US 1966738 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. A. SEEWAGEN 1,956,738
PERFUME VAPORIZER Filed April 10. 1931 A ffokrzqx Patented July 11, 1934- UNITED s'rATss PATENT oFi-ica ransom: varomzna Phillip A. Mann, Los armies, Calif.
Application A ril 10. 1931, Serial No. 529,100
8 Claims. (01. 219-45) This invention relates to a vaporizing attachment for electrically lighted incandescent bulbs, and more particularly to a device, for vaporizing and disseminating perfumes to pervade the surrounding atmosphere.
The use of perfume holders in conjunction with an incandescent lamp for the purpose of vaporizing pellets or shots of perfume, are wellknown. In general, these holders are directly 1) supported by the lamp, as by the aid of a wall which substantially entirely conforms to the globular portion of the lamp.
These holders of the prior art are open to many objections which render them undesirable for 13 home use. Due to their manner of support, a material portion of the light emanating from the lamp is obscured; and the necessity for the use of different holders for the incandescent lamps of diiferent and varying contour is apparent. In
2') addition, the close contact of the wall of the holder with the wall of the lamp, prevented the currents of heat radiations from the lamp to pass or circulate upwards in such a manner as to thoroughly disseminate the vaporized perfume. 23 I have found that the disadvantages inherent in the devices generally described, can be obviated by means of any novel perfume holder to be hereinafter more fully described. This holder is adapted for use on incandescent lamps of any contour or size due to a novel yieldable gripping means which can readily accommodate itself to the lamp and be retained thereon as by a frictional contact. This holder is of such a size, and is adapted for use on the neck portion of the lamp, so that there is substantially no diminishing of the light emanating from the lamp. The frictional holding means is in the form of a corru gated ring and maintains the holder proper in spaced relation from the lamp in order to provide passages for the circulation of the heat waves to insure the thorough dissemination of the vaporized perfume.
It is an object of this invention to provide a perfume disseminating device of the type described which obviates the objections inherent in the devices of the prior art.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a holder for perfume or the like, which does not conform to the contour of an incandescent lamp; does not obscure or substantially diminish the light emanating from the lamp; and does not interfere with the circulation of the heat radiations from the lamp, which if permitted would prevent the thorough dissemination of the vaporized perfume.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a vaporizing holder of the type described which is simple in design and construction, which is efficient and reliable in construction, neat and attractive in appearance, relatively inexpensive in manufacture, and which can be quickly installed on an incandescent lamp of any size or contour.
My invention possesses many other advantages,
and has other objects which may be made more easily apparent from a consideration of one embodiment of my invention. For this purpose I have shown a form in the drawing accompanying and forming part of the present specification. I shall now proceed to describe this form in detail, which illustrates the general principles of my invention; but it is, to be understood that this detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of my invention is best defined bythe appended claims.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a substantially vertical sectional view of my holder which is secured to an incandescent lamp;
Fig. 2 is a view taken substantially along the plane 2-2 of Fig. 1; and
Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are perspective view of the individual elements constituting my novel perfume vaporizer.
In carrying out my invention, I provide an incandescent lamp 10 of any desirable form or size which is adapted to be screwed into a socket for connecting with a source of current in order to illuminate the lamp. The lamp is adapted to be frictionally engaged by a receptacle or holder 11 for the purpose of transferring heat from the former to the latter in order to vaporize or volatilize an odoriferous material and disseminate the vapor throughout an enclosure such as a room or closet. The holder is utilized for the reception of the odoriferous material, which may be a fluid disinfectant, deodorizer, liquid perfume, or solid perfume in the form of shot or pellets. In the present instance, the odoriferous material is in the form of perfume pellets 12.
The holder 11 comprises a receptacle proper 13 of annular channel shaped form which is constructed by a pair of frictionally engaging cooperating members 14 and 15. A corrugated spring 16 formed of some suitable heat conducting material such as brass or copper, is made a part of the holder 11, and is adapted to frictionally and yieldingly engage the periphery of the lamp 10 in a manner to be hereinafter described.
The member 14 is pan shaped, and has a central circular cut out portion in the bottom thereof of a size larger than the periphery of the neck portion of the lamp in order to permit the passage of heat waves in the space 17 between the holder and the lamp when the former is in operative position. Annular flanges 18 and 19 extend in opposite directions from the opposite ends of the side 20 forming a substantially Z-shaped crosssection (see Fig. 1). The flange 19 is the remainder of the base after the portion 17 has been shape between the two members being that the inner side of wall 21 is not tapered;
The outer periphery of the flange 23 is machined to the same size as the lower extremity of the tapered inner side of the side 20. In forming the holder, the member 15 is firmly secured to the member 14 with the flange 23 in opposed abutting relationship to the flange 19 as by a drive fit. A portion of the flange 19 extends beyond the side 21 and forms with the opposed overlying flange 22 a confining chamber for the corrugated spring 16. This chamber is concentric with the side 21 and is adapted to encompass the neck of the lamp 10 in spaced relationship thereto to permit the passage of heat radiations between the holder and the lamp.
As hereinabove pointed out, the corrugated spring 16 is the sole means for supporting the holder 11 on the lamp 10. The spring 16 is circular in form and is inserted in the confining chamber formed by the flanges 19 and 22 and the wall 21 prior to assembling the members 14 and 15. The valleys 24 of the corrugated spring 16 extend beyond the edges of the flanges 19 and 22 and are adapted to frictionally and yieldably engage the outer periphery of the neck portion of the lamp. Due to the yieldable characteristics of the spring, it can readily accommodate itself to irictionally engage lamps of varying size and contour.
The spaces 25 between the respective corrugations of the spring 16, permit the passage of heat radiations between the holder 11 and lamp ill in order to insure the through dissemination of the vaporized odoriferous material.
The operation of the device is readily apparent from the foregoing. The holder 11 is secured to the lamp in a manner readily apparent from Fig. 1. Due to the yieldable gripping characteristics of the spring 16, the holder can be readily secured to lamps of any convenient size or shape which are held in a socket in either an upright or inverted position. The lamp 10 upon being heated, heats the spring 16 and in turn the holder 11 and causes the pellets 12 to melt and then vaporize. The fumes from the vaporized pellets will issue from the receptacle 13 to the surrounding atmosphere and will be thoroughly disseminated throughout it due to the continued upward flow of heat radiations from the heated lamp. As heretofore pointed out, these heat radiations can flow upwards between the holder and the lamp through the passageways 25.
It is to be understood that this invention is not to be construed as limited to the specific form or shape of holding means described, as the invention is equally applicable to any known equivalent means. Thus for example, the spring 16 can be made in square form, the size and shape of the corrugations can be varied, and the confining chamber can be made to conform to theshape of the spring.
1. As an article of manufacture, a perfume vaporizing device comprising a receptacle fol the retention of perfume in either a solid or liquid state, and means frictionally and yieldingly engaging an incandescent lamp, for maintaining the receptacle in a spaced relation thereto whereby the radiations of heat from the lamp flow between the receptacle and the lamp for disseminating the vaporized perfume, said means comprising a corrugated spring supported by said vaporizing device and forming a part thereof.
2. As an article of manufacture, a perfume vaporizing device comprising a receptacle for the retention of perfume in either a solid or liquid state, said receptacle being formed of a pair of frictionally engaging cooperating members and said members further cooperating to form a confining chamber, and a corrugated spring maintained by said members in the confining chamber, said spring being adapted to frictionally engage an incandescent lamp with the re ceptacle in spaced relation thereto whereby the radiations of heat from the lamp will flow between the receptacle and the lamp for disseminating the vaporized perfume.
3. As an article of manufacture, a perfume vaporizing device, comprising a receptacle for the retention of perfume in either a solid or liquid state, said receptacle being in annular form, and formed of a pair of frictionally engaging cooperating members which are adapted to encompass an incandescent lamp, a confining chamber formed by opposing portions of said cooperating members, a corrugated spring maintained in the confining chamber, said spring being adapted to frictionally and yieldingly engage the periphery of the lamp so that the receptacle is maintained in spaced relation thereto whereby the radiations of heat-from the lamp will be permitted to flow between the receptacle and the lamp for disseminating the vaporized perfume.
4. A vaporizing device adapted to be supported on an electric lamp, comprising a ring for engaging the lamp, said ring being formed of a band bent to form corrugations in a direction parallel to the axis thereof, whereby the inner edges of the corrugations only, rest against the lamp, and an annular receptacle supported by the ring.
5. A vaporizing device adapted to be supported on an electric lamp, comprising a strip corrugated in a direction transverse to its length, and adapted to be bent around the lamp, the inner edge of the corrugations only, resting against the lamp, and an annular receptacle supported on the strip.
6. A vaporizing device adapted to be supported on an electric lamp globe, comprising a pair of unconnected annular rings having flanges forming an annular receptacle, and means for supporting said rings in spaced relation upon the globe.
7. A vaporizing device adapted to be supported on an electric lamp, comprising an annular receptacle having an annular inner groove, and an annular outer groove for the reception of the material to be vaporized, and a spring member accommodated in the inner groove and frictionally engaging the lamp.
8. A vaporizing device adapted to be supported on an electric lamp, comprising an annular receptacle, and an annular spring for spacedly supporting the receptacle on the lamp.
PHILLIP A. SEEWAGEN.