View showing my device attached forruse as a oor polisher after the voperation of waxing. v
Fig. 3 is an enlarged perspective view of the device used as a polisher with the operating handle removed.
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view through Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a perspective detail of the waxer removed from the polishing body in which it is contained during the operation of polishing.
Fig. 6 is a persepective detail of the waxer with the outer fabric cover removed and showing the rubbing plate in its enclosed fabric envelope.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the rubbing plate removed from the envelope.
Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view through Fig. 4 on line 8--8. y
Fig. 9 is a similar view-to Fig. 8 showing the device applied to the nozzle of a suction machine so as to be operated by such machine instead of manually by the handle illustrated in Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view through the device showing the Waxer in its container and the body of the polishing member forming v the cover for such container. l l
Fig. 11 is an enlarged perspective detail of the Waxing element laid out ilat. y
Fig. yl2 is a sectional view through the body of the container showing the fabric cover in position for receiving the waxing paste.
In the drawing like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in eachrlgure.
1 indicates the body of a container provided with a cover 2 in which the waxing element which I will now describe is contained.
3 is a rigid plate preferablyiormed of thin metal from which a lug 4 extends from its upper face longitudinally thereof, the lug 4 being provided with a small orice 4X. 5 is a fabric envelope in which a plate 3 is contained, the flaps 5X and 50 of the envelope forming a slotted opening through which the lug 4 of the plate 3 extends. The ends of the envelope are preferably formed by the turned over portions 6 and 7 which are sewn or otherwise suitably secured to the body of the envelope.
8 is a fabric bag forming an'outer cover, the edge or mouth of the bag being formed with a seam 8 through which an elastic 9 extends so as to draw the mouth together when in position over the envelope enclosed plate 3. In supplying the waxer with paste wax, the bag 8 is placed in the container body l in the position'illustrated in Fig.l2, the edge or mouth of the bag being turned outward over the upper edge of the container so as to be resiliently held by the elastic edging 9. The wax is then poured into the bag and spread in a layer 9X. The plate 3 and its enclosing envelope 5, as illustrated in Fig. 6, is then placed in the bag upon the top of the wax and the elastic edge of the bag then released from the upper edge of the container 1 and passed over the top of the envelope 5 and its enclosed plate to assume the position shown in Fig. 5.
10 is an operating handle connected to the lug 4 by a universal joint connection comprising a stud 11 having a reduced threaded portion 12 which is passed through the orice 4X of the lug 4 and secured in position by a butterfly nut 13, the wings of theY nut engaging the upper face of the envelope 5 and its contained plate soas to prevent the nut turning.
14 is a stud member which iits linto a bore 15 in the end of the handle 10, the inner end of the stud 14 being formed into a spike 16, the sharpened'end of which is driven into the base or end of the bore 15, such spike being rectangular prevents the turning -of the stud in the bore. The outer end of the stud 14 is formed into a fief corners or under furniture or into any other' confined space to spread the lm of wax over the surface of the floor.
the container body 1 with the handle attached.
19 is a polishing element which is formed' preferably of a strip of sheep skin with the woolly side of the skin presented outwardto-Y contact with the oor. The ends of the strip 19 are provided with extensions 20 and 21 to the innei' faces of which are attached thin rigid metal plates 22 by means of rivets 23 or any otherV suitable means. The strip 19 is' placed over the cover 2 of the container, the extensions 20 andY 21 with the metal plates 22 are folded inward to contact with the inner face of the end walls of the cover.
lThe cover is then placed' over the body 1 so' that the in-turned ends ofV the polishing element 19 are gripped between the end wall of the cover 2 and the end walls of the container body 1. It will, of course, be understood that the container cover 2 is made slightly longer than the container body l so as to permitof the attachment of the polishing element as above described.
When the device is used as a polisher, the container cover illustrated in Fig. 10 is removed land inverted and the container body 1 placedL within the inverted container cover. vWhen in this position or the position illustratedA in Figs. 2, 3 and 4 with the waxing elementA inserted therein, the polishing' element may be moved over the surface of the floor in the same manner as that described in connection with the waxing',
the movement of the polishing element being free andV flexible so asV to havenot only reciprocating but a horizontal rotary movement simi-'- lar to that which is employed by a person rubbing the oor manually and thus quicklyY and efficiently polishing the surface ofthe floor, the container adding weight to aid in polishing. When the polishing operation is complete the handle lO'is removed, the cover 2 being then re-y moved from its inverted position'and placed over the top of the wax container 1 therebyl enelosingthe waxer and preventing anydrying of the wax'through evaporation and the consequent hardening of the same so that when the wax'is again applied thewax Willlremain softand free to spread over thesurface of the fioor without' any tendency to scratch or otherwise damage the floor surface.
From the above description it will be seen that I have devised a device which will eliminate all necessity for kneeling and rubbing the floor manually, which will readily enter into the corners or under radiators or other room furniture so as to polish partsfofthe iloor whichotherwise are not easily accessible and which is readily applicable to polish vertical surfaces such as wainscots andrisers of stairways, which* will readily-follow the uneven surfaceof'- the floor so that it'will equally polish` the 'whole'sur-l When the wax has been'y applied as above stated the waxer is placednin..
face thereof, and which will always present a soft rubbing surface even when the wax contained in the waxer is practically used up, a fabric or felt envelope 5 preventing any contact of the hard plate 3 with the ioor surface which would tend to scratch or mar it.
It will also be understood that the waxer may be used; either for spreading wax in paste form as above' described, or for the spreading of liquid. Wax which is poured on the floor and then spread around by the waxer to distribute evenly over the floor surface.
MInf Fig. l?, 1 have shown my waxer applied to the nozzle 24 of a suction machine. It will be notedl' ini` this-.figure that the nozzle only bears at its ends` upon the waxer having an interspace which is suiciently closed to the passage of air by the flaps 5 and 50 to produce sufficient suction to hold the waxer to the nozzle and yet allow of a small quantity of air seeping through' to pass tothe suction machineY motor through the duct 25 for the purpose of cooling the motor.
What I claimA as'my invention is:
1; Ar combined waxer and vpolisl'ler comprising a waxing element, a container body in` which the waxing element freely ts'to form an oper` ating means for the polisher, a cover for the container in which when inverted the container body fits, and a polishing element extending over the outer facel of the inverted cover.
2,;I A combined 'Wax'er and polisher comprising acontainer body to form an operating means for the polisher, a waxing element fitting within the body, a cover for thev container, a polishing element extending over the upper face of the cover'and engaged at its ends between the end walls ofv the container and cover and adapted when removedl from the container body and in an inverted position to receive the container body,'and val detachable handle for the waxer.
3. vA combined waxer and polisher comprising a waxing element, a container bodyV in which the waxingelement freely fits to form an operating means for the polisher, a cover for the container body in which' when inverted the contained body iits, a polishing element extending over the outer face ofthe inverted cover, a handle,and *a exible connector for attachably connecting the handle to the waxing element.
4. In afloor waxer and polisher, a waxing elementa polishing element, and a closed container for the waxing element adapted when in the open position to receive the waxing element and to form a base for the polishing element operated by the waxing element. i
5. In a oor waxer and polishei, a waxing element, a polishing element, a closed container for the waxing element adapted when in the open position tofreceive the waxing element and to form a-basevfor4 the polishing element operated by the waxingl element', and a handle attachable to the waxing element when the container is in the' op'en position for polishing.
6.*In' aflobr 'waxer' and 4polisher, a waxing element comprising a plate having an upstanding portion havingV atransverse circular orice extending therethrough, astudturnable on a transverse axisvwithin the orifice, a handle, and a hinge connection between the handle and stud havingits'axis at-'right angles to the axis of the stud v'7. In a floor waxer and polisher, the combination with the nozzle of a vacuum cleaner, of a foo in which such body ts, a polishing element extending over the outer face of the cover and having its ends extending over the end edges of the cover and inserted between the end walls of the cover and body, and a waxer fitting the container body to form an operating medium for the polisher.
WILLIAM HENRY LEE.