US 1966651 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. B. SNADER July 17, 1934.
UNDERGARMENT Filed Sept. 29, 1932 HOWARD B. SNADER @WWFM W Patented July 17, 1934 cmi's stares ersr osrics 1,966,651 UNDERGARMEN'I Howard B. Snader, Reading, Pa.
Application September 29, 1932, Serial No. 635,437
1 Claim. (C1. 2'-237) This invention relates to pants, bloomers or pants or bloomers embodying the principles of the like, constructed with a relatively wide enthe present invention, the full line depiction of circling elastic band at the waist and around the waist band representing its position when the leg openings. A garment of this type has on the person and the dotted lines representing the distinct advantages over one provided with its position of repose from which it is lifted 6Q.
elastic cord bindings in that the pressure of the through stretching incident to the girth of the narrow binding is concentrated upon a small body which it encompasses; area of the flesh and is therefore, uncomfortable. Figure 2 is a front elevation of the same The wide bindings distribute the same pressure garment shown in Figure 1 when off the body;
19 over a greater area and therefore, the pressure Figure 3 is a perspective view of the waist per unit of area is less, and the garment is more band in its reposed position; and comfortable in this respect. Figure 4 is a front elevation of a slightly Furthermore, the cord elastic is customarily mochfied form of elastic waist band. run through a hem at the perimeters of the Referring now in detail to the several figures,
15 openings, creating fullness in the garment at the numeral 1 represents in general the pants the extremities which shows objectionably comprising the body portion 2 which may be through the outer apparel. made of sheer or flimsy material such for ex- The wide band elastic, pm the other hand, is ample, as silk or rayon, the same being bound usually stitched to the edges of the material of at the waist line with an encircling band 3 of the garment, and clings contractively to the rubber elastic webbing. Similar bands 4 and body and legs, merging into the contour of the 5 are attached to the edges of the leg openings form without creating fullness. in the body portion 2.
As ordinarily constructed however, the wide It will be observed from Figure 3 that the band has the objection of heating the parts elastic webbing constituting the bands 3, 4 and which it overlies, causing perspiration, and the 5 is constituted by elastic rubber Warp threads 80. attendant discomfort. It is also apt to fold 6 extending circumferentially and being incorover in front upon flexion of the abdomen proporated into crocheted lacework having the open ducing objectionable roll which may show meshes 7. These meshes have a ventilating through the dress. function.
; One of the objects of the present invention is Since the Waist band 3 is of elastic webbing, a 35 to construct the pants, bloomers or the like, single Size O garment i p cd t0 fit Several with relatively Wide elastic bands at the waist sizes of waist line, the band being stretched line and leg openings made of open mesh rubber more or less according to the girth of the waist elastic webbing, the apertures of the meshes which it surrounds. The waist band is so made large the more the elastic is tensioned, thus more the W i t nd i stretched, h v ryin varying the ventilatin capacity of the elastic th Ventilating p y 0 the Wa st and a0- according to the degree to which it is stretched. cord g to the deg ee 0 Wh ch it is Stretched. Another object of the invention is the pron de t p ev rolling Of the Waist band,
[ vision in pants or bloomers of the type dethe front portion is drawn down into a V- 1 scribed of a waist band formed of relatively sh p d onf rm ion as hown in Fi ure 2, or in wide rubber elastic webbing so constructed that a adual Curve as d ated in F gure 4. Re-
the top edge of the front portion is under ferring o Figure in Which e ont of he greater tension when the garment is worn than e a band iS p d, Whcn in p on Of the lower edge of the front portion, this efiecepose, t e top ed 3 0f the Webbing is 0011- tively preventing rolling of the band. structed shorter than the bottom edge 9. This Other objects of the invention will appear as m be o y providing a triangular -lap the following description of preferred and pracin the middle as indicated at y Cutting the tical embodiments thereof proceeds. elastic through at this point and stitching the j In the drawing which accompanies and forms parts to n dive gent relation. When the a part of the following specification and Waist band is stretched by the body, the lateral throughout the several figures of which the portions 11 and 12 are pulled out to vertical same characters of reference have been employed position and the top edge 8 raised to the plane to designate identical parts, of the top edge of the rear portion 13 of the yaffording ventilating openings, and which enthat the open meshes 7 increase in area the 99? 5,; 1 Figure 1 is a front elevation of a pair of ladies waist band. This places the rubber strands 6 11 0 which are adjacent the top of the Waist band under greater tension than those at the bottom of the waist band and effectively prevents the top edge from rolling down over the rest of the waist band.
Figure 4 shows a modification in which the front portion 14 of the waist band when in repose follows a gradual curve. This may be produced by cutting the material of the body portion 2 in the form of a curve at its upper edge and stitching the waist band to it. It is essential, however, that the top edge 15 of the front portion be shorter than the bottom edge 16. This is accomplished by taking a triangular pleat in the middle of the front portion of the waist band as shown at 17, or in any one of several obvious ways. When worn, the inwardly inclined lateral portions of the waist band are diverted to a vertical relation, drawing the top edge of the front portion upwardly into line with the top edge of the back portion, thus stretching the upper rubber strands to a greater extent than the lower rubber strands and thereby preventing outward curling or rolling.
Still another form of the invention is shown in Figure 3 in which the front portion of the waist band 18 is straight, that is to say, undefiected in the middle. The non-curl property is imparted to the webbing in this form, by initially stressing the upper rubber strands'G to a greater extent than the lower strands in the manufacture of the webbing. This natural differential in the tension of the rubber strands in the upper and lower parts of the webbing prevents its rolling, and the difference in tension is increased by the fact that the stretching of the waist band upon the body draws the inclined end portions 19 into a vertical position, further stressing those rubber strands which are nearest the top.
It is obvious from the above that I have de visedthe novel construction of pants or bloomers characterized in the first place by the feature that they conform at the waist band and at the leg openings with the contour of the body without creating any fullness in the material of the garment, that the elastic bands at the waist and leg openings is self-ventilating, that the ventilating capacity of the waist and leg bands is automatically varied with the tension of the said bands, and. that through means which impart an initial excess of tensioning to the upper rubber strands in the waist bands, any tendency to roll downwardly is inhibited.
What I claim is:
Bloomer or the like having a relatively wide elastic waist band made of a continuous length of elastic material to the lower edge of which a relatively flimsy portion of the garment is stitched all around, said waist band being provided with circumferential elastic rubber warp strands alternating with open mesh courses, the front portion of the waist band when the garment is laid fiat being inclined downwardly toward the middle so that the top edge of the inclined portion extends below the top edge of the rear portion and the folded side edges converge toward the top edge, the length of the top edge of the waist band being thus less than the length of the bottom edge thereof when the garment is not worn, but acquiring an equal length when the waist band is stretched about the waist of the wearer so that the top portion of the waist band will be stressed in excess of the bottom portion, to avoid rolling.
HOWARD B. SNADER.