|Publication number||US1967786 A|
|Publication date||Jul 24, 1934|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 1933|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1967786 A, US 1967786A, US-A-1967786, US1967786 A, US1967786A|
|Inventors||Schulz Carl A|
|Original Assignee||Schulz Carl A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 24, 1934. c A SCHULZ 1,967,786
ANATOMI CAL DEMONSTRATING DEVI CE Filed Sept. 20, 1955 Patented Juli,I 24, 1934 euren STATES PATENT oFFlcs q 1,967,7se y ANATOMICAL DEMONSTRATING DEVICE carl A. schulz, Glenview, 111. Application September 20, 1933, Serial No. 690,222
12 Claims. (Cl. 355-71) This invention relates in general to an anatomior shape after the same or a portion thereof has cal demonstrating device, but more specifically to been distorted. a device for use in the demonstration of diseased In the present form of the invention the body condition of the mouth, such as pyorrhea, Vinportion is in the shape of one of the gums and cents angina (commonly known as trench palate 11 of the human mouth. Teeth 12 simulat- 60 mouth), ulcerated roots, stulous openings (abing the human teeth are arranged Within the gum scesses), and the like, and one of the objects of in a manner similar to human teeth and prothe invention is to provide an improved device of vided in the body portion 10 is a chamber or cavity this character simulating a portion of the human 13 of any desired size and configuration. Lead- 10 anatomy, comprising in the present exemplicaing from the cavity or chamber 13 are one or more tion of the invention, aportion of the mouth, such tubes 14 constructed of any desired and suitable as the gums, palate and teeth, constructed and material. arranged in such a manner that lwhen manipu- One end of these tubes terminates at and open lated the course of flow and vaction of theiiuid through the surface of the gum or body portion 15 which is formed and always accumulates under as at 15, Aand the inner extremities of the tubes such diseased conditions, may be readily seen and project into the chamber or cavity 13 for a suidisclosed to the observer. cient distance to be at all times submerged in a To the attainment of these ends and the accomliquid 16 within the chamber or cavity. v plishment of other new and useful objects as will This liquid 16 may be of any suitable color or 20 appear, the invention consists in the features of mixture and is supplied to the chamber or cavity 75 novelty in substantially the construction, com- 13 preferably through a ll opening 17 having bination and arrangement of the several parts a closure 18, preferably in the form of a headed hereinafter more fully described and claimed and screw which is threaded into the opening 17. -shown in the accompanying drawing illustrating The iillV opening is anchored in any desired or this invention, and in which y Vsuitable manner preferably by means of Wings 80 Figure 1 is a side elevation of a device of this or projections 19 that are embedded in a portion character constructed in accordance with the of the body 10. A cap 20 may be provided if principles of this invention. desired so as to form a finish for the fill opening". Figure 2 is a top plan view of Figure 1. In theform of the invention shown in Figures Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken 3 and e1.,` one of the tubes 14 is so arranged that 8 5 on line 3-3, Figure 2, showing the parts in normal its outlet end 15 will be disposed adjacent acavity position. Y A 21 in the` body in proximity to one ofthe teeth, Figure i is a view similar to Figure 3, showing `while the outlet end of another of the tubes14 the parts in a positionthey will assume during `willterminate adjacent the outer face of the .35 demonstration of the device. Y j body-portion remote from the teeth. 90
Figure y5 is al detail sectional View, on an en- Obviously any number of these ytubes may be larged scale, taken on line 5 5, Figure 3. provided if vitis desired to use the device for understood that the invention is not to be limited 10 and in Vwhich cavity 22 the liquid 25 is con- Figures 6, 7 and 8 are modified forms of the -demonstrating diseased condition of aplurality of invention. l teeth. l 40 Figure 9 is a view of another form of thein- In the form of the invention shown in Figure 95 vention. l 7, the body portion 10 is provided with a cavity M In the present exemplification of this inven- 22 and arranged inthe tooth 23 is a channel or tion, the device will bedescribed and claimed for 'passage 24 which has communication with the vuse in connection with dentistry, butit 'is to be cavity 22'and opens through the top of the body to that particular art, as the same maybe Well tained. Y
adapted for use in demonstrating diseased oo n- In theform of the invention shown in Figure ditions of any of the skeletal pieces of the human 8, avchannel or passage 26 is provided in the body body, portion 10 adjacent the face of the lower por- Referring more particularly to the drawing the tionrof the tooth 27, and the channel 26 opens 105 numeral 10 designates generallyabody portion throughthe top of the body portion 10 adjacent which is constructed of any suitable material, `but the tooth. preferably op-aqueand of resilient materialv such Inthe form ofthe invention shown in Figure as rubber or the like, and the material is of such v6, the tooth 28 is provided with a channel v2 9 .55 a nature that it will resume its natural condition therethrough representing the nerve cell, and in ,110
Figures 3, 7 and 3.
the lower end of the tooth is inserted one end of a tube 30 which is in register with the channel 29. The inner end 31 of the tube 30 projects into the chamber or cavity 13 to be submerged in the liquid 16 within the cavity.
In each form of the invention and in use, the liquid 16 as shown in Figures 3, 4 and 6, and the liquid 25 in the cavities 22 in the form of the invention shown in Figures 7 and 8, is adapted to be forced through the respective passages or channels to the outer surface of the body, and this may be accomplished in one of several Ways.
As shown in Figure 4, one of the walls 32" of the chamber 13 may be in the form of a web or of a thickness considerably less than the thickness of the remaining Walls so as to allow the same to be easily deflected or distorted when pressure is applied thereto.
The normal position of the form of the inven tion shown in Figures 3 and 4 is illustrated in Figure 3, and in use the device may be grasped between the thumb and forei'lnger of the hand, with the forenger resting against the wall 32 While the thumb rests against the portion 11 of the device, representing the palate. By exerting pressure upon the body portion with the thumb and forefinger the wall 32 will be deected, with the result that the liquid 16 in the chamber 13 will be forced through the tubular members 14 to be discharged through the ends 15 of the tubes. This will demonstrate the action of the fluid or pus formation in the human mouth under a diseased condition of the mouth, as the liquid will be forced through the tubes so that it will have the appearance of oozing or flowing out of the gums at the base or the diseased por tion of the tooth, as Well as through the gum at points remote from the teeth, according to the Y number of tubes and the location of such tubes.
As soon as pressure of the thumb and forenger is relieved, the suction created in the chamber 13 will cause the liquid which has been discharged to flow back into the chamber.
In this form of the invention, the body portion may be also 'constructed of such a material and 'of such resiliency that when the device is resting fiat upon a support such as a table or the like, 'the Vbody portion may be temporarily distorted sufficiently to cause the uid in the chamber'or cavity 13 to be ejected through the tubes 14 by a pressure exerted upon the tips of one or more'of the teeth 21. j
In the form of the invention shown in FiguresA 7 and 8, the action will be the same as described in connection with Figures 3 and 4, While in the form of the invention shown in Figure 6, the fluid will flow through the tooth 23 under the same yaction instead of alongside of the tooth as de'- scribed in connection with the thumb shownin In the form of the invention shown in Figure 9, there is disclosed a means whereby the action of the fluid in an abscessed condition of the tooth may be readily seen. In this form of the invention the numeral 33 designates the body vportion of the device, and 34designates teeth. One of the vteeth is provided with a channel or'passage 35 extending therethrough, and in this form of the invention the lower portion of the tooth is removed as at l36, and a cavity 37 with which the channel 35 in the tooth communicates, is arranged at the root of the tooth, the cavity 37 containing liquid and representing an ulcer formed at the base of the tooth. The open sideof the channel 35 as well as an open side ofthe cavity 37 is closed by means of' a transparent closure 38, preferably in the form of glass secured and held in position with respect to the body 33 in any desired or suitable manner.
In this form of the invention When pressure is exerted upon the top of the tooth containing the top of the channel 35, the liquid in the cavity 37 will be forced through the channel 35 and out of the open channel at the top of the tooth. The resiliency of the body portion 33 will permit of such action of the teeth and when pressure of the finger on the tooth is relieved, the inherent resiliency of the body portion 33 Will cause the tooth to return to its normal position, and at the same time the liquid which has been forced into the channel 35 will be drawn back into the charnber or cavity 37.
With this invention it will be manifest that any diseased condition of the mouth may be readily demonstrated, and While the preferred forms of the invention have been herein shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes may be made in the details of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, Within the scope of the claims, Without departing fromfthe spirit of this invention.
What is claimed as new isz- 4 l 1. An anatomical demonstration device of the character described embodying a body simulating a portion of the mouth, and teeth projecting from said body, said body having a cavity therein for containing a liquid, there being one or more openico ings in the body leading from said cavity through the outer surface of the body, and means Whereby the size of the'cavity may be reduced to force the liquid therefrom.
2. An anatomical demonstration device of the character described comprising a body shaped to simulate a portion of the mouth, and teeth projecting from said body, a cavity in the bodyfor containing a liquid, there being one or more openvh ings leading from said cavity through thevouter iis surface of the body, 'a portion of said body being resilient whereby upon pressure upon the same liquid will be forced from said cavity through said openings. i
3. An anatomical demonstration device ofthe character described comprising a bodyshaped to ,simulate a portion ofthe mouth, andteeth pron 'jecting from' said body, a fcavity in the body-for containing a liquid, there being one or more openings leadingfrom saidcavitythro-ugh the outer 4. fA' device 'forumonstraungthe action of pus' in a diseased condition of the mouth, comprising a yieldable body simulatingva portion of the mouth, teeth arranged ink saidfbody, and means Within the body for holding aliquid `'simulating pus, there'being one o-r moreY openings through which the liquid may pass to the exteriorsurface of thebody when pressure is exerted upon a portion of said body.4
5. A device for demonstrating the action of pus in a diseased condition of the mouth, comprising a body constructed of material capable of being distorted andhaving a tendency to return to normal shape, said body simulating a portion of the mouth, teeth arranged in said body, and means Within the body for holding a liquid simulating surface ofthe body, a portionof said body being les pus, there being passages whereby the liquid may pass through the body to the exterior surface thereof when pressure is exerted upon a portion of said body.
6. A device for demonstrating the action of pus in a diseased condition of the mouth, comprising a exible body simulating a portion of the mouth, teeth arranged in said body, and means Within the body for holding a liquid simulating pus, there being openings through Which the liquid may pass through the body to the exterior surface thereof When pressure is exerted upon a portion of said body to reduce the size of the liquid holding area, a. portion ofk said body being transparent.
'7. A device for demonstrating the action of pus in a diseased condition of the mouth, comprising a body constructed of material capable of being distorted and having a tendency to return to normal shape, said body simulating a portion of the mouth, teeth arranged in said body, and means within the body for holding a liquid simulating pus, there being openings through which the liquid may pass to the exterior surface thereof when pressure is exerted upon a. portion of said body, a. portion of said body being transparent.
8. A device for demonstrating diseased conditions of the mouth, comprising a body shaped to simulate a portion of the mouth, teeth projecting from the body, and means Within the body for holding a quantity of liquid, there being openings whereby said liquid may be caused to exude from the said body.
9. A device for demonstrating diseased condition of the mouth, comprising a body shaped to simulate a portion of the mouth, teeth projecting from the body, and means Within the body for holding a quantity of liquid, said body having passages therethrough and being constructed of material adapted to be temporarily distorted to cause the liquid to exude therefrom and being of a nature to return to normal after distortion.
10. A device for demonstrating diseased oondition of the mouth, comprising a body shaped to simulate a portion of the mouth, teeth projecting from the body, means within the body for holding a quantity of liquid, said body being constructed of material adapted to be temporarily distorted to cause the liquid to exude through passages to the outside thereof and being of a nature to return to normal after distortion, and a transparent area in the said body to permit inspection of the liquid within the body.
11. A device for demonstrating diseased condition in the human body, `comprising a body simulating that portion of the human body Which includes the zone of the disease, and means within the second recited body for holding a quantity of liquid, the second said body being constructed of distortable material adapted to return to normal shape after distortion, there being openings whereby upon distortion of such material the liquid will be exuded through the second said body from the interior to the exterior thereof.
12. A device for demonstrating diseased condition in the human body, comprising a body simulating that portion of the human body which includes the zone of the disease, and means within the body for holding a quantity of liquid, the second said body being constructed of distortable material adapted to return to normal shape after distortion, there being openings whereby upon distortion of such material the liquid will be exuded through the second said body from the interior to the exterior thereof, a portion of the second said body being transparent to permit of inspection of the circulation of the liquid therein.
CARL A` SCHULZ.
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|International Classification||G09B23/28, G09B23/00|